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The HOUSE OF ALBA DE TORMES (Spanish : Casa de Alba de Tormes), commonly known as the HOUSE OF ALBA, is a prominent Spanish aristocratic family that descended from 12th-century nobility of post-conquest Toledo . Their claim to Alba de Tormes dates from 1429, when Gutierre Álvarez de Toledo became Lord of Alba de Tormes while serving as Bishop of Palencia
Bishop of Palencia
.

CONTENTS

* 1 History * 2 See also * 3 References * 4 External links

HISTORY

In 1472, García Álvarez de Toledo, 2nd Count of Alba de Tormes , was elevated to the title of Duke of Alba de Tormes by King Henry IV of Castile . In 1567, the second Duke of Alba de Tormes signed the capitulation of the city of Granada .

During the 17th century, Don Fernando Álvarez de Toledo, 3rd Duke of Alba , was given the title of governor general of the Spanish Netherlands . The third duke's first cousin was Doña Eleonor de Toledo , who married Cosimo I de\' Medici, Grand Duke of Tuscany . Through her granddaughter Marie de\' Medici, Queen of France , she became the ancestor of many crowned heads and heirs apparent of Europe. Her descendants include Juan Carlos I of Spain
Spain
, Henri, Grand Duke of Luxembourg and Prince William, Duke of Cambridge .

In 1802, María Cayetana de Silva, 13th Duchess of Alba , died without any issue and her titles were inherited by a relative, Carlos Miguel Fitz-James Stuart, 14th Duke of Alba . Thus, the dukedom of Alba passed to the senior branch of the House of FitzJames
House of FitzJames
, which took over the patrimony of the House of Alba.

Until 20 November 2014, the head of the House of Alba
House of Alba
was Cayetana Fitz-James Stuart, 18th Duchess of Alba . She held the Guinness Book of Records title for the largest number of noble titles , with 57 titles.

The current head of the House of Alba
House of Alba
is Carlos Fitz-James Stuart, 19th Duke of Alba , who succeeded his mother on 20 November 2014. The family owns a significant collection of art, furniture and historic documents, mainly at the Liria Palace
Liria Palace
in Madrid
Madrid
.

SEE ALSO

* Duke of Alba * Duke of Berwick * House of FitzJames
House of FitzJames

REFERENCES

* ^ "Most titled person". Guinness World Records. Retrieved 2016-03-29. * ^ Treasures of the House of Alba
House of Alba
Retrieved

.