Hou Ji (Chinese: 后稷; pinyin: Hòu Jì; Wade–Giles: Hou Chi) was
a legendary Chinese culture hero credited with introducing millet to
humanity during the time of the Xia dynasty.
1 History 2 Legacy 3 See also 4 References 5 Bibliography 6 External links
Hou Ji's original name was Qi (棄), meaning "abandoned".
Two separate versions of his origin were common. In one version of
Chinese mythology, he was said to have been supernaturally conceived
when his mother Jiang Yuan, a previously barren wife of the Emperor
Ku, stepped into a footprint left by Shangdi, the supreme sky god of
the early Chinese pantheon. Another account simply make him one
of Ku's four sons, each prophesied to father a family of emperors over
China. This origin allowed his descendants to claim a lineage from the
Agriculture (Chinese mythology) Agriculturalism, the philosophy The Five Cereals of China Di Ku Ancestry of the Zhou dynasty Agriculture in Chinese mythology Shennong Shijing Shujun
^ a b "Hou Ji", China culture, 2008-02-01 . ^ The Book of Chinese Poetry: Being the Collection of Ballads, Sagas, Hymns, and Other Pieces Known as the Shih Ching; Or, Classic of Poetry. K. Paul, Trench, Trübner. 1891. pp. 9–. ^ a b Encyclopædia Britannica. "Hou Ji". ^ a b c d Shijing, III.2. Ode 295. ^ China Knowledge. "Diku". ^ a b Edwin G. Pulleyblank (1983). "Chapter 14 - The Chinese and Their Neighbors in Prehistoric and Early Historic Times". In David Keightley. The Origins of Chinese Civilization. University of California Press. ISBN 0-520-04229-8. ^ Beckwith 2009, pp. 43–48 ^ Kleeman 1998, pp. 54–58 ^ Sima Qian. Records of the Grand Historian. ^ Nelseon, Sarah M. Origins of Food Production In China. ^ Roberts. Chinese Mythology A to Z, 2nd Ed, p.70. 2009.
Wu, K. C. (1982). The Chinese Heritage. New York: Crown Publishers. ISBN 0-517-54475X. Yang, Lihui, et al. (2005). Handbook of Chinese Mythology. New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-533263-6 Beckwith, Christopher I. (16 March 2009). Empires of the Silk Road: A History of Central Eurasia from the Bronze Age to the Present. Princeton University Press. ISBN 1400829941. Kleeman, Terry F. (1998). Great Perfection: Religion and Ethnicity in a Chinese Millennial Kingdom. University of Hawaii Press. ISBN 0824818008.