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A hotel is an establishment that provides paid lodging on a short-term basis. Facilities provided may range from a modest-quality mattress in a small room to large suites with bigger, higher-quality beds, a dresser, a refrigerator and other kitchen facilities, upholstered chairs, a flat screen television and en-suite bathrooms. Small, lower-priced hotels may offer only the most basic guest services and facilities. Larger, higher-priced hotels may provide additional guest facilities such as a swimming pool, business centre (with computers, printers and other office equipment), childcare, conference and event facilities, tennis or basketball courts, gymnasium, restaurants, day spa and social function services. Hotel
Hotel
rooms are usually numbered (or named in some smaller hotels and B&Bs) to allow guests to identify their room. Some boutique, high-end hotels have custom decorated rooms. Some hotels offer meals as part of a room and board arrangement. In the United Kingdom, a hotel is required by law to serve food and drinks to all guests within certain stated hours. In Japan, capsule hotels provide a tiny room suitable only for sleeping and shared bathroom facilities.

The Peninsula Paris
The Peninsula Paris
hotel

The precursor to the modern hotel was the inn of medieval Europe. For a period of about 200 years from the mid-17th century, coaching inns served as a place for lodging for coach travelers. Inns began to cater to richer clients in the mid-18th century. One of the first hotels in a modern sense was opened in Exeter
Exeter
in 1768. Hotels proliferated throughout Western Europe
Western Europe
and North America
North America
in the early 19th century, and luxury hotels began to spring up in the later part of the 19th century. Hotel
Hotel
operations vary in size, function, complexity, and cost. Most hotels and major hospitality companies have set industry standards to classify hotel types. An upscale full-service hotel facility offers luxury amenities, full service accommodations, an on-site restaurant, and the highest level of personalized service, such as a concierge, room service and clothes pressing staff. Full service hotels often contain upscale full-service facilities with a large number of full service accommodations, an on-site full service restaurant, and a variety of on-site amenities. Boutique hotels are smaller independent, non-branded hotels that often contain upscale facilities. Small to medium-sized hotel establishments offer a limited amount of on-site amenities. Economy hotels are small to medium-sized hotel establishments that offer basic accommodations with little to no services. Extended stay hotels are small to medium-sized hotels that offer longer-term full service accommodations compared to a traditional hotel. Timeshare
Timeshare
and destination clubs are a form of property ownership involving ownership of an individual unit of accommodation for seasonal usage. A motel is a small-sized low-rise lodging with direct access to individual rooms from the car park. Boutique hotels are typically hotels with a unique environment or intimate setting. A number of hotels have entered the public consciousness through popular culture, such as the Ritz Hotel
Hotel
in London. Some hotels are built specifically as a destination in itself, for example at casinos and holiday resorts. Most hotel establishments are run by a General Manager who serves as the head executive (often referred to as the " Hotel
Hotel
Manager"), department heads who oversee various departments within a hotel (e.g., food service), middle managers, administrative staff, and line-level supervisors. The organizational chart and volume of job positions and hierarchy varies by hotel size, function and class, and is often determined by hotel ownership and managing companies.

Contents

1 Etymology 2 History 3 International scale 4 Types

4.1 Luxury 4.2 Boutique and lifestyle hotels 4.3 Full-service 4.4 Focused or select service 4.5 Economy and limited service 4.6 Extended stay 4.7 Timeshare
Timeshare
and destination clubs 4.8 Motel 4.9 Microstay

5 Management 6 Unique and specialty hotels

6.1 Historic inns and boutique hotels 6.2 Resort
Resort
hotels 6.3 Other speciality hotels 6.4 Bunker
Bunker
hotels 6.5 Cave hotels 6.6 Cliff hotels 6.7 Capsule hotels 6.8 Day room hotels 6.9 Garden hotels 6.10 Ice, snow and igloo hotels 6.11 Love hotels 6.12 Referral hotel 6.13 Railway hotels 6.14 Straw bale hotels 6.15 Transit hotels 6.16 Treehouse hotels 6.17 Underwater hotels 6.18 Overwater hotels

7 Records

7.1 Largest 7.2 Oldest 7.3 Highest 7.4 Most expensive purchase

8 Long term residence 9 See also

9.1 Industry and careers 9.2 Human habitation types

10 References 11 Further reading

Etymology[edit] The word hotel is derived from the French hôtel (coming from the same origin as hospital), which referred to a French version of a building seeing frequent visitors, and providing care, rather than a place offering accommodation. In contemporary French usage, hôtel now has the same meaning as the English term, and hôtel particulier is used for the old meaning, as well as "hôtel" in some place names such as Hôtel-Dieu (in Paris), which has been a hospital since the Middle Ages. The French spelling, with the circumflex, was also used in English, but is now rare. The circumflex replaces the 's' found in the earlier hostel spelling, which over time took on a new, but closely related meaning. Grammatically, hotels usually take the definite article – hence "The Astoria Hotel" or simply "The Astoria." History[edit]

The Tabard
The Tabard
Inn, Southwark, London

Facilities offering hospitality to travellers have been a feature of the earliest civilizations. In Greco-Roman culture
Greco-Roman culture
and ancient Persia, hospitals for recuperation and rest were built at thermal baths. Japan's Nishiyama Onsen Keiunkan, founded in 705, was officially recognised by the Guinness World Records
Guinness World Records
as the oldest hotel in the world.[1] During the Middle Ages, various religious orders at monasteries and abbeys would offer accommodation for travellers on the road. The precursor to the modern hotel was the inn of medieval Europe, possibly dating back to the rule of Ancient Rome. These would provide for the needs of travellers, including food and lodging, stabling and fodder for the traveller's horse(s) and fresh horses for the mail coach. Famous London
London
examples of inns include the George and the Tabard. A typical layout of an inn had an inner court with bedrooms on the two sides, with the kitchen and parlour at the front and the stables at the back.[2] For a period of about 200 years from the mid-17th century, coaching inns served as a place for lodging for coach travellers (in other words, a roadhouse). Coaching inns stabled teams of horses for stagecoaches and mail coaches and replaced tired teams with fresh teams. Traditionally they were seven miles apart, but this depended very much on the terrain.

Tremont House in Boston, United States, a luxury hotel, the first to provide indoor plumbing

Some English towns had as many as ten such inns and rivalry between them was intense, not only for the income from the stagecoach operators but for the revenue for food and drink supplied to the wealthy passengers. By the end of the century, coaching inns were being run more professionally, with a regular timetable being followed and fixed menus for food.[3] Inns began to cater for richer clients in the mid-18th century, and consequently grew in grandeur and the level of service provided. One of the first hotels in a modern sense was opened in Exeter
Exeter
in 1768, although the idea only really caught on in the early 19th century. In 1812 Mivart's Hotel
Hotel
opened its doors in London, later changing its name to Claridge's.[4] Hotels proliferated throughout Western Europe
Western Europe
and North America
North America
in the 19th century, and luxury hotels, including the Savoy Hotel
Savoy Hotel
in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
and the Ritz chain of hotels in London
London
and Paris
Paris
and Tremont House and Astor House
Astor House
in the United States,[5] began to spring up in the later part of the century, catering to an extremely wealthy clientele. International scale[edit] Hotels cater to travelers from many countries and languages, since no one country dominates the travel industry.

Country Hotel
Hotel
rooms in 2011-12[6][7] Average rooms per hotel[7] Overnight tourists traveling from each country, annual[6][7]

United States 4,900,000 93 58,000,000

China 1,500,000 132 83,000,000

Japan 1,370,000 27 18,000,000

Italy 1,100,000 32 29,000,000

Germany 950,000 27 72,000,000

Spain 900,000 47 12,000,000

Mexico 660,000 37 16,000,000

United Kingdom 650,000 17 57,000,000

France 620,000 36 26,000,000

Thailand 530,000 NA 6,000,000

Indonesia 410,000 25 7,000,000

Greece 400,000 41 5,000,000

Brazil 400,000 40 8,000,000

Turkey 330,000 117 16,000,000

Austria 290,000 22 11,000,000

Russia 260,000 33 44,000,000

Global total 21,000,000 41 876,000,000

Types[edit]

Services related to the hotel, Radisson Blu
Radisson Blu
hotel in Szczecin, Poland

Hotel
Hotel
operations vary in size, function, and cost. Most hotels and major hospitality companies that operate hotels have set widely accepted industry standards to classify hotel types. General categories include the following: Luxury[edit] A luxury hotel offers high quality amenities, full service accommodations, on-site full-service restaurants, and the highest level of personalized and professional service. Luxury hotels are normally classified with at least a Four Diamond or Five Diamond rating by American Automobile Association or a Four or Five Star hotel rating depending on the country and local classification standards. Examples include: InterContinental, Conrad, Mandarin Oriental, Four Seasons, The Peninsula, Grand Hyatt, JW Marriott and The Ritz-Carlton. Boutique and lifestyle hotels[edit] Boutique hotels are smaller independent non-branded hotels that often contain upscale facilities of varying size in unique or intimate settings with full service accommodations. These hotels are generally 100 rooms or fewer.[8] Lifestyle hotels are branded properties that appeal to a guest with specific lifestyle or personal image. They are typically full-service and sometimes classified as luxury. A key characteristic of boutique and lifestyle hotels is their focus on providing a unique guest experience as opposed to simply providing lodging. Examples include W Hotels, Shangri-La Hotels, Sheraton, Andaz, Hoshino Resorts
Hoshino Resorts
and Banyan Tree. Full-service[edit] Full service hotels often provide a wide array of guest services and on-site facilities. Commonly found amenities may include: on-site food and beverage (room service and restaurants), meeting and conference services and facilities, fitness center, and business center. Full-service hotels range in quality from mid-scale to luxury. This classification is based upon the quality of facilities and amenities offered by the hotel. [9] Examples include: Holiday Inn, Kimpton Hotels, Hilton, Marriott and Hyatt Regency
Hyatt Regency
brands. Focused or select service[edit] Small to medium-sized hotel establishments that offer a limited number of on-site amenities that only cater and market to a specific demographic of travelers, such as the single business traveler. Most focused or select service hotels may still offer full service accommodations but may lack leisure amenities such as an on-site restaurant or a swimming pool. Examples include Hyatt
Hyatt
Place, Courtyard by Marriott and Hilton Garden Inn. Economy and limited service[edit] Small to medium-sized hotel establishments that offer a very limited number of on-site amenities and often only offer basic accommodations with little to no services, these facilities normally only cater and market to a specific demographic of travelers, such as the budget-minded traveler seeking a "no frills" accommodation. Limited service hotels often lack an on-site restaurant but in return may offer a limited complimentary food and beverage amenity such as on-site continental breakfast service. In several commonwealth countries, especially India, these types of hotels are also known as budget hotels. Examples include Ibis Budget, Hampton Inn, Aloft, Holiday Inn
Inn
Express, Fairfield Inn, Four Points by Sheraton, and Days Inn. Extended stay[edit] Extended stay hotels are small to medium-sized hotels that offer longer term full service accommodations compared to a traditional hotel. Extended stay hotels may offer non-traditional pricing methods such as a weekly rate that caters towards travelers in need of short-term accommodations for an extended period of time. Similar to limited and select service hotels, on-site amenities are normally limited and most extended stay hotels lack an on-site restaurant. Examples include Staybridge Suites, Candlewood Suites, Homewood Suites by Hilton, Home2 Suites by Hilton, Residence Inn
Inn
by Marriott, Element, and Extended Stay America. Timeshare
Timeshare
and destination clubs[edit] Timeshare
Timeshare
and Destination clubs are a form of property ownership also referred to as a vacation ownership involving the purchase and ownership of an individual unit of accommodation for seasonal usage during a specified period of time. Timeshare
Timeshare
resorts often offer amenities similar that of a Full service hotel with on-site restaurant(s), swimming pools, recreation grounds, and other leisure-oriented amenities. Destination clubs on the other hand may offer more exclusive private accommodations such as private houses in a neighborhood-style setting. Examples of timeshare brands include Hilton Grand Vacations, Marriott Vacation Club
Marriott Vacation Club
International, Westgate Resorts, Disney Vacation
Vacation
Club, and Holiday Inn
Inn
Club Vacations. Motel[edit] A motel, an abbreviation for "motor hotel", is a small-sized low-rise lodging establishment similar to a limited service, lower-cost hotel, but typically with direct access to individual rooms from the car park. Motels were built to serve road travellers, including travellers on road trip vacations and workers who drive for their job (travelling salespeople, truck drivers, etc.). Common during the 1950s and 1960s, motels were often located adjacent to a major highway, where they were built on inexpensive land at the edge of towns or along stretches of freeway. New motel construction is rare in the 2000s as hotel chains have been building economy-priced, limited service franchised properties at freeway exits which compete for largely the same clientele, largely saturating the market by the 1990s. Motels are still useful in less populated areas for driving travelers, but the more populated an area becomes, the more hotels move in to meet the demand for accommodation. Many of the motels which remain in operation have joined national franchise chains, often rebranding themselves as hotels, inns or lodges. Microstay[edit] Hotels may offer rooms for microstays[10], a type of booking for less than 24 hours where the customer chooses the check in time and the length of the stay. This allows the hotel increased revenue by reselling the same room several times a day.[11] Management[edit] Main article: Hotel
Hotel
management Hotel management is a globally accepted professional career field and academic field of study. Degree programs such as hospitality management studies, a business degree, and/or certification programs formally prepare hotel managers for industry practice. Most hotel establishments consist of a General Manager who serves as the head executive (often referred to as the " Hotel
Hotel
Manager"), department heads who oversee various departments within a hotel, middle managers, administrative staff, and line-level supervisors. The organizational chart and volume of job positions and hierarchy varies by hotel size, function, and is often determined by hotel ownership and managing companies. Unique and specialty hotels[edit] Historic inns and boutique hotels[edit]

Hotel
Hotel
Astoria and statue of Tsar Nicholas I in Saint Petersburg, Russia

Boutique hotels are typically hotels with a unique environment or intimate setting. Some hotels have gained their renown through tradition, by hosting significant events or persons, such as Schloss Cecilienhof
Cecilienhof
in Potsdam, Germany, which derives its fame from the Potsdam
Potsdam
Conference of the World War II
World War II
allies Winston Churchill, Harry Truman and Joseph Stalin
Joseph Stalin
in 1945.[12] The Taj Mahal Palace & Tower in Mumbai
Mumbai
is one of India's most famous and historic hotels because of its association with the Indian independence movement. Some establishments have given name to a particular meal or beverage, as is the case with the Waldorf Astoria in New York City, United States where the Waldorf Salad
Waldorf Salad
was first created or the Hotel Sacher
Hotel Sacher
in Vienna, Austria, home of the Sachertorte. Others have achieved fame by association with dishes or cocktails created on their premises, such as the Hotel
Hotel
de Paris
Paris
where the crêpe Suzette was invented or the Raffles Hotel
Raffles Hotel
in Singapore, where the Singapore
Singapore
Sling cocktail was devised.[13]

Hôtel Ritz
Hôtel Ritz
Paris
Paris
in France

A number of hotels have entered the public consciousness through popular culture, such as the Ritz Hotel
Hotel
in London, through its association with Irving Berlin's song, 'Puttin' on the Ritz'. The Algonquin Hotel
Algonquin Hotel
in New York City
New York City
is famed as the meeting place of the literary group, the Algonquin Round Table, and Hotel
Hotel
Chelsea, also in New York City, has been the subject of a number of songs and the scene of the stabbing of Nancy Spungen
Nancy Spungen
(allegedly by her boyfriend Sid Vicious). Resort
Resort
hotels[edit]

Wynn Las Vegas, United States

Some hotels are built specifically as a destination in itself to create a captive trade, example at casinos, amusement parks and holiday resorts. Though hotels have always been built in popular destinations, the defining characteristic of a resort hotel is that it exists purely to serve another attraction, the two having the same owners. On the Las Vegas Strip
Las Vegas Strip
there is a tradition of one-upmanship with luxurious and extravagant hotels in a concentrated area. This trend now has extended to other resorts worldwide, but the concentration in Las Vegas is still the world's highest: nineteen of the world's twenty-five largest hotels by room count are on the Strip, with a total of over 67,000 rooms.[14] In Europe Center Parcs
Center Parcs
might be considered a chain of resort hotels, since the sites are largely man-made (though set in natural surroundings such as country parks) with captive trade, whereas holiday camps such as Butlins
Butlins
and Pontin's
Pontin's
are probably not considered as resort hotels, since they are set at traditional holiday destinations which existed before the camps. Other speciality hotels[edit]

RMS Queen Mary, Long Beach, California, United States

The Burj al-Arab
Burj al-Arab
hotel in Dubai, United Arab Emirates, built on an artificial island, is structured in the shape of a boat's sail. The Library Hotel in New York City, is unique in that each of its ten floors is assigned one category from the Dewey Decimal System. The Jailhotel Löwengraben in Lucerne, Switzerland
Lucerne, Switzerland
is a converted prison now used as a hotel. The Luxor, a hotel and casino on the Las Vegas Strip
Las Vegas Strip
in Paradise, Nevada, United States
United States
is unusual due to its pyramidal structure. The Liberty Hotel
Liberty Hotel
in Boston
Boston
used to be the Charles Street Jail. Hotel
Hotel
Kakslauttanen in Finland, a collection of glass igloos in Lapland that allow you to watch the Northern Lights[15] Built in Scotland
Scotland
and completed in 1936, The former ocean liner RMS Queen Mary in Long Beach, California, United States
United States
uses its first-class staterooms as a hotel, after retiring in 1967 from Transatlantic service. The Wigwam Motels used patented novelty architecture in which each motel room was a free-standing concrete wigwam or teepee. Various Caboose
Caboose
Motel
Motel
or Red Caboose
Caboose
Inn
Inn
properties are built from decommissioned rail cars. Throughout the world there are several hotels built from converted airliners.

Bunker
Bunker
hotels[edit] The Null Stern Hotel
Null Stern Hotel
in Teufen, Appenzellerland, Switzerland
Switzerland
and the Concrete Mushrooms in Albania[16] are former nuclear bunkers transformed into hotels. Cave hotels[edit] The Cuevas Pedro Antonio de Alarcón
Pedro Antonio de Alarcón
(named after the author) in Guadix, Spain, as well as several hotels in Cappadocia, Turkey, are notable for being built into natural cave formations, some with rooms underground. The Desert Cave Hotel
Hotel
in Coober Pedy, South Australia
Coober Pedy, South Australia
is built into the remains of an opal mine. Cliff hotels[edit]

On top of the cliff, the Riosol Hotel
Hotel
in Mogán

Located on the coast but high above sea level, these hotels offer unobstructed panoramic views and a great sense of privacy without the feeling of total isolation. Some examples from around the globe are the Riosol Hotel
Hotel
in Gran Canaria, Caruso Belvedere Hotel
Hotel
in Amalfi Coast (Italy), Aman Resorts
Aman Resorts
Amankila in Bali, Birkenhead House in Hermanus (South Africa), The Caves in Jamaica and Caesar Augustus in Capri.[17] Capsule hotels[edit]

Interior of a capsule hotel in Osaka, Japan

Capsule hotels are a type of economical hotel first introduced in Japan, where people sleep in stacks of rectangular containers. Day room hotels[edit] Some hotels fill daytime occupancy with day rooms, for example, Rodeway Inn
Inn
and Suites near Port Everglades
Port Everglades
in Fort Lauderdale, Florida.[18] Day rooms are booked in a block of hours typically between 8 am and 5 pm,[19] before the typical night shift. These are similar to transit hotels in that they appeal to travelers, however, unlike transit hotels, they do not eliminate the need to go through Customs. Garden hotels[edit] Garden hotels, famous for their gardens before they became hotels, include Gravetye Manor, the home of garden designer William Robinson, and Cliveden, designed by Charles Barry
Charles Barry
with a rose garden by Geoffrey Jellicoe. Ice, snow and igloo hotels[edit] Main article: Ice hotel

Ice Hotel
Hotel
in Jukkasjärvi, Sweden

The Ice Hotel
Hotel
in Jukkasjärvi, Sweden, was the first ice hotel in the world; first built in 1990, it is built each winter and melts every spring. Other ice hotels include the Igloo Village in Kakslauttanen, Finland, and the Hotel
Hotel
de Glace in Duschenay, Canada. They can also be included within larger ice complexes; for example, the Mammut Snow Hotel
Hotel
in Finland
Finland
is located within the walls of the Kemi
Kemi
snow castle; and the Lainio Snow Hotel
Hotel
is part of a snow village near Ylläs, Finland. Love hotels[edit] Main article: Love hotel A love hotel (also 'love motel', especially in Taiwan) is a type of short-stay hotel found around the world, operated primarily for the purpose of allowing guests privacy for sexual activities, typically for one to three hours, but with overnight as an option. Styles of premises vary from extremely low-end to extravagantly appointed. In Japan, love hotels have a history of over 400 years.[20] Referral hotel[edit] Main article: Referral chain A referral hotel is a hotel chain that offers branding to independently-operated hotels; the chain itself is founded by or owned by the member hotels as a group. Many former referral chains have been converted to franchises; the largest surviving member-owned chain is Best Western. Railway hotels[edit] Further information: Category:Railway hotels

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Railway hotels.

The first recorded purpose-built railway hotel was the Great Western Hotel, which opened adjacent to Reading railway station
Reading railway station
in 1844, shortly after the Great Western Railway
Great Western Railway
opened its line from London. The building still exists, and although it has been used for other purposes over the years, it is now again a hotel and a member of the Malmaison hotel chain.[21][22][23] Frequently, expanding railway companies built grand hotels at their termini, such as the Midland Hotel, Manchester
Midland Hotel, Manchester
next to the former Manchester Central Station, and in London
London
the ones above St Pancras railway station and Charing Cross railway station. London
London
also has the Chiltern Court Hotel
Hotel
above Baker Street tube station, there are also Canada's grand railway hotels. They are or were mostly, but not exclusively, used by those traveling by rail. Straw bale hotels[edit] The Maya Guesthouse in Nax Mont-Noble in the Swiss Alps, is the first hotel in Europe built entirely with straw bales. Due to the insulation values of the walls it needs no conventional heating or air conditioning system, although the Maya Guesthouse is built at an altitude of 1,300 metres (4,300 ft) in the Alps.[24] Transit hotels[edit] Main article: Transit Hotel Transit hotels are short stay hotels typically used at international airports where passengers can stay while waiting to change airplanes. The hotels are typically on the airside and do not require a visa for a stay or re-admission through security checkpoints. Treehouse hotels[edit] Some hotels are built with living trees as structural elements, for example the Treehotel near Piteå, Sweden, the Costa Rica
Costa Rica
Tree House in the Gandoca-Manzanillo Wildlife Refuge, Costa Rica; the Treetops Hotel
Hotel
in Aberdare National Park, Kenya; the Ariau Towers
Ariau Towers
near Manaus, Brazil, on the Rio Negro in the Amazon; and Bayram's Tree Houses in Olympos, Turkey. Underwater hotels[edit]

Ithaa, the first undersea restaurant at the Conrad Maldives
Maldives
Rangali Island resort

Some hotels have accommodation underwater, such as Utter Inn
Inn
in Lake Mälaren, Sweden. Hydropolis, project in Dubai, would have had suites on the bottom of the Persian Gulf, and Jules' Undersea Lodge in Key Largo, Florida
Florida
requires scuba diving to access its rooms. Overwater hotels[edit]

An overwater bungalow on the island resort in the Maldives

A resort island is an island or an archipelago that contains resorts, hotels, overwater bungalows, restaurants, tourist attractions and its amenities. Maldives
Maldives
has the most overwater bungalows resorts. Records[edit] Largest[edit] See also: List of largest hotels in the world In 2006, Guinness World Records
Guinness World Records
listed the First World Hotel
First World Hotel
in Genting Highlands, Malaysia, as the world's largest hotel with a total of 6,118 rooms (and which has now expanded to 7,351 rooms).[25] The Izmailovo Hotel
Izmailovo Hotel
in Moscow
Moscow
has the most beds, with 7,500, followed by The Venetian and The Palazzo
The Palazzo
complex in Las Vegas (7,117 rooms) and MGM Grand Las Vegas
MGM Grand Las Vegas
complex (6,852 rooms).[26] Oldest[edit] According to the Guinness Book of World Records, the oldest hotel in operation is the Nisiyama Onsen Keiunkan in Yamanashi, Japan. The hotel, first opened in AD 707 has been operated by the same family for forty-six generations. The title was held until 2011 by the Hoshi Ryokan, in the Awazu Onsen area of Komatsu, Japan, which opened in the year 718, as the history of the Nisiyama Onsen Keiunkan was virtually unknown.[27] Highest[edit] The Ritz-Carlton, Hong Kong
The Ritz-Carlton, Hong Kong
claims to be the world's highest hotel.[28] It is located on the top floors of the International Commerce Centre in Hong Kong, at 484 metres (1,588 ft) above ground level. Most expensive purchase[edit] In October 2014, the Anbang Insurance Group, based in China, purchased the Waldorf Astoria New York
Waldorf Astoria New York
in Manhattan
Manhattan
for US$1.95 billion, making it the world's most expensive hotel ever sold.[29]

The Waldorf Astoria New York, the most expensive hotel ever sold, cost US$1.95 billion in 2014[29]

Long term residence[edit] A number of public figures have notably chosen to take up semi-permanent or permanent residence in hotels.

Fashion designer Coco Chanel
Coco Chanel
lived in the Hôtel Ritz, Paris, on and off for more than 30 years. Inventor Nikola Tesla
Nikola Tesla
lived the last ten years of his life at the New Yorker Hotel
Hotel
until he died in his room in 1943. Larry Fine
Larry Fine
(of The Three Stooges) and his family lived in hotels, due to his extravagant spending habits and his wife's dislike for housekeeping. They first lived in the President Hotel
Hotel
in Atlantic City, New Jersey, where his daughter Phyllis was raised, then the Knickerbocker Hotel
Hotel
in Hollywood. Not until the late 1940s did Larry buy a home in the Los Feliz area of Los Angeles. The Waldorf-Astoria Hotel
Waldorf-Astoria Hotel
and its affiliated Waldorf Towers has been the home of many famous persons over the years including former President Herbert Hoover
Herbert Hoover
who lived there from the end of his presidency in 1933 until his death in 1964. General Douglas MacArthur lived his last 14 years in the penthouse of the Waldorf Towers. And the composer Cole Porter
Cole Porter
also spent the last 25 years of his life in an apartment at the Waldorf Towers. Billionaire Howard Hughes
Howard Hughes
lived in hotels during the last ten years of his life (1966–76), primarily in Las Vegas, as well as Acapulco, Beverly Hills, Boston, Freeport, London, Managua, Nassau, Vancouver, and others. Vladimir Nabokov
Vladimir Nabokov
and his wife Vera lived in the Montreux Palace
Montreux Palace
Hotel in Montreux, Switzerland
Switzerland
(1961-his death in 1977). Actor Richard Harris
Richard Harris
lived at the Savoy Hotel
Savoy Hotel
while in London. Hotel archivist Susan Scott recounts an anecdote that, when he was being taken out of the building on a stretcher shortly before his death in 2002, he raised his hand and told the diners "it was the food."[30] Egyptian actor Ahmed Zaki lived his last 15 years in Ramses Hilton Hotel
Hotel
– Cairo. British entrepreneur Jack Lyons lived in the Hotel
Hotel
Mirador Kempinski in Switzerland
Switzerland
for several years until his death in 2008. American actress Elaine Stritch
Elaine Stritch
lived in the Savoy Hotel
Savoy Hotel
in London
London
for over a decade.[31] Uruguayan-Argentinian tango composer Horacio Ferrer
Horacio Ferrer
lived almost 40 years, from 1976 until his death in 2014, in an apartment inside the Alvear Palace Hotel, in Buenos Aires, one of the most exclusive hotels in the city.[32]

See also[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Hotel.

Wikivoyage
Wikivoyage
has a travel guide for Hotels.

Wikivoyage
Wikivoyage
has a travel guide for Grand old hotels.

List of hotels Lists of hotels List of chained-brand hotels List of defunct hotel chains Casino
Casino
hotel List of casino hotels Niche tourism markets

Industry and careers[edit]

Bellhop Concierge Front desk
Front desk
clerk, a type of clerk General manager GOPPAR, RevPAR, T RevPAR – hotel profitability equations. Hospitality industry Hotel
Hotel
rating Innkeeper Night auditor Property caretaker Tourism

Human habitation types[edit]

Apartment hotel Boutique hotel Caravanserai Cruise ship Dharamshala Dak bungalow Eco hotel Guest house Glamping Homestay Hospitality service Hostal Human habitats Inn Serviced apartment Vacation
Vacation
rental Pop-up hotel

References[edit]

^ "Oldest hotel". Guinness World Records. Retrieved 2015-04-04.  ^ "Hotels: A Brief History". Retrieved 2012-12-17.  ^ Coaching Era, The: Stage and Mail Coach Travel
Travel
in and Around Bath, Bristol and Somerset, Roy Gallop, Fiducia (2003), ISBN 1-85026-019-2 ^ "Researching the history of pubs, inns and hotels". Retrieved 2012-12-17.  ^ "Nineteenth Century Hotels In The United States". Retrieved 2012-12-17.  ^ a b " Tourism
Tourism
Factbook". UN World Tourism
Tourism
Organization. 2014. pp. 3.2, 4.13, 4.14. Retrieved 22 April 2014.  ^ a b c "Workers and Guests Have Different Language Needs in a Hotel". Lang1234.com. 2013. Retrieved 22 April 2014.  ^ Balekjian, Cristina (September 2011). "Boutique Hotels Segment" (PDF). HVS.  ^ "Full-Service Vs. Limited-Service Hotels". Travel
Travel
Tips - USA Today. Retrieved 2015-10-23.  ^ "By-the-Hour Microstays Add to Big Hotels' Bottom Line". Retrieved 5 September 2017.  ^ "Hoteliers urged to tap into microstays market to stay ahead". www.bighospitality.co.uk. Retrieved 5 September 2017.  ^ "Schloss Cecilienhof
Cecilienhof
- Cecilienhof
Cecilienhof
Palace". Landeshauptstadt Potsdam. Retrieved 2015-10-23.  ^ Campbell, Colin (12 December 1982). " Singapore
Singapore
Journal; Back to Somerset Maugham and Life's Seamy Side". The New York Times. Singapore.  ^ "The 25 Largest Hotels in the World". Retrieved 18 April 2009.  ^ "101 Most Luxurious Hotels and Retreats in the World". Retrieved 2014-04-16.  ^ Doug McKinlay (2009-09-13). "Switzerland's Null Stern Hotel: the nuclear option Travel
Travel
The Observer". London: Guardian. Retrieved 2011-01-02.  ^ 7 breathtaking clifftop hotels ^ Owen, Chris (5 November 2015). "Pre-Cruise Hotels". Chris Cruises. Retrieved 3 December 2016.  ^ Booth, Darren (18 December 2012). "Long Layover? Many Airport Hotels Offer Day-Room Rates". CNBC. Retrieved 3 December 2016.  ^ Matthew Alexander; Chien Chuan Chen; Andrew MacLaren; Kevin D. O'Gorman (2010-03-09). "Love motels: oriental phenomenon or emergent sector?". International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management. 22 (2): 194–208. doi:10.1108/09596111011018188. ISSN 0959-6119.  ^ Phillips, Daphne (1980). The Story of Reading. Countryside Books. p. 115. ISBN 0-905392-07-8.  ^ "List Entry: Great Western House". English Heritage. Retrieved 24 February 2017.  ^ "Reading". Malmaison. Retrieved 24 February 2017.  ^ "About the first straw bale hotel in Europe". Pr-inside.com. 1 August 2011. Archived from the original on 8 July 2012. Retrieved 29 May 2012.  ^ Genting's First World Recognized As World's Largest Hotel, Bernama.com ^ Esomba, Steve. "1.4". GLOBAL TOURISM & THE ENVIRONMENT: THE NECESSITIES FOR CLEAN ENERGY AND CLEAN. p. 41. ISBN 9781471749681. Retrieved 2015-10-22.  ^ Hoshi Ryokan
Hoshi Ryokan
website, accessed 22 June 2008 Archived 29 May 2008 at the Wayback Machine.. Ho-shi.co.jp. Retrieved on 2011-06-12. ^ " The Ritz-Carlton
The Ritz-Carlton
Hong Kong: The world's highest hotel opens". cnngo.com. 29 March 2011.  ^ a b Robert Frank (6 October 2014). "Waldorf becomes most expensive hotel ever sold: $1.95 billion". CNBC. Retrieved 6 October 2014.  ^ ''Home Suite Home''. BBC News (2007-09-12). Retrieved on 2011-06-12. ^ "Elaine Stritch". Tcm.com. Retrieved 2012-05-29.  ^ " Horacio Ferrer
Horacio Ferrer
home". La Nación newspaper (in spanish). 2014-12-21. 

Further reading[edit]

Lundberg, Donald E. (1994). The Hotel
Hotel
and Restaurant
Restaurant
Business (6th ed.). New York: John Wiley & Sons. ISBN 0471285080.  "A short history of hotels: Be my guest". The Economist. 21 December 2013. Retrieved 26 March 2014. 

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