1 Life and career 2 Beliefs 3 References 4 External links
Life and career
Second Universalist Church, School Street, Boston; built 1817
He founded and edited The
Universalist Magazine (1819—later called
The Trumpet), and The
Universalist Expositor (1831—later The
Universalist Quarterly Review), and wrote about 10,000 sermons as well
as many hymns, essays and polemic theological works. He is best known
for Notes on the Parables (1804), A Treatise on Atonement (1805) and
Examination of the Doctrine of a Future Retribution (1834). These
works mark him as the principal American expositor of Universalism.
Ballou married Ruth Washburn; children included Maturin Murray
Ballou. He is the grand-uncle of
"It is well known, and will be acknowledged by every candid person, that the human heart is capable of becoming soft, or hard; kind, or unkind; merciful or unmerciful, by education and habit. On this principle we contend, that the infernal torments, which false religion has placed in the future world, and which ministers have, with an overflowing zeal, so constantly held up to the people, and urged with all their learning and eloquence, have tended so to harden the hearts of the professors of this religion, that they have exercised, toward their fellow creatures, a spirit of enmity, which but too well corresponds with the relentless cruelty of their doctrine, and the wrath which they have imagined to exist in our heavenly Father. By having such an example constantly before their eyes, they have become so transformed into its image, that, whenever they have had the power, they have actually executed a vengeance on men and women, which evinced that the cruelty of their doctrine had overcome the native kindness and compassion of the human heart."
^ a b c d One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Ballou, Hosea". Encyclopædia Britannica. 3 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 282. This cites:
The biography by Thomas Whittemore (4 vols., Boston, 1854-1855) and
that by Oscar F. Safford (Boston, 1889);
and J. C. Adams,
^ Sister Mary Monica, M.I.C.M., Tert. "Hosea Ballou — Son of Richmond — Father of Universalism". catholicism.org. Saint Benedict Center, Richmond, New Hampshire. Retrieved July 21, 2008. CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) ^ Safford. 1890 ^ Ballou, Hosea (1834). An Examination of the Doctrine of Future Retribution, On the Principles of Morals, Analogy and the Scriptures. Boston: Trumpet Office. p. 36. quoted from: Southern, Vanessa R. (February 22, 2004). "Is There More to Universalism than Universal Salvation?". The Unitarian Church in Summit, New Jersey. Retrieved December 13, 2006.
Bibliography Universalist Quarterly and General Review, Volumes 11-12, pg. 176 Further reading
Universalist Magazine. v.9 (Boston: Henry Bowen, Province House Row, 1827) "Rev. Hosea Ballou". Gleason's Pictorial. Boston, Mass. 1. 1851. M.M. Ballou. Biography of Rev. Hosea Ballou. Boston : A. Tompkins, 1852. Google books M.M. Ballou. Life story of Hosea Ballou: for the young. Boston: A. Tompkins, 1854. Illustrations by Billings. Google books Oscar F. Safford. Hosea Ballou: a marvellous life-story, 4th ed. Boston: Universalist Pub. House, 1890. Google books Bressler, Ann Lee. The Universalist Movement in America, 1770–1880. New York: Oxford University Press, 2001.
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The Ballou family papers are in the Andover-Harvard Theological
Harvard Divinity School
WorldCat Identities VIAF: 3611233 LCCN: n81147220 ISNI: 0000 0000 2402 4884 GND: 131654