Horace Henry Hart (1840–1916) was an English printer and biographer.
He was the author of
Hart's Rules for Compositors and Readers, first
issued in 1893.
Hart was born in
Suffolk in 1840; his father was a shoemaker. He was
sent to the printers Woodfall & Kinder in London at the age of
fourteen, and was apprenticed to the compositor’s trade two years
later. He became the manager of Woodfall & Kinder by the age of
twenty-six, but left to take over management of the London branch of
the Edinburgh-based Ballantyne Press. He left Ballantyne Press in
1880, when he was appointed manager of the head office and main works
of William Clowes & Sons, which was then the biggest printing
house in Britain. He left, however, after only three years at Clowes,
when vacancy for Controller of the
Oxford University Press
Oxford University Press (OUP) was
Hart thus served as Printer to the University of Oxford and Controller
of the University Press between 1883 and 1915. During that time, he
convinced the Press to begin using wood-pulp paper, and also
introduced collotype and printing by lithography. In 1896, he wrote a
monograph on Charles, Earl Stanhope and the
Oxford University Press.
In 1900, he wrote Notes on a Century of Typography at the University
Press Oxford 1693–1794.
In 1893 he issued the first version of what became known as Hart's
Rules as a single broadsheet page for in-house use. Although first
issued internally at the
Oxford University Press
Oxford University Press in 1893, these rules
had their origins in 1864, when Hart was a member of the London
Association of Correctors of the Press, working for Woodfall &
Kinder. With a small group of fellow members from the same printing
house, he drew up a list of "rules", which was constantly updated and
revised during his career at three other printing houses.
The last twenty years of Hart's life were plagued by bouts of
depression and insomnia. He suffered his first nervous breakdown in
1887, followed by another in 1888. A final, severe breakdown led to
his retirement from the OUP in 1915 at the age of seventy-five. The
following year, he drowned himself in Youlbury Lake near Oxford, a
secluded lake in the grounds of a neighbour’s garden. His gloves
were folded neatly on the bank.
The Oxford Manual of Style (OUP, 2002) Introduction
The Meaning of Everything (OUP, 2003)
"Biography & Accomplishments: Horace Hart". Archived from the
original on 2011-07-16.
ISNI: 0000 0001 2131 9270
BNF: cb12097545b (data)
This article about an English writer, poet or playwright is a stub.
You can help by expandi