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HONSHU or HONSHIU (本州, Honshū / Honsyū, "Main Island" or "Main Province") ( ( listen )) is the largest and most populous island of Japan
Japan
, located south of Hokkaido
Hokkaido
across the Tsugaru Strait , north of Shikoku
Shikoku
across the Inland Sea , and northeast of Kyushu
Kyushu
across the Kanmon Straits . The island separates the Sea of Japan
Japan
, which lies to its north and west, from the North Pacific Ocean to its south and east. It is the seventh-largest island in the world, and the second-most populous after the Indonesian island of Java
Java
.

Honshu
Honshu
had a population of 103 million as of 2005 , mostly concentrated in the coastal lowlands, notably in the Kantō plain where 25% of the total population resides in the Greater Tokyo
Tokyo
Area . As the historical center of Japanese culture and political power, the island includes several past Japanese capitals, including Kyoto
Kyoto
, Nara , and Kamakura
Kamakura
. Much of the island's southern shore forms part of the Taiheiyō Belt
Taiheiyō Belt
, a megalopolis that spans several of the Japanese islands.

Most of Japan's industry is located in a belt running along Honshu's southern coast, from Tokyo
Tokyo
to Kyoto
Kyoto
, Osaka
Osaka
, Nagoya
Nagoya
, Kobe
Kobe
, and Hiroshima
Hiroshima
; by contrast, the economy along the northwestern Sea of Japan
Japan
coast is largely based on fishing and agriculture. The island is linked to the other three major Japanese islands by a number of bridges and tunnels. Its climate is humid and mild.

CONTENTS

* 1 Geography

* 1.1 Extreme points * 1.2 Bridges and tunnels

* 2 Administrative regions and prefectures

* 3 Natural features

* 3.1 Agriculture * 3.2 Minerals

* 4 See also * 5 References

GEOGRAPHY

The island is roughly 1,300 km (810 mi) long and ranges from 50 to 230 km (31 to 143 mi) wide, and its total area is 225,800 km2 (87,200 sq mi), 60% of the total area of Japan, making it slightly larger than Great Britain. Its land area has been increasing with land reclamation and coastal uplift in the north, but global sea level rise has diminished these effects. Honshu
Honshu
has 5,450 kilometres (3,386 mi) of coastline.

Mountainous and volcanic, Honshu
Honshu
experiences frequent earthquakes (the Great Kantō earthquake heavily damaged Tokyo
Tokyo
in September 1923, and the earthquake of March 2011 moved the northeastern part of the island by varying amounts of as much as 5.3 m (17 ft) while causing devastating tsunamis). The highest peak is the active volcano Mount Fuji at 3,776 m (12,388 ft), which makes Honshu
Honshu
the world's 7th highest island . There are many rivers, including the Shinano River , Japan's longest. The Japanese Alps run the length of Honshu, dividing the northwestern (Sea of Japan) shore from the southeastern (Pacific or Inland Sea) shore; the climate is generally humid subtropical in the southern and coastal parts of the island and humid continental in the northern and inland portions.

EXTREME POINTS

The northernmost point on Honshu
Honshu
is the tip of the Shimokita Peninsula in Ōma, Aomori ; Cape Kure lies at the southern extreme in Kushimoto, Wakayama . The island's eastern extremity is Todogasaki in Miyako, Iwate , and its western one is Bishanohana in Shimonoseki, Yamaguchi . Honshu
Honshu
spans more than eight degrees of latitude and 11 degrees of longitude.

BRIDGES AND TUNNELS

Honshu
Honshu
is connected to the islands of Hokkaido, Kyushu
Kyushu
and Shikoku
Shikoku
by tunnels and bridges. Three bridge systems have been built across the islands of the Inland Sea between Honshu
Honshu
and Shikoku
Shikoku
(Akashi Kaikyō Bridge and the Ōnaruto Bridge ; Shin-Onomichi Bridge , Innoshima Bridge , Ikuchi Bridge , Tatara Bridge , Ōmishima Bridge , Hakata–Ōshima Bridge , and the Kurushima-Kaikyō Bridge ; Shimotsui-Seto Bridge , Hitsuishijima Bridge , Iwakurojima Bridge , Yoshima Bridge , Kita Bisan-Seto Bridge , and the Minami Bisan-Seto Bridge ), the Seikan Tunnel
Seikan Tunnel
connects Honshu
Honshu
with Hokkaido, and the Kanmonkyo Bridge and Kanmon Tunnel connects Honshu
Honshu
with Kyushu.

ADMINISTRATIVE REGIONS AND PREFECTURES

The island is divided into five nominal regions and contains 34 prefectures, including metropolitan Tokyo. Administratively, some smaller islands are included within these prefectures, notably including the Ogasawara Islands
Ogasawara Islands
, Sado Island , Izu Ōshima , and Awaji Island .

The regions and its prefectures are:

* TōHOKU REGION consists of six prefectures.

* Akita Prefecture
Akita Prefecture
* Aomori Prefecture
Aomori Prefecture
* Fukushima Prefecture
Fukushima Prefecture
* Iwate Prefecture
Iwate Prefecture
* Miyagi Prefecture * Yamagata Prefecture

* KANTō REGION consists of seven prefectures, including the capital of Japan
Japan
which is the Tokyo
Tokyo
Metropolis.

* Chiba Prefecture
Chiba Prefecture
* Gunma Prefecture
Gunma Prefecture
* Ibaraki Prefecture * Kanagawa Prefecture
Kanagawa Prefecture
* Saitama Prefecture
Saitama Prefecture
* Tochigi Prefecture * Tokyo
Tokyo

* CHūBU REGION consists of nine prefectures.

* Aichi Prefecture
Aichi Prefecture
* Fukui Prefecture
Fukui Prefecture
* Gifu Prefecture
Gifu Prefecture
* Ishikawa Prefecture
Ishikawa Prefecture
* Nagano Prefecture
Nagano Prefecture
* Niigata Prefecture * Shizuoka Prefecture
Shizuoka Prefecture
* Toyama Prefecture
Toyama Prefecture
* Yamanashi Prefecture

* KANSAI REGION consists of seven prefectures.

* Hyōgo Prefecture * Kyoto Prefecture
Kyoto Prefecture
* Mie Prefecture
Mie Prefecture
* Nara Prefecture
Nara Prefecture
* Osaka Prefecture
Osaka Prefecture
* Shiga Prefecture
Shiga Prefecture
* Wakayama Prefecture

* CHūGOKU REGION consists of five prefectures.

* Hiroshima Prefecture * Okayama Prefecture
Okayama Prefecture
* Shimane Prefecture * Tottori Prefecture
Tottori Prefecture
* Yamaguchi Prefecture
Yamaguchi Prefecture

NATURAL FEATURES

AGRICULTURE

Most of Japan's tea and silk is from Honshu. Fruits, vegetables, grains, rice and cotton are grown in Honshu. Niigata is noted as an important producer of rice. The Kantō and Nōbi plains produce rice and vegetables. Yamanashi is a major fruit-growing area, and Aomori is famous for its apples. Rare species of the lichen genus Menegazzia are found only in Honshu.

MINERALS

Yields of zinc, copper, and oil have been found on Honshu.

SEE ALSO

* Japan
Japan
portal * Islands portal

* Kyushu
Kyushu
* Shikoku
Shikoku
* Hokkaido
Hokkaido

REFERENCES

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for HONSHU .

Wikimedia Commons has media related to HONSHU .

* ^ A B "Honshu". Encyclopædia Britannica . Retrieved 19 February 2016. * ^ Japan
Japan
Civil Registry Database 2013 * ^ See Japan
Japan
Census of 2000; the editors of List of islands by population appear to have used similar data from the relevant statistics bureaux, and totalled up the various administrative districts that make up each island, and then done the same for less populous islands. An editor of this article has not repeated that work. Therefore this plausible and eminently reasonable ranking is posted as unsourced common knowledge . * ^ Kodansha Encyclopedia of Japan
Japan
* ^ "Islands By Land Area". Islands.unep.ch. Retrieved 2010-08-01. * ^ "Map of Horizontal Land Movement caused by 2011/3/11 M9.0 earthquake" (PDF) (in Japanese). Geospatial Information Authority of Japan
Japan
. March 19, 2011. Retrieved 15 November 2012. * ^ "Quake shifted Japan
Japan
by over two meters". Deutsche Welle
Deutsche Welle
. March 14, 2011. Retrieved March 14, 2011. * ^ A B "Honshu". infoplease.com. 2012. Retrieved 2014-11-23. * ^ Bjerke JW (2004). "Revision of the lichen genus Menegazzia in Japan, including two new species". The Lichenologist. 36 (1): 15–25. ISSN 0024-2829 . doi :10.1017/S0024282904013878 .

* v * t * e

Regions and administrative divisions of Japan
Japan

REGIONS

* Hokkaido
Hokkaido
* Tōhoku

* Kantō

* Nanpō Islands

* Chūbu

* Hokuriku * Kōshin\'etsu * Shin\'etsu * Tōkai

* Kansai

* Chūgoku

* San\'in * San\'yō

* Shikoku
Shikoku

* Kyushu
Kyushu

* Northern * Southern * Okinawa

47 PREFECTURES

HOKKAIDO

* Hokkaido
Hokkaido

TōHOKU

* Aomori * Iwate * Miyagi * Akita * Yamagata * Fukushima

KANTō

* Ibaraki * Tochigi * Gunma * Saitama * Chiba * Tokyo
Tokyo
* Kanagawa

CHūBU

* Niigata * Toyama * Ishikawa * Fukui * Yamanashi * Nagano * Gifu * Shizuoka * Aichi

KANSAI

* Mie * Shiga * Kyoto
Kyoto
* Osaka
Osaka
* Hyōgo * Nara * Wakayama

CHūGOKU

* Tottori * Shimane * Okayama * Hiroshima
Hiroshima
* Yamaguchi

SHIKOKU

* Tokushima * Kagawa * Ehime * Kōchi

KYUSHU

* Fukuoka * Saga * Nagasaki * Kumamoto * Ōita * Miyazaki * Kagoshima * Okinawa

Coordinates : 36°N 138°E / 36°N 138°E / 36; 138

AUTHORITY CONTROL

* WorldCat Identities * VIAF : 240423304 * GND : 4240123-9 * BNF : cb11981340t (data)

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Honshu
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