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Honshu
Honshu
(Japanese: 本州, translit. Honshū, lit. '"Main island/Main province', pronounced [hoꜜɴɕɯː] ( listen)) is the largest and most populous island of Japan,[1] located south of Hokkaido
Hokkaido
across the Tsugaru Strait, north of Shikoku
Shikoku
across the Inland Sea, and northeast of Kyushu
Kyushu
across the Kanmon Straits. The island separates the Sea of Japan, which lies to its north and west, from the North Pacific Ocean to its south and east. It is the seventh-largest island in the world, and the second-most populous after the Indonesian island of Java.[2][3] Honshu
Honshu
had a population of 103 million as of 2005[update],[citation needed] mostly concentrated in the coastal lowlands, notably in the Kantō plain where 25% of the total population resides in the Greater Tokyo
Tokyo
Area.[citation needed] As the historical center of Japanese culture and political power,[citation needed] the island includes several past Japanese capitals, including Kyoto, Nara, and Kamakura. Much of the island's southern shore forms part of the Taiheiyō Belt, a megalopolis that spans several of the Japanese islands. Most of Japan's industry is located in a belt running along Honshu's southern coast, from Tokyo
Tokyo
to Kyoto, Osaka, Nagoya, Kobe, and Hiroshima;[citation needed] by contrast, the economy along the northwestern Sea of Japan
Japan
coast is largely based on fishing and agriculture.[4] The island is linked to the other three major Japanese islands by a number of bridges and tunnels. Its climate is humid and mild.

Contents

1 Geography

1.1 Extreme points 1.2 Bridges and tunnels

2 Administrative regions and prefectures 3 Natural features

3.1 Agriculture 3.2 Minerals

4 See also 5 References

Geography[edit] The island is roughly 1,300 km (810 mi) long and ranges from 50 to 230 km (31 to 143 mi) wide, and its total area is 225,800 km2 (87,200 sq mi), 60% of the total area of Japan,[citation needed] making it slightly larger than Great Britain.[5] Its land area has been increasing with land reclamation and coastal uplift in the north, but global sea level rise has diminished these effects.[citation needed] Honshu
Honshu
has 10,084 kilometres (6,266 mi) of coastline.[1] Mountainous and volcanic, Honshu
Honshu
experiences frequent earthquakes (the Great Kantō earthquake heavily damaged Tokyo
Tokyo
in September 1923, and the earthquake of March 2011 moved the northeastern part of the island by varying amounts of as much as 5.3 m (17 ft)[6][7] while causing devastating tsunamis). The highest peak is the active volcano Mount Fuji
Mount Fuji
at 3,776 m (12,388 ft), which makes Honshu
Honshu
the world's 7th highest island. There are many rivers, including the Shinano River, Japan's longest. The Japanese Alps run the length of Honshu, dividing the northwestern (Sea of Japan) shore from the southeastern (Pacific or Inland Sea) shore; the climate is generally humid subtropical in the southern and coastal parts of the island and humid continental in the northern and inland portions. Extreme points[edit] The northernmost point on Honshu
Honshu
is the tip of the Shimokita Peninsula in Ōma, Aomori; Cape Kure lies at the southern extreme in Kushimoto, Wakayama. The island's eastern extremity is Todogasaki in Miyako, Iwate, and its western one is Bishanohana in Shimonoseki, Yamaguchi. Honshu
Honshu
spans more than eight degrees of latitude and 11 degrees of longitude.[citation needed] Bridges and tunnels[edit] Honshu
Honshu
is connected to the islands of Hokkaido, Kyushu
Kyushu
and Shikoku
Shikoku
by tunnels and bridges. Three bridge systems have been built across the islands of the Inland Sea between Honshu
Honshu
and Shikoku
Shikoku
(Akashi Kaikyō Bridge and the Ōnaruto Bridge; Shin-Onomichi Bridge, Innoshima Bridge, Ikuchi Bridge, Tatara Bridge, Ōmishima Bridge, Hakata–Ōshima Bridge, and the Kurushima-Kaikyō Bridge; Shimotsui-Seto Bridge, Hitsuishijima Bridge, Iwakurojima Bridge, Yoshima Bridge, Kita Bisan-Seto Bridge, and the Minami Bisan-Seto Bridge), the Seikan Tunnel
Seikan Tunnel
connects Honshu
Honshu
with Hokkaido, and the Kanmonkyo Bridge
Kanmonkyo Bridge
and Kanmon Tunnel
Kanmon Tunnel
connects Honshu
Honshu
with Kyushu.[citation needed] Administrative regions and prefectures[edit] The island is divided into five nominal regions and contains 34 prefectures, including metropolitan Tokyo. Administratively, some smaller islands are included within these prefectures, notably including the Ogasawara Islands, Sado Island, Izu Ōshima, and Awaji Island.[citation needed] The regions and its prefectures are:

Tōhoku region
Tōhoku region
consists of six prefectures.

 Akita Prefecture  Aomori Prefecture  Fukushima Prefecture  Iwate Prefecture  Miyagi Prefecture  Yamagata Prefecture

Kantō region
Kantō region
consists of seven prefectures, including the capital of Japan
Japan
which is the Tokyo
Tokyo
Metropolis.

 Chiba Prefecture  Gunma Prefecture  Ibaraki Prefecture  Kanagawa Prefecture  Saitama Prefecture  Tochigi Prefecture  Tokyo

Chūbu region
Chūbu region
consists of nine prefectures.

 Aichi Prefecture  Fukui Prefecture  Gifu Prefecture  Ishikawa Prefecture  Nagano Prefecture  Niigata Prefecture  Shizuoka Prefecture  Toyama Prefecture  Yamanashi Prefecture

Kansai region
Kansai region
consists of seven prefectures.

 Hyōgo Prefecture   Kyoto
Kyoto
Prefecture  Mie Prefecture  Nara Prefecture   Osaka
Osaka
Prefecture  Shiga Prefecture  Wakayama Prefecture

Chūgoku region
Chūgoku region
consists of five prefectures.

  Hiroshima
Hiroshima
Prefecture  Okayama Prefecture  Shimane Prefecture  Tottori Prefecture  Yamaguchi Prefecture

Natural features[edit] Agriculture[edit] Most of Japan's tea and silk is from Honshu. Fruits, vegetables, grains, rice and cotton are grown in Honshu.[8] Niigata is noted as an important producer of rice. The Kantō and Nōbi plains produce rice and vegetables. Yamanashi is a major fruit-growing area, and Aomori is famous for its apples.[citation needed] Rare species of the lichen genus Menegazzia are found only in Honshu.[9] Minerals[edit] Yields of zinc, copper, and oil have been found on Honshu.[8] See also[edit]

Japan
Japan
portal Islands portal

Kyushu Shikoku Hokkaido

References[edit]

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Honshu.

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Honshu.

^ a b "Honshu". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved 19 February 2016.  ^ Japan
Japan
Civil Registry Database 2013 ^ See Japan
Japan
Census of 2000; the editors of List of islands by population appear to have used similar data from the relevant statistics bureaux, and totalled up the various administrative districts that make up each island, and then done the same for less populous islands. An editor of this article has not repeated that work. Therefore this plausible and eminently reasonable ranking is posted as unsourced common knowledge. ^ Kodansha Encyclopedia of Japan ^ "Islands By Land Area". Islands.unep.ch. Retrieved 2010-08-01.  ^ "Map of Horizontal Land Movement caused by 2011/3/11 M9.0 earthquake" (PDF) (in Japanese). Geospatial Information Authority of Japan. March 19, 2011. Retrieved 15 November 2012.  ^ "Quake shifted Japan
Japan
by over two meters". Deutsche Welle. March 14, 2011. Retrieved March 14, 2011.  ^ a b "Honshu". infoplease.com. 2012. Retrieved 2014-11-23.  ^ Bjerke JW (2004). "Revision of the lichen genus Menegazzia in Japan, including two new species". The Lichenologist. 36 (1): 15–25. doi:10.1017/S0024282904013878. ISSN 0024-2829. 

v t e

Regions and administrative divisions of Japan

Regions

Hokkaido Tōhoku Kantō

Nanpō Islands

Chūbu

Hokuriku Kōshin'etsu Shin'etsu Tōkai

Kansai Chūgoku

San'in San'yō

Shikoku Kyushu

Northern Southern Okinawa

47 Prefectures

Hokkaido

Hokkaido

Tōhoku

Aomori Iwate Miyagi Akita Yamagata Fukushima

Kantō

Ibaraki Tochigi Gunma Saitama Chiba Tokyo Kanagawa

Chūbu

Niigata Toyama Ishikawa Fukui Yamanashi Nagano Gifu Shizuoka Aichi

Kansai

Mie Shiga Kyoto Osaka Hyōgo Nara Wakayama

Chūgoku

Tottori Shimane Okayama Hiroshima Yamaguchi

Shikoku

Tokushima Kagawa Ehime Kōchi

Kyushu

Fukuoka Saga Nagasaki Kumamoto Ōita Miyazaki Kagoshima Okinawa

Coordinates: 36°N 138°E / 36°N 138°E / 36; 138

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 240423304 GND: 4240123-9 BNF:

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