HOME
The Info List - Home-on-jam





Active radar homing
Active radar homing
(ARH) is a missile guidance method in which a missile contains a radar transceiver (in contrast to semi-active radar homing, which uses only a receiver) and the electronics necessary for it to find and track its target autonomously. NATO brevity code for an air-to-air active radar homing missile launch is Fox Three.[1]

Contents

1 Advantages 2 Passive radiation homing 3 Operation 4 List of missiles

4.1 China 4.2 European 4.3 France 4.4 Germany 4.5 India 4.6 Israel 4.7 Japan 4.8 Russia 4.9 South Africa 4.10 Sweden 4.11 Taiwan 4.12 United States

5 References

Advantages[edit] There are two major advantages to active radar homing:

Because the missile is tracking the target, and the missile is typically going to be much closer to the target than the launching platform during the terminal phase, the tracking can be much more accurate and also have better resistance to electronic countermeasures. Active radar homing
Active radar homing
missiles have some of the best kill probabilities, along with missiles employing track-via-missile guidance. Because the missile is totally autonomous during the terminal phase, the launch platform does not need to have its radar enabled at all during this phase, and in the case of a mobile launching platform like an aircraft, can actually exit the scene or undertake other actions while the missile homes in on its target. This is often referred to as fire-and-forget capability and is a great advantage that modern air-to-air missiles have over their predecessors.

Passive radiation homing[edit] Many missiles employing this type of guidance have an extra trick up their sleeves; If the target does attempt to use noise jamming, they can in effect turn into an anti-radiation missile and home in on the target's radiation passively (home-on-jam). This makes such missiles practically immune to noise jamming. Operation[edit] Active radar homing
Active radar homing
is rarely employed as the only guidance method of a missile. It is most often used during the terminal phase of the engagement, mainly because since the radar transceiver has to be small enough to fit inside a missile and has to be powered from batteries, therefore having a relatively low ERP, its range is limited.[2] To overcome this, most such missiles use a combination of command guidance with an inertial navigation system (INS) in order to fly from the launch point until the target is close enough to be detected and tracked by the missile. The missile therefore requires guidance updates via a datalink from the launching platform up until this point, in case the target is maneuvering, otherwise the missile may get to the projected interception point and find that the target is not there. Sometimes the launching platform (especially if it is an aircraft) may be in danger while continuing to guide the missile in this way until it 'goes active'; In this case it may turn around and leave it to luck that the target ends up in the projected "acquisition basket" when the missile goes active. It is possible for a system other than the launching platform to provide guidance to the missile before it switches its radar on; This may be other, similar fighter aircraft or perhaps an AWACS. Most anti-ship missiles use active radar homing for terminal guidance. Many ARH missiles with targets on land or sea use millimeter wave guidance. List of missiles[edit] Examples of missiles known to use active radar homing (all in their terminal phase) include: China[edit]

DF-21 DF-25 DF-26 HN-2000 PL-12
PL-12
air-to-air missile and SD-10 (export version to Pakistan) PL-15 air-to-air missile HQ-9
HQ-9
air defense missile

European[edit]

Meteor (missile)
Meteor (missile)
long-range air-to-air missile (With contribution from France, Germany, Italy, Spain, Sweden and United Kingdom) MBDA
MBDA
Perseus (missile) (France, UK)

France[edit]

MBDA
MBDA
Exocet
Exocet
anti-ship missile MICA (missile)
MICA (missile)
air-to-air missile and surface-to-air missile

Germany[edit]

EADS
EADS
AS.34 Kormoran
AS.34 Kormoran
anti-ship missile

India[edit]

DRDO-Astra BVRAAM BrahMos Prahaar (missile)

Israel[edit]

Arrow (Israeli missile) Derby (missile)

Japan[edit]

Type 80 Air-to-Ship Missile Type 81 Surface-to-air Missile
Missile
(SAM-1C only) Type 88 Surface-to-Ship Missile Type 90 Ship-to-Ship Missile Type 91 Air-to-Ship Missile Type 99 air-to-air missile (Mitsubishi AAM-4, AAM-4Kai) Type 03 Medium-Range Surface-to-Air Missile Type 11 Surface-to-air Missile

Russia[edit]

NPO Novator
NPO Novator
and DRDO R-172 long range air-to-air missile Vympel NPO R-37 (AA-13 Arrow) long range air-to-air missile Vympel NPO R-33 (AA-9 Amos) long range air-to-air missile Vympel NPO R-77
R-77
(AA-12 Adder) medium range air-to-air missile Tactical Missiles Corporation
Tactical Missiles Corporation
Kh-31
Kh-31
(AS-17 Krypton) anti-shipping missile (Kh-31A only) Raduga Kh-15
Raduga Kh-15
(AS-16 Kickback) air-to-surface missile (Kh-15S only) Raduga Kh-59
Kh-59
(AS-13 Kingbolt) air-to-surface missile (Kh-59MK only) Tactical Missiles Corporation
Tactical Missiles Corporation
Kh-25
Kh-25
(AS-10 Karen) air-to-surface missile (Kh-25MA only) Raduga KSR-5
Raduga KSR-5
(AS-6 Kingfish) anti-shipping missile Raduga KSR-2
Raduga KSR-2
(AS-5 Kelt) anti-shipping missile Raduga Kh-22
Raduga Kh-22
(AS-4 Kitchen) anti-shipping missile KBM
KBM
Khrizantema (AT-15 Springer) anti-tank missile (9M123-2 and 9M123F-2 variants only) NPO Mashinostroyeniya P-500 Bazalt
P-500 Bazalt
(SS-N-12 Sandbox) anti-ship missile NPO Mashinostroyeniya P-700 Granit
P-700 Granit
(SS-N-19 Shipwreck) anti-ship missile Raduga P-270 Moskit
P-270 Moskit
(SS-N-22 Sunburn) anti-ship missile Tactical Missiles Corporation
Tactical Missiles Corporation
Kh-35
Kh-35
(SS-N-25 Switchblade) anti-ship missile NPO Mashinostroyeniya P-800 Oniks
P-800 Oniks
(SS-N-26) anti-ship missile NPO Novator
NPO Novator
3M-54 Klub
3M-54 Klub
(SS-N-27 Sizzler) anti-ship missile

South Africa[edit]

R-Darter

Sweden[edit]

Saab Bofors Dynamics RBS-15
RBS-15
anti-ship missile

Taiwan[edit]

Sky Sword II
Sky Sword II
air-to-air missile Hsiung Feng I Hsiung Feng II Hsiung Feng IIE Hsiung Feng III

United States[edit]

Boeing
Boeing
Harpoon anti-ship missile Hughes Aircraft Company
Hughes Aircraft Company
AIM-47 Falcon Lockheed Martin
Lockheed Martin
AGM-114L Hellfire Longbow air-to-surface missile Lockheed Martin
Lockheed Martin
MIM-104 Patriot
MIM-104 Patriot
surface-to-air missile (PAC-3 version only)[3] Martin Marietta Pershing II
Pershing II
(topographic radar version of DSMAC) Raytheon
Raytheon
AIM-54 Phoenix
AIM-54 Phoenix
long range air-to-air missile Raytheon
Raytheon
AIM-120 AMRAAM
AIM-120 AMRAAM
air-to-air missile and surface-to-air missile Raytheon
Raytheon
GBU-53/B Raytheon
Raytheon
RIM-174 Standard ERAM
RIM-174 Standard ERAM
(Standard Missile
Missile
6) surface-to-air missile Raytheon
Raytheon
AGM-88 HARM
AGM-88 HARM
(only E version) The U.S. Navy's Bat radar-guided glide bomb of World War II, world's earliest munition design known to use an active radar homing system.

References[edit]

^ globalsecurity.org: Brevity: Multi-Service Brevity Codes (retrieved 19 June 2013) ^ ausairpower.net: "Active and Semiactive Radar
Radar
Missile
Missile
Guidance" (retrieved 6 April 2010) ^ designation-systems.net: "Directory of US Military Rockets and Missiles" (retrieved 6 April 2010)

v t e

Types of missile

By platform

Cruise missile Air-launched cruise missile
Air-launched cruise missile
(ALCM) Submarine-launched cruise missile
Submarine-launched cruise missile
(SLCM) Air-to-air missile
Air-to-air missile
(AAM) Air-to-surface missile
Air-to-surface missile
(ASM) Surface-to-air missile
Surface-to-air missile
(SAM) Surface-to-surface missile (SSM) Ballistic missile Air-launched ballistic missile
Air-launched ballistic missile
(ALBM) Intercontinental ballistic missile
Intercontinental ballistic missile
(ICBM) Intermediate-range ballistic missile
Intermediate-range ballistic missile
(IRBM) Medium-range ballistic missile
Medium-range ballistic missile
(MRBM) Short-range ballistic missile
Short-range ballistic missile
(SRBM) Tactical ballistic missile Theatre ballistic missile Submarine-launched ballistic missile
Submarine-launched ballistic missile
(SLBM) Standoff missiles Shoulder-fired missile Hypersonic glide vehicle Beyond-visual-range missile
Beyond-visual-range missile
(BVR)

By target type

Anti-ballistic missile
Anti-ballistic missile
(ABM) Anti-satellite weapon
Anti-satellite weapon
(ASAT) Anti-ship ballistic missile (ASBM) Anti-ship missile
Anti-ship missile
(AShM) Anti-submarine missile Anti-tank missile
Anti-tank missile
(ATGM) Land-attack missile (LACM) Man-portable air-defense systems
Man-portable air-defense systems
(MANPADS)

By guidance

Unguided Radar
Radar
guidance

Radar
Radar
altimeter Active radar guidance (ARH) Semi-active radar guidance (SAHR) Passive radar

Passive homing Track-via-missile (TVM) Anti-radiation (ARM) Command guidance Command to line-of-sight guidance
Command to line-of-sight guidance
(CLOS) Command off line-of-sight guidance (COLOS) Manual command to line of sight (MCLOS) Semi-automatic command to line of sight (SACLOS) Automatic Command to Line-Of-Sight (ACLOS) Pursuit guidance Q-guidance Beam riding (LOSBR) Infrared guidance Laser guidance Wire guidance Satellite guidance Inertial guidance Astro-inertial guidance Terrestrial guidance

TERPROM TERCOM DSMAC

Terminal guidance Automatic target recognition
Automatic target recognition
(ATR) Radio guidance TV guidance Contrast seeker Compass Fire-and-forget

Lists

List of military rockets List of missiles List of missiles by country List of anti-ship missiles List of anti-tank missiles List of ICBMs List of surface-to-air missiles

See also: Sou

.