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The Home Office
Home Office
(HO) is a ministerial department of Her Majesty's Government of the United Kingdom, responsible for immigration, security and law and order. As such it is responsible for the police, fire and rescue services, visas and immigration and the Security Service (MI5). It is also in charge of government policy on security-related issues such as drugs, counter-terrorism and ID cards. It was formerly responsible for Her Majesty's Prison Service
Her Majesty's Prison Service
and the National Probation
Probation
Service, but these have been transferred to the Ministry of Justice. The Cabinet minister responsible for the department is the Home Secretary. The remit of the Home Office
Home Office
was substantially reduced in 2007 when, after Home Secretary
Home Secretary
John Reid had declared the Home Office
Home Office
"not fit for purpose", the Prime Minister
Prime Minister
Tony Blair
Tony Blair
separated a new Ministry of Justice from the reduced Home Office. The Home Office
Home Office
continues to be known, especially in official papers and when referred to in Parliament, as the Home Department.[2]

Contents

1 Organisation

1.1 Non-ministerial government departments 1.2 Inspectorates/accountability 1.3 Divisions 1.4 Non-departmental public bodies 1.5 Operations

2 People

2.1 Ministers

3 Priorities 4 History

4.1 Anonymous attack 4.2 Union action

5 Location 6 Research 7 Devolution 8 See also 9 References 10 External links

Organisation[edit] The Home Office
Home Office
is headed by the Home Secretary, a Cabinet minister supported by the department's senior civil servant, the Permanent Secretary. As of October 2014, the Home Office
Home Office
comprised the following organisations:[3] Non-ministerial government departments[edit]

National Crime Agency

Inspectorates/accountability[edit]

HM Inspectorate of Constabulary Independent Chief Inspector of Borders and Immigration Independent Police
Police
Complaints Commission and other oversight bodies Home Affairs Select Committee HM Chief Inspector of Fire Services

Divisions[edit]

Border Force HM Passport Office Immigration
Immigration
Enforcement Corporate Services UK Visas and Immigration Police
Police
Services Fire and Rescue Services Office for Security
Security
and Counter-Terrorism

Non-departmental public bodies[edit]

Advisory Council on the Misuse of Drugs Animals in Science Committee Disclosure and Barring Service Gangmasters Licensing Authority Independent Police
Police
Complaints Commission Investigatory Powers Tribunal Migration Advisory Committee National DNA
DNA
Database Ethics Group Office of Surveillance Commissioners Office of the Immigration
Immigration
Services Commissioner Police
Police
Advisory Board for England and Wales Police
Police
Discipline Appeals Tribunal Police
Police
Remuneration Review Body Security
Security
Industry Authority Technical Advisory Board

Operations[edit] In October 2012, a number of functions of the National Policing Improvement Agency were transferred to the Home Office
Home Office
ahead of the future abolition of the agency.[4] These included:

Use of the Airwave communications system by police forces The Police
Police
National Database The National DNA
DNA
Database Legislative powers regarding police employment Forensics policy The National Procurement Hub for information technology

People[edit] Ministers[edit] The Home Office
Home Office
Ministers are as follows:[5]

Minister Rank Portfolio

The Rt Hon. Amber Rudd
Amber Rudd
MP Secretary of State Overall responsibility for the work of the department; including security and terrorism; legislative programme; expenditure issues.

The Rt Hon. Caroline Nokes Minister of State for Immigration Immigration
Immigration
and border policy; foreign national offenders; resettlement policy; implementation of the Immigration
Immigration
Act 2016; UK Visas and Immigration; immigration enforcement; Border Force; Her Majesty’s Passport Office; Independent Chief Inspector of Borders and Immigration; Home Office
Home Office
immigration transparency data; net migration statistics. Attends Cabinet.

The Rt Hon. Ben Wallace MP Minister of State for Security
Security
and Economic Crime Implementing the strategic defence and security review; counter-terrorism; investigatory powers; communications data legislation; communications capabilities development; security industry engagement; single infrastructure policing; aviation security; firearms; chemical biological radiological nuclear defence (CBRNE) and science and technology programme management; small and medium enterprises; serious and organised crime strategy; criminal finance and asset recovery; cyber crime and security; National Crime Agency oversight; UK anti-corruption policy; better regulation; animal testing.

The Rt Hon. Nick Hurd
Nick Hurd
MP Minister of State for Policing and the Fire Services Police
Police
finance and resourcing; police reform and governance; police representative groups; police pay and pensions; police workforce; Independent Police
Police
Complaints Commission (IPCC); Policing and Crime Bill; police integrity and transparency; emergency services collaboration; crime statistics; national fire policy; Chief Fire and Rescue Adviser; national resilience and fire programmes; localism and reform; workforce pay; pensions and industrial relations; extradition; mutual legal assistance; EU criminal justice; Interpol; foreign criminality.

The Baroness Williams of Trafford Minister of State for Countering Extremism All Home Office
Home Office
business in the House of Lords; countering extremism; hate crime; integration; devolution; data strategy; identity and biometrics; Better Regulation; animals in science.

Victoria Atkins MP Parliamentary Under-Secretary of State for Vulnerability, Safeguarding and Countering Extremism Disclosure and Barring Service; drugs; alcohol; countering extremism; hate crime; crime prevention; anti-social behaviour; gangs, youth crime and youth violence; knife crime; wildlife crime; child sexual exploitation and abuse; online child sexual exploitation; mental health; modern slavery; honour-based violence; female genital mutilation (FGM); violence against women and girls; missing people and children; sexual violence; prostitution and lap dancing; domestic violence.

United Kingdom

This article is part of a series on the politics and government of the United Kingdom

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Priorities[edit] The Department outlined its aims for this Parliament in its Business Plan, which was published in May 2011 and superseded its Structural Reform Plan.[6] The plan said the department will:

1. Empower the public to hold the police to account for their role in cutting crime

Introduce directly elected Police
Police
and Crime Commissioners and make police actions to tackle crime and anti-social behaviour more transparent

2. Free up the police to fight crime more effectively and efficiently

Cut police bureaucracy, end unnecessary central interference and overhaul police powers in order to cut crime, reduce costs and improve police value for money. Simplify national institutional structures and establish a National Crime Agency
National Crime Agency
to strengthen the fight against organised crime (and replace the Serious Organised Crime Agency)

3. Create a more integrated criminal justice system

Help the police and other public services work together across the criminal justice system

4. Secure our borders and reduce immigration

Deliver an improved migration system that commands public confidence and serves our economic interests. Limit non-EU economic migrants, and introduce new measures to reduce inflow and minimise abuse of all migration routes, for example the student route. Process asylum applications more quickly, and end the detention of children for immigration purposes

5. Protect people's freedoms and civil liberties

Reverse state interference to ensure there is not disproportionate intrusion into people‟s lives

6. Protect our citizens from terrorism

Keep people safe through the Government‟s approach to counter-terrorism

7. Build a fairer and more equal society (through the Government Equalities Office)

Help create a fair and flexible labour market. Change culture and attitudes. Empower individuals and communities. Improve equality structures, frontline services and support; and help Government Departments and others to consider equality as a matter of course

The Home Office
Home Office
publishes progress against the plan on the 10 Downing Street website.[7] History[edit] On 27 March 1782, the Home Office
Home Office
was formed by renaming the existing Southern Department, with all existing staff transferring. On the same day, the Northern Department
Northern Department
was renamed the Foreign Office. To match the new names, there was a transferring of responsibilities between the two Departments of State. All domestic responsibilities were moved to the Home Office, and all foreign matters became the concern of the Foreign Office. Most subsequently created domestic departments (excluding, for instance, those dealing with education) have been formed by splitting responsibilities away from the Home Office. The initial responsibilities were:

Answering petitions and addresses sent to the King Advising the King on

Royal grants Warrants and commissions The exercise of Royal Prerogative

Issuing instructions on behalf of the King to officers of the Crown, Lords Lieutenant and magistrates, mainly concerning law and order Operation of the secret service within the UK Protecting the public Safeguarding the rights and liberties of individuals

Responsibilities were subsequently changed over the years that followed:[8]

1793 added: regulation of aliens 1794 removed: control of military forces (to Secretary of State for War) 1801 removed: colonial business (to Secretary of State for War
Secretary of State for War
and the Colonies) 1804 removed: Barbary State consuls (to Secretary of State for War
Secretary of State for War
and the Colonies) 1823 added: prisons 1829 added: police services 1836 added: registration of births, deaths and marriages in England and Wales 1844 added: naturalisation 1845 added: registration of Friendly Societies 1855 removed: yeomanries and militias (to War Office) 1858 added: local boards of health 1871 removed: local boards of health (to Local Government Board) 1871 removed: registration of births, deaths and marriages (to Local Government Board) 1872 removed: highways and turnpikes (to Local Government Board) 1875 added: control of explosives 1875 removed: registration of Friendly Societies (to Treasury) 1885 removed: Scotland (to Secretary for Scotland
Secretary for Scotland
and the Scottish Office) 1886 removed: fishing (to Board of Trade) 1889 removed: Land Commissioners (to Board of Agriculture) 1900 removed: matters relating to burial grounds (to Local Government Board) 1905 removed: public housing (to Local Government Board) 1914 added: dangerous drugs 1919 removed: aircraft and air traffic (to Air Ministry) 1919 removed: use of human bodies in medical training (to Ministry of Health) 1919 removed: infant and child care (to Ministry of Health) 1919 removed: lunacy and mental health (to Ministry of Health) 1919 removed: health and safety (to Ministry of Health) 1920 added: firearms 1920 removed: Representation of Britain abroad in labour matters (to Ministry of Labour) 1920 removed: mining (to Mines Department) 1921 added: elections (from the Ministry of Health) 1922 removed: relations with Irish Free State
Irish Free State
(to Colonial Office) 1923 removed: Order of the British Empire
British Empire
(to Treasury) 1925 removed: registration of trade unions (to Ministry of Labour) 1931 removed: county councils (to Ministry of Health) 1933 added: poisons 1934 removed: metropolitan boroughs (to Ministry of Health) 1935 added: Civil Defence Service 1937 removed: road accident returns (to Ministry of Transport) 1938 added: fire services 1938 removed: Imperial Service Order
Imperial Service Order
and medal (to Treasury) 1940 removed: factory inspections (to Ministry of Labour) 1945 removed: workmen's compensation scheme (to Ministry of National Insurance) 1947 added: infant and child care (from Ministry of Health) 1947 removed: regulation of advertisements (to Ministry of Town and Country Planning) 1947 removed: burial fees (to Ministry of Health) 1947 removed: registration of building societies (to Treasury) 1948 removed: Broadmoor hospital
Broadmoor hospital
(to Lunacy Board of Control) 1949 added: Civil Defence Corps 1950 removed: structural precautions for civil defence (to Ministry of Works) 1950 removed: minor judicial appointments (to Lord Chancellor) 1953 removed: slaughterhouses (to Ministry of Housing and Local Government) 1954 removed: markets (to Ministry of Housing and Local Government) 1956 removed: railway accidents (to Ministry of Transport and Civil Aviation) 1969 removed: reservoirs (to Ministry of Housing and Local Government) 1971 removed: child care in England (to Department of Health and Social Security) 1971 removed: child care in Wales (to Welsh Office) 1972 removed: Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
(to Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
Office) 1973 removed: adoption (to Department of Health and Social Security) 1992 removed: broadcasting and sport (to the new Department of National Heritage – later the Department for Culture, Media and Sport) 2007 removed: criminal justice, prisons & probation and legal affairs (to new Ministry of Justice) 2007 added: counter-terrorism strategy (from the Cabinet Office) 2016 added: fire and rescue services (from the Department for Communities and Local Government)

The Home Office
Home Office
retains a variety of functions that have not found a home elsewhere, and sit oddly with the main law-and-order focus of the department, such as regulation of British Summer Time. Anonymous attack[edit] On 7 April 2012, hacktivist group Anonymous temporarily took down the UK Home Office
Home Office
website. The group took responsibility for the attack, which was part of ongoing Anonymous activity in protest against the deportation of hackers as part of Operation TrialAtHome. One Anonymous source claimed in their tweet it was also launched in retaliation for "draconian surveillance proposals".[9] Union action[edit] On 18 July 2012, the Public and Commercial Services Union
Public and Commercial Services Union
announced that thousands of Home Office
Home Office
employees would go on strike over jobs, pay and other issues.[10] However, the PCSU called off the strike before it was planned it claimed the department had, subsequent to the threat of actions, announced 1,100 new border jobs.[11]

The former Home Office
Home Office
building at 50 Queen Anne's Gate, London

Lunar House
Lunar House
in Croydon, which holds the headquarters of UK Visas and Immigration

Location[edit] Until 1978, the Home Office
Home Office
had its offices in the Foreign and Commonwealth Office Main Building in Whitehall. From 1978 to 2004, the Home Office
Home Office
was located at 50 Queen Anne's Gate, a Brutalist office block in Westminster
Westminster
designed by Sir Basil Spence, close to St. James's Park tube station. Many functions, however, were devolved to offices in other parts of London
London
and the country, notably the headquarters of the Immigration and Nationality Directorate in Croydon. In 2005, the Home Office
Home Office
moved to a new main office designed by Sir Terry Farrell at 2 Marsham Street, Westminster, SW1P 4DF, on the site of the demolished Marsham Towers
Marsham Towers
building of the Department of the Environment.[12] For external shots of its fictional Home Office, the TV series Spooks uses an aerial shot of the Government Offices Great George Street instead, serving as stand-in to match the distinctly less modern appearance of the fictitious accommodation interiors the series uses.[citation needed] Research[edit] To meet the UK's 5-year science and technology strategy,[13] the Home Office sponsors research in police sciences including:

Biometrics
Biometrics
– including face and voice recognition Cell type analysis – to determine the origin of cells (e.g. hair, skin) Chemistry
Chemistry
– new techniques to recover latent fingerprints DNA
DNA
– identifying offender characteristics from DNA Improved Profiling – of illicit drugs to help identify their source Raman Spectroscopy
Raman Spectroscopy
– to provide more sensitive drugs and explosives detectors (e.g. roadside drug detection) Terahertz imaging methods and technologies – e.g. image analysis and new cameras, to detect crime, enhance images and support anti-terrorism

Devolution[edit] Most front-line law and order policy areas, such as policing and criminal justice, are devolved in Scotland and Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
but the following reserved and excepted matters are handled by Westminster. Scotland[14] Reserved matters:

The Misuse of Drugs
Drugs
Act 1971 Extradition
Extradition
legislation, but the Scottish Ministers (through the Crown Office and Procurator Fiscal Service) have executive responsibility for all aspects of mutual legal assistance Most aspects of Firearms
Firearms
legislation, but Scottish Ministers have some executive responsibilities for the licensing of firearms. Further powers are transferred under the Scotland Act 2012 Immigration
Immigration
and nationality Scientific procedures on live animals

The Scottish Government
Scottish Government
Justice and Communities Directorates are responsible for devolved justice and home affairs policy. Northern Ireland[15] Excepted matters:

Extradition
Extradition
(as an international relations matter) Immigration
Immigration
and nationality

The following matters were not transferred at the devolution of policing and justice on 12 April 2010 and remain reserved:[16]

Drug classification Parades Security
Security
of explosives Serious Organised Crime Agency

The Home Office's main counterparts in Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
are:

Department of Justice (policing, public order and community safety) Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
Office (national security in Northern Ireland)[17]

The Department of Justice is accountable to the Northern Ireland Executive whereas the Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
Office is a UK Government department. Wales Under the Welsh devolution settlement, specific policy areas are transferred to the National Assembly for Wales
National Assembly for Wales
rather than reserved to Westminster.

This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (May 2010)

See also[edit]

Home Office
Home Office
Large Major Enquiry System John Gieve Law enforcement in the United Kingdom List of permanent under secretaries of state of the Home Office Ministry of Home Security UK Immigration
Immigration
Service

References[edit]

^ Budget 2011 (PDF). London: HM Treasury. 2011. p. 48. Archived from the original (PDF) on 1 May 2011. Retrieved 30 December 2011.  ^ Department of the Official Report (Hansard), House of Commons, Westminster
Westminster
(9 June 2008). "Hansard – Oral Questions to the Home Department – 9 June 2008". Publications.parliament.uk. Retrieved 2010-06-19. CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link) ^ "Departments, agencies and public bodies - GOV.UK". Gov.uk. Retrieved 2 November 2017.  ^ "Where have NPIA products and services moved to?". National Policing Improvement Agency. 2012. Archived from the original on 18 January 2013. Retrieved 10 February 2013.  ^ "Our ministers". GOV.UK. Home Office. Retrieved 17 June 2017.  ^ "Business Plan". Home Office. Home Office. Retrieved 12 April 2012.  ^ "Business Plan:Home Office". Home Office. 10 Downing Street. Retrieved 12 April 2012.  ^ "Changes to Home Office
Home Office
responsibilities". Casbah.ac.uk. Archived from the original on 9 July 2011. Retrieved 19 June 2010.  ^ "Anonymous takes down the UK Home Office
Home Office
website". Rt.com. Retrieved 2 November 2017.  ^ " Home Office
Home Office
staff vote to strike over jobs and pay". Bbc.co.uk. 2012-07-18. Retrieved 2013-07-28.  ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 24 March 2014. Retrieved 24 March 2014.  ^ New Home Office
Home Office
building Archived 26 September 2006 at the Wayback Machine. ^ " Police
Police
Science and Technology Strategy: 2004 – 2009" (PDF). Homeoffice.gov.uk. Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 February 2007. Retrieved 27 September 2010.  ^ "Scotland Act 1998, Schedule 5, Part I". Opsi.gov.uk. Retrieved 2010-06-19.  ^ " Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
Act 1998, Schedule 2". Opsi.gov.uk. 4 November 1950. Retrieved 2010-06-19.  ^ Northern Ireland Assembly
Northern Ireland Assembly
Information Office. "''Policing and Justice'' motion, Northern ireland Assembly, 12 April 2010". Niassembly.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 16 December 2010. Retrieved 19 June 2010.  ^ "About the NIO". Nio.gov.uk. 12 April 2010. Archived from the original on 17 September 2010. Retrieved 19 June 2010. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Home Office.

Official website Records created or inherited by the Home Office, Ministry of Home Security, and related bodies—gives a history of responsibilities of the Home Office, including which functions were merged into or transferred away from the Home Office

v t e

Home Office

Headquarters: 2 Marsham Street Home Secretary: Amber Rudd

Ministers

Immigration Policing and the Fire Service Security

Divisions

Border Force HM Passport Office Immigration
Immigration
Enforcement National DNA
DNA
Database UK Visas and Immigration Office for Security
Security
and Counter-Terrorism

Non-departmental public bodies

Advisory Council on the Misuse of Drugs Animals in Science Committee Disclosure and Barring Service Gangmasters Licensing Authority Independent Police
Police
Complaints Commission Investigatory Powers Tribunal National DNA
DNA
Database Ethics Group Office of the Immigration
Immigration
Services Commissioner Security
Security
Industry Authority

v t e

Departments of Her Majesty's Government

Ministerial

Attorney General's Office Cabinet Office Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport Department for Education Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs Department for Exiting the European Union Department for International Development Department for International Trade Department for Transport Department for Work and Pensions Department of Health and Social Care Foreign and Commonwealth Office Her Majesty's Treasury Home Office Ministry of Defence Ministry of Housing, Communities and Local Government Ministry of Justice Northern Ireland
Northern Ireland
Office Office of the Advocate General for Scotland Office of the Leader of the House of Commons Office of the Leader of the House of Lords Scotland Office UK Export Finance Wales Office

Non-ministerial

Charity Commission for England and Wales Competition and Markets Authority Crown Prosecution Service Food Standards Agency Forestry Commission Government Actuary's Department Government Legal Department Her Majesty's Land Registry Her Majesty's Revenue and Customs National Crime Agency National Savings and Investments Office for Standards in Education, Children's Services and Skills Office of Gas and Electricity Markets Office of Qualifications and Examinations Regulation Office of Rail and Road Ordnance Survey Serious Fraud Office Supreme Court of the United Kingdom The National Archives UK Statistics Authority UK Trade & Investment Water Services Regulation Authority

.