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The Info List - Holston River


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The Holston River
Holston River
is a 136-mile (219 km) river that flows from Kingsport, Tennessee, to Knoxville, Tennessee. Along with its three major forks (North Fork, Middle Fork and South Fork), it comprises a major river system that drains much of northeastern Tennessee, southwestern Virginia, and northwestern North Carolina. The Holston's confluence with the French Broad River
French Broad River
at Knoxville marks the beginning of the Tennessee
Tennessee
River. The North Fork flows 138 miles (222 km) southwest from Sharon Springs in Bland County, Virginia. The Middle Fork flows 56.5 miles (90.9 km) from near the western border of Wythe County, Virginia, joining the South Fork in Washington County, Virginia, southeast of Abingdon. The South Fork rises near Sugar Grove in Smyth County and flows 112 miles (180 km) southwest to join the North Fork at Kingsport.[6] The Watauga River, a tributary of the South Fork Holston, flows 78.5 miles (126.3 km) westward from Watauga County, North Carolina. The main stem of the Holston is impounded by the Tennessee
Tennessee
Valley Authority's Cherokee Dam
Cherokee Dam
near Jefferson City, Tennessee. Five other dams, also managed by TVA, impound the Holston's headwater streams: Watauga Dam
Watauga Dam
and Wilbur Dam
Wilbur Dam
on the Watauga River, and Boone Dam, Fort Patrick Henry Dam, and South Holston Dam, on the South Fork Holston River.

Contents

1 Power generation 2 Area 3 Name 4 Recreation 5 List of crossings

5.1 Holston River 5.2 South Fork Holston River 5.3 North Fork Holston River 5.4 Middle Fork Holston River

6 See also 7 References 8 External links

Power generation[edit] The Holston River
Holston River
valley has been greatly developed for electrical power generation, both with hydroelectric dams and coal-fired steam plants. In the upper reaches, some of these plants are controlled by private interests; in the downstream portion, they are owned by the United States
United States
Government's Tennessee
Tennessee
Valley Authority. Area[edit] Among the dams and associated reservoirs on the South Fork Holston River are Boone Dam
Boone Dam
and Boone Lake, named for the explorer Daniel Boone; Fort Patrick Henry Dam
Fort Patrick Henry Dam
and Fort Patrick Henry Lake, named for the Revolutionary War hero; and South Holston Dam
South Holston Dam
and South Holston Lake. Cherokee Dam
Cherokee Dam
on the Holston River
Holston River
forms Cherokee
Cherokee
Lake, named for the historic Native Americans who occupied the areas along the Holston River at the time of European-American settlement. The United States settlers and army fought with the Cherokee
Cherokee
over land and eventually removed most of them to territory west of the Mississippi River, under the 1830 Indian Removal Act. Name[edit] Early Tennessee
Tennessee
historian and Tennessee
Tennessee
Supreme Court Justice John Haywood cited in his 1823 book The civil and political history of the state of Tennessee
Tennessee
from its earliest settlement up to the year 1796, including the boundaries of the state that the Holston River
Holston River
was identified and named on earlier produced French maps as the "Cherokee River".[7] The Holston River
Holston River
was later named after Stephen Holstein, a European-American settler who built a cabin in 1746 on the upper reaches of the river.[8] Holston Mountain
Holston Mountain
was named after the Holston River. Recreation[edit] All three forks in Virginia, South Holston Lake, and the Holston River in Tennessee
Tennessee
below the South Holston Dam
South Holston Dam
offer relatively easy-to-reach recreation opportunities. The North Fork in Virginia
Virginia
is known as an excellent smallmouth bass river (due to mercury contamination, fish caught in the North Fork of the Holston below Saltville, Virginia
Virginia
must not be consumed).[9] Both the South Fork in Virginia
Virginia
and the first 20 miles (32 km) of the Holston in Tennessee
Tennessee
below South Holston Dam
South Holston Dam
are quality brown trout and rainbow trout fisheries. The Holston River
Holston River
is wide and open enough to allow extensive fly fishing. South Holston Lake
South Holston Lake
offers a variety of fishing opportunity as well, as it contains smallmouth bass, common carp, walleye, pike, sunfish, crappie and a few trout. List of crossings[edit] Holston River[edit] The following is a list of major Road crossings on the Holston River:

Bridge Name Crossing/Road Location Notes

Boyds Bridge Boyds Bridge Pike/Strawberry Plains Pike Knoxville, Tennessee First Road crossing on the Holston

Holston River
Holston River
Bridge Interstate 40 Knoxville

J.W. Will Taylor Memorial Bridge US 11E / US 25W / US 70 / SR 9 / SR-168 (Asheville Highway) Knoxville

Mascot Bridge Mascot Road Mascot/Strawberry Plains, Tennessee Concrete Arch Bridge

John K. Shields Bridge SR-92 Near Jefferson City, Tennessee

Olen R. Marshall Bridge US 25E / SR 32 (Davy Crockett Parkway) Morristown/Bean Station, Tennessee The Olen R. Marshall Bridge is the only two bridges that cross the Cherokee
Cherokee
Lake

Melinda Ferry Bridge SR 344 (Melinda Ferry Road) near Rogersville, Tennessee

Hugh B. Day Bridge SR 66 / SR 70 near Rogersville and Persia, Tennessee

William L. Jenkins Bridge SR 347 (Burem Pike) location near Rogersville

Longs Bend Bridge Longs Bend Pike Surgoinsville, Tennessee Original bridge was demolished in 2014.

Goshen Valley Road Church Hill, Tennessee Bridge does not have a name; Final crossing on the main Hoston River

South Fork Holston River[edit]

This section is empty. You can help by adding to it. (April 2014)

North Fork Holston River[edit]

This section is empty. You can help by adding to it. (April 2014)

Middle Fork Holston River[edit]

This section is empty. You can help by adding to it. (April 2014)

See also[edit]

List of Tennessee
Tennessee
rivers List of Virginia
Virginia
rivers Watauga River Doe River

References[edit]

^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: North Fork Holston River ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: South Fork Holston River ^ a b c d U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Holston River ^ U.S. Geological Survey, "Introduction to the Upper Tennessee
Tennessee
River Basin," 11 January 2013. Accessed: 2 June 2015. ^ a b c United States
United States
Geological Survey, Water Resources Data Tennessee: Water Year 1983, Water Data Report TN-83-1, p. 123. ^ " Holston River
Holston River
- South Fork". Virginia
Virginia
Department of Game and Inland Fisheries.  ^ https://archive.org/stream/civilpoliticalhi00hayw#page/39/mode/1up "The civil and political history of the state of Tennessee
Tennessee
from its earliest settlement up to the year 1796, including the boundaries of the state" by John Haywood, republished 1891 ^ Stewart, George R. (1967) [1945]. Names on the Land: A Historical Account of Place-Naming in the United States
United States
(Sentry edition (3rd) ed.). Houghton Mifflin.  ^ " Holston River
Holston River
- North Fork". Virginia
Virginia
Department of Game and Inland Fisheries. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Holston River.

U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: H

.