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The Info List - Hollywood Bowl



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The HOLLYWOOD BOWL is an amphitheater in Hollywood
Hollywood
, California
California
.

The Hollywood
Hollywood
Bowl is known for its band shell , a distinctive set of concentric arches that graced the site from 1929 through 2003, before being replaced with a larger one beginning in the 2004 season. The shell is set against the backdrop of the Hollywood
Hollywood
Hills and the famous Hollywood Sign to the northeast.

The "bowl" refers to the shape of the concave hillside the amphitheater is carved into. The bowl is owned by the County of Los Angeles and is the home of the Hollywood
Hollywood
Bowl Orchestra , the summer home of the Los Angeles Philharmonic
Los Angeles Philharmonic
and the host of hundreds of musical events each year.

It is at 2301 North Highland Avenue , north of Hollywood
Hollywood
Boulevard and the Hollywood/Highland subway station and south of Route 101 .

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 1.1 Discovery and founding * 1.2 Band shells

* 2 Performances

* 2.1 1920s * 2.2 1930s * 2.3 1940s * 2.4 1950s * 2.5 1960s * 2.6 1970s * 2.7 1980s * 2.8 1990s * 2.9 2000s * 2.10 2010s

* 3 Hollywood
Hollywood
Bowl Museum * 4 Films * 5 Television * 6 See also * 7 References * 8 Further reading * 9 External links

HISTORY

DISCOVERY AND FOUNDING

Two women performing on a barn door in the first known musical event at the Hollywood
Hollywood
Bowl, ca.1920. According to an article in the San Diego Union newspaper, June 19, 1941, the woman at the piano was Carrie Jacobs-Bond , one of the originators of the Theatre Arts Alliance and a resident of nearby Hollywood
Hollywood
Heights . She was assisting in testing the acoustics. The barn door was placed approximately where the band shell was built.

The site of the Hollywood
Hollywood
Bowl was chosen in 1919 by William Reed and his son H. Ellis Reed, who were dispatched to find a suitable location for outdoor performances by the members of the newly formed Theatre Arts Alliance headed by Christine Wetherill Stevenson . The Reeds selected a natural amphitheater, a shaded canyon and popular picnic spot known as 'Daisy Dell' in Bolton Canyon.

On 11 November 1921 the first Sunrise Service took place at the bowl, in one of its first major events. The Bowl officially opened on July 11, 1922.

BAND SHELLS

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At first, the Bowl was very close to its natural state, with only makeshift wooden benches for the audience, and eventually a simple awning over the stage. In 1926, a group known as the Allied Architects was contracted to regrade the Bowl, providing permanent seating and a shell. These improvements did provide increased capacity for the all-time record for attendance set in 1936, when 26,410 people crowded into the Bowl to hear opera singer Lily Pons
Lily Pons
, but were otherwise disappointing, as the regrading noticeably degraded the natural acoustics, and the original shell was deemed acoustically unsatisfactory (as well as visually unfashionable, with its murals of sailing ships).

For the 1927 season, Lloyd Wright
Lloyd Wright
, (Frank Lloyd Wright
Lloyd Wright
's son) built a pyramidal shell, with a vaguely Southwestern look, out of left-over lumber from a production of Robin Hood. This was generally regarded as the best shell the Bowl ever had from an acoustic standpoint; unfortunately, its appearance was deemed too avant-garde, and it was demolished at the end of the season. It did, however, get Wright a second chance, this time with the stipulation that the shell was to have an arch shape.

For the 1928 season, Lloyd Wright
Lloyd Wright
built a shell in the shape of concentric 120-degree arches, with movable panels inside that could be used to tune the acoustics. It was designed to be easily dismantled and stored between concert seasons; apparently for political reasons this was not done, and it did not survive the winter.

For the 1929 season, the Allied Architects built the shell that stood until 2003, using a transite skin over a metal frame. Its acoustics, though not nearly as good as those of the Lloyd Wright
Lloyd Wright
shells, were deemed satisfactory at first, and its clean lines and white, almost-semicircular arches were copied for music shells elsewhere. As the acoustics deteriorated, various measures were used to mitigate the problems, starting in the 1970s with an inner shell made from large cardboard tubes (of the sort used as forms for round concrete pillars), which were replaced in the early 1980s by large fiberglass spheres (both designed by Frank Gehry
Frank Gehry
) that remained until 2003. These dampened out the unfavorable acoustics , but required massive use of electronic amplification to reach the full audience, particularly since the background noise level had risen sharply since the 1920s. The appearance underwent other, purely visual, changes as well, including the addition of a broad outer arch (forming a proscenium ) where it had once had only a narrow rim and the reflecting pool in front of the stage that lasted from 1953 till 1972. Sculptor George Stanley designed the Muse Fountain. Hollywood Bowl

He had previously done the Oscar statuette. Hollywood
Hollywood
Bowl re-opening night, 2005

Shortly after the end of the 2003 summer season the 1929 shell was replaced with a new, somewhat larger, acoustically improved shell, which had its debut in the 2004 summer season. Preservationists fiercely opposed the demolition for many years, citing the shell's storied history. However, even when it was built, the 1929 shell was (at least acoustically) only the third-best shell in the Bowl's history, behind its two immediate predecessors. By the late 1970s, the Hollywood
Hollywood
Bowl became an acoustic liability because of continued hardening of its transite skin. The new shell incorporates design elements of not only the 1929 shell, but of both the Lloyd Wright shells. During the 2004 summer season, the sound steadily improved, as engineers learned to work with its live acoustics.

The current sound reinforcement system is a line-array configuration of multiple loudspeaker enclosures hung vertically in a curved manner, with the lower enclosures facing the front sections, and the upper enclosures angled towards the rear sections. It is manufactured by L'Acoustics, and includes state-of-the-art audio processing allowing each individual loudspeaker enclosure to be "tuned" and directed towards the near-precise location of the listener, regardless of where in the venue they are sitting. This results in the audience in the rear sections hearing the same audio, at the same level, as in the front sections. This electronic processing includes sound level, frequency equalization, occasional special effects, and time delay (sound passes through wire much faster than through air, therefore the sound coming from the speakers must be delayed, allowing the actual sound from the stage to "catch up" so both sources reach the listeners' ears simultaneously). The system is maintained by Rat Sound Systems, the same company that has provided audio for the Coachella Valley Music and Arts Festival commonly known as the Coachella Festival, since its inception.

The 2004 shell incorporates the prominent front arch of the 1926 shell, the broad profile of the 1928 shell, and the unadorned white finish (and most of the general lines) of the 1929 shell. In addition, the ring-shaped structure hung within the shell, supporting lights and acoustic clouds, echoes a somewhat similar structure hung within the 1927 shell. During the 2004 season, because the back wall was not yet finished, a white curtain was hung at the back; beginning with the 2005 season, the curtain was removed to reveal a finished back wall. The architectural design for the shell was developed by the Los Angeles-based architectural practice Hodgetts and Fung, with the structural concept developed by the local office of Arup .

At the same time the new shell was being constructed the bowl received four new video screens and towers. During most concerts, three remotely operated cameras in the shell, and a fourth, manually operated camera among the box seats, provide the audience with close-up views of the musicians.

PERFORMANCES

YEAR DATE NATIONALITY ARTISTS TOURS OPENING ACTS/SPECIAL GUESTS ATTENDANCE GROSS REVENUE

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On July 11, 1922, with the audience seated on simple wooden benches placed on the natural hillsides of 'Daisy Dell' in Bolton Canyon, conductor Alfred Hertz and the Los Angeles Philharmonic
Los Angeles Philharmonic
inaugurated the first season of music under the stars at the Hollywood
Hollywood
Bowl. While much has changed in the ensuing years, the tradition of presenting the world's greatest musicians and striving for musical excellence has remained a constant goal of this famed Los Angeles cultural landmark. Satellite image showing the seating in front of the Hollywood
Hollywood
Bowl

The Hollywood
Hollywood
Bowl has been the summer home of the Los Angeles Philharmonic, since its official opening in 1922, and, in 1991, gave its name to a resident ensemble that has filled a special niche in the musical life of Southern California, the Hollywood
Hollywood
Bowl Orchestra.

In 1945, Leopold Stokowski formed the Hollywood
Hollywood
Bowl Symphony Orchestra, drawing its players from among members of the Los Angeles Philharmonic and various film studios orchestras. He made a number of 78 rpm recordings with them for RCA Victor during his two seasons there (1945–46) before returning to New York. The Hollywood
Hollywood
Bowl Symphony's name was retained for a series of Capitol LPs made in the 1950s under such conductors as Felix Slatkin and Carmen Dragon.

The film-and-orchestra concert Bugs Bunny on Broadway , subsequently called " Bugs Bunny at the Symphony," has played the Hollywood
Hollywood
Bowl a record 21 times—19 times with the Los Angeles Phiharmonic, and twice with the Hollywood
Hollywood
Bowl Orchestra, all conducted by George Daugherty . In September 2003, " Bugs Bunny On Broadway" was the final Los Angeles Philharmonic concert to be performed in the 1928 shell before its demolition started the following day, making way for the new shell.

PUBLIC FIGURES – that have appeared at the Bowl throughout the years include President Franklin Delano Roosevelt
Franklin Delano Roosevelt
, Mickey Rooney and Edward G. Robinson , as well as such "teams" as Fonteyn and Nureyev, Nelson Eddy and Jeanette MacDonald
Jeanette MacDonald
, Simon and Garfunkel , and Abbott and Costello .

DANCERS – Mikhail Baryshnikov has danced there, as did Fred Astaire .

MUSICIANS – Al Jolson , Judy Garland
Judy Garland
, Billie Holiday , Louis Armstrong , Art Tatum , Buddy Rich , Harry "Sweets" Edison , Nat "King" Cole , Oscar Peterson
Oscar Peterson
, Ella Fitzgerald , Carrie Underwood , The Doors , José José , Kylie Minogue
Kylie Minogue
, Elton John , Alicia Keys as well as various other Jazz and non-Jazz musicians have headlined star-studded shows at the Bowl.

The Hollywood
Hollywood
Bowl has provided a showcase for the world's greatest musicians. Bernstein, Walter, Phish, Monteux, Mauceri, Koussevitzky, Stokowski, Karajan, Klemperer, and Leinsdorf, as well as Mehta, Giulini, Rattle, and Salonen are just a few of the conductors who have led the Los Angeles Philharmonic
Los Angeles Philharmonic
in summertime concerts over the past seven decades. Jerry Hadley , Philip Glass , Itzhak Perlman
Itzhak Perlman
, Gregor Piatigorsky , Arthur Rubinstein
Arthur Rubinstein
, Thomas Hayward , Alfred Brendel
Alfred Brendel
, Vladimir Horowitz , Andre Watts , Horacio Gutierrez , Jessye Norman , Plácido Domingo , Beverly Sills , Isaac Stern
Isaac Stern
, Kathleen Battle , Jane Eaglen , Marilyn Horne , Alexander Frey
Alexander Frey
, Jennifer Larmore , Sylvia McNair , Andrea Bocelli , Gil Shaham , Stephen Hough , Luciano Pavarotti , Kygo —and other distinguished vocal and instrumental soloists too numerous to mention—represent the illustrious talent that has graced the stage. But never during its long and illustrious history has the Bowl's programming been limited solely to symphonic events; fully staged operas were a regular part of the season in the early years, and the famed Bolshoi Ballet appeared during the 1950s. This list is incomplete ; you can help by expanding it .

1920S

THIS SECTION IS EMPTY. You can help by adding to it . (November 2015)

1930S

* August 7, 1936: The Hollywood
Hollywood
Bowl's all-time attendance record of 26,410 paid admissions was set for a performance by the French opera star Lily Pons
Lily Pons
.

Playboy Jazz Festival hosted in the Hollywood
Hollywood
Bowl 2007 July 4th Fireworks Spectacular at the Hollywood
Hollywood
Bowl 2010

1940S

THIS SECTION IS EMPTY. You can help by adding to it . (November 2015)

1950S

* September 1950: California's official state centennial show, The California
California
Story, ran for five performances. The production, directed by Vladimir Rosing
Vladimir Rosing
, was immense. A chorus of 200 and hundreds of actors were employed. The shell of the bowl was removed, the stage was enlarged, and the action was expanded to include the surrounding hillsides. Lionel Barrymore
Lionel Barrymore
provided the show's dramatic narration. * August 15, 1956: A Jazz at the Philharmonic program featuring Louis Armstrong and His All Stars , Ella Fitzgerald , Art Tatum , and Oscar Peterson
Oscar Peterson
became the best-attended event of the venue’s history.

1960S

* The Beatles
The Beatles
performed at the Hollywood
Hollywood
Bowl in 1964 and 1965, which resulted in the live album The Beatles
The Beatles
at the Hollywood
Hollywood
Bowl that was released in 1977. This recording was re-released in 2016 with the screams of the fans significantly reduced and sound improved with new technology by Giles Martin. * July 5, 1968: Legendary L.A. rock band The Doors performed at the Hollywood
Hollywood
Bowl. Recordings from this show were released in 1987 as the live album Live at the Hollywood
Hollywood
Bowl . * August 16, 1968: Eric Burdon & The Animals performed at the Hollywood
Hollywood
Bowl. A live tape of rather poor quality of their performance exists. * September 14, 1968: The Jimi Hendrix Experience appeared at the Hollywood
Hollywood
Bowl.

1970S

* 1972: Pink floyd played "set the controls for the heart of the sun" with a flammable gong. And at the finale there was a fireworks session. * June 17, 1972: Ron "Pigpen" McKernan played his last show with the Grateful Dead
Grateful Dead
. * July 29, 1973: The World of Sid & Marty Krofft, a one performance only live show was filmed here and aired as a television special The World of Sid & Marty Krofft at the Hollywood
Hollywood
Bowl . The show featured performances by Johnny Whitaker , Jack Wild with H.R. Pufnstuf characters and The Brady Bunch
The Brady Bunch
Kids . * September 7, 1973: Elton John played a concert here that was filmed for inclusion in the Bryan Forbes documentary film Elton John and Bernie Taupin Say Goodbye Norma Jean and Other Things. * 1979: the inaugural Playboy Jazz Festival was held. It has taken place at the Hollywood
Hollywood
Bowl ever since.

1980S

* 1980: The Monty Python comedy troupe performs. A filmed performance is released as Monty Python Live at the Hollywood
Hollywood
Bowl. (see below)

1990S

* July 2–4, 1991: The newly formed Hollywood
Hollywood
Bowl Orchestra made their debut performance with Independence Day concerts on conducted by John Mauceri . The program included works by Aaron Copland , Leonard Bernstein , John Williams , George Gershwin "> * April 26, 2014: Black Sabbath
Black Sabbath
played in front of 18,000 people to start off the Hollywood
Hollywood
Bowl season. * May 16, 2014: Journey and The Steve Miller Band appeared at the Bowl along with opening act Tower of Power. * May 17, 22 and 27, 2014: Three sold-out crowds saw Billy Joel
Billy Joel
as he made his Hollywood
Hollywood
Bowl debut during his Billy Joel
Billy Joel
in Concert tour. * June 2014: Barry Gibb , closing show of his first ever solo tour called " Mythology Tour " Royksopp Röyksopp and Robyn
Robyn
Robyn
Robyn
concert. * July 21, 2014: Mötley Crüe were seen by a sold-out crowd of 16,488 on their Mötley Crüe Final Tour concert * August 25, 2014: Nine Inch Nails "> * May 18, 2015: Lana Del Rey
Lana Del Rey
performed with Courtney Love
Courtney Love
as her opening act as part of The Endless Summer Tour . * May 30–31, 2015: Lady Gaga
Lady Gaga
and Tony Bennett
Tony Bennett
performed together as part of their Cheek to Cheek Tour . * June 20, 2015: Journey performed with a youth orchestra. * September 20, 2015: Empire of the Sun performed for the first time during their Ice on the Dune tour. * September 25–26, 2015: Kanye West performed his 4th solo album 808s "> * October 16–17, 2015: Florence and the Machine performed during their How Big Tour . * July 1, 2016: Garrison Keillor recorded his final episode of A Prairie Home Companion from the Hollywood
Hollywood
Bowl. * July 22–23, 2016: "Weird Al" Yankovic performed during his Mandatory World Tour * September 9, 10, 11, 2016: Electric Light Orchestra performed during their "Alone in the Universe" tour. * September 18, 2016: Kraftwerk
Kraftwerk
makes their debut performance during their 3D US Tour. * October 1, 2, 2016: Dolly Parton
Dolly Parton
performed during their "Pure Bugs Bunny short film * It\'s a Great Feeling (1949) * Tom and Jerry
Tom and Jerry
in the Hollywood
Hollywood
Bowl (1950); Tom and Jerry
Tom and Jerry
short film * Dixieland Droopy (1954) MGM short film with Droopy
Droopy
* Hollywood
Hollywood
or Bust (1956) * Baton Bunny (1959); Bugs Bunny short film * Two on a Guillotine (1965); with Cesar Romero, Connie Stevens and Dean Jones – directed by William Conrad. * A Perfect Couple (1979) * Xanadu (1980) * Monty Python Live at the Hollywood
Hollywood
Bowl (1982) * Some Kind of Wonderful (1987) * Beaches (1988), where Bette Midler 's character CC Bloom is rehearsing for her concert at the Bowl, and where she performs at the end of the film. * Jimmy Hollywood
Hollywood
(1994) * Pink, Plunk, Plink (1966) Pink Panther prefers the orchestra performing at the Hollywood
Hollywood
Bowl to play The Pink Panther theme than their scheduled program to an audience consisting of the composer Henry Mancini . * Escape from L.A. (1996) * Lost border:solid #aaa 1px">

* Greater Los Angeles portal

* Live at the Hollywood
Hollywood
Bowl (other) * List of contemporary amphitheatres
List of contemporary amphitheatres
* List of Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monuments in Hollywood
Hollywood
* National Bowl * Waikiki Shell * Sidney Myer Music Bowl
Sidney Myer Music Bowl
* Tom and Jerry
Tom and Jerry
in the Hollywood
Hollywood
Bowl * Long-Haired Hare * CNE Bandshell * Korean Music Festival

REFERENCES

* ^ "From Daisy Dell to the Hollywood
Hollywood
Bowl, a Little Musical History for Summer". Kcet.org. Retrieved 18 January 2015. * ^ http://www.kcet.org/updaily/socal_focus/history/la-as-subject/from-daisy-dell-to-the-hollywood-bowl-34638.html * ^ http://www.hollywoodbowl.com/philpedia/history-and-architecture * ^ Isenberg, Barbara. Conversations with Frank Gehry. Knopf, 2009, p. 107. * ^ " Hollywood
Hollywood
Bowl". Hollywoodbowl.com. Retrieved 18 January 2015.

* ^ "Muse Fountain". Hollywoodbowl.com. Retrieved 18 January 2015. * ^ " Hollywood
Hollywood
Bowl Acoustics Project". Acentech.com. Retrieved 18 January 2015. * ^ Scott Yanow. "Jazz at the Hollywood
Hollywood
Bowl – Various Artists – Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards – AllMusic". AllMusic. Retrieved 18 January 2015. * ^ Wood, Mikael (October 16, 2015). "Q&A: Who\'s responsible for Jay Z, Jimmy Buffett and Kanye at the Bowl? Talk
Talk
to these guys". Los Angeles Times . * ^ Ainsworth, Ed., "Narration by Barrymore Highlight of Pageant", Los Angeles Times, Sept 13, 1950. * ^ Maxwell, Tom (November 2016). "The Story of ‘Ella and Louis,’ 60 Years Later". Longreads. Longreads.com. Retrieved 21 November 2016. * ^ "Rock & Roll". Hollywood
Hollywood
Bowl website. Hollywood
Hollywood
Bowl. Retrieved 11 October 2010. * ^ http://www.npr.org/sections/allsongs/2016/08/25/491201322/all-songs-1-the-beatles-are-live-and-sounding-better-than-ever * ^ "Playboy Jazz Festival". Playboyjazzfestival.com. Retrieved 18 January 2015. * ^ "The Who: Los Angeles, CA, Mon, 01 July 2002". Thewholive.net. Retrieved 18 January 2015. * ^ "Cher\'s last stop: Hollywood
Hollywood
Bowl". Los Angeles Times
Los Angeles Times
. February 1, 2005. Retrieved 3 December 2010. * ^ Wardrop, Murray (March 3, 2011). " Phil Collins calls time on music career". The Telegraph. Retrieved 2 October 2013. * ^ Anderson, Eric (August 11, 2011). "On the Download: Phish
Phish
at the Hollywood
Hollywood
Bowl". Access Hollywood. Retrieved 2 October 2013. * ^ Vankin, Deborah (1 July 2016). " Garrison Keillor reflects at the Hollywood
Hollywood
Bowl, rehearsing for final show: \'I just want it to be good\' – LA Times". Los Angeles Times
Los Angeles Times
. Retrieved 3 July 2016. * ^ Stearns, Colby (19 September 2016). "Here come the robots: It\'s still fun to compute with Kraftwerk
Kraftwerk
in its Hollywood
Hollywood
Bowl debut – LA Times". Los Angeles Times
Los Angeles Times
. Retrieved 19 September 2016. * ^ http://www.billboard.com/articles/news/concerts/7842094/jason-mraz-hollywood-bowl-40th-birthday * ^ " Hollywood
Hollywood
Bowl Museum". Hollywood
Hollywood
Bowl. Retrieved 24 November 2014. * ^ " Hollywood
Hollywood
Hotel (1937)". IMDb. 15 January 1938. Retrieved 18 January 2015. * ^ "Jed Buys The Freeway". Internet Archive. Retrieved 18 January 2015.

FURTHER READING

* John Rubinstein
John Rubinstein
(2002). The Hollywood
Hollywood
Bowl – Music Under the Stars (Documentary). Video Artists International, Inc.

EXTERNAL LINKS

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