HOKKI-JI or HōKI-JI (法起寺, the ‘temple of the Arising
Dharma’) – formerly known as OKAMOTO-DERA (岡本寺) and
IKEJIRI-DERA (池後寺) – is a
Buddhist temple in Okamoto, Ikaruga
Nara Prefecture ,
Japan . The temple's honorary sangō prefix is
"KōHONZAN" (岡本山), although it is rarely used. The temple was
constructed to honor
Avalokitesvara , and an 11-faced statue of the
goddess is the primary object of worship in the temple.
often considered to be one of the seven great temples founded by
Prince Shōtoku , however, the temple was not completed until some
decades after his death. In 1993, it was registered together with
Hōryū-ji as an
World Heritage Site
World Heritage Site under the name Buddhist
Monuments in the
Hōryū-ji Area .
* 1 History
* 2 Cultural value
* 3 See also
* 4 References
* 5 External links
Hokki-ji is located in Ikaruga, a town that has long been a focal
point of Japanese Buddhism, and the area contains numerous other old
temples related to Prince Shotoku, such as Hōrin-ji and
Hokki-ji is located on a foothill to the northeast of Hōryū-ji
Tō-in. It is said that the temple lies atop the ruins of Okamoto no
Miya (岡本宮) palace, wherein
Prince Shōtoku had lectured on the
Lotus Sutra , and that according to the prince's last will and
testament, his son,
Prince Yamashiro (Yamashiro no Ōe no ō) rebuilt
the former palace as a temple. Excavation conducted around the temple
grounds has revealed the remains of a building, the pillars of which
were in direct contact with the earth (i.e. there was no foundation
stone), confirming that another building had occupied the grounds
prior to Hokki-ji.
The temple is laid out such that the main hall and the pagoda are
aligned along the east-west axis, similar to the layout of Hōryū-ji
Sai-in. However, Hokki-ji's main hall is in the west, and the tower is
in the east; the opposite of
Hōryū-ji Sai-in. This kind of temple
layout has come to be known as "
The only original 8th-century building remaining is the 24m-high
three-storied pagoda, which is the oldest of its kind in Japan, and a
National Treasure . The lecture hall is a 1694 reconstruction, and
Shōten-do hall is an 1863 reconstruction.
The shrine contains a wooden 3.5m-tall 11-faced statue of
Avalokitesvara that was constructed in the latter half of the 10th
century. A copper image of a bodhisattva constructed in the latter
half of the seventh century is currently entrusted to the Nara
National Museum . Both of these items have been designated Important
Cultural Properties .
* List of National Treasures of
* For an explanation of terms concerning Japanese Buddhism, Japanese
Buddhist art, and Japanese
Buddhist temple architecture, see the
Glossary of Japanese Buddhism
Glossary of Japanese Buddhism .
Much of the content of this article comes from the equivalent
Japanese-language article, accessed on July 29, 2006.
* ^ Schumacher, Mark. "Shotoku Taishi". Couriously, there is a
Shingon deity in
Japan known as Hōki Bosatsu 法起菩薩 ...written
with exactly the same as the characters of Hōkiji Temple, meaning
“arising Dharma” or “awakening knowledge.”
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