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HOHENZOLLERN-SIGMARINGEN was a small county in southwestern Germany
Germany
. Its rulers belonged to the senior Swabian branch of the House of Hohenzollern
Hohenzollern
. The small sovereign state with the capital city of Sigmaringen
Sigmaringen
was annexed to the Kingdom of Prussia
Kingdom of Prussia
in 1850 following the abdication of its sovereign in the wake of the revolutions of 1848 , then became part of the newly created Province of Hohenzollern .

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 2 Territories, titles and styles

* 2.1 Southern Germany
Germany

* 2.1.1 Jurisdiction * 2.1.2 Titles * 2.1.3 Styles

* 2.2 Romania
Romania

* 2.2.1 Titles * 2.2.2 Styles

* 3 Coats of arms

* 3.1 Southern Germany
Germany

* 3.1.1 Major coat of arms * 3.1.2 Family coat of arms

* 3.2 Romania
Romania

* 4 Rulers

* 4.1 Southern Germany
Germany

* 4.1.1 Counts (Grafen) of Hohenzollern
Hohenzollern
(1576-1623) * 4.1.2 Princes (Fürsten) of Hohenzollern- Sigmaringen
Sigmaringen
(1623-1849) * 4.1.3 (1849-present)

* 4.2 Romania
Romania

* 4.2.1 Princes of Romania
Romania
(1866-1881) * 4.2.2 King
King
of the Romanians
Romanians
(1881-1947)

* 5 See also * 6 References * 7 External links

HISTORY

The senior Swabian branch is not as well known to history, as is the junior Franconian line which became Burgraves of Nuremberg and later ruled Brandenburg-Prussia
Brandenburg-Prussia
and the German Empire
German Empire
.

The County of Hohenzollern- Sigmaringen
Sigmaringen
was created in 1576, upon the partition of the County of Hohenzollern
Hohenzollern
, a fief of the Holy Roman Empire . When the last count of Hohenzollern, Karl I (1512–1579) died, the territory was divided among his three sons:

* Eitel Friedrich IV of Hohenzollern-Hechingen (1545–1605) * Charles II of Hohenzollern- Sigmaringen
Sigmaringen
(1547–1606) * Christoph of Hohenzollern- Haigerloch
Haigerloch
(1552–1592)

Sigmaringen
Sigmaringen
Castle

The Princes of Hohenzollern- Sigmaringen
Sigmaringen
ruled over a small principality in southwest Germany, with a seat at Sigmaringen
Sigmaringen
Castle . Unlike the Hohenzollerns of Brandenburg and Prussia , the Hohenzollerns of Sigmaringen
Sigmaringen
remained Roman Catholic
Roman Catholic
, along with their cousins of Hohenzollern-Hechingen , the senior line of the Swabian branch of the House of Hohenzollern, and Hohenzollern
Hohenzollern
of Haigerloch
Haigerloch
.

The principality became a sovereign state in 1815 after the abolition of the Holy Roman Empire
Holy Roman Empire
in 1806 and an independent realm following the Napoleonic Wars
Napoleonic Wars
in 1815. Its ruler, Charles, was deposed in the revolutions of 1848 . His son, Karl Anton, succeeded him, and turned to Prussia for aid. Prussian troops arrived in August 1849, and in a treaty signed in December Hohenzollern- Sigmaringen
Sigmaringen
was annexed by Prussia, effective in March 1850. The annexation of their state did not, however, mean the end of the importance of the House of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen.

The last prince, Karl Anton , served as Minister President of Prussia from 1858-61. Karl Anton's second son, Karl Eitel of Hohenzollern- Sigmaringen
Sigmaringen
became prince (1866–1881) and then king (1881–1914) of the Romanians
Romanians
, under the name Carol and the house remained on the throne until the end of the Romanian monarchy in 1947.

Because the eldest Hechingen line of the Hohenzollerns became extinct in 1869 with the death of Constantine, Prince
Prince
of Hohenzollern-Hechingen , the head of the Sigmaringen
Sigmaringen
branch, Karl Anton, dropped his line's suffix and took the title of Prince
Prince
(Fürst) of (all) Hohenzollern.

French opposition to the candidacy of Carol's elder brother Prince Leopold for the throne of Spain triggered the Franco-Prussian War (1870–1871), which led to the founding of the German Empire
German Empire
in January 1871.

TERRITORIES, TITLES AND STYLES

SOUTHERN GERMANY

Hohenzollern
Hohenzollern
region (Württemberg, Germany) Karl Friedrich, Prince
Prince
of Hohenzollern
Hohenzollern
, head of the Swabian branch of the House of Hohenzollern

Jurisdiction

The head of the Swabian branch of Hohenzollern- Sigmaringen
Sigmaringen
ruled over the following territories:

* county of Hohenzollern
Hohenzollern
(1061) * burgraviate of Nuremberg (1192) * county of Veringen (1535) * lordship of Haigerloch
Haigerloch
(1634) * lordship of Wehrstein (1634) * county of Bergh (1781)

From 1061 until 1806 five of these fiefs (not including Nuremberg) constituted an immediate territory of the Holy Roman Empire
Holy Roman Empire
under the counts of Zollern, vassals of the Holy Roman Emperor
Holy Roman Emperor
.

From 1806 until 1813 the Hohenzollern
Hohenzollern
lands were a realm of the Confederation of the Rhine , a short-lived state set up by Napoleon
Napoleon
I Bonaparte . From 1815 until 1849 the principality was a sovereign country and a member of the German Confederation
German Confederation
. In 1849 it lost its independence, and was incorporated into the Kingdom of Prussia
Kingdom of Prussia
as the Province of Hohenzollern .

The German Confederation
German Confederation
was succeeded in 1866 by the North German Confederation , which itself was succeeded by the German Empire
German Empire
in 1871. In 1918, the kingdom of Prussia became the Free State of Prussia , and the German Empire
German Empire
was replaced by the Weimar Republic
Weimar Republic
. In 1933 the republic was replaced by the Third Reich . After the defeat of the Nazis
Nazis
the province of Hohenzollern
Hohenzollern
was merged with other territories into the state of Württemberg-Hohenzollern
Württemberg-Hohenzollern
. This state was part of the Allied Occupation Zones in Germany
Germany
until 1952. In that year, the state of Württemberg-Hohenzollern
Württemberg-Hohenzollern
was merged into Baden-Württemberg , a state of the Federal Republic of Germany
Germany
.

Titles

The HEAD OF THE HOUSE OF HOHENZOLLERN-SIGMARINGEN is the historical heir to the titles of:

* Prince
Prince
( Fürst
Fürst
) of Hohenzollern * Burgrave
Burgrave
(Burggraf) of Nuremberg * Imperial Count
Imperial Count
(Reichsgraf) of Hohenzollern * Count (Graf) of Sigmaringen * Count (Graf) of Veringen * Count (Graf) of Bergh * Lord
Lord
(Herr) of Haigerloch * Lord
Lord
(Herr) of Wehrstein

Styles

The historical titulature of rulers of the House of Hohenzollern was, in the German original: Seine Durchlaucht (S.D.) von Gottes Gnaden, Fürst
Fürst
von Hohenzollern, Burggraf von Nürnberg, Graf
Graf
zu Sigmaringen, Veringen und Berg, Herr zu Haigerloch
Haigerloch
und Wehrstein

The English translation is: His Serene Highness (HSH) by the Grace of God , Prince
Prince
of Hohenzollern, Burgrave
Burgrave
of Nuremberg, Count of Sigmaringen, Veringen and Berg, Lord
Lord
of Haigerloch
Haigerloch
and Wehrstein.

ROMANIA

HOUSE OF HOHENZOLLERN-SIGMARINGEN (ROMANIAN BRANCH)

COUNTRY Romania
Romania

PARENT HOUSE Hohenzollern
Hohenzollern

TITLES Prince
Prince
( Domnitor , or Principe) (1866 - 1881), King
King
(Rege) (1881 - 1914)

FOUNDED 10 May 1866

FOUNDER Carol I

FINAL RULER Michael I

CURRENT HEAD Michael I

DEPOSITION 30 December 1947 (the communist coup; the King
King
was forced to abdicate)

Romanian region.

Prince
Prince
Karl Eitel of Hohenzollern- Sigmaringen
Sigmaringen
reigned and, being childless, was succeeded by his nephew Ferdinand on the throne of Romania
Romania
.

The modern state of Romania
Romania
was formed by merger of the principalities of Moldavia
Moldavia
and Wallachia
Wallachia
in 1859 under the Moldavian domnitor Alexandru Ioan Cuza
Alexandru Ioan Cuza
. He was replaced by Karl Eitel of Hohenzollern- Sigmaringen
Sigmaringen
in 1866, who mounted the throne as Carol I, Prince
Prince
of Romania.

During the Russo-Turkish War , Romania
Romania
fought on the Russian side. In the 1878 Treaty of Berlin , Romania
Romania
was subsequently recognized as an independent state by the Great Powers
Great Powers
.

In return for reverting to the Russian Empire
Russian Empire
three southern Bessarabian districts that had been regained by Moldavia
Moldavia
after the Crimean War in 1852, Northern Dobruja
Dobruja
was acquired.

In 1881, the principality was raised to a kingdom and Prince
Prince
Carol became King
King
Carol I . He reigned until his death in 1914, and was succeeded by his nephew, Ferdinand . Shortly after taking the throne, Ferdinand, a Roman Catholic
Roman Catholic
like his predecessor, agreed to have his children reared in the Romanian Orthodox Church .

In 1918 Transylvania
Transylvania
and Bessarabia
Bessarabia
were incorporated. In 1918-19, confirmed by the Treaty of Versailles
Treaty of Versailles
of 1919 and the Treaty of Trianon of 1920, most of the Banat
Banat
became part of Romania. Also, Bukovina
Bukovina
was incorporated in 1918.

Ferdinand died in 1927. His eldest son, Crown Prince
Prince
Carol, having renounced his rights, Carol's only son Michael ascended the throne. In 1930, however, Carol reclaimed the throne and was crowned Carol II . Carol was forced to abdicate in 1940, and Michael re-mounted the throne. His reign, and that of the dynasty, ended when he was forced to abdicate by a communist regime in 1947.

On 10 May 2011, following lawsuits brought in Germany
Germany
against his family by his German relatives regarding attribution of the title Prince
Prince
of Hohenzollern-Veringen to his son-in-law, Radu Duda , Michael severed dynastic ties with the princely house of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen, changed the name of his family to "of Romania", and ceased the use of all princely titles borne by him and his family that derived from the German Hohenzollerns.

Titles

The HEAD OF THE ROMANIAN BRANCH continues, since abolition of the monarchy , to use the hereditary title he bore while reigning:

* Michael I, King
King
of the Romanians
Romanians

During the reign of Carol II of Romania
Romania
his son, Michael , was styled "Măria Sa (M.S.) Marele Voievod de Alba Iulia" or the English translation "His Grace The Grand Voivode
Voivode
of Alba Julia".

Styles

The Romanian original is: Majestatea Sa (M.S.) N.N., Regele Românilor (or Maiestatea Sa (M.S.) N.N., Regele României; both forms are accepted by the Romanian Academy )

The English translation is: His Majesty (H.M.) N.N., King
King
of the Romanians
Romanians

COATS OF ARMS

SOUTHERN GERMANY

Major Coat Of Arms

Combined coat of arms of the House of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen (1849).

The combined coat of arms of the House of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen is:

* Escutcheon : quartering of the shield , parted per pale, twice parted per fess, with an inescutcheon

* first sixth: Burgraviate of Nuremberg (1214), on or (gold) a lion rampant sable (black) and a bordure of argent (silver ) and gules (red ) * second sixth: Hereditary Chamberlain of the Holy Roman Empire (1504), on gules (red, two crossed scepters in or (gold ) * third sixth: Lordship of Haigerloch
Haigerloch
and Wehrstein (1634), parted per fess gules (red) and argent (silver) * fourth sixth: Countship of Sigmaringen
Sigmaringen
(1535), on gules (red) a deer or (gold) * fifth sixth: Countship of Veringen (1535), on or (gold) three deerhorns horizontally with twice four, and once three antlerpoints gules (red) * sixth sixth: County of Berg (1781), on argent (white) a lion rampant gules (red) and a bordure of sable (black) with roundels or (gold) * inescutcheon: Countship of Zollern (1061), quarterly sable (black) and argent (silver)

* helm : or (gold) a helmet barred and affronté (sovereign), crowned with a coronet of a German prince (Fürstenkrone) * crest : sable (black) and argent (white) a head and shoulders of a German hound (Deutsche Bracke) (1317) * wreath : sable (black) and argent (white) * mantling : manteld sable (black), doubled argent (white) upon a crowned (Fürstenkrone) baldeqin gules (red), doubled ermine

* motto :

* until the 19th century: Hie guet Zollere allwege (We were always good Zollern) * from the 19th century onwards: Nihil Sine Deo (Nothing without God)

House of Hohenzollern- Sigmaringen
Sigmaringen
coat of arms

Family Coat Of Arms

The combined coat of arms with inclusion of the House coat of arms of the House of Hohenzollern- Sigmaringen
Sigmaringen
is:

* Escutcheon : quartering of the shield , parted per pale, twice parted per fess, with an inescutcheon

* first sixth: Burgraviate of Nuremberg (1214), on or (gold) a lion rampant sable (black) and a bordure of argent (silver ) and gules (red ) * second sixth: Hereditary Chamberlain of the Holy Roman Empire, on gules (red, two crossed scepters in or (gold ) * third sixth: Lordship of Haigerloch
Haigerloch
and Wehrstein (1634), parted per fess gules (red) and argent (silver) * fourth sixth: Countship of Sigmaringen
Sigmaringen
(1535), on gules (red) a deer or (gold) * fifth sixth: Countship of Veringen (1535), on or (gold) three dearhorns horizontally with twice four, and once three antlerpoints gules (red) * sixth sixth: County of Berg (1781), on argent (white) a lion rampant gules (red) and a bordure of sable (black) with roundels or (gold) * inescutcheon: Countship of Zollern (1061), quarterly sable (black) and argent (silver)

* helm : seven particular helmets, equivalent to the seven particular coat of arms (Hohenzollern, Nuremberg, Sigmaringen, Veringen, Berg, Haigerloch
Haigerloch
and Wehrstein) * crest : seven particular crests, equivalent to the seven particular coat of arms (Hohenzollern, Nuremberg, Sigmaringen, Veringen, Berg, Haigerloch
Haigerloch
and Wehrstein) * wreath : sable (black) and argent (white) * mantling : manteld sable (black), doubled argent (white) * supporter : two German hounds * compartment : grassy

ROMANIA

Major coat of arms of the kingdom of the Romanians
Romanians
(1922).

The major coat of arms of the kingdom of the Romanians
Romanians
consisted, from 1922 onwards, of:

* an escutcheon of the combination of the territories of :

* Wallachia
Wallachia
* Moldavia
Moldavia
* Dobruja
Dobruja
* Transylvania
Transylvania
* Bessarabia
Bessarabia
* Banat
Banat
* Oltenia
Oltenia
* Bukovina
Bukovina
* an inescutcheon of the House of Hohenzollern (quarterly sable (black) and argent (silver)

* helm : The Steel Crown of Romania
Romania
* mantling : a crowned baldeqin gules (red), doubled ermine * motto : Nihil Sine Deo (Nothing without God) * supporter : two rampant lions * compartment : ground

RULERS

Members of the House of Hohenzollern reigned as monarchs in Europe.

SOUTHERN GERMANY

Counts (Grafen) Of Hohenzollern
Hohenzollern
(1576-1623)

* KARL II , Count 1576-1606 (1547-1606), second surviving son of Karl I of Hohenzollern
Hohenzollern

* JOHANN , Count 1606-1623 (1578-1638), created Reichsfürst
Reichsfürst
von Hohenzollern- Sigmaringen
Sigmaringen
1623

Princes (Fürsten) Of Hohenzollern- Sigmaringen
Sigmaringen
(1623-1849)

* JOHANN , 1st Prince
Prince
1623-1638 (1578-1638)

* MEINRAD I , 2nd Prince
Prince
1638-1681 (1605-1681)

* MAXIMILIAN , 3rd Prince
Prince
1681-1689 (1636-1689)

* MEINRAD II , 4th Prince
Prince
1689-1715 (1673-1715)

* JOSEF FRIEDRICH ERNST , 5th Prince
Prince
1715-1769 (1702-1769)

* KARL FRIEDRICH , 6th Prince
Prince
1769-1785 (1724-1785)

* ANTON ALOYS , 7th Prince
Prince
1785-1831 (1762-1831)

* KARL , 8th Prince
Prince
1831-1848 (1785-1853), abdicated 1848

* KARL ANTON , 9th Prince
Prince
1848-1849 (1811-1885), ceded sovereignty to Prussia 1849

Leopold, Prince of Hohenzollern

(1849-present)

Following cession of their sovereignty over the principality to their kinsmen the Kings of Prussia in 1849, the heirs of Karl Anton continued to bear the same title, " Prince
Prince
(Fürst) of Hohenzollern":

* KARL ANTON , Prince
Prince
1849-1885 (1811-1885), became Prince
Prince
of Hohenzollern
Hohenzollern
on the death of the last Prince
Prince
of Hohenzollern-Hechingen in 1869

* LEOPOLD , Prince
Prince
1885-1905 (1835-1905)

* WILHELM , Prince
Prince
1905-1927 (1864-1927)

* FRIEDRICH , Prince
Prince
1927-1965 (1891-1965)

* FRIEDRICH WILHELM , Prince
Prince
1965-2010 (1924-2010)

* KARL FRIEDRICH , Prince
Prince
2010–present (born 1952)

* Alexander , Hereditary Prince
Prince
(born 1987)

* Prince
Prince
Albrecht of Hohenzollern
Hohenzollern
(born 1954)

* Prince
Prince
Ferdinand of Hohenzollern
Hohenzollern
(born 1960)

* Prince
Prince
Aloys of Hohenzollern
Hohenzollern
(1999) * Prince
Prince
Fidelis of Hohenzollern
Hohenzollern
(born 2001)

* Prince
Prince
Johann Georg of Hohenzollern
Hohenzollern
(1932-2016)

* Prince
Prince
Carl Christian of Hohenzollern
Hohenzollern
(born 1962)

* Prince
Prince
Nicolas of Hohenzollern
Hohenzollern
(born 1999)

* Prince
Prince
Hubertus of Hohenzollern
Hohenzollern
(born 1966)

* Prince
Prince
Ferfried of Hohenzollern
Hohenzollern
(born 1943), one son without dynastic rights

* Franz Joseph, Prince
Prince
of Hohenzollern-Emden (1891-1964)

* Meinrad, Prince
Prince
of Hohenzollern-Emden (1925-2009)

* Prince
Prince
Emanuel of Hohenzollern-Emden (1929-1999)

* Prince
Prince
Carl Alexander of Hohenzollern-Emden (born 1970)

* King
King
Ferdinand I of the Romanians
Romanians
(1865-1927)

* King
King
Carol II of the Romanians
Romanians
(1893-1953)

* King
King
Michael I of the Romanians
Romanians
(born 1921)

ROMANIA

Princes Of Romania
Romania
(1866-1881)

* Carol I 1866–1881

Arms of the Kingdom of Romania
Kingdom of Romania

King
King
Of The Romanians
Romanians
(1881-1947)

* Carol I 1881–1914 * Ferdinand 1914–1927 * Michael 1927–1930 * Carol II 1930–1940 * Michael 1940–1947 (born 1921) * Karl Friedrich, Prince of Hohenzollern , heir-male per 1884 Statutes of the Royal House of Romania
Romania
(heir presumptive )

SEE ALSO

* House of Hohenzollern * Sigmaringen
Sigmaringen
* Sigmaringen
Sigmaringen
Castle * Line of succession to the former Romanian throne
Line of succession to the former Romanian throne

REFERENCES

* ^ (in Romanian) King
King
Michael I announces the severance of all historical and dynastic ties to the House of Hohenzollern,