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Coordinates: 47°22′00″N 09°40′00″E / 47.36667°N 9.66667°E / 47.36667; 9.66667Coordinates: 47°22′00″N 09°40′00″E / 47.36667°N 9.66667°E / 47.36667; 9.66667

Country Austria

State Vorarlberg

District Dornbirn

Government

 • Mayor Dieter Egger (FPÖ)

Area

 • Total 29.18 km2 (11.27 sq mi)

Elevation 432 m (1,417 ft)

Population (1 January 2016)[1]

 • Total 15,941

 • Density 550/km2 (1,400/sq mi)

Time zone CET (UTC+1)

 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)

Postal code 6845

Area code 05576

Vehicle registration DO

Website www.hohenems.at

Hohenems
Hohenems
is a town in the Austrian state of Vorarlberg
Vorarlberg
in the Dornbirn district. It lies in the middle of the Austrian part of the Rhine valley. With a population of 15,200 it is the fifth largest municipality in Vorarlberg. Hohenems' attractions include a Renaissance
Renaissance
palace dating back to the 16th century and a Jewish museum.

Contents

1 Geography 2 History

2.1 Jewish heritage

3 Mayors 4 Population 5 Infrastructure

5.1 Transport

6 Trivia 7 Twin towns 8 Notable persons 9 Notes 10 External links

Geography[edit] The town is located at 432 metres (1,417 feet) above sea level, about 16 km (10 miles) south of Lake Constance. Hohenems
Hohenems
extends for 5.5 km (3.4 mi) from north to south and 8.2 km (5.1 mi) from west to east. Its total area is 29 square kilometres (11 sq mi), of which 42% is covered with forest. The oxbow lake of the river Rhine
Rhine
in the west, forming the border of Austria
Austria
as well as EU to Switzerland, and the mountainside in the east implies the narrowest point of the Austrian Rhine
Rhine
valley. The Schlossberg ("castle mountain"), elevation 740 metres (2,428 feet), depicts a distinctive backdrop of the town centre. Hohenems
Hohenems
is subdivided into the neighborhoods of Markt (centre), Oberklien and Unterklien (north), Hohenems-Reute (east), Schwefel (south) and Herrenried (west). It is surrounded by six other municipalities, Lustenau
Lustenau
and Dornbirn
Dornbirn
in the Dornbirn
Dornbirn
district (north and east), Fraxern, Götzis
Götzis
and Altach
Altach
in the Feldkirch district (south) and Diepoldsau
Diepoldsau
in the Swiss canton St. Gallen
St. Gallen
(west). History[edit]

Town hall, built in 1567 as lordly guesthouse

The summit of the Schlossberg rock, within 45 minutes walk from town centre, hosts the ruins of Alt-Ems, a castle dating back to the 9th century. From the 12th century it was among the biggest fortifications in the south of the German kingdom.[2] The stronghold was very strung-out and extended up to 800 m (2,625 ft) in length and 85 m (280 ft) in width. The lords and knights of Hohenems resided there, being at the peak of fame from 13th to 16th century. As they were loyal ministeriales of the Hohenstaufen dynasty, the castle served for the arrest of notable prisoners like the Norman king William III of Sicily, who probably died here in 1198. The first time Hohenems
Hohenems
received the rights and liberties of a city (German Stadtrecht) already was in 1333, but the town never made use of this municipal law. Only at the 650th anniversary of the Stadtrecht, in 1983, the government of Vorarlberg
Vorarlberg
entitled Hohenems
Hohenems
to all city rights. On a crest near Alt-Ems the Burg Neu-Ems
Burg Neu-Ems
(also "Schloss Glopper") is located, built in 1343. In 1407 both castles were destroyed during the Appenzell Wars
Appenzell Wars
and rebuilt shortly afterwards. Burg Neu-Ems
Burg Neu-Ems
is still intact today and in the private property of the Waldburg-Zeil
Waldburg-Zeil
family.

The Renaissance
Renaissance
palace in the centre of Hohenems

The Renaissance
Renaissance
palace stands at the foot of the Schlossberg and dominates the main square of town, the Schlossplatz. It was built from 1562 to 1567 under the direction of architect Martino Longhi the Elder. Religious war and the plague devastated the area in the next century, ironically the time of the greatest power of the (Protestant) Counts of Hohenems, when they acquired Vaduz Castle
Vaduz Castle
from what became Liechtenstein
Liechtenstein
nearby.[3] In the 18th century Hohenems
Hohenems
was noted for the discovery of two manuscripts of the Nibelungenlied, found in 1755 and 1779 in the palace's library.[4] Jewish heritage[edit] The Jewish community in Hohenems
Hohenems
began with a charter in 1617 and a synagogue, a ritual bath (mikvah), a school and a poorhouse were built. A cemetery was established on the southern outskirts of town. The first coffee house in 1797, and in 1841, the first bank and insurance company in Vorarlberg, were the result of the Jewish economic activity in the town. The community reached its peak in 1862, with nearly 600 Jewish citizens living in Hohenems, 12% of the population. The Jewish presence in town was terminated in 1942 with the deportation of the last remaining Jew, Frieda Nagelberg. Recently 3 more have moved in.

A part of the Jewish quarter with the former synagogue

Although the synagogue survived Kristallnacht
Kristallnacht
without damage, it was acquired by the municipality after the war and converted into a fire station. Everything pertaining to its uses as a synagogue was removed or destroyed, a condition that continued until 2001, when the synagogue was partly reconstructed.[5] The Jewish quarter, which has had historical preservation status since 1996, consists of numerous townhouses and mansions surrounding the synagogue. Along with the former Christengasse ("Christian Lane"), renamed Marktstrasse (Market Street), it forms the urban core of Hohenems. In 1991, the Jewish Museum Hohenems
Hohenems
was opened in a mansion in the centre of the Jewish quarter. The museum commemorates the history of the Jewish community in Hohenems. The few remaining objects it presents, predominantly two-dimensional, are testament to the elimination of all Jewish traces in Vorarlberg. The Jewish cemetery south of the town dates to the first Jewish settlement in 1617 and is still in use today. It contains more than 500 graves, 370 gravestones of which survive today.[6] Mayors[edit] 2004-2015: Richard Amann since December 2015: Dieter Egger (born 1969) Population[edit]

Historical population

Year Pop. ±%

1869 4,191 —    

1880 4,428 +5.7%

1890 4,972 +12.3%

1900 5,652 +13.7%

1910 6,456 +14.2%

1923 5,153 −20.2%

1934 5,514 +7.0%

1939 5,734 +4.0%

1951 6,990 +21.9%

1961 9,188 +31.4%

1971 11,487 +25.0%

1981 12,666 +10.3%

1991 13,531 +6.8%

2001 13,891 +2.7%

2011 15,149 +9.1%

Infrastructure[edit]

Exhibit in "Stoffel's sawmill"

Apart from the historical sites, the town centre lacks urban ambience, although hotels, shops, and restaurants can be found there. On the outskirts near the motorway can be found branches of multinational retail chains and a ten-screen multiplex. On the way to Hohenems's mountain village, Reute, the Stoffels Säge-Mühle ("Stoffel's Sawmill") Museum can be found, which presents the history of saw milling and mill grinding technologies. Hohenems
Hohenems
has several leisure facilities. In the mountain area there is a small ski resort (Schuttannen alp) and a rock climbing area called Löwenzähne ("lion's teeth") with walls up to 150 m (500 ft) and level 10. There also is a range of hiking and mountain biking routes. The town owns the biggest recreation and leisure centre (13 hectare) in Vorarlberg,[7] situated at the banks of the river Rhine's oxbow lake.

Altes Krankenhaus (old hospital)

Since 1908 there is a hospital in Hohenems, when the Kaiserin-Elisabeth-Krankenhaus ("Queen Elisabeth hospital") was built in Art Nouveau. It hosts the palliative care unit of the provincial hospital today, which in 1972 was put up in form of a concrete block, contiguous to the old one. After long discussions, also the first crematory in the state of Vorarlberg
Vorarlberg
was erected in 1998. Transport[edit] Two state roads, the Vorarlberger Strasse L190 and the Rheinstrasse L203 are crossing the municipality from north to south. The L46 leads from town centre to customs to Switzerland. Hohenems
Hohenems
has motorway access to the Rheintal/Walgau-Autobahn (Austrian A14/European route E60) and connection to the Vorarlbergbahn railway line in directions Bregenz
Bregenz
and Innsbruck, operated by the Austrian Federal Railways (ÖBB). Within municipal borders the sole airfield of Vorarlberg
Vorarlberg
is located, the Flugplatz Hohenems- Dornbirn
Dornbirn
with a 630 m (2,066 ft) runway.[8] Trivia[edit] Hohenems
Hohenems
was one of the locations in the Swiss-Austrian film Akte Grüninger.[9][10] The town is the site of the climax of Dennis Wheatley's novel about the 1914 outbreak of the First World War, The Second Seal(1950). Twin towns[edit]

Hohenems
Hohenems
is twinned with Bystré and Polička
Polička
in the Czech Republic
Czech Republic
(since 1997) [11] Notable persons[edit]

Jean Améry, (1912-1978), resistance fighter against Nazism, essayist Matthias Brandle
Matthias Brandle
(born 1989), professional cyclist August Brentano
August Brentano
(1829-1886), newspaper dealer Rudolf von Ems
Rudolf von Ems
(1200-1254), medieval poet and minstrel Adi Hütter
Adi Hütter
(born 1970), football player and coach Christian Klien
Christian Klien
(born 1983), Formula One
Formula One
Racing Driver Michael Köhlmeier
Michael Köhlmeier
(born 1949), Austrian writer and musician Marcel Mathis
Marcel Mathis
(born 1993), alpine skier Harald Morscher
Harald Morscher
(born 1972), cyclist Ramazan Özcan
Ramazan Özcan
(born 1984), football goalkeeper Hans Jörg Schelling
Hans Jörg Schelling
(born 1953), entrepreneur, politician (ÖVP) and Federal Minister of Finance Mark Sittich von Hohenems (Prince-Archbishop of Salzburg)
Mark Sittich von Hohenems (Prince-Archbishop of Salzburg)
(1574-1619), Archbishop of Salzburg

Salomon Sulzer

Salomon Sulzer
Salomon Sulzer
(1804-1890), Reform cantor and composer Bernhard Vogel (1913-2000), politician, Member of Parliament and Federal Council (SPÖ) Wolfram Waibel Jr. (born 1970), Austrian sport shooter Eckart Witzigmann
Eckart Witzigmann
(born 1941), cook, awarded three stars in Michelin

Notes[edit]

^ Statistik Austria
Austria
- Bevölkerung zu Jahresbeginn 2002-2016 nach Gemeinden (Gebietsstand 1.1.2016) for Hohenems. ^ Tiscover: Ruin Alt-Ems ^ http://tips.fm/entry.php?1118-Liechtenstein-The-Counts-of-Hohenems-1613-1712 ^ Nibelungenlied, The. eBooks@Adelaide. Shumway, Daniel B. (trans.). Houghton–Mifflin. 1909. The honor of rediscovering the “Nibelungenlied” and of restoring it to the world of literature belongs to a young physician by the name of J.H. Obereit, who found the manuscript C at the castle of Hohenems
Hohenems
in the Tirol on June 29, 1755.  ^ Synagogue
Synagogue
Jewish Museum Hohenems, official website. ^ Jewish cemetery Jewish Museum Hohenems, official website. Retrieved July 8, 2010 ^ Tiscover: Rheinauen ^ www.loih.at: Flugplatz Hohenems-Dornbirn ^ Ingrid Bertel (2014-01-29). ""Akte Grüninger": Filmpremiere in Hohenems" (in German). ORF (broadcaster). Retrieved 2014-10-20.  ^ "Akte-Grüninger. Geschichte eines Grenzgängers" (in German). Nationalsozialismus und Holocaust (erinnern.at). Retrieved 2014-10-20.  ^ Website of Hohenems
Hohenems
Archived 2007-11-16 at the Wayback Machine. - Sistercities: Bystre and Policka

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Hohenems.

Town of Hohenems Jewish Museum of Hohenems Stoffel's Saw Mill

v t e

Municipalities in the State of Vorarlberg

Bludenz
Bludenz
District

Bartholomäberg Blons Bludenz Bludesch Brand Bürs Bürserberg Dalaas Fontanella Gaschurn Innerbraz Klösterle Lech am Arlberg Lorüns Ludesch Nenzing Nüziders Raggal Sankt Anton im Montafon Sankt Gallenkirch Sankt Gerold Schruns Silbertal Sonntag Stallehr Thüringen Thüringerberg Tschagguns Vandans

Bregenz
Bregenz
District

Alberschwende Andelsbuch Au Bezau Bildstein Bizau Bregenz Buch Damüls Doren Egg Eichenberg Fußach Gaißau Hard Hittisau Höchst Hohenweiler Hörbranz Kennelbach Krumbach Langen bei Bregenz Langenegg Lauterach Lingenau Lochau Mellau Mittelberg Möggers Reuthe Riefensberg Schnepfau Schoppernau Schröcken Schwarzach Schwarzenberg Sibratsgfäll Sulzberg Warth Wolfurt

Dornbirn
Dornbirn
District

Dornbirn Hohenems Lustenau

Feldkirch District

Altach Düns Dünserberg Feldkirch Frastanz Fraxern Göfis Götzis Klaus Koblach Laterns Mäder Meiningen Rankweil Röns Röthis Satteins Schlins Schnifis Sulz Übersaxen Viktorsberg Weiler Zwischenwasser

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 150098567 LCCN: n80123376 GND: 4095508-4 BNF:

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