Hobbits first appeared in the novel
The Hobbit , whose titular hobbit
is the protagonist
Bilbo Baggins . The novel The Lord of the Rings
includes as major characters the hobbits
Frodo Baggins , Samwise
Peregrin Took , and
Meriadoc Brandybuck , as well as several
other minor hobbit characters. Hobbits are also briefly mentioned in
The Silmarillion and
According to the author in the prologue to The Lord of the Rings, hobbits are "relatives" of the race of Men . Elsewhere, Tolkien describes Hobbits as a "variety" or separate "branch" of humans. Within the story, hobbits and other races seem aware of the similarities (hence the colloquial terms "Big People" and "Little People" used in Bree ). However, within the story, hobbits considered themselves a separate people. At the time of the events in The Lord of the Rings, hobbits lived in the Shire and in Bree in the north west of Middle-earth, though by the end, some had moved out to the Tower Hills and to Gondor and Rohan .
* 1 Development * 2 Appearance * 3 Lifestyle * 4 Fictional history * 5 Divisions * 6 Moral significance
* 7 In popular culture
* 7.1 Music
* 8 In science * 9 See also
* 10 Notes and references
* 10.1 Notes and citations * 10.2 General references
* 11 External links
He set out a fictional etymology for the name in an appendix to The Lord of the Rings, to the effect that it was ultimately derived from holbytla (plural holbytlan), meaning "hole-builder" (and corresponding to Old English). In the language of the Rohirrim the hobbits were called kûd-dûkan (in plural?), which had rendered the autonym kuduk.
In the prologue to The Lord of the Rings,
Hobbits are not quite as stocky as the similarly-sized dwarves, but
still tend to be stout, with slightly pointed ears.
I picture a fairly human figure, not a kind of 'fairy' rabbit as some of my British reviewers seem to fancy: fattish in the stomach, shortish in the leg. A round, jovial face; ears only slightly pointed and 'elvish'; hair short and curling (brown). The feet from the ankles down, covered with brown hairy fur. Clothing: green velvet breeches; red or yellow waistcoat; brown or green jacket; gold (or brass) buttons; a dark green hood and cloak (belonging to a dwarf).
Hobbits and derivative Halflings are often depicted with unusually
large feet for their size, perhaps to visually emphasize their
unusualness. This is especially prominent in the influential
illustrations by the
Brothers Hildebrandt and the large prosthetic
feet used in
The Lord of the Rings film trilogy .
In his writings,
The hobbits of the Shire developed the custom of giving away gifts on their birthdays, instead of receiving them, although this custom was not universally followed among other hobbit cultures or communities. They use the term mathom for old and useless objects, which are invariably given as presents many times over, or are stored in a museum (mathom-house).
Some Hobbits live in "hobbit-holes" or SMIALS, traditional underground homes found in hillsides, downs, and banks. It has been suggested that the soil or ground of the Shire consists of loess and that this facilitates the construction of hobbit holes. Loess is a yellow soil, it causes the colour of the Brandywine River, and it was used in making the bricks at Stock, the main Shire brickyard. Like all Hobbit architecture, the hobbit holes are notable for their round doors and windows.
The hobbits had a distinct calendar : every year started on a
Saturday and ended on a Friday, with each of the twelve months
consisting of thirty days. Some special days did not belong to any
In their earliest folk tales Hobbits appear to have inhabited the
The Harfoots , the most numerous, were almost identical to the Hobbits as they are described in The Hobbit. They lived on the lowest slopes of the Misty Mountains and lived in holes , or Smials, dug into the hillsides.
The Stoors , the second most numerous, were shorter and stockier and
had an affinity for water, boats and swimming. They lived on the
Gladden Fields where the Gladden
The Fallohides , the least numerous, were an adventurous people that preferred to live in the woods under the Misty Mountains and were said to be taller and fairer (all of these traits were much rarer in later days, and it has been implied that wealthy, eccentric families that tended to lead other hobbits politically, like the Tooks and Brandybucks , were of Fallohide descent). Bilbo and three of the four principal hobbit characters in The Lord of the Rings (Frodo, Pippin and Merry) had Fallohide blood through their common ancestor, the Old Took .
About the year T.A. 1050, they undertook the arduous task of crossing the Misty Mountains . Reasons for this trek are unknown, but they possibly had to do with Sauron 's growing power in nearby Greenwood, which later became known as Mirkwood as a result of the shadow that fell upon it during Sauron's search of the forest for the One Ring . The Hobbits took different routes in their journey westward, but as they began to settle together in Bree-land , Dunland , and the Angle formed by the rivers Mitheithel and Bruinen , the divisions between the Hobbit-kinds began to blur.
In the year 1601 of the
Third Age (year 1 in the Shire Reckoning),
Fallohide brothers named Marcho and Blanco gained permission from
the King of
Arnor at Fornost to cross the
Originally the hobbits of the Shire swore nominal allegiance to the
last Kings of Arnor, being required only to acknowledge their
lordship, speed their messengers, and keep the bridges and roads in
repair. During the final fight against
The first Thain of the Shire was Bucca of the Marish, who founded the
Oldbuck family. However, the Oldbuck family later crossed the
The Hobbits' numbers dwindled, and their stature became progressively smaller after the Fourth Age . However, they are sometimes spoken of in the present tense, and the prologue "Concerning Hobbits" in The Lord of the Rings implies they had survived into Tolkien's day.
* HARFOOTS: The Harfoots were the most numerous group of hobbits and
also the first to enter
Eriador . They were the smallest in stature of
all hobbits, and the most typical of the race. They had closer
relations with Dwarves than did other Hobbits.
Kocher notes that Tolkien's literary techniques require us to
increasingly view hobbits as like us, especially when placed under
moral pressure to survive a war that threatens to devastate their
land. Frodo becomes in some ways the symbolic representation of the
conscience of hobbits, a point made explicitly in the story "Leaf by
Niggle " which
IN POPULAR CULTURE
Originally, halfling comes from the Scots word hauflin, meaning an awkward rustic teenager, who is neither man nor boy, and so half of both. Another word for halfling is hobbledehoy or hobby. This usage of the word pre-dates both The Hobbit and Dungeons & Dragons . Dungeons -webkit-column-width: 30em; column-width: 30em; list-style-type: decimal;">
* ^ A B Zimmer, Carl (20 June 2016). "Are Hobbits Real?". New York
Times . Retrieved 21 June 2016.
* ^ Tolkien: The Fellowship of the Ring. Prologue. "It is plain
indeed that in spite of later estrangement Hobbits are relatives of
ours: far nearer to us than Elves, or even than Dwarves. But what
exactly our relationship is can no longer be discovered."
Tolkien, J. R. R. Guide to the Names of the Lord of the Rings,
* ^ Carpenter: The Letters of J. R. R. Tolkien, #131
* ^ Tolkien: The Fellowship of the Ring. Many Meetings. “If you
can’t distinguish between a Man and a Hobbit, your judgement is
poorer than I imagined. They’re as different as peas and apples.”
* ^ A B Tolkien, John Ronald Reuel (1988). Douglas Anderson, ed.
The Annotated Hobbit: The Hobbit, or, There and Back Again. Houghton
Mifflin Co. ISBN 0-395-47690-9 .
* ^ Carpenter: J. R. R. Tolkien: A Biography, p. 165.
* ^ Carpenter: J. R. R. Tolkien: A Biography, p. 172
* ^ "Holbytlan: The ancient origin of the word ‘Hobbit’". The
Encyclopedia of Arda. 6 June 2010. Retrieved 21 July 2016.
* ^ Carpenter: The Letters of J. R. R. Tolkien, #27
* ^ Carpenter: The Letters of J. R. R. Tolkien, #27. The
description specifically refers to
Bilbo Baggins .
* ^ The Fellowship of the Ring, Prologue. "And laugh they did, and
eat, and drink, often and heartily, being fond of simple jests at all
times, and of six meals a day (when they could get them)."
* ^ The hobbit