HOME
The Info List - Hitchin


--- Advertisement ---



Hitchin
Hitchin
(/ˈhɪtʃɪn/) is a market town in the North Hertfordshire District in Hertfordshire, England, with an estimated population of 33,350.[1]

Contents

1 History 2 Government 3 Transport 4 Education 5 Culture and community 6 Sport in Hitchin 7 Districts of Hitchin 8 Nearby settlements 9 Notable people who have lived in Hitchin 10 Filmography 11 Miscellaneous 12 References 13 External links

History[edit] Hitchin
Hitchin
is first noted as the central place of the Hicce people, a tribe holding 300 hides of land as mentioned in a 7th-century document,[2] the Tribal Hidage. Hicce, or Hicca may mean the people of the horse.[3] The tribal name is Old English
Old English
and derives from the Middle Anglian people.[4][5] It has been suggested that Hitchin
Hitchin
was the location of 'Clofeshoh', the place chosen in 673 by Theodore of Tarsus the Archbishop of Canterbury
Archbishop of Canterbury
during the Synod of Hertford, the first meeting of representatives of the fledgling Christian
Christian
churches of Anglo-Saxon England, to hold annual synods of the churches as Theodore attempted to consolidate and centralise Christianity in England.[6] By 1086 Hitchin
Hitchin
is described as a Royal Manor in Domesday Book: the feudal services of Avera and Inward, usually found in the eastern counties, especially Cambridgeshire
Cambridgeshire
and Hertfordshire,[7] were due from the sokemen,[8] but the manor of Hitchin
Hitchin
was unique in levying Inward.[8] Evidence has been found to suggest that the town was once provided with an earthen bank and ditch fortification,[9] probably in the early tenth century[10] but this did not last. The modern spelling 'Hitchin' first appears in 1618[2] in the " Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
Feet of Fines".

Panel representing the foundational history of Hitchin
Hitchin
mentioning: King Offa, the River Hiz
River Hiz
and the Hicce tribe. Now on the front of Hitchin
Hitchin
Library, it was on the Sainsburys on Brand Street until the supermarket relocated to the Bancroft area.

The name of the town also is associated with the small river that runs through the town, most picturesquely in front of the east end of St. Mary's Church, the town's parish church. The river is noted on maps as the River Hiz. Contrary to how most people now pronounce the name, that is to say as spelt, the 'z' is an abbreviated character for a 'tch' sound in the Domesday Book,[11] (as in the name of the town). It would have been pronounced 'River Hitch'. The Hicca Way is an eight-mile walking route along the River Hiz
River Hiz
Valley, believed to have been used for trade between the Danes and English in the Anglo-Saxon age.[3] It is also likely that Hitch Wood, which lies some half a dozen miles south of the town also derives its name from the Hicce tribe, who gave their name to Hitchin.[12] Hitchin
Hitchin
is notable for St. Mary's Church, which is remarkably large for a town of its size. The size of the church is evidence of how Hitchin
Hitchin
prospered from the wool trade. It is the largest parish church in Hertfordshire.[13] Most of the church dates from the 15th century, with its tower dating from around 1190. During the laying of a new floor in the church in 1911, foundations of a more ancient church building were found. In form, they appear to be a basilican church of a 7th-century type, with a later enlarged chancel and transepts, perhaps added in the 10th century. This makes the church older than the story (not recorded before the 15th century) that the church was founded by Offa, king of Mercia
Mercia
757-796. In 1697, Hitchin
Hitchin
(and the nearby village of Offley) were subject to what is thought to have been the most severe hailstorm in recorded British history. Hailstones over 4 inches in diameter were reported[14] The town flourished on the wool trade, and located near the Icknield Way and by the 17th century Hitchin
Hitchin
was a staging post for coaches coming from London. By the middle of the 19th century the railway had arrived, and with it a new way of life for Hitchin. The corn exchange was built in the market place and within a short time Hitchin established itself as a major centre for grain trading. The latter half of the 20th century has also brought great changes in communication to Hitchin. Motorways have shortened the journey time and brought Luton, a few miles away on the M1, and the A1 (M) even closer. By the close of the 20th century, Hitchin
Hitchin
had become a satellite dormitory town for London. Hitchin
Hitchin
also developed a fairly strong Sikh
Sikh
community based around the Walsworth
Walsworth
area. During the medieval period, both a priory (Newbigging, now known as The Biggin) and a friary (now known as Hitchin
Hitchin
Priory) were established, both of which closed during Henry VIII's Dissolution of the Monasteries. They were never reformed, although The Biggin was for many years used as almshouses. The British Schools Museum
British Schools Museum
in Hitchin
Hitchin
is home to the world's only known complete Lancasterian Schoolroom, which was built in 1837 to teach boys by the Lancasterian method
Lancasterian method
(peer tutoring). Girton College—a pioneer in women's education—was established on 16 October 1869 under the name of College for Women at Benslow House in Hitchin, which was considered to be a convenient distance from Cambridge and London. It was thought to be less 'risky' and less controversial to locate the college away from Cambridge in the beginning. The college moved to Cambridge a few years later and adopted its present name, Girton College. Government[edit] Hitchin
Hitchin
is in the local government district of North Hertfordshire which was formed in 1974 by the amalgamation of rural and urban councils. There is now no town council in Hitchin.[15] Residents elect 13 members to the North Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
District Council. There are five electoral wards in Hitchin: Bearton, Highbury, Oughton, Priory and Walsworth. It is within the Hitchin
Hitchin
and Harpenden
Harpenden
constituency for representation in the Parliament of the United Kingdom. In the 2010 general election, Peter Lilley
Peter Lilley
of the Conservative Party was elected. Between 1983 and 1997 Hitchin
Hitchin
was included in the North Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
constituency. Before that it was in the Hitchin
Hitchin
constituency. Hitchin
Hitchin
is within the East of England
East of England
constituency of the European Parliament which currently elects 7 MEPs. Prior to 1999 and the adoption of proportional representation, Hitchin
Hitchin
was in the Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
constituency. Transport[edit] Hitchin railway station
Hitchin railway station
is on the Great Northern Line, to which the Cambridge Line connects just north of the station. There are direct connections to London, Stevenage, Peterborough, and Cambridge. Journeys to London
London
and Cambridge both last approximately 30 minutes on the Express services. Stevenage
Stevenage
is 5 minutes away and Peterborough
Peterborough
is typically 45 minutes distance in journey-time. The A505, A600 and A602 roads intersect in Hitchin, which is about three miles (5 km) from the A1(M) motorway
A1(M) motorway
and about ten miles (16 km) from the M1 motorway. Hitchin
Hitchin
is about 9 miles from Luton
Luton
Airport with a direct bus service linking the two. Education[edit] See also: List of schools in Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
and Hertfordshire § Education There are several primary schools in Hitchin. Secondary education is provided at Hitchin
Hitchin
Girls' School, Hitchin Boys' School and the Priory School. There is a campus of the North Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
College in Hitchin, and it is also the home of the Benslow Music Trust which provides music education for adults. Hitchin Museum and Art Gallery
Hitchin Museum and Art Gallery
(about to open Summer 2017) has an extensive collection that tells the story of the town's social history and of the rural industries that contributed to its prosperity. The British Schools Museum
British Schools Museum
is housed in original Edwardian and Victorian school buildings. Culture and community[edit]

Lavender fields near Hitchin

In March 2013 a poll in The Times
The Times
voted Hitchin
Hitchin
the 9th best town in the UK in which to live.[16] Hitchin
Hitchin
hosts an annual Arts and Music Festival in July which in previous years included Rhythms of the World. Hitchin
Hitchin
Festival includes picnics, concerts, theatre, ghost walks, art exhibitions, comedy club, talks, summer fetes and fireworks.[17] Since 2014, Hitchin
Hitchin
has hosted the yarn festival, organised and run by members of Hitchin
Hitchin
Stitchin.[citation needed] Music plays a very big part all year round. Hitchin
Hitchin
Folk Club is one of the longest running and most respected clubs in the country meeting at The Sun Hotel on Sunday evenings; Hitchin
Hitchin
Light Orchestra, Hitchin Symphony Orchestra and Hitchin
Hitchin
Chamber Orchestra give regular concerts often in St Mary's Church and Hitchin
Hitchin
Band perform around the country in brass band championship competition as well as the home town.[citation needed] There are two small theatres - The Market Theatre with a year-round programme in their main hall and one-off performances in the Cabaret Bar and The Queen Mother Theatre, home of the town's Bancroft Players, Big Spirit Youth Theatre and occasional visiting companies as well as Hitchin
Hitchin
Films in the Richard Whitmore Studio. Hitchin
Hitchin
Market remains one of the largest in the area with general markets on Tuesday and Saturday, bric-a-brac and collectables on Fridays and a Sunday Car Boot; there are also monthly specialist markets - Local Produce & Crafts on the last Saturday of each month, Lifestyle on the second Saturday and occasional Art Markets. Hitchin
Hitchin
Markets is also the venue for the annual Duck Race during Hitchin
Hitchin
Festival. The town centre has a wealth of independent retailers in food and drink and fashion and the historic core is a place to find niche boutiques. Since 1995, Hitchin
Hitchin
has benefitted from award-winning town centre management and in 2009 established one of Hertfordshire's first Business Improvement Districts.[citation needed] There are a number of organisations for young people, including air, army and sea cadets and various scouting groups. The main burial ground for the town is Hitchin Cemetery
Hitchin Cemetery
on St. John's Road. Hitchin
Hitchin
is twinned with:

Nuits-St-Georges, France Bingen am Rhein, Germany

Sport in Hitchin[edit]

This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (December 2017) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

Top Field, the home ground of Hitchin
Hitchin
Town F.C.

Hitchin Rugby Club
Hitchin Rugby Club
is a non-profit organisation whose mission is to participate in and promote the sport of rugby union at all age levels within the Hitchin
Hitchin
area. This includes Mini/ Midi (U7-U12), Youth (U13-U17), Colts (U19), Seniors (19+), Vets (35+) and Ladies. Hitchin RFC has a 50+ year relationship with the town of Hitchin, having been founded in 1954. See the history section for more. Highlights have included playing at Twickenham
Twickenham
in the final of the national Junior RFU Cup in 1993 and the establishment of the country's first Academy. Currently their membership stands at over 500 people, including active and associate members. They have a community development programme and a Mini & Junior Section. Hitchin
Hitchin
RFC runs 4 adult men's teams, 1 adult women's team, and mini and youth rugby teams at all ages. Hitchin Town F.C.
Hitchin Town F.C.
was established in 1865 and later reformed in 1928. It is one of only three clubs who competed in the first ever FA Cup and still do so now. The club is the biggest sporting entity in the town. Hitchin
Hitchin
is also home to Blueharts Hockey Club, a leading club since 1946. It also houses Hitchin
Hitchin
Cricket Club, which has been an important cricket club within the area since 1866. Hitchin
Hitchin
has a local swimming club, Hitchin
Hitchin
Swimming Club, which competes at local level, county and regional level. The Hitchin
Hitchin
Nomads Cycling Club, which caters for many competitive and non-competitive cycling disciplines was formed in the town in 1931. It is affiliated to British Cycling, the Cyclists' Touring Club, Cycling time trials and local cycling associations. Notable former members include pre-eminent cycling travel writer Harold Briercliffe and Max Pendleton, father of Olympic gold-medallist and track cycling World Champion Victoria Pendleton. Formed in 2003 and known as FVS TRI until November 2009, Team Trisports is a Hitchin-based triathlon club. In addition to triathlon, the club is affiliated to England
England
Athletics and British Cycling. Hitchin
Hitchin
Running Club was formed in 2008 and is one of the most popular clubs in the town. They enjoy a large fan base and many local people of all abilities take part in the social activities. They are based at the rugby club and are a not for profit organisation. Districts of Hitchin[edit]

Bearton Benslow Poets Estate Purwell Sunnyside Walsworth West Hitchin Westmill

Nearby settlements[edit] Ickleford
Ickleford
is a village situated on the northern outskirts of Hitchin, and to the south is St Ippolyts, Charlton and Gosmore. The nearest towns are Letchworth, Baldock, Stevenage
Stevenage
and Luton. Notable people who have lived in Hitchin[edit]

This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. (January 2017) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)

See also: Category:People from Hitchin

Dorothy Atkinson, actress Guillem Balagué, Spanish football journalist James Bay, musician Tom Bentley, philanthropist Henry Bessemer, engineer Jennie Bond, journalist Sally Bretton, actress Harold Briercliffe, cyclist and author Drewe Broughton, footballer Edward Chapman, publisher George Chapman, poet Oliver Cheshire, fashion model Chris Cleaver, footballer Mary Angela Dickens, novelist and granddaughter of Charles Dickens[18] Monica Dickens, novelist and great granddaughter of Charles Dickens Karl Duguid, footballer Willie Duncan, musician Gail Emms, badminton player Ross Flitney, footballer Mathew Gates, figure skater Martin Gordon, musician F.L. Griggs, etcher Henry Hawkins, 1st Baron Brampton, judge E O Higgins, author Reginald Hine, solicitor and historian Paul Jesson, actor Roy Kettle, author Thea King, clarinettist Dave Kitson, footballer Kane Kramer, inventor of the digital audio player Frank Launder, film director Joseph Lister, pioneer of antiseptic surgery John Lloyd, co-founder of the international design consultancy Lloyd Northover. Gavin McInnes, writer Sally Mules, journalist and presenter Elaine Murray, Scottish politician Dixie Newberry, National darts champion 1949-1950 Robert Newman, comedian David Noble, footballer Arvind Parmar, tennis player Ian Perkins, Musician Kevin Phillips, footballer Kevin Pilkington, footballer Ian Poulter, golfer Pam Rhodes, BBC
BBC
TV presenter[19] Michael Robbins, actor Robert Tor Russell, architect of New Delhi[20] Martin Savage, actor Steve Sheppard, B.B.C. Cricket and football commentator and owner of One World Music Valerie Singleton, TV presenter Richard Walker, angler Diana Wallis, politician (MEP) Kristiina Wheeler, an English-Finnish singer Richard Whitmore, former newsreader Sir Frank Whittle, inventor of the jet engine Jack Wilshere, footballer Henry Wood, conductor Second Lieutenant Frank Young VC, recipient of the Victoria Cross.[21] Gary Younge, journalist Bad Boy Yardie, rapper and businessman The Bleach Boys, Punk Band dating from 1976

Filmography[edit]

Various scenes in Doctor Foster were filmed at the Market Square in Hitchin

Part of the 2010 BBC
BBC
TV series Just William was filmed at the British Schools Museum.[22] Scenes from the BBC
BBC
drama series Doctor Foster were filmed in Hitchin, as well as the Channel 4 series Humans. Miscellaneous[edit] In 1960 Hitchin
Hitchin
Urban District Council was the first in Britain to introduce 'black bags' for refuse collection.[citation needed] Elizabeth the Queen Mother's birth in 1900 was registered at Hitchin, which is a few miles from her parent's English country house, St Paul's Walden Bury, where she spent much of her childhood. Actor and comedian Bob Hope
Bob Hope
"claimed to have inherited his sense of humour from his paternal grandfather from Hitchin".[23] The 1951 book My Turn to Make the Tea
My Turn to Make the Tea
by Monica Dickens
Monica Dickens
is set in Hitchin
Hitchin
(renamed Downingham in the book). References[edit]

^ a b Neighbourhood Statistics 2011 census combined population of Hitchin
Hitchin
wards, Accessed 27 March 2013 ^ a b Gover, J E B, Mawer, A and Stenton, F M 1938 The Place-Names of Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
English Place-Names Society volume XV, 8 ^ a b "North-Herts.gov.uk" (PDF).  ^ Stenton, Sir Frank (1971). Anglo-Saxon England. Oxford University Press. pp. 43, 296. ISBN 0 19 821716 1.  ^ "History Files".  ^ Hindley, The Anglo-Saxons - The beginnings of the English nation, 47. ^ Sir Henry Ellis (1833). A general introduction to Domesday Book: accompanied by indexes of the tenants in chief, and under tenants, at the time of the survey, as wall as of the holders of lands ... Volume 1. Commission on the Public Records. p. 263.  ^ a b "Hitchin: Introduction and manors". A History of the County of Hertford. 3. 1912. pp. 3–12. Retrieved 15 September 2010.  ^ Saunders, G & Winter, M 2009 Brooker's Yard, Hitchin, Hertfordshire: Archaeological Assessment Report The Heritage Network (report 560), 7 ^ Fitzpatrick-Matthews, K J & Fitzpatrick-Matthews T 2008 The Archaeology of Hitchin
Hitchin
from Prehistory to the Present North Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
District Council Museums & Hitchin
Hitchin
Historical Society ^ Johnston, James B., The Place-Names of England
England
and Wales, London, 1915, p. 305 ^ "Preston Herts".  ^ Madgin, Hugh (2009). Hitchin
Hitchin
Through Time. Britain & Ireland: Amberley Publishing. ISBN 1848687451.  ^ Tailor, Robert (May 1697), "Account of a Great Hailstorm", Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society (Great Britain); vol. 19, pp. 577-578 ^ "Councils and Politics". Hitchin
Hitchin
Forum. Retrieved 25 February 2012.  ^ Burge, Laura. " Hitchin
Hitchin
Voted 9th Best Town In UK". The Comet 24. Archant Community Media Ltd. Retrieved 20 March 2013.  ^ Burge, Laura. " Hitchin
Hitchin
Festival to launch". The Comet 24. Archant Community Media Ltd. Retrieved 25 February 2012.  ^ "Mary Angela "Mekitty" Dickens (1862 - 1948) - Find A Grave Memorial".  ^ "Pam Rhodes". The Speakers Agency. Retrieved 10 September 2017.  ^ "Russell, Robert Tor in Oxford Art Online". www.oxfordartonline.com. Retrieved 6 September 2010.  (requires login or UK library card) ^ "Second Lieutenant Frank Edward Young VC". www.bedfordregiment.org.uk. Retrieved 2 June 2013.  ^ Judge, Ann. "The BBC
BBC
'Just William' at Hitchin
Hitchin
British Schools". Herts Memories. Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
County Council. Retrieved 25 February 2012.  ^ Bergan, Ronald (29 July 2003). "Obituary: Bob Hope". The Guardian. London. 

ref 6 should be credited to Offer - In Search of Clofesho Tessa Publications 2002. In his book Mr Hindley acknowledges this work External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Hitchin.

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Hitchin.

Hitchin
Hitchin
Historical Society Hitchin
Hitchin
Society Historical Map of Hitchin
Hitchin
Pubs, an interactive map of Hitchin
Hitchin
public houses both current and closed.  "Hitchin". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). 1911. 

v t e

Ceremonial county of Hertfordshire

Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
Portal

Boroughs or districts

Borough of Broxbourne Borough of Dacorum District of East Hertfordshire Borough of Hertsmere District of North Hertfordshire City and District of St Albans Borough of Stevenage District of Three Rivers Borough of Watford Borough of Welwyn
Welwyn
Hatfield

Major settlements

Baldock Berkhamsted Bishop's Stortford Borehamwood Broxbourne Buntingford Bushey Cheshunt Harpenden Hatfield Hemel Hempstead Hertford Hitchin Hoddesdon Letchworth Potters Bar Rickmansworth Royston Sawbridgeworth St Albans Stevenage Tring Waltham Cross Ware Watford Welwyn
Welwyn
Garden City See also: List of civil parishes in Hertfordshire

Topics

Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
County Council

Elections

Flag Parliamentary constituencies European Parliament
European Parliament
constituency Boundary changes Places Settlements by population Lost settlements SSSIs Grade I listed buildings Grade II* listed buildings History Lord Lieutenants High Sheriffs Schools Museums Windmills King George V Playing Fields

v t e

Civil parishes of Hertfordshire

Broxbourne

Unparished areas

Cheshunt Hoddesdon

Dacorum

Parishes

Aldbury Berkhamsted Bovingdon Chipperfield Flamstead Flaunden Great Gaddesden Kings Langley Little Gaddesden Markyate Nash Mills Nettleden
Nettleden
with Potten End Northchurch Tring Tring
Tring
Rural Wigginton

Unparished areas

Hemel Hempstead

East Hertfordshire

Albury Anstey Ardeley Aspenden Aston Bayford Bengeo Rural Benington Bishop's Stortford Bramfield Braughing Brent Pelham
Brent Pelham
and Meesden Brickendon
Brickendon
Liberty Buckland and Chipping Buntingford Cottered Datchworth Eastwick and Gilston Furneux Pelham Great Amwell Great Munden Hertford Hertford
Hertford
Heath Hertingfordbury High Wych Hormead Hunsdon Little Berkhamsted Little Hadham Little Munden Much Hadham Sawbridgeworth Standon Stanstead Abbots Stanstead St Margarets Stapleford Stocking Pelham Tewin Thorley Thundridge Walkern Ware Wareside Watton-at-Stone Westmill Widford Wyddial

Hertsmere

Parishes

Aldenham Elstree and Borehamwood Ridge Shenley South Mimms

Unparished areas

Bushey Potters Bar

North Hertfordshire

Parishes

Ashwell Barkway Barley Bygrave Caldecote and Newnham Clothall
Clothall
and Luffenhall Codicote Graveley Great Ashby Hexton Hinxworth Holwell Ickleford Kelshall Kimpton King's Walden Knebworth Langley Lilley Nuthampstead Offley Pirton Preston Radwell Reed Royston Rushden and Wallington Sandon St Ippolyts St Paul's Walden Therfield Weston Wymondley

Unparished areas

Baldock Hitchin Letchworth
Letchworth
Garden City

St Albans

Parishes

Colney Heath Harpenden Harpenden
Harpenden
Rural London
London
Colney Redbourn Sandridge St Michael St Stephen Wheathampstead

Unparished areas

St Albans

Three Rivers

Parishes

Abbots Langley Chorleywood Croxley Green Sarratt Watford
Watford
Rural

Unparished areas

Rickmansworth

Welwyn
Welwyn
Hatfield

Parishes

Ayot St Lawrence Ayot St Peter Essendon Hatfield North Mymms Northaw and Cuffley Welwyn Woolmer Green

Unparished areas

Welwyn
Welwyn
Garden City

Unparished boroughs

Stevenage Watford

See also

List of places in H

.