Hitar Petar or Itar Pejo (Bulgarian: Хитър Петър,
Macedonian: Итар Пејо, "Sly Peter/Pejo") is a character of
Bulgarian and Macedonian folklore. He is a poor village farmhand, but
possesses remarkable slyness, wit and wile. He is often presented as
the "typical Bulgarian" in Bulgaria and the "typical Macedonian" in
Macedonia. He is the perpetual antagonist of either the rich nobles,
clerics and money lenders or the "typical Ottoman" — Nasreddin,
whom he always manages to outwit. He is therefore regarded as a
strictly positive figure and a hero of the common folk.
As a character,
Hitar Petar first appeared in the 16th–17th century,
when Bulgaria was still under Ottoman rule. Tales on his deeds are
present in the folklore of many regions, including
Thrace. It is generally thought that the original
Hitar Petar lived
somewhere in present-day North-Western Bulgaria. He was introduced to
literature, with Iliya Blaskov publishing several anecdotes involving
him. His feats were adapted to an opera in 1967 and two comedy films,
Nastradin Hodzha i
Hitar Petar of 1939 and
Hitar Petar of 1960.
Hitar Petar is similar to other characters of European and Oriental
folklore, most notably
Nasreddin of Islamic folklore, the German Till
Eulenspiegel, the Hungarian Csalóka Péter and the Jewish Hershele
In the Republic of Macedonia, it is thought that Itar Pejo is a native
of the region of Mariovo, and a monument to the character was built in
Hitar Petar Nunatak
Hitar Petar Nunatak on
Trinity Peninsula in
Antarctica is named after
the folklore character.
^ "Seven Folktales From Central Europe". University of Calgary.
^ "Прилеп ќе гради споменик на Итар
Пејо" (in Macedonian). Дневник. Retrieved 2008-09-29.
^ SCAR Composite Gazetteer of Antarctica
"Bulgarian Operas: Hitar Petar". University of Pittsburgh Center for
International Studies. Retrieved 2008-09-29.
"Хитър Петър vs. Бай Ганьо" (in Bulgarian).
bTourism. Retrieved 2008-09-29.
Humor and wit characters
Mullah Do Piaza
Hershel of Ostropol