Elk Grove is a city in Sacramento County, California, located just south of the state capital of Sacramento. It is part of the Sacramento–Arden-Arcade–Roseville Metropolitan Statistical Area. As of 2015, the population of the city was estimated at 167,965. The second-largest city in Sacramento County, Elk Grove was the fastest growing city in the U.S. between July 1, 2004, and July 1, 2005.
Spanish explorer Gabriel Moraga entered the region in 1808, naming the valley "Sacramento Valley" in honor of Sacramento, the Holy Sacrament in Spanish, giving the northerly city of Sacramento of which Elk Grove is a suburb its name. A writer on Moraga's expedition wrote of the region: "Canopies of oaks and cottonwoods, many festooned with grapevines, overhung both sides of the blue current. Birds chattered in the trees and big fish darted through the pellucid depths. The air was like champagne, and (the Spaniards) drank deep of it, drank in the beauty around them."
Elk Grove was founded in 1850 as a stage stop for travelers coming from Sacramento and the San Francisco Bay Area, when the Elk Grove Hotel and Stage Stop was opened by James Hall and the town was subsequently named after it. In 1868 the Western Division of the Central Pacific Railroad came through about a mile east of Elk Grove. At this new location another hotel was built to accommodate travelers and was also named the Elk Grove Hotel.
In the following decades, Elk Grove remained a small farming community with little urban development. In the late 1980s, suburban development projects began to spring up around the community, specifically in the north near Sacramento. This was meant to serve Sacramento's population as well as San Francisco commuters looking for a community relatively near the San Francisco Bay Area which they could settle in and still commute from. This set off a period of rapid suburban growth which peaked in the years 2004 and 2005 when Elk Grove was declared the fastest growing city in the US.
On July 1, 2000, Elk Grove incorporated as a city. In 2008 Elk Grove suffered heavily from the subprime mortgage crisis due to its suburban nature.
|U.S. Decennial Census
The Elk Grove Unified School District is the fifth largest school district in California and one of the fastest growing school districts in the nation. Located in southern Sacramento County, the district covers 320 square miles (830 km2), one-third of the county. For the 2002-03 school year, the district served more than 52,500 students, and grew to 62,767 students in the 2016-2017 school year. Those students attend 40 elementary schools, 9 middle schools, 9 high schools and 7 alternative high schools.
There are also several private schools in town. A local community college, Cosumnes River College, offers both vocational training and a transfer program to four-year universities. Located nearby are California State University, Sacramento and the University of California, Davis, as well as St. Mary's College. Elk Grove is also the home of the private six-year Universalist religious college Quest Seminary. In 2013, California Northstate University College of Pharmacy that offers a Doctor of Pharmacy degree program relocated to Elk Grove (near Interstate 5).
The new Elk Grove Public Library is located at 8900 Elk Grove Blvd in a modern two-story building. It moved to this location in 2008 from its old building one block east. The library is part of the broader Sacramento Public Library system. The Elk Grove Library also serves neighboring communities such as Vineyard, Wilton, Sloughhouse, and Rancho Murieta. Additional local libraries supplement neighborhoods, such as the public Franklin High Library.
Parks and recreation
Elk Grove parks are serviced by the Cosumnes Community Services District.
Elk Grove also hosts a number of recreational and competitive level sports clubs, including:
- Elk Grove Aquatics Club (competitive swimming)
- Elk Grove Piranhas Swim Team (recreational swimming)
- Elk Grove Soccer (recreational and competitive soccer)
- Elk Grove Youth Baseball (recreational baseball)
- Elk Grove Youth Lacrosse Club
- Laguna Creek Gators (recreational swimming)
The City of Elk Grove incorporated on July 1, 2000. It is a general law city with a council/manager form of government. Beginning in 2012, voters elect the mayor directly for a two-year term. Prior to 2012, the mayor's position was a one-year term and was chosen at-large by the city council. The remaining four positions on the city council are elected by districts to four-year terms.
On November 8, 2016, Steve Ly became the second directly elected mayor following Gary Davis, and the first Hmong mayor in the United States. The remaining councilmembers are Darren Suen (District 1), Pat Hume (District 2), Steve Detrick (District 3) and vacant (District 4).
Elk Grove is in California's 7th congressional district, represented by Democrat Ami Bera.
The Elk Grove Police Department provides policing services for the city while the Cosumnes Community Services District runs the fire department.
According to Elk Grove's 2010 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the top employers in the city are:
Companies based in Elk Grove include ALLDATA, Citizens Telecommunications Company of California, and Frontier Communications of the Southwest.
Elk Grove is serviced by a fared bus system called e-Tran that encompasses many of the city's main thoroughfares.
Elk Grove is a sister city of Concepción de Ataco in El Salvador.
- Arik Armstead (born 1993), linebacker for NFL's San Francisco 49ers
- Armond Armstead (born 1990), defensive tackle for CFL's Toronto Argonauts
- Ami Bera (born 1965), physician; U.S. Representative, 7th district, California
- Scott Boras (born 1952), baseball sports agent who was named "Most Powerful Sports Agent" in 2013 by Forbes
- Lance Briggs (born 1980), linebacker for NFL's Chicago Bears
- Bill Cartwright (born 1957), player and coach for NBA's Chicago Bulls
- Brian Detrick (born 1989), Professional Slalom Water Skier 
- Kyle Larson (born 1992), NASCAR driver
- Jeremy Reeves, Grammy winning producer
- Kenny Wiggins, lineman for NFL's Los Angeles Chargers
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- ^ "Elk Grove's new mayor cheered by Hmong worldwide". sacbee. Retrieved 2017-03-01.
- ^ Wang, Frances Kai-Hwa. "For Nation’s First Hmong Mayor, Life Is an 'American Story'", NBC News, December 13, 2016. Accessed March 1, 2017. "Steve Ly will make history this month as the nation's first Hmong-American mayor, though it's a historic moment that he says he acknowledges, but doesn't dwell on.... According to 2010 US Census figures, 26.3 percent of Elk Grove's population is Asian and 1.2 percent Native Hawaiian and Pacific Islander alone. Of those, Ly estimates that only about 2,000 to 3,000 voters are Hmong American."
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- ^ http://sacramento.cbslocal.com/2015/05/01/elk-groves-erik-armstead-looks-to-take-the-nfl-path-his-brother-didnt-get/ "Elk Grove’s Arik Armstead Looks To Take The NFL Path His Brother Didn’t Get"], CBS Sacramento, May 1, 2015. Accessed March 1, 2017.
- ^ Staff. "Former USC football player from Elk Grove sues over injected drug; Armond Armstead hospitalized for days", KCRA, August 31, 2012. Accessed March 1, 2017.
- ^ Bera, Ami. "About Dr. Ami Bera". Bera for Congress. Archived from the original on April 1, 2012. Retrieved November 14, 2012.
- ^ Jason Belzer (November 4, 2014). "The World's Most Powerful Sports Agents 2014". Forbes.
- ^ Via Associated Press. "Elk Grove native Lance Briggs plans to retire from NFL", Cincinnati.com, September 3, 2015. Accessed March 1, 2017.
- ^ Hull, John. "Where Are They Now: Bill Cartwright", Elk Grove Citizen, March 30, 2010. Accessed March 1, 2017. "Cartwright has countless memories of those experiences, but when he sits down and begins reminiscing of his days in Elk Grove, stories of his teenage years start flowing out in sharp detail."
- ^ http://briandetrick.com/bio/
- ^ "Biography". Kyle Larson official website. Archived from the original on August 26, 2012. Retrieved June 16, 2012.