Historical ports may be found where ancient civilisations have developed maritime trade.
One of the world's oldest known artificial harbors is at Wadi al-Jarf on the Red Sea. Along with the finding of harbor structures, ancient anchors have also been found.
Guangzhou was an important port during the ancient times as far back as the Qin Dynasty. was an important port during the ancient times as far back as the Qin Dynasty.
Canopus was the principal port in Egypt for Greek trade before the foundation of Alexandria.
Athens' port of Piraeus was the base for the Athenian fleet and this played a crucial role in the Battle of Salamis against the Achaemenid Empire in 480 BC.
Lothal is one of the most prominent cities of the ancient Indus valley civilisation, located in the Bhāl region of the modern state of Gujarāt and dating from 3700 BCE.
Ostia Antica was the port of ancient Rome with Portus established by Claudius and enlarged by Trajan to supplement the nearby port of Ostia.
Messina, sited on the Strait of Messina, also has a history as an ancient port.
During the Edo period, the island of Dejima was the only port open for trade with Europe and only received one Dutch ship per year, whereas Osaka was the largest domestic port and the main trade hub for rice.
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. (March 2018)