Hingham is a town in metropolitan
Greater Boston on the South Shore of
U.S. state of
Massachusetts in northern Plymouth County. At the
2010 census, the population was 22,157. Hingham is known for its
colonial history and location on
Boston Harbor. The town was named
after Hingham, Norfolk, England, and was first settled by English
colonists in 1633.
4.1 Top employers
7 Notable people
9 External links
The town of Hingham was dubbed "Bare Cove" by the first colonizing
English in 1633, but two years later was incorporated as a town under
the name "Hingham". The land on which Hingham was settled was
deeded to the English by the Wampanoag sachem
Wompatuck in 1655.
The town was within
Suffolk County from its founding in 1643 until
1803; and Plymouth County from 1803 to the present. The eastern part
of the town split off to become Cohasset in 1770. The town was named
for Hingham, a village in the English county of Norfolk, East Anglia,
whence most of the first colonists came, including Abraham Lincoln's
Samuel Lincoln (1622–90), his first American ancestor,
who came to
Massachusetts in 1637. A statue of President Lincoln
adorns the area adjacent to downtown Hingham Square.
Hingham was born of religious dissent. Many of the original founders
were forced to flee their native village in
Norfolk with both their
vicars, Rev. Peter Hobart and Rev. Robert Peck, when they fell foul of
the strict doctrines of Anglican England. Peck was known for what the
Norfolk historian Rev. Francis Blomefield called his "violent
schismatical spirit". Peck lowered the chancel railing of the church,
in accord with
Puritan sentiment that the Anglican church of the day
was too removed from its parishioners. He also antagonized
ecclesiastical authorities with other forbidden practices.
Seventeenth-century English Colonial architecture, the Old Ship
Hobart, born in Hingham, Norfolk, in 1604 and, like Peck, a graduate
of Magdalene College, Cambridge, sought shelter from the prevailing
discipline of the high church among his fellow Puritans. The cost
to those who emigrated was steep. They "sold their possessions for
half their value", noted a contemporary account, "and named the place
of their settlement after their natal town". (The cost to the place
they left behind was also high: Hingham was forced to petition
Parliament for aid, claiming that the departure of its most well-to-do
citizens had left it hamstrung.)
While most of the early Hingham settlers came from Hingham and other
nearby villages in East Anglia, a few Hingham settlers like Anthony
Eames came from the
West Country of England. The early settlers of
Dorchester, Massachusetts, for instance, had come under the guidance
of Rev. John White of Dorchester in Dorset, and some of them (like
Eames) later moved to Hingham. Accounts from Hingham's earliest years
indicate some friction between the disparate groups, culminating in a
1645 episode involving the town's "trainband", when some Hingham
settlers supported Eames, and others supported Bozoan Allen, a
prominent early Hingham settler and Hobart ally who came from King's
Lynn in Norfolk, East Anglia. Prominent East Anglian Puritans
like the Hobarts and the Cushings, for instance, were used to holding
sway in matters of governance. Eventually the controversy became
so heated that
John Winthrop and
Thomas Dudley were drawn into the
fray; minister Hobart threatened to excommunicate Eames.
Perez Lincoln House, c. 1640, North Street, Hingham
The bitter trainband controversy dragged on for several years,
culminating in stiff fines. Eventually a weary Eames, who was in
his mid-fifties when the controversy began and who had served Hingham
as first militia captain, a selectman, and Deputy in the General
Court, threw in the towel and moved to nearby Marshfield where he
again served as Deputy and emerged as a leading citizen, despite his
brush with the Hingham powers-that-be.
A deed signed by Col.
Samuel Thaxter of Hingham, a property of Dr.
Shiwei Jiang of Virginia
Although the town was incorporated in 1635, the colonists didn't get
around to negotiating purchase from the Wampanoag, the Native American
tribe in the region, until three decades later. On July 4, 1665, the
tribe's chief sachem, Josiah Wompatuck, sold the township to Capt.
Joshua Hobart (brother of Rev. Peter Hobart) and Ensign John Thaxter
(father of Col. Samuel Thaxter), representatives of Hingham's colonial
residents. Having occupied the land for 30 years, the Englishmen
presumably felt entitled to a steep discount.
The sum promised Josiah
Wompatuck for the land encompassing Hingham
was to be paid by two Hingham landowners: Lieut. John Smith and Deacon
John Leavitt, who had been granted 12 acres (49,000 m2) on
Hingham's Turkey Hill earlier that year. Now the two men were
instructed to deliver payment for their 12-acre (49,000 m2) grant
to Josiah the chief Sachem. The grant to Smith and Leavitt—who
together bought other large tracts from the Native Americans for
themselves and their partners—was "on condition that they satisfy
all the charge about the purchase of the town's land of
Josiah—Indian sagamore, both the principal purchase and all the
other charge that hath been about it". With that payment the
matter was considered settled.
Grave of colonist Josiah Leavitt, Old Ship Burying Ground, Hingham
The third town clerk of Hingham was Daniel Cushing, who emigrated
to Hingham from Hingham, Norfolk, with his father Matthew in 1638.
Cushing's meticulous records of early Hingham enabled subsequent town
historians to reconstruct much of early Hingham history as well as
that of the early families. Cushing was rather unusual in that he
included the town's gossip along with the more conventional formal
Hingham distance marker
According to the
United States Census
United States Census Bureau, the town has a total
area of 26.3 square miles (68.1 km2), of which 22.2 square miles
(57.5 km2) is land and 4.1 square miles (10.6 km2), or
15.58%, is water. Hingham is bordered on the east by Cohasset, and
Scituate, on the south by Norwell and Rockland, on the west by
Weymouth, and on the north by
Hingham Bay and Hull. Cohasset and
Weymouth are in
Norfolk County; the other towns, like Hingham itself,
are in Plymouth County. Hingham is 14 miles (23 km) southeast of
Hingham lies along the southwest corner of
Boston Harbor. The bay
leads to a harbor, which cuts a U-shaped indentation into the northern
shore of the town. The town is separated from Hull by the Weir River
and its tributary, which leads to the Straits Pond. The northern third
of the town's border with Weymouth consists of the Weymouth Back
River, which empties out into Hingham Bay. There are several other
small ponds and brooks throughout town. The town also has several
forests and parks, the largest of which,
Wompatuck State Park, spreads
into the neighboring towns of Cohasset, Scituate and Norwell. There
are also several conservation areas throughout town; the portion of
Boston Harbor Islands National Recreation Area in Hingham includes
Bumpkin Island, Button Island, Langlee Island, Ragged Island, Sarah
Island and the World's End Reservation, which juts out into the bay.
There is a marina along the mouth of the Weymouth Back River, and a
public beach along the harbor.
See also: List of
Massachusetts locations by per capita income
* = population estimate. Source:
United States Census
United States Census records and
Population Estimates Program data.
New North Church
As of the census  of 2000, there were 19,882 people, 7,189
households, and 5,478 families residing in the town. The population
density was 884.8 people per square mile (341.6/km²). There were
7,368 housing units at an average density of 327.9 per square mile
(126.6/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.5% White, 0.40%
Black or African American, 0.04% Native American, 0.88% Asian, 0.02%
Pacific Islander, 0.22% from other races, and 0.95% from two or more
races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.75% of the
There were 7,189 households out of which 37.8% had children under the
age of 18 living with them, 65.7% were married couples living
together, 8.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and
23.8% were non-families. 21.0% of all households were made up of
individuals and 10.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age
or older. The average household size was 2.72 and the average family
size was 3.19.
In the town, the population was spread out with 27.7% under the age of
18, 4.3% from 18 to 24, 26.3% from 25 to 44, 27.5% from 45 to 64, and
14.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years.
For every 100 females there were 89.5 males. For every 100 females age
18 and over, there were 85.6 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $83,018, and the
median income for a family was $98,598 (these figures had risen to
$100,444 and $134,259 respectively as of a 2007 estimate). Males
had a median income of $66,802 versus $41,370 for females. The per
capita income for the town was $41,703. About 2.4% of families and
3.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.7% of
those under age 18 and 3.1% of those age 65 or over.
According to the Town's 2017 Comprehensive Annual Financial
Report, the top employers in the city are:
# of employees
Blue Cross/Blue Shield
Town of Hingham
Stop & Shop
Loring Hall, Main Street
On the national level, Hingham is a part of Massachusetts's 8th
congressional district, and is currently represented by Stephen F.
Lynch. The state's senior member of the
United States Senate
United States Senate is
Elizabeth Warren. The state's junior Senator is Ed Markey, who was
elected in a special election in 2013 to fill the seat vacated by John
Kerry being appointed as United States Secretary of State.
On the state level, Hingham is represented in the
of Representatives as a part of the Third Plymouth district, by Joan
Meschino. The district also includes Cohasset, Hull and North
Scituate. The town is represented in the
Massachusetts Senate as a
part of the Plymouth and
Norfolk district, by Patrick O'Connor. The
district also includes the towns of Cohasset, Duxbury, Hull,
Marshfield, Norwell, Scituate and Weymouth. The town is patrolled
on a secondary basis by the First (Norwell) Barracks of Troop D of the
Massachusetts State Police.
Hingham is governed on the local level by the open town meeting form
of government, and is led by a town administrator and a three-member
board of selectmen. The town hall is located in the former Central
Junior High School building, which it moved into in 1995. The town has
its own police and fire departments, with a central police station
next to the town hall and fire houses located near the town common, in
West Hingham, and in South Hingham. The town's nearest hospital is
South Shore Hospital in Weymouth, where all emergency calls are sent.
There are two post offices in town, one in downtown Hingham on North
Street and another in South Hingham right on Route 53. The town's
public library is located on Leavitt Street in Center Hingham, and is
part of the Old Colony Library Network.
Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of October 15, 2008
Number of Voters
Hingham is home to seven public schools:
Hingham High School
South Shore Educational Collaborative
Hingham Middle School
East Elementary School
Foster Elementary School
Plymouth River Elementary School
South Elementary School
Hingham is home to five private schools:
Notre Dame Academy
St. Paul School
Old Colony Montessori School
Su Escuela Language Academy
South Street, Hingham
A small portion of Route 3 passes through the southwest corner of
town, with one exit in town and another at Route 228 just south of the
town line. Routes 3A and 53 also cross through the town, the latter
mirroring the path of Route 3. Route 228 passes from north to south in
town; the rest all pass from west to east.
Public transportation is currently served by the commuter boat ferry
service from the Hingham Shipyard to
Rowes Wharf in downtown Boston,
the MBTA's Bus Route 220, with Route 222 also passing through a small
section of town, and the
MBTA Commuter Rail
MBTA Commuter Rail to
Boston South Station.
Commuter rail has been restored along the
Greenbush Line through
Hingham. Trains stop at two stations in town; West Hingham and
Nantasket Junction. As part of the MBTA's agreement to restore train
service, a tunnel has been built to carry the commuter trains under
historic Hingham Square. There were disputes in Hingham about whether
to allow the train to pass through the town. Some people felt that
Hingham is becoming less like a town and more like a small city.
Others felt that the line would benefit the town. Ferries also run
from Hingham Shipyard to several islands in
Boston Harbor during the
summer as well as to Pemberton Point, Hull. There is no air service in
the town; the nearest airport is
Logan International Airport
Logan International Airport in Boston
as well as smaller public airports in Norwood and Marshfield.
Samuel Lincoln House
Old Burying Ground
Hingham's most famous line of citizens came from two unrelated
families named Lincoln who emigrated to
Massachusetts from the English
Norfolk in the seventeenth century, from Hingham and
Swanton Morley, respectively. A bridge in Hingham over Route 3,
the Southeast Expressway, is named after American Revolutionary War
Benjamin Lincoln of the Swanton branch. General Lincoln is
best remembered for accepting Cornwallis's sword of surrender at the
Siege of Yorktown. But the most famous Hingham Lincoln never lived in
the town: United States President and Civil War Commander-in-Chief
Abraham Lincoln, descended from one of several Lincoln families who
settled in Hingham—and unrelated to General Benjamin. A bronze
statue, a replica of the famous sitting
Lincoln Memorial in Washington
D.C. sits at the foot of Lincoln Street at North Street.
Alice Merryweather, Olympic Alpine Skier
John F. Andrew, 19th century United States Congressman
Prescott Bush Jr., brother of 41st President
George H.W. Bush
George H.W. Bush and
Uncle of 43rd President George W. Bush
Herbert L. Foss, recipient of the
Medal of Honor
Medal of Honor in the
Harold Hackett, four-time U.S. Open tennis doubles champion
Capt. Joshua Hobart, Hingham representative to the Massachusetts
General Court and Deputy for 25 years, Speaker of the House, member,
Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company
Rev. Peter Hobart, founding minister, Hingham's First Parish Church,
later Old Ship Church Two sons of Rev. Peter Hobart moved to Long
Island, New York, in the seventeenth century, where both were
prominent. Rev. Joshua Hobart, who married the daughter of William
Vassall, an early
Massachusetts merchant named in the 1629 charter for
Massachusetts Bay Colony, graduated from Harvard College, and
after some time in
Barbados and London, returned to America. He
settled in the ministry at Southold, Long Island, where he served the
town for nearly a half-century. Rev. Hobart's brother, Capt. Josiah
Hobart, settled at East Hampton, Long Island, where he was named in
the town's first deed, known as the Dongan Patent, as one of the
town's initial trustees. Capt. Hobart also served as High Sheriff of
Suffolk County, and built one of East Hampton's oldest surviving
Pierre McGuire, ice hockey analyst and former NHL coach and scout
Suzanne Parsons, player in the All-American Girls Professional
Ben McVane player in the National Basketball Association
Noah Kennedy a player in the National Basketball Association
[ Rev. Robert Peck, born at Beccles, Suffolk, England, in 1580. He
graduated from Magdalene College, Cambridge, with an A.B. degree in
1599, and received his A. M. in 1603. He was a talented and
influential clergyman, and was a founder of the town of Hingham,
Massachusetts. He served as teacher and a minister at Hingham's First
Parish Church. Although Peck returned to England, his daughter Anne
married Major John Mason, a soldier who was a major figure in the
Pequot War and served as a Deputy Governor of the
Rev. Peck's brother, Joseph Peck, founded the town of Rehoboth,
Mike "King" Kelly
Mike "King" Kelly 19th Century Baseball Hall of Famer. Given a home on
Main Street, Hingham by loving fans of Boston.Slide, Kelly, Slide
(Scarecrow Press 1996).
^ "What is a Hingham Bucket?".
^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-07-17. Retrieved
^ (Mass.), Hingham; Bouvé, Thomas Tracy; Bouvé, Edward Tracy; Long,
John Davis; Bouvé, Walter Lincoln; Lincoln, Francis Henry; Lincoln,
George; Hersey, Edmund; Burr, Fearing (1893). "History of the town of
^ a b "Hingham, Massachusetts". Hingham, Massachusetts. Retrieved
August 25, 2012.
^ a b "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010
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March 19, 2012.
^ "Profile for Hingham, Massachusetts, MA". ePodunk. Retrieved August
^ Barber, John Warner (1 January 1844). "Historical Collections: Being
a General Collection of Interesting Facts, Traditions, Biographical
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^ "History of Wompatuck". Retrieved 12 April 2012.
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^ "History of the Town of Hingham, Massachusetts". town. 1 January
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^ a b (Mass.), Hingham; Bouvé, Thomas Tracy; Bouvé, Edward Tracy;
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MA; Hull, Plymouth co., MA; Charlestown,
Suffolk co., MA".
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1631-1661: An East Anglian Oligarchy in the New World". Journal of
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1630 to 1649". Little, Brown and Co. – via Google Books.
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Town of Cohasset, Massachusetts" – via Google Books.
^ Hingham's early settlers intermarried extensively. Town clerk Daniel
Cushing, for instance, was brother-in-law to John Leavitt, founding
deacon of Old Ship Church, for whom today's Leavitt Street is named.
(They married daughters of Edward Gilman, Sr., who settled in Hingham
before moving to Exeter, New Hampshire. The immigrant Edward Gilman's
sister Bridget married Edward Lincoln, father of Samuel Lincoln,
ancestor of Abraham Lincoln.) Later the Cushing and Leavitt families
themselves intermarried—resulting in descendants named both Leavitt
Cushing and Cushing Leavitt.
^ Cushing, Lemuel (1 January 1877). "The Genealogy of the Cushing
Family". Lovell printing and publishing Company – via Google
^ Tarbell, Ida Minerva (1 January 1924). "
Abraham Lincoln and His
Ancestors". U of Nebraska Press – via Google Books.
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and Genealogical and Personal Memoirs Relating to the Families of
Middlesex County, Massachusetts". Lewis historical publishing Company
– via Google Books.
^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001):
Hingham town, Plymouth County, Massachusetts". U.S.
American Factfinder. Retrieved March 19, 2012.
^ "TOTAL POPULATION (P1), 2010
File 1, All County
Subdivisions within Massachusetts".
United States Census
United States Census Bureau.
Retrieved September 13, 2011.
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United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on
November 3, 2011. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
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Census Bureau. December 1990. Table 76:
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Retrieved July 12, 2011.
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Massachusetts" (PDF). US
Census Bureau. December 1981. Table 4.
Populations of County Subdivisions: 1960 to 1980. PC80-1-A23.
Retrieved July 12, 2011.
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of the Census. 1952. Section 6, Pages 21-10 and 21-11, Massachusetts
Table 6. Population of Counties by Minor Civil Divisions: 1930 to
1950. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
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Massachusetts Table 2. Population of Counties by Minor Civil
Divisions: 1920, 1910, and 1920. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
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Census Office. Pages 179 through 182.
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and 1890. Retrieved July 12, 2011.
^ "American FactFinder".
United States Census
United States Census Bureau. Retrieved
^ factfinder.census.gov for Hingham, MA, 2000 census
^ Town of Hingham CAFR
^ "Representative Joan Meschino". malegislature.gov. Retrieved
^ "We've Moved".
^ Station D-1, SP Norwell
^ "Registration and Party Enrollment Statistics as of October 15,
Massachusetts Elections Division. Retrieved
^ "South Shore Educational Collaborative".
^ "Hingham Middle School".
^ "East Elementary School - Welcome to East!".
^ "Foster Elementary School".
^ "Plymouth River Elementary School".
^ "South Elementary School".
^ "Saint Paul School".
^ "Old Colony Montessori School".
^ "Su Escuela Language Academy - Creative. Confident.
^ Pedigree chart for John Lincoln (1716–88)[permanent dead link]
^ Pedigree chart for
Benjamin Lincoln (1643–1700)[permanent dead
^ Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607–1896. Marquis
Who's Who. 1967.
^ O'Connor, Anahad (June 24, 2010). "Prescott Bush Jr., Scion of a
Political Family, Dies at 87". New York Times. Retrieved
^ Following in HIs Hingham Footsteps after 350 Years, Connie
Gorfinkle, GateHouse News Service, wickedlocal.com Archived 2012-11-08
at the Wayback Machine.
^ Whitaker, Epher (1 January 1881). "History of Southold, L.I.: Its
First Century". author – via Google Books.
^ Gordon, Joe (November 18, 1993). "McGuire makes name for himself".
^ "Suzanne Zipay (Parsons) AAGPBL Player/Profile".
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Hingham, Massachusetts.
Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Hingham.
Hingham Historical and Genealogical Research Guide
Local History & Genealogy
Massachusetts.gov[permanent dead link] Information on Hingham
Hingham High School
Hingham Public Library
Hingham (Norfolk, England) website
A History of Shipbuilding at Fore River
Early Settlers of Hingham, History of Hingham, 1893
New North Church
Greenbush Line Construction Project and Links
History of the Town of Hingham, Massachusetts, Vol. I, Thomas Tracy
Bouvé and others, Published by the Town, 1893
George Lincoln, History of Hingham: The Online Edition, Vol. II &
III - Genealogy
Answer Book/Hingham: Everything you need to know
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