HINGHAM is a town in metropolitan
Greater Boston on the South Shore
U.S. state of
Massachusetts in northern Plymouth County . At
the 2010 census , the population was 22,157. Hingham is known for its
colonial history and location on
Boston Harbor . The town was named
Hingham, Norfolk ,
England , and was first settled by English
colonists in 1633.
* 1 History
* 2 Geography
* 3 Demographics
* 4 Economy
* 4.1 Top employers
* 5 Government
* 6 Infrastructure
* 6.1 Education
* 6.2 Transportation
* 7 Notable people
* 8 References
* 9 External links
The town of Hingham was dubbed "Bare Cove" by the first colonizing
English in 1633, but two years later was incorporated as a town under
the name "Hingham". The land on which Hingham was settled was deeded
to the English by the Wampanoag sachem
Wompatuck in 1655. The town
Suffolk County from its founding in 1643 until 1803; and
Plymouth County from 1803 to the present. The eastern part of the town
split off to become Cohasset in 1770. The town was named for Hingham ,
a village in the English county of
Norfolk , East Anglia, whence most
of the first colonists came, including
Abraham Lincoln 's ancestor
Samuel Lincoln (1622–90), his first American ancestor, who came to
Massachusetts in 1637. A statue of President Lincoln adorns the area
adjacent to downtown Hingham Square.
Hingham was born of religious dissent. Many of the original founders
were forced to flee their native village in
Norfolk with both their
vicars, Rev. Peter Hobart and Rev. Robert Peck, when they fell foul of
the strict doctrines of Anglican England. Peck was known for what the
Norfolk historian Rev. Francis Blomefield called his "violent
schismatical spirit". Peck lowered the chancel railing of the church,
in accord with
Puritan sentiment that the Anglican church of the day
was too removed from its parishioners. He also antagonized
ecclesiastical authorities with other forbidden practices.
Seventeenth-century English Colonial architecture, the Old Ship Church
Hobart, born in Hingham, Norfolk, in 1604 and, like Peck, a graduate
Magdalene College, Cambridge , sought shelter from the prevailing
discipline of the high church among his fellow Puritans. The cost to
those who emigrated was steep. They "sold their possessions for half
their value", noted a contemporary account, "and named the place of
their settlement after their natal town". (The cost to the place they
left behind was also high: Hingham was forced to petition Parliament
for aid, claiming that the departure of its most well-to-do citizens
had left it hamstrung.)
While most of the early Hingham settlers came from Hingham and other
nearby villages in East Anglia, a few Hingham settlers like Anthony
Eames came from the
West Country of England. The early settlers of
Massachusetts , for instance, had come under the guidance
of Rev. John White of Dorchester in
Dorset , and some of them (like
Eames) later moved to Hingham. Accounts from Hingham's earliest years
indicate some friction between the disparate groups, culminating in an
1645 episode involving the town's "trainband ", when some Hingham
settlers supported Eames, and others supported Bozoan Allen, a
prominent early Hingham settler and Hobart ally who came from King\'s
Lynn in Norfolk, East Anglia . Prominent East Anglian Puritans like
the Hobarts and the Cushings, for instance, were used to holding sway
in matters of governance. Eventually the controversy became so heated
John Winthrop and
Thomas Dudley were drawn into the fray;
minister Hobart threatened to excommunicate Eames. Perez Lincoln
House, c. 1640, North Street, Hingham
The bitter trainband controversy dragged on for several years,
culminating in stiff fines. Eventually a weary Eames, who was in his
mid-fifties when the controversy began and who had served Hingham as
first militia captain, a selectman, and Deputy in the General Court,
threw in the towel and moved to nearby Marshfield where he again
served as Deputy and emerged as a leading citizen, despite his brush
with the Hingham powers-that-be. A deed signed by Col. Samuel
Thaxter of Hingham,a property of Dr. Shiwei Jiang of Virginia
Although the town was incorporated in 1635, the colonists didn't get
around to negotiating purchase from the Wampanoag , the Native
American tribe in the region, until three decades later. On July 4,
1665, the tribe's chief sachem, Josiah Wompatuck, sold the township to
Capt. Joshua Hobart (brother of Rev. Peter Hobart) and Ensign John
Thaxter (father of Col.
Samuel Thaxter ), representatives of Hingham's
colonial residents. Having occupied the land for 30 years, the
Englishmen presumably felt entitled to a steep discount.
The sum promised Josiah
Wompatuck for the land encompassing Hingham
was to be paid by two Hingham landowners: Lieut. John Smith and Deacon
John Leavitt , who had been granted 12 acres (49,000 m2) on Hingham's
Turkey Hill earlier that year. Now the two men were instructed to
deliver payment for their 12-acre (49,000 m2) grant to Josiah the
chief Sachem. The grant to Smith and Leavitt—who together bought
other large tracts from the Native Americans for themselves and their
partners—was "on condition that they satisfy all the charge about
the purchase of the town's land of Josiah—Indian sagamore, both the
principal purchase and all the other charge that hath been about it".
With that payment the matter was considered settled. Grave of
colonist Josiah Leavitt, Old Ship Burying Ground, Hingham
The third town clerk of Hingham was Daniel Cushing, who emigrated to
Hingham, Norfolk , with his father Matthew in 1638.
Cushing's meticulous records of early Hingham enabled subsequent town
historians to reconstruct much of early Hingham history as well as
that of the early families. Cushing was rather unusual in that he
included the town's gossip along with the more conventional formal
Hingham distance marker
According to the
Census Bureau , the town has a total
area of 26.3 square miles (68.1 km2), of which 22.2 square miles (57.5
km2) is land and 4.1 square miles (10.6 km2), or 15.58%, is water.
Hingham is bordered on the east by Cohasset , and Scituate , on the
south by Norwell and Rockland , on the west by Weymouth , and on the
Hingham Bay and Hull . Cohasset and Weymouth are in Norfolk
County ; the other towns, like Hingham itself, are in Plymouth County
. Hingham is 14 miles (23 km) southeast of downtown
Hingham lies along the southwest corner of
Boston Harbor , at the
portion known as Hingham Bay. The bay leads to a harbor, which cuts a
U-shaped indentation into the northern shore of the town. The town is
separated from Hull by the Weir River and its tributary, which leads
to the Straits Pond. The northern third of the town's border with
Weymouth consists of the
Weymouth Back River , which empties out into
Hingham Bay. There are several other small ponds and brooks throughout
town. The town also has several forests and parks, the largest of
Wompatuck State Park , spreads into the neighboring towns of
Cohasset, Scituate and Norwell. There are also several conservation
areas throughout town; the portion of the
Boston Harbor Islands
National Recreation Area in Hingham includes
Bumpkin Island , Button
Langlee Island , Ragged Island , Sarah Island and the
World\'s End Reservation , which juts out into the bay. There is a
marina along the mouth of the Weymouth Back River, and a public beach
along the harbor.
See also: List of
Massachusetts locations by per capita income
* = population estimate. Source:
Census records and
Population Estimates Program data.
New North Church
As of the census of 2000, there were 19,882 people, 7,189
households, and 5,478 families residing in the town. The population
density was 884.8 people per square mile (341.6/km²). There were
7,368 housing units at an average density of 327.9 per square mile
(126.6/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.5% White , 0.40%
Black or African American , 0.04% Native American , 0.88% Asian ,
0.02% Pacific Islander , 0.22% from other races , and 0.95% from two
or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.75% of the
There were 7,189 households out of which 37.8% had children under the
age of 18 living with them, 65.7% were married couples living
together, 8.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and
23.8% were non-families. 21.0% of all households were made up of
individuals and 10.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age
or older. The average household size was 2.72 and the average family
size was 3.19.
In the town, the population was spread out with 27.7% under the age
of 18, 4.3% from 18 to 24, 26.3% from 25 to 44, 27.5% from 45 to 64,
and 14.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40
years. For every 100 females there were 89.5 males. For every 100
females age 18 and over, there were 85.6 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $83,018, and the
median income for a family was $98,598 (these figures had risen to
$100,444 and $134,259 respectively as of a 2007 estimate). Males had
a median income of $66,802 versus $41,370 for females. The per capita
income for the town was $41,703. About 2.4% of families and 3.5% of
the population were below the poverty line , including 4.7% of those
under age 18 and 3.1% of those age 65 or over.
According to the Town's 2009 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,
the top employers in the city are:
# OF EMPLOYEES
Blue Cross Blue Shield of
Town of Hingham
Stop "> Loring Hall, Main Street
On the national level, Hingham is a part of Massachusetts\'s 8th
congressional district , and is currently represented by Stephen F.
Lynch . The state's senior member of the
United States Senate is
Elizabeth Warren . The state's junior Senator is
Ed Markey , who was
elected in a special election in 2013 to fill the seat vacated by John
Kerry being appointed as
United States Secretary of State .
On the state level, Hingham is represented in the
of Representatives as a part of the Third Plymouth district, by
Garrett Bradley. The district also includes Cohasset, Hull and North
Scituate. The town is represented in the
Massachusetts Senate as a
part of the Plymouth and
Norfolk district, by Patrick O'Connor. The
district also includes the towns of Cohasset, Duxbury, Hull,
Marshfield, Norwell, Scituate and Weymouth. The town is patrolled on
a secondary basis by the First (Norwell) Barracks of Troop D of the
Massachusetts State Police .
Hingham is governed on the local level by the open town meeting form
of government, and is led by a town administrator and a three-member
board of selectmen . The town hall is located in the former Central
Junior High School building, which it moved into in 1995. The town has
its own police and fire departments, with a central police station
next to the town hall and fire houses located near the town common, in
West Hingham, and in South Hingham. The town's nearest hospital is
South Shore Hospital in Weymouth, where all emergency calls are sent.
There are two post offices in town, one in downtown Hingham on North
Street and another in South Hingham right on Route 53. The town's
public library is located on Leavitt Street in Center Hingham, and is
part of the Old Colony Library Network.
VOTER REGISTRATION AND PARTY ENROLLMENT AS OF OCTOBER 15, 2008
NUMBER OF VOTERS
Hingham is home to seven public schools:
Hingham High School
* South Shore Educational Collaborative
* Hingham Middle School
* East Elementary School
* Foster Elementary School
* Plymouth River Elementary School
* South Elementary School
Hingham is home to five private schools:
* Derby Academy
* Notre Dame Academy
* St. Paul School
* Old Colony Montessori School
* Su Escuela Language Academy
South Street, Hingham
A small portion of Route 3 passes through the southwest corner of
town, with one exit in town and another at Route 228 just south of the
town line. Routes 3A and 53 also cross through the town, the latter
mirroring the path of Route 3. Route 228 passes from north to south in
town; the rest all pass from west to east.
Public transportation is currently served by the commuter boat ferry
service from the Hingham Shipyard to
Rowes Wharf in downtown
the MBTA\'s Bus Route 220, with Route 222 also passing through a small
section of town, and the
MBTA Commuter Rail to
Boston South Station .
Commuter rail has been restored along the
Greenbush Line through
Hingham. Trains stop at two stations in town; West Hingham and
Nantasket Junction . As part of the MBTA's agreement to restore train
service, a tunnel has been built to carry the commuter trains under
historic Hingham Square. There were disputes in Hingham about whether
to allow the train to pass through the town. Some people felt that
Hingham is becoming less like a town and more like a small city.
Others felt that the line will benefit the town. Ferries also run from
Hingham Shipyard to several islands in
Boston Harbor during the summer
as well as to
Pemberton Point , Hull . There is no air service in the
town; the nearest airport is
Logan International Airport in
well as smaller public airports in Norwood and Marshfield .
Samuel Lincoln House Old Burying
Hingham's most famous line of citizens came from two unrelated
families named Lincoln who emigrated to
Massachusetts from the English
Norfolk in the seventeenth century, from Hingham and
Swanton Morley respectively. A bridge in Hingham over Route 3 , the
Southeast Expressway, is named after American Revolutionary War
Benjamin Lincoln of the Swanton branch. General Lincoln is
best remembered for accepting Cornwallis's sword of surrender at the
Siege of Yorktown . But the most famous Hingham Lincoln never lived in
United States President and Civil War Commander-in-Chief
Abraham Lincoln , descended from one of several Lincoln families who
settled in Hingham—and unrelated to General Benjamin. A bronze
statue, a replica of the famous sitting
Lincoln Memorial in Washington
D.C. sits at the foot of Lincoln Street at North Street.
John F. Andrew , 19th century
United States Congressman
Prescott Bush Jr. , brother of 41st President George H.W. Bush
and Uncle of 43rd President
George W. Bush
George W. Bush
Herbert L. Foss , recipient of the
Medal of Honor in the
Harold Hackett , four-time U.S. Open tennis doubles champion
* Capt. Joshua Hobart , Hingham representative to the Massachusetts
General Court and Deputy for 25 years, Speaker of the House , member,
Ancient and Honorable Artillery Company
* Rev. Peter Hobart , founding minister, Hingham's First Parish
Old Ship Church Two sons of Rev. Peter Hobart moved to
Long Island , New York , in the seventeenth century, where both were
prominent. Rev. Joshua Hobart, who married the daughter of William
Vassall, an early
Massachusetts merchant named in the 1629 charter for
Massachusetts Bay Colony , graduated from
Harvard College , and
after some time in
London , returned to America. He
settled in the ministry at Southold , Long Island, where he served the
town for nearly a half-century. Rev. Hobart's brother, Capt. Josiah
Hobart, settled at East Hampton,
Long Island , where he was named in
the town's first deed, known as the
Dongan Patent , as one of the
town's initial trustees. Capt. Hobart also served as High Sheriff of
Suffolk County, and built one of East Hampton's oldest surviving
Pierre McGuire , ice hockey analyst and former NHL coach and scout
* Suzanne Parsons , player in the All-American Girls Professional
* Rev. Robert Peck , born at
England , in 1580.
He graduated from
Magdalene College, Cambridge , with an A.B. degree
in 1599, and received his A. M. in 1603. He was a talented and
influential clergyman, and was a founder of the town of Hingham,
Massachusetts. He served as teacher and a minister at Hingham's First
Parish Church. Although Peck returned to England, his daughter Anne
married Major John Mason , a soldier who was a major figure in the
Pequot War and served as a Deputy Governor of the
Connecticut Colony .
Rev. Peck's brother, Joseph Peck, founded the town of Rehoboth,
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founding deacon of
Old Ship Church , for whom today's Leavitt Street
is named. (They married daughters of Edward Gilman, Sr., who settled
in Hingham before moving to
Exeter, New Hampshire . The immigrant
Edward Gilman's sister Bridget married Edward Lincoln, father of
Samuel Lincoln , ancestor of
Abraham Lincoln .) Later the Cushing and
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* ^ "Hingham Middle School".
* ^ "East Elementary School - Welcome to East!".
* ^ "Foster Elementary School".
* ^ "Plymouth River Elementary School".
* ^ "South Elementary School".
* ^ "Saint Paul School".
* ^ "Old Colony Montessori School".
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* ^ Pedigree chart for
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