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HINCKLEY is a market town in southwest Leicestershire , England. It is administered by Hinckley and Bosworth Borough Council. Hinckley
Hinckley
is the second largest town in the administrative county of Leicestershire, after Loughborough
Loughborough
.

Hinckley
Hinckley
is situated approximately at the mid-point between the cities of Leicester and Coventry
Coventry
and is near to the larger town of Nuneaton in Warwickshire.

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 1.1 17th century * 1.2 19th century * 1.3 Modern times

* 2 Local government

* 3 Geography

* 3.1 Places of interest

* 4 Industry

* 5 Transport

* 5.1 Roads * 5.2 Bus * 5.3 Railway * 5.4 Airports

* 6 Media and culture * 7 Sport * 8 Education * 9 Cultural associations * 10 Notable people * 11 Folklore * 12 Twinning * 13 Notes * 14 References * 15 External links

HISTORY

Hinckley
Hinckley
has a history going back to Anglo-Saxon times; the name Hinckley
Hinckley
is Anglo Saxon: "Hinck" is someone's name and "ley" is a meadow. By the time of the Domesday Book
Domesday Book
in 1086, Hinckley
Hinckley
was quite a large village, and grew over the following 200 years into a small market town —a market was first recorded there in 1311. There is evidence of an Anglo Saxon church – the remnants of an Anglo Saxon sun-dial being visible on the diagonal buttress on the south-east corner of the chancel.

In 2000, archaeologists from Northampton Archaeology discovered evidence of Iron Age and Romano-British settlement on land near Coventry
Coventry
Road and Watling Street. In 2011 this area was named and signed as Saxon Paddock.

17TH CENTURY

In the 17th century, the town developed a hosiery industry, producing stockings and similar items. Hinckley
Hinckley
played a prominent part in the English Civil War
English Civil War
. Its proximity to several rival strongholds—the royalist garrisons at Caldicote, Ashby de la Zouch and Leicester, those of the Parliamentarians at Tamworth and Coventry
Coventry
, and the presence of parties of troops or brigands occupying several fortified houses in nearby Warwickshire—ensured frequent visits by the warring parties. The local townsfolk were forced to decide whether to declare their allegiances openly or attempt to remain neutral—with the risk of having to pay levies, ransoms, and fines to both sides. In March 1644, Hinckley
Hinckley
was occupied by a group of Royalist troops, though they were soon driven out by a force of Parliamentarians , who took many prisoners.

The Civil War years were a particularly unsettled time for the clergy in and around Hinckley. Parsons with parliamentary leanings like Thomas Cleveland, the vicar of Hinckley, suffered sequestration by the Leicester County Committee , like some of his "malignant" neighbours accused of visiting royalist garrisons or preaching against Parliament.

The town was visited by both parliamentary and royalists troops from the rival garrisons, particularly parliamentary troops from Tamworth, Coventry
Coventry
and Astley Castle
Astley Castle
in Warwickshire. Troops from Coventry garrison were particularly active in the town, taking horses and "free quarter" and availing themselves of 'dyett and Beere', and taking some of the inhabitants hostage for ransom. Royalist troops raided the town to threaten those with parliamentary sympathies. The notorious Lord Hastings of Ashby de la Zouch is recorded to have "coursed about the country as far as Dunton and Lutterworth and took near upon a hundred of the clergymen and others, and carried them prisoners … threatening to hang all them that should take the Parliament's Covenant". Parliamentary newssheets record that on the night of 4 March 1644, Hastings's men brought in "26 honest countrymen from several towns" intending to take them to Ashby de la Zouch, along with a huge herd of cattle, oxen and horses from the country people and a minister named Mr Warner. These prisoners were herded into Hinckley church and asked "in a jeering manner, 'Where are the Round-heads your brethren at Leicester? Why come they not to redeem you?'" This inscription is part of a window in St Mary's church, Hinckley
Hinckley

The Parliamentarians responded in a memorable "Skirmish or Great Victory for Parliament". Colonel Grey with 120-foot soldiers and 30 troopers from Bagworth House rushed to Hinckley
Hinckley
and re-took the town, routed the Royalists, rescued the cattle and released their imprisoned countrymen. No doubt the inhabitants of the town were as relieved as any when Ashby finally surrendered, as Vicars records, "a great mercy and mighty preservation of the peace and tranquility of all those adjacent parts about it."

19TH CENTURY

At the time of the first national census in 1801, Hinckley
Hinckley
had a population of 5,158: twenty years later it had increased by about a thousand. The largest industry in the early 19th century was the making of hosiery and only Leicester had a larger output of stockings. In the district, it was estimated ca. 1830 that 6,000 persons were employed in this work.

Castle Street is the first known location of ' Luddism ', where disgruntled workers, replaced by machinery in their jobs, took sledgehammers to the machines. Joseph Hansom built the first Hansom cab in Hinckley
Hinckley
in 1835.

In 1899 A Cottage Hospital was built to celebrate the Diamond Jubilee of Queen Victoria two years earlier. Money was raised by the local townspeople and factory owners notably John and Thomas Atkins who also had a hand in building many of the key buildings of Hinckley. The corner stone was laid by Sir John Fowke Lancelot Rolleston.

This hospital was central to the people of Hinckley
Hinckley
and supported by local workers who donated one penny a week for its upkeep until it was adopted by the NHS in 1948. Over the years it expanded to align with the town. Sadly now, this historic beautiful building, appears dilapidated in some areas and is currently threatened with closure, sale and demolition by West Leicestershire Clinical Commissioning Group and NHS Properties LTD. The local community is facing a fight to save it for the town and petitons gave been signed both online and on paper.

MODERN TIMES

A 1961 1 inch = 1 mile series map. It covers the Hinckley-Nuneaton-Atherstone-Wolvey region. Harts Hill quarry is attached to a railway and in full swing. The coal mines near Griff Lodge Farm and Ansty Hall are in early decline. The mines are now shut. Note the (even by then) removed railway by Higham Grange and Higham on the Hill.

The area was subject to new housing developments in the 1950s, 1960s and 1990s.

LOCAL GOVERNMENT

Hinckley
Hinckley
became an urban district under the Local Government Act 1894 , covering the ancient parish of Hinckley. In 1934, under a County Review Order , Hinckley
Hinckley
urban district expanded to include the ancient parishes of Barwell
Barwell
, Burbage and Earl Shilton and most of Stoke Golding . In 1974, under the Local Government Act 1972 the Hinckley urban district was abolished, becoming an unparished area in the borough of Hinckley and Bosworth . Since then, the civil parishes of Barwell, Burbage, Earl Shilton and Stoke Golding have been re-established. The core urban area remained unparished.

GEOGRAPHY

Hollycroft, Middlefield, and Wykin are suburbs of Hinckley.

Burbage is often thought to be a suburb of Hinckley
Hinckley
but is in fact separate. It is a large village merging with Hinckley
Hinckley
to the south, separated by the railway line. Sketchley is another small village which has merged into Burbage.

PLACES OF INTEREST

The canalside pub, The Lime Kilns, nr. Hinckley
Hinckley
stands at the point where the Ashby Canal is crossed by the A5 The framework knitters' cottages, Hinckley
Hinckley

* The site of the Battle of Bosworth , administered by Leicestershire County Council, includes an interpretation centre at Ambion Hill , where Richard III encamped the night before the battle. St James's Church at Dadlington is the place where many of the dead were buried and where a chantry was founded on their behalf * Hinckley
Hinckley
Museum is in a range of 17th-century timber-framed framework knitters\' cottages * Stoke Golding has one of the most beautiful medieval churches in Leicestershire, with an exquisitely carved arcade and very fine 13th-century window tracery

St Mary's Church

* St Mary\'s Church , the Church of England
England
parish church of the Assumption of Saint Mary the Virgin , in the centre of Hinckley, is 13th-century. There is a local folk tale that a tombstone in the churchyard marking the grave of Richard Smith, a young saddler murdered in the Market Place in 1727, "bleeds" every 12 April, the anniversary of his death. The church is open daily, Monday – Saturday, 10.00 to 4.00 pm, and Sunday during services. * The Great Meeting of 1722, hidden away behind old hosiery factories, is a notable early example of nonconformist architecture with a galleried interior * Britannia (Burbage) Scout HQ: the home of 1st Britannia Scout Group is a specially designed and built scout hall * PARKS Hollycroft Park was donated by the notable local Atkins family to the people of Hinckley
Hinckley
in 1934, the park has two tennis courts, a bowling green, golf course, band stand and gardens. The park is the base for some of the town's biggest events including the Proms and Worldfest music events.Due to the high standards achieved within Hollycroft Park it has been awarded with Green Flag status for both 2010/1 and 2011/2 * Brodick Park in the west of Hinckley
Hinckley
was recently the subject of controversy between local people and the Council which had wanted to sell the park for housing, however following a recent change in administration, this sale has been cancelled. The park has now been planted with trees to make a nature reserve. * The Ashby Canal , the longest contour canal in England, passes through the town * Hinckley
Hinckley
has two former quarries, quite close to one another, called the Little Pit and Big Pit. The Little Pit is now designated a Site of Ecological Interest (SINC) , and has been transformed by a local community group into an angling club to preserve the area of water and surrounding wildlife. It is opposite the Asda superstore entrance and is fenced off from the public. The Big Pit remains the subject of controversy between local residents and developers. It is on Ashby Road, between the cemetery and a parade of shops. It too is fenced off from public access. * Shopping Centres: Hinckley's biggest shopping centre, Britannia Centre on Castle Street, has more than 12 stores and stalls. Hansom Court on Stockwell Head (named after the inventor of the Hansom Cab)has a number of stores. There is a new development due on the site of the Hinckley
Hinckley
bus station.

INDUSTRY

The Triumph Motorcycle Factory at Hinckley
Hinckley

Hinckley
Hinckley
is a traditional centre of the hosiery industry. The first framework knitting machine was brought here by Joseph Iliffe in the 17th century and by the 19th century Hinckley
Hinckley
was responsible for a large proportion of Britain's hosiery production. Since the Second World War the hosiery industry has steadily shrunk in size although several textile firms remain in the area. Hinckley
Hinckley
">

Hinckley
Hinckley
has housed the Triumph Motorcycles facility since 1990. Founded in 1902 Triumph is one of the oldest motorcycle producers still in activity. In the summer of 2017 there are plans for the reopening of a visitors centre and cafe, namely 1902, opening six days a week.

TRANSPORT

The town is equidistant (19 km/12 miles) from Coventry
Coventry
and Leicester and 8 km (5.0 mi) to the east of Nuneaton . The small town of Ibstock is 18 km (11 mi) to the north on the A447.

ROADS

The A47 was by-passed around the town during the early 1990s when the Northern Perimeter Road (Normandy Way) was completed. As well as relieving congestion in the town centre, new commercial developments have been built along the route.

Hinckley
Hinckley
is served by the A5 and the M69 . The M69 links Hinckley
Hinckley
to the nearest cities, Coventry
Coventry
, and Leicester , and the M1 and M6 motorways.

BUS

Hinckley
Hinckley
Bus are the main operator of bus services within the town centre operating services to Leicester , Burbage , Earl Shilton , Nuneaton and Barwell
Barwell
from their depot. Arriva originally operated a number of services to villages around the town until 2008 when they were sold to Centrebus Holdings , a joint venture between Arriva and Centrebus . During September 2013, Arriva purchased Centrebus' stake in Centrebus Holdings and regained control of the Hinckley
Hinckley
depot.

Arriva Fox County and Stagecoach in Warwickshire are another two major operators serving Leicester , Nuneaton and Coventry (Stagecoach).

RAILWAY

Hinckley railway station is on the Nuneaton Leicester section of the Birmingham to Peterborough Line and has regular services between Birmingham
Birmingham
and Leicester via Narborough and Nuneaton . Journeys to London can be made via the West Coast Main Line through Nuneaton or the Midland Main Line via Leicester. The terminus of the Midland route is London St Pancras which has been the home of Eurostar international services since November 2007.

AIRPORTS

The nearest airports are East Midlands and Birmingham
Birmingham
International .

MEDIA AND CULTURE

The local radio station, OakFM, 107.9 fm serves the town and the surrounding area. The main local newspaper is the weekly Hinckley Times, which has its own website. The daily Leicester Mercury no longer publishes a Hinckley
Hinckley
edition. The free (advertising-funded) Hinckley
Hinckley
Herald & Journal is distributed to most houses. Hinckley
Hinckley
has its own community website and online news resource. take5 community news is a full colour gloss community magazine distributed free to homes and businesses. Hinckley
Hinckley
also has its own hospital radio station Castle Mead Radio , which serves the patients and staff of Hinckley's two main hospitals.

There is a 400-seat theatre located near the centre of the town in Stockwell Head ( Concordia Theatre ), which holds regular productions. Further, the local council holds an annual 'Proms in The Park' event.

HINCKLEY PAST these include England
England
and Leicester Tigers players Graham Rowntree and Dean Richards , as well as current pros Ollie Smith , Sam Vesty and Manu Tuilagi . Tuilagi is the most recent ex-JCC man to make his international bow, starting in the World Cup warm-up match against Wales at Twickenham on 6 August 2011.

Hinckley
Hinckley
has one basketball team, the Hinckley
Hinckley
69ers, a name derived from the town's proximity to the M69 motorway. It was founded, by Terry Byng and Paul Ferrier, in 1974, and has involved some staff, ex-students and students of John Cleveland
John Cleveland
College, as well as other interested, local players, throughout most of its history. The team last played in Division 2 of the Leicestershire men's league. The 2007–08 season was one of the team's best performances, with promotion and a cup win too. The team were based at John Cleveland College. The team folded after the 2012–13 season, due to a shortage of players. However it was re-formed, for the 2014–15 season, the club's 40th anniversary.

Hollycroft Park, in the centre of Hinckley, is recognised as a great area for sports – the park contains two tennis courts, a golf pitch'n'putt and a lawn bowls green with pavilion.

Hinckley
Hinckley
has one high-performance Gymnastics Club based at Clarendon Park. In its 30 years of existence, it has never failed to have a number of its members competing for their home nations or for Great Britain.

Hinckley
Hinckley
Ladies' Netball Club is based at the Leicester Rd Sports Club and has four senior teams in the Coventry
Coventry
and Warwickshire Netball League.

Club Republic is a short drive. Greentowers is a youth club at Richmond Park; it has a climbing wall, skate park, astro turf, and BMX track; it is a self-funded charity and is not owned by Hinckley
Hinckley
and Bosworth Borough Council.

On 8 May 2014, the second stage of the first ever Women's Tour of Britain cycle race, The Friends Life Women's Tour, departed from Hinckley.

EDUCATION

The main primary schools in the area are Battling Brook CP, Richmond, Hinckley
Hinckley
parks, St. Peter's Catholic, St. Mary's Church of England, Westfield Infant/Junior and Sketchley Hill Primary School (in Burbage ). The high (secondary) schools include Redmoor, St Martin\'s Catholic Voluntary Academy (in Stoke Golding ) and Hastings (in Burbage )— all feeder schools for Hinckley Academy , the two schools in the town for Years 10 and 11. The school also operates a sixth form . North Warwickshire "> * Supercar manufacturer Ultima Sports Ltd are based in Hinckley. They claim to have set the fastest roadcar lap around the famous Top Gear test track with their GTR720 model, although it has never appeared on the programme * The actress Lauren Samuels trained at Hinckley's Speech and Drama Studio, and recently appeared in the BBC show Over the Rainbow .

NOTABLE PEOPLE

* Martine Croxall , TV Presenter BBC News Channel * Davey Graham , influential guitarist and folk singer, was born in Hinckley * Graeme Hawley , actor who plays John Stape in Coronation Street , lived in Hinckley * Paul Hines , BriSCA Formula 1 Stock Cars driver, former British and European Champion * Phil Oakey , singer with The Human League , born in Hinckley * Manu Tuilagi , Rugby player for Leicester Tigers and England national rugby union team , attended John Cleveland College in Hinckley
Hinckley
* John Cleveland
John Cleveland
, poet was educated at Hinckley
Hinckley
Grammar School. John Cleveland College is named in his honour.

FOLKLORE

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Hinckley
Hinckley
was known to its residents for many years as "Tin 'At" (tin hat). It is reputed that, many years ago, one of the itinerant sheep drovers bragged that he could drink a hat full of ale. The local landlord put this man to the test by getting the local blacksmith to make a tin hat, which he then filled with ale. Thereafter, the town became known as "Tin 'At". Another explanation is that the people of Hinckley
Hinckley
used to place buckets on water pumps to keep them clean and prevent the spread of illness, the bucket obviously being the "Tin 'At". A tin hat can be seen on top of the flag pole which sits on the roof of the Coral branch at the corner of Castle Street and Market Place. There is also a pub called The Tin Hat. For a few more examples of Folklore

TWINNING

Hinckley
Hinckley
is twinned with Le Grand-Quevilly
Le Grand-Quevilly
, France, and joined with Herford , Germany in the early 1970s. Hinckley
Hinckley
is also twinned with Midland, Ohio , United States.

NOTES

* ^ Leicester itself being a city is not part of the non-metropolitan county of Leicestershire.

REFERENCES

* ^ "Map indicating the extent of Leicestershire". Leics.gov.uk. 19 August 2005. Retrieved 26 July 2013. * ^ Hinckley
Hinckley
History Timeline Hinckley
Hinckley
Past & Present * ^ Hinckley
Hinckley
in the Domesday Book
Domesday Book
Hinckley
Hinckley
Past & Present * ^ Davis,B(1996)AN ILLUSTRATED GUIDE TO ST MARY\'S PARISH CHURCH,Hinckley,pp5 * ^ "Northamptonshire Archaeology". Northantsarchaeology.co.uk. Retrieved 1 June 2014. * ^ Hinckley
Hinckley
in the Civil War Hinckley
Hinckley
Past pp. 74–78 * ^ The English Historical Review, Vol. 63, No. 247, Oxford University Press 1948 * ^ The Hansom Cab Hinckley
Hinckley
Past & Present * ^ " Battle of Bosworth 1485 The War of the Roses Medieval British History". www.hinckleypastpresent.org. Retrieved 2016-06-20. * ^ Looking into the history of the museum cottages Hinckley
Hinckley
Online * ^ "stmaryshinckley.co.uk". stmaryshinckley.co.uk. Retrieved 26 July 2013. * ^ The Bleeding Tombstone Hinckley
Hinckley
Past & Present * ^ The Great Meeting Chapel Hinckley
Hinckley
Past & Present * ^ "Development of Brodick Park cancelled following a campaign by local people". Bosworthlibdems.org.uk. 31 March 2009. Retrieved 26 July 2013. * ^ The Ashby Canal Hinckley
Hinckley
Past & Present * ^ Little Pit Planning Constraints * ^ Hinckley
Hinckley
Angling Club (1 May 2013). " Hinckley
Hinckley
Angling Club". Hinckley
Hinckley
Angling Club. Retrieved 26 July 2013. * ^ "Big Pit plan fails to win backing from residents". Thisisleicestershire.co.uk. 18 December 2009. Retrieved 26 July 2013. * ^ "Manchester Hosiery :: Producers of Fine Quality Knitted Garments". Palmunderwear.co.uk. Retrieved 26 July 2013. * ^ "Paynes Garages". Paynes Garages. Retrieved 26 July 2013. * ^ "Meet the power behind Triumph’s engines". Motorcycle News. Bauer Consumer Media Ltd. 24 March 2000. Retrieved 20 March 2017. * ^ "134 Years of Triumph Motorcycle History". Triumph Riders Association of Portland. Retrieved 20 March 2017. * ^ Taylor, Paul (11 November 2016). "Triumph factory visits return in 2017". Bennetts. Retrieved 20 March 2017. * ^ "ARRIVA – Hinckley
Hinckley
Bus". Arrivabus.co.uk. Retrieved 1 June 2014. * ^ Hinckley
Hinckley
Railway Station Hinckley
Hinckley
Past & Present * ^ The Railway between Hinckley
Hinckley
and Nuneaton was built in 1861 Hinckley
Hinckley
Past & Present * ^ hinckleytimes.net * ^ "Hinckley-info.co.uk". Hinckley-info.co.uk. Retrieved 26 July 2013. * ^ Take 5 Community News * ^ "Castle Mead Hospital Radio Hinckley
Hinckley
Local History". www.hinckleypastpresent.org. Retrieved 2016-06-20. * ^ Proms in the Park * ^ Simon V de Monfort in stained glass window at Chartres Cathedral * ^ " Hinckley
Hinckley
Independent Club Crest History". Hinckley Independent. 22 February 2014. Retrieved 22 February 2014. * ^ Campbell, Chris. " Hinckley
Hinckley
Rugby Club". Hinckleyrugby.co.uk. Retrieved 26 July 2013. * ^ Campbell, Chris. " Hinckley
Hinckley
RFC". Pitchero.com. Retrieved 26 July 2013. * ^ BBC News, " Leicester centre Manu Tuilagi to make England
England
debut" (4 August 2011) * ^ "Gymnastics Club". * ^ FriendsLife Women\'s Tour (7–11 May 2014) * ^ " Louis Vierne The Bells of Hinckley". www.hinckleypastpresent.org. Retrieved 2016-06-20. * ^ "William Shakespeare\'s Hinckley". www.hinckleypastpresent.org. Retrieved 2016-06-20. * ^ "Lauren\'s Dorothy rollercoaster continues". Hinckleytimes.net. 15 April 2010. Retrieved 26 July 2013. * ^ White, Jim (2 October 2013). "Manu Tuilagi, former Schools Cup Vase winner with John Cleveland
John Cleveland
College, visits his old rugby stomping ground". Retrieved 25 February 2017. * ^ "Hinckley, UK – Grand-Quevilly, France twinning". Hinckley
Hinckley
& Bosworth Borough Council. Retrieved 14 July 2013. * ^ "Twinning with Le Grand Quevilly (fr)". Ville-grand-quevilly.fr. Retrieved 26 July 2013. * ^ "Hinckley, UK – Herford, Germany twinning". Hinckley
Hinckley
& Bosworth Borough Council. Retrieved 14 July 2013.

EXTERNAL LINKS

Wikimedia Commons

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