HINCKLEY is a market town in southwest
Leicestershire , England. It
is administered by
Hinckley and Bosworth Borough Council.
the second largest town in the administrative county of
Hinckley is situated approximately at the mid-point between the
Coventry and is near to the larger town of
Nuneaton in Warwickshire.
* 1 History
* 1.1 17th century
* 1.2 19th century
* 1.3 Modern times
* 2 Local government
* 3 Geography
* 3.1 Places of interest
* 4 Industry
* 5 Transport
* 5.1 Roads
* 5.2 Bus
* 5.3 Railway
* 5.4 Airports
* 6 Media and culture
* 7 Sport
* 8 Education
* 9 Cultural associations
* 10 Notable people
* 11 Folklore
* 12 Twinning
* 13 Notes
* 14 References
* 15 External links
Hinckley has a history going back to Anglo-Saxon times; the name
Hinckley is Anglo Saxon: "Hinck" is someone's name and "ley" is a
meadow. By the time of the
Domesday Book in 1086,
Hinckley was quite
a large village, and grew over the following 200 years into a small
market town —a market was first recorded there in 1311. There is
evidence of an Anglo Saxon church – the remnants of an Anglo Saxon
sun-dial being visible on the diagonal buttress on the south-east
corner of the chancel.
In 2000, archaeologists from Northampton Archaeology discovered
evidence of Iron Age and Romano-British settlement on land near
Coventry Road and Watling Street. In 2011 this area was named and
signed as Saxon Paddock.
In the 17th century, the town developed a hosiery industry, producing
stockings and similar items.
Hinckley played a prominent part in the
English Civil War
English Civil War . Its proximity to several rival strongholds—the
royalist garrisons at Caldicote,
Ashby de la Zouch and Leicester,
those of the Parliamentarians at Tamworth and
Coventry , and the
presence of parties of troops or brigands occupying several fortified
houses in nearby Warwickshire—ensured frequent visits by the warring
parties. The local townsfolk were forced to decide whether to declare
their allegiances openly or attempt to remain neutral—with the risk
of having to pay levies, ransoms, and fines to both sides. In March
Hinckley was occupied by a group of Royalist troops, though they
were soon driven out by a force of Parliamentarians , who took many
The Civil War years were a particularly unsettled time for the clergy
in and around Hinckley. Parsons with parliamentary leanings like
Thomas Cleveland, the vicar of Hinckley, suffered sequestration by the
Leicester County Committee , like some of his "malignant" neighbours
accused of visiting royalist garrisons or preaching against
The town was visited by both parliamentary and royalists troops from
the rival garrisons, particularly parliamentary troops from Tamworth,
Astley Castle in Warwickshire. Troops from Coventry
garrison were particularly active in the town, taking horses and "free
quarter" and availing themselves of 'dyett and Beere', and taking some
of the inhabitants hostage for ransom. Royalist troops raided the town
to threaten those with parliamentary sympathies. The notorious Lord
Ashby de la Zouch is recorded to have "coursed about the
country as far as Dunton and
Lutterworth and took near upon a hundred
of the clergymen and others, and carried them prisoners …
threatening to hang all them that should take the Parliament's
Covenant". Parliamentary newssheets record that on the night of 4
March 1644, Hastings's men brought in "26 honest countrymen from
several towns" intending to take them to Ashby de la Zouch, along with
a huge herd of cattle, oxen and horses from the country people and a
minister named Mr Warner. These prisoners were herded into Hinckley
church and asked "in a jeering manner, 'Where are the Round-heads your
brethren at Leicester? Why come they not to redeem you?'" This
inscription is part of a window in St Mary's church,
The Parliamentarians responded in a memorable "Skirmish or Great
Victory for Parliament". Colonel Grey with 120-foot soldiers and 30
troopers from Bagworth House rushed to
Hinckley and re-took the town,
routed the Royalists, rescued the cattle and released their imprisoned
countrymen. No doubt the inhabitants of the town were as relieved as
any when Ashby finally surrendered, as Vicars records, "a great mercy
and mighty preservation of the peace and tranquility of all those
adjacent parts about it."
At the time of the first national census in 1801,
Hinckley had a
population of 5,158: twenty years later it had increased by about a
thousand. The largest industry in the early 19th century was the
making of hosiery and only
Leicester had a larger output of stockings.
In the district, it was estimated ca. 1830 that 6,000 persons were
employed in this work.
Castle Street is the first known location of '
Luddism ', where
disgruntled workers, replaced by machinery in their jobs, took
sledgehammers to the machines.
Joseph Hansom built the first Hansom
Hinckley in 1835.
In 1899 A Cottage Hospital was built to celebrate the Diamond Jubilee
of Queen Victoria two years earlier. Money was raised by the local
townspeople and factory owners notably John and Thomas Atkins who also
had a hand in building many of the key buildings of Hinckley. The
corner stone was laid by Sir John Fowke Lancelot Rolleston.
This hospital was central to the people of
Hinckley and supported by
local workers who donated one penny a week for its upkeep until it was
adopted by the NHS in 1948. Over the years it expanded to align with
the town. Sadly now, this historic beautiful building, appears
dilapidated in some areas and is currently threatened with closure,
sale and demolition by West
Leicestershire Clinical Commissioning
Group and NHS Properties LTD. The local community is facing a fight to
save it for the town and petitons gave been signed both online and on
A 1961 1 inch = 1 mile series map. It covers the
Hinckley-Nuneaton-Atherstone-Wolvey region. Harts Hill quarry is
attached to a railway and in full swing. The coal mines near Griff
Lodge Farm and Ansty Hall are in early decline. The mines are now
shut. Note the (even by then) removed railway by Higham Grange and
Higham on the Hill.
The area was subject to new housing developments in the 1950s, 1960s
Hinckley became an urban district under the Local Government Act 1894
, covering the ancient parish of Hinckley. In 1934, under a County
Review Order ,
Hinckley urban district expanded to include the ancient
Barwell , Burbage and
Earl Shilton and most of Stoke
Golding . In 1974, under the
Local Government Act 1972
Local Government Act 1972 the Hinckley
urban district was abolished, becoming an unparished area in the
Hinckley and Bosworth . Since then, the civil parishes of
Earl Shilton and
Stoke Golding have been
re-established. The core urban area remained unparished.
Hollycroft, Middlefield, and
Wykin are suburbs of Hinckley.
Burbage is often thought to be a suburb of
Hinckley but is in fact
separate. It is a large village merging with
Hinckley to the south,
separated by the railway line. Sketchley is another small village
which has merged into Burbage.
PLACES OF INTEREST
The canalside pub, The Lime Kilns, nr.
Hinckley stands at the
point where the
Ashby Canal is crossed by the A5 The framework
* The site of the
Battle of Bosworth
Battle of Bosworth , administered by
Leicestershire County Council, includes an interpretation centre at
Ambion Hill , where Richard III encamped the night before the battle.
St James's Church at
Dadlington is the place where many of the dead
were buried and where a chantry was founded on their behalf
Hinckley Museum is in a range of 17th-century timber-framed
framework knitters\' cottages
Stoke Golding has one of the most beautiful medieval churches in
Leicestershire, with an exquisitely carved arcade and very fine
13th-century window tracery
St Mary's Church
* St Mary\'s Church , the Church of
England parish church of the
Assumption of Saint Mary the Virgin , in the centre of Hinckley, is
13th-century. There is a local folk tale that a tombstone in the
churchyard marking the grave of Richard Smith, a young saddler
murdered in the Market Place in 1727, "bleeds" every 12 April, the
anniversary of his death. The church is open daily, Monday –
Saturday, 10.00 to 4.00 pm, and Sunday during services.
* The Great Meeting of 1722, hidden away behind old hosiery
factories, is a notable early example of nonconformist architecture
with a galleried interior
* Britannia (Burbage) Scout HQ: the home of 1st Britannia Scout
Group is a specially designed and built scout hall
* PARKS Hollycroft Park was donated by the notable local Atkins
family to the people of
Hinckley in 1934, the park has two tennis
courts, a bowling green, golf course, band stand and gardens. The park
is the base for some of the town's biggest events including the Proms
and Worldfest music events.Due to the high standards achieved within
Hollycroft Park it has been awarded with Green Flag status for both
2010/1 and 2011/2
* Brodick Park in the west of
Hinckley was recently the subject of
controversy between local people and the Council which had wanted to
sell the park for housing, however following a recent change in
administration, this sale has been cancelled. The park has now been
planted with trees to make a nature reserve.
Ashby Canal , the longest contour canal in England, passes
through the town
Hinckley has two former quarries, quite close to one another,
called the Little Pit and Big Pit. The Little Pit is now designated a
Site of Ecological Interest (SINC) , and has been transformed by a
local community group into an angling club to preserve the area of
water and surrounding wildlife. It is opposite the Asda superstore
entrance and is fenced off from the public. The Big Pit remains the
subject of controversy between local residents and developers. It is
on Ashby Road, between the cemetery and a parade of shops. It too is
fenced off from public access.
* Shopping Centres: Hinckley's biggest shopping centre, Britannia
Centre on Castle Street, has more than 12 stores and stalls. Hansom
Court on Stockwell Head (named after the inventor of the Hansom
Cab)has a number of stores. There is a new development due on the site
Hinckley bus station.
The Triumph Motorcycle Factory at
Hinckley is a traditional centre of the hosiery industry. The first
framework knitting machine was brought here by Joseph Iliffe in the
17th century and by the 19th century
Hinckley was responsible for a
large proportion of Britain's hosiery production. Since the Second
World War the hosiery industry has steadily shrunk in size although
several textile firms remain in the area.
Hinckley has housed the Triumph Motorcycles facility since 1990.
Founded in 1902 Triumph is one of the oldest motorcycle producers
still in activity. In the summer of 2017 there are plans for the
reopening of a visitors centre and cafe, namely 1902, opening six days
The town is equidistant (19 km/12 miles) from
Coventry and Leicester
and 8 km (5.0 mi) to the east of
Nuneaton . The small town of Ibstock
is 18 km (11 mi) to the north on the A447.
The A47 was by-passed around the town during the early 1990s when the
Northern Perimeter Road (Normandy Way) was completed. As well as
relieving congestion in the town centre, new commercial developments
have been built along the route.
Hinckley is served by the A5 and the M69 . The M69 links
the nearest cities,
Coventry , and
Leicester , and the M1 and M6
Hinckley Bus are the main operator of bus services within the town
centre operating services to
Leicester , Burbage ,
Earl Shilton ,
Barwell from their depot.
Arriva originally operated a
number of services to villages around the town until 2008 when they
were sold to
Centrebus Holdings , a joint venture between
Centrebus . During September 2013,
Arriva purchased Centrebus' stake
Centrebus Holdings and regained control of the
Arriva Fox County and Stagecoach in Warwickshire are another two
major operators serving
Nuneaton and Coventry
Hinckley railway station is on the
Birmingham to Peterborough Line
Birmingham to Peterborough Line and has regular services
Leicester via Narborough and
Journeys to London can be made via the
West Coast Main Line through
Nuneaton or the
Midland Main Line
Midland Main Line via Leicester. The terminus of the
Midland route is
London St Pancras which has been the home of Eurostar
international services since November 2007.
The nearest airports are
East Midlands and
Birmingham International .
MEDIA AND CULTURE
The local radio station, OakFM, 107.9 fm serves the town and the
surrounding area. The main local newspaper is the weekly Hinckley
Times, which has its own website. The daily
Leicester Mercury no
longer publishes a
Hinckley edition. The free (advertising-funded)
Hinckley Herald & Journal is distributed to most houses.
its own community website and online news resource. take5 community
news is a full colour gloss community magazine distributed free to
homes and businesses.
Hinckley also has its own hospital radio
Castle Mead Radio , which serves the patients and staff of
Hinckley's two main hospitals.
There is a 400-seat theatre located near the centre of the town in
Stockwell Head (
Concordia Theatre ), which holds regular productions.
Further, the local council holds an annual 'Proms in The Park' event.
HINCKLEY PAST these include
Leicester Tigers players
Graham Rowntree and Dean Richards , as well as current pros Ollie
Sam Vesty and
Manu Tuilagi . Tuilagi is the most recent ex-JCC
man to make his international bow, starting in the World Cup warm-up
match against Wales at Twickenham on 6 August 2011.
Hinckley has one basketball team, the
Hinckley 69ers, a name derived
from the town's proximity to the M69 motorway. It was founded, by
Terry Byng and Paul Ferrier, in 1974, and has involved some staff,
ex-students and students of
John Cleveland College, as well as other
interested, local players, throughout most of its history. The team
last played in Division 2 of the
Leicestershire men's league. The
2007–08 season was one of the team's best performances, with
promotion and a cup win too. The team were based at John Cleveland
College. The team folded after the 2012–13 season, due to a shortage
of players. However it was re-formed, for the 2014–15 season, the
club's 40th anniversary.
Hollycroft Park, in the centre of Hinckley, is recognised as a great
area for sports – the park contains two tennis courts, a golf
pitch'n'putt and a lawn bowls green with pavilion.
Hinckley has one high-performance Gymnastics Club based at Clarendon
Park. In its 30 years of existence, it has never failed to have a
number of its members competing for their home nations or for Great
Hinckley Ladies' Netball Club is based at the
Leicester Rd Sports
Club and has four senior teams in the
Coventry and Warwickshire
Club Republic is a short drive. Greentowers is a youth club at
Richmond Park; it has a climbing wall, skate park, astro turf, and BMX
track; it is a self-funded charity and is not owned by
Bosworth Borough Council.
On 8 May 2014, the second stage of the first ever Women's Tour of
Britain cycle race, The Friends Life Women's Tour, departed from
The main primary schools in the area are Battling Brook CP, Richmond,
Hinckley parks, St. Peter's Catholic, St. Mary's Church of England,
Westfield Infant/Junior and Sketchley Hill Primary School (in Burbage
). The high (secondary) schools include Redmoor, St Martin\'s Catholic
Voluntary Academy (in
Stoke Golding ) and Hastings (in Burbage )—
all feeder schools for
Hinckley Academy , the two schools in the town
for Years 10 and 11. The school also operates a sixth form . North
* Supercar manufacturer
Ultima Sports Ltd are based in Hinckley.
They claim to have set the fastest roadcar lap around the famous Top
Gear test track with their GTR720 model, although it has never
appeared on the programme
* The actress
Lauren Samuels trained at Hinckley's Speech and Drama
Studio, and recently appeared in the BBC show Over the Rainbow .
Martine Croxall , TV Presenter BBC News Channel
Davey Graham , influential guitarist and folk singer, was born in
Graeme Hawley , actor who plays
John Stape in
Coronation Street ,
lived in Hinckley
* Paul Hines ,
BriSCA Formula 1 Stock Cars driver, former British
and European Champion
Phil Oakey , singer with
The Human League
The Human League , born in Hinckley
Manu Tuilagi , Rugby player for
Leicester Tigers and England
national rugby union team , attended
John Cleveland College in
John Cleveland , poet was educated at
Hinckley Grammar School.
John Cleveland College is named in his honour.
This section DOES NOT CITE ANY SOURCES . Please help improve this
section by adding citations to reliable sources . Unsourced material
may be challenged and removed . (October 2013) (Learn how and when to
remove this template message )
Hinckley was known to its residents for many years as "Tin 'At" (tin
hat). It is reputed that, many years ago, one of the itinerant sheep
drovers bragged that he could drink a hat full of ale. The local
landlord put this man to the test by getting the local blacksmith to
make a tin hat, which he then filled with ale. Thereafter, the town
became known as "Tin 'At". Another explanation is that the people of
Hinckley used to place buckets on water pumps to keep them clean and
prevent the spread of illness, the bucket obviously being the "Tin
'At". A tin hat can be seen on top of the flag pole which sits on the
roof of the Coral branch at the corner of Castle Street and Market
Place. There is also a pub called The Tin Hat. For a few more examples
Hinckley is twinned with
Le Grand-Quevilly , France, and joined
Herford , Germany in the early 1970s.
Hinckley is also twinned
Midland, Ohio , United States.
Leicester itself being a city is not part of the
non-metropolitan county of Leicestershire.
* ^ "Map indicating the extent of Leicestershire". Leics.gov.uk. 19
August 2005. Retrieved 26 July 2013.
Hinckley History Timeline
Hinckley Past & Present
Hinckley in the
Hinckley Past & Present
* ^ Davis,B(1996)AN ILLUSTRATED GUIDE TO ST MARY\'S PARISH
* ^ "Northamptonshire Archaeology". Northantsarchaeology.co.uk.
Retrieved 1 June 2014.
Hinckley in the Civil War
Hinckley Past pp. 74–78
* ^ The English Historical Review, Vol. 63, No. 247, Oxford
University Press 1948
* ^ The Hansom Cab
Hinckley Past & Present
* ^ "
Battle of Bosworth
Battle of Bosworth 1485 The War of the Roses Medieval
British History". www.hinckleypastpresent.org. Retrieved 2016-06-20.
* ^ Looking into the history of the museum cottages
* ^ "stmaryshinckley.co.uk". stmaryshinckley.co.uk. Retrieved 26
* ^ The Bleeding Tombstone
Hinckley Past & Present
* ^ The Great Meeting Chapel
Hinckley Past & Present
* ^ "Development of Brodick Park cancelled following a campaign by
local people". Bosworthlibdems.org.uk. 31 March 2009. Retrieved 26
* ^ The
Hinckley Past & Present
* ^ Little Pit Planning Constraints
Hinckley Angling Club (1 May 2013). "
Hinckley Angling Club".
Hinckley Angling Club. Retrieved 26 July 2013.
* ^ "Big Pit plan fails to win backing from residents".
Thisisleicestershire.co.uk. 18 December 2009. Retrieved 26 July 2013.
* ^ "Manchester
Hosiery :: Producers of Fine Quality Knitted
Garments". Palmunderwear.co.uk. Retrieved 26 July 2013.
* ^ "Paynes Garages". Paynes Garages. Retrieved 26 July 2013.
* ^ "Meet the power behind Triumph’s engines". Motorcycle News.
Bauer Consumer Media Ltd. 24 March 2000. Retrieved 20 March 2017.
* ^ "134 Years of Triumph Motorcycle History". Triumph Riders
Association of Portland. Retrieved 20 March 2017.
* ^ Taylor, Paul (11 November 2016). "Triumph factory visits return
in 2017". Bennetts. Retrieved 20 March 2017.
* ^ "ARRIVA –
Hinckley Bus". Arrivabus.co.uk. Retrieved 1 June
Hinckley Railway Station
Hinckley Past & Present
* ^ The Railway between
Nuneaton was built in 1861