Salisbury Crags, with Arthur's Seat behind

Edinburgh, the capital of Scotland is traditionally said to have been "built on Seven Hills", in an allusion to the city of Rome, also supposedly built on seven hills. While there is considerable room for debate as to which hills are included and excluded from the seven, seven possibilities are listed in this old rhyme:

Abbey, Calton, Castle grand,
Southward see St Leonards stand,
St Johns and Sciennes as two are given,
And Multrees makes Seven.

The Pentland Hills are also just to the south of the city, and their lower slopes are within the city boundary, especially around Hillend, Swanston and Balerno. Some of the hills are formed from ancient volcanic processes, and all show the effect of glaciation.

The tale of the seven hills of Edinburgh is popular enough that several local business take their name from it, including a dentist,[1] a tour company,[2] and a ceilidh band.[3]