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The Info List - Hilalian Dialects


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The HILALIAN DIALECTS are a continuum of Arabic dialects native to North Africa
North Africa
.

ETYMOLOGY

The term Hilalian dialects refer to the Banu Hilal
Banu Hilal
, a confederation of Arab nomadic tribes who invaded North Africa
North Africa
in the eleventh century.

Along with the pre-existing sedentary pre-Hilalian Arabic dialects , they constitute the larger Maghrebi Arabic
Maghrebi Arabic
family.

VARIETIES AND DISTRIBUTION

Hilalian dialects are found across North Africa, from the western plains of Morocco
Morocco
and the Mauritanian desert to western Egypt
Egypt
, including Libya
Libya
, the Algerian Hauts-Plateaux and coast, and Tunisia
Tunisia
.

Nevertheless, there are several enclaves of Pre-Hilalian Arabic dialects in this area, including old urban dialect-speaking cities (such as Fez
Fez
, Rabat
Rabat
, Tlemcen
Tlemcen
, Constantine , Tunis
Tunis
) and four major sedentary rural dialects speaking areas as well as several Berber speaking areas.

Hilalian Arabic has four major varieties:

* Sulaym dialects: in Libya
Libya
and southern Tunisia
Tunisia
; * Eastern Hilal dialects: in central Tunisia
Tunisia
and eastern Algeria
Algeria
; * Central Hilal dialects: in central and southern Algeria
Algeria
; * Maqil dialects: in western Algeria
Algeria
and Morocco
Morocco
.

Hassaniya Arabic
Hassaniya Arabic
, spoken in Mauritania
Mauritania
, Western Sahara
Western Sahara
, southern Morocco
Morocco
and parts of northern Mali
Mali
, is also classified as Maqil.

Hilalian dialects strongly influenced some old urban dialects, such as those of Tripoli
Tripoli
and Marrakesh
Marrakesh
. They also represent the bulk of modern urban dialects (koiné languages ) such as those of Casablanca , Oran
Oran
and Algiers
Algiers
.

REFERENCES

* ^ Kees Versteegh, Dialects of Arabic : Maghreb Dialects, TeachMideast.org * ^ Mélissa Barkat, « Les dialectes Maghrébins » (lien), dans: Détermination d'indices acoustiques robustes pour l'identification automatique des parlers arabes, Thèse, Université Lumière Lyon 2 (2000)

* v * t * e

Varieties of Arabic
Varieties of Arabic

PRE-ISLAMIC