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Hesse- Rheinfels
Rheinfels
was created as a cadet line of Hesse for Philip II, Landgrave of Hesse- Rheinfels
Rheinfels
(1541–1583), landgrave from 1567 until 1583, and as a cadet line of Hesse-Kassel for Ernest, Landgrave of Hesse- Rheinfels
Rheinfels
(1623–1693), landgrave from 1627 until 1658.

Contents

1 First creation 2 Second creation 3 List of landgraves 4 Notes 5 References 6 Further reading

First creation[edit] Philip was the third son of Philip the Magnanimous, Landgrave of Hesse and Christine of Saxony
Christine of Saxony
(1505–1549). After his father's death in 1567, the Landgraviate of Hesse
Landgraviate of Hesse
was divided between the four sons out of the late landgrave's first marriage. Philip the younger received the portion around the Rheinfels Castle
Rheinfels Castle
and city of St. Goar on the left bank of the Rhine. From there he controlled the towns of Schotten, Stornfels, Bad Homburg, Lißberg, Ulrichstein, Itter, and the part of the former high noble and remarkably rich County of Katzenelnbogen[1] north of the river Main. Second creation[edit] Maurice the Learned (1572–1632) was Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel
Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel
from 1592 until 1627. Maurice turned to Calvinism in 1605, became involved later in the Thirty Years' War, and, after being forced to cede some of his territories to the Darmstadt line, abdicated in 1627 favour of his son William V (1602-1637), his younger sons receiving apanages which created several cadet lines of the house (Hesse-Rotenburg, Hesse- Eschwege
Eschwege
and Hesse-Rheinfels), of which, with amalgamation, that of Hesse-Rheinfels-Rotenburg survived till 1834.[2] In 1627 Ernest (1623–1693), a younger son of Maurice, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel, received Rheinfels
Rheinfels
and lower Katzenelnbogen
Katzenelnbogen
as his inheritance, and some years later, on the deaths of two of his brothers, Friedrich, Landgrave of Hesse- Eschwege
Eschwege
(1617–1655) and Herman, Landgrave of Hesse-Rotenburg
Hesse-Rotenburg
(1607–1658), he added Eschwege, Rotenburg, Wanfried
Wanfried
and other districts to his possessions.[3] List of landgraves[edit]

First creation

Philip II, Landgrave of Hesse-Rheinfels
Philip II, Landgrave of Hesse-Rheinfels
(1541–1583), landgrave 1567–1583

Second creation

Ernest, Landgrave of Hesse-Rheinfels
Ernest, Landgrave of Hesse-Rheinfels
1627–1658, Landgrave of Hesse-Rheinfels-Rotenburg 1658–1693.[4]

Notes[edit]

^ http://www.graf-von-katzenelnbogen.de/ The History of the County of Katzenelnbogen
Katzenelnbogen
and the First Riesling of the World ^ Anonymous 1911, p. 410. ^ Anonymous 1911, p. 413. ^ On the death of Herman, his brother, Ernest inherited Herman's lands and amalgamated Herman's title with his own (Anonymous 1911, p. 410).

References[edit]

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Anonymous (1911). "Hess-Cassel". In Chisholm, Hugh. Encyclopædia Britannica. 13 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 410.   This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Anonymous (1911). "Hesse-Rotenburg". In Chisholm, Hugh. Encyclopædia Britannica. 13 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 413. 

Further reading[edit]

Kessler, P L. "European Kingdoms: Central Europe: Landgraves of Hessen- Rheinfels
Rheinfels
(-Rotenburg) AD 1567 - 1869". The history files (Kessler Associates Printhouse). Retrieved January 2011.  Check date values in: access-date= (help); External link in publisher= (help) Köbler, Gerhard (2007). Historisches Lexikon der Deutschen Länder: die deutschen Territorien vom Mittelalter bis zur Gegenwart (7 ed.). C.H.Beck. pp. 279. ISBN 3-406-54986-1. 

v t e

Upper Rhenish Circle
Upper Rhenish Circle
(1500–1806) of the Holy Roman Empire

Ecclesiastical

Basel Fulda Hersfeld Metz1 Odenheim–Bruchsal Prüm Speyer Straßburg Toul1 Verdun1 Weißenburg Worms

Secular

Bar Heitersheim Hersfeld Hesse

Darmstadt Homburg Kassel Marburg Rheinfels

Isenburg-Birstein Kaiserslautern Lorraine2 Nassau

Idstein Ottweiler Saarbrücken Usingen Weilburg

Salm

Kyrburg Salm

Savoy Simmern Solms-Braunfels Sponheim3 Veldenz / Lautereck Waldeck3 Zweibrücken

Counts and Lords

With Imp. Diet seats

Hanau

Lichtenberg Münzenberg4

Isenburg

Birstein Büdingen Büdingen-Birstein

Königstein

Mainz Stolberg

Kriechingen Leiningen

Dagsburg Hardenburg Westerburg

Salm

Grehweiler Grumbach

Solms

Hohensolms Laubach Lich Rödelheim

Wetterau Wittgenstein

Berleburg Wittgenstein

Without

Bretzenheim Dagstuhl Falkenstein Isenburg

Meerholz Wächtersbach

Mensfelden Olbrück Reipoltskirchen Salm-Dhaun Wartenberg

Cities

Décapole

Colmar Hagenau Kaisersberg Landau Mühlhausen5 Münster im Elsaß Oberehnheim Rosheim Schlettstadt Türkheim Weißenburg

Others

Frankfurt Friedberg Metz Speyer Straßburg Toul Verdun Wetzlar Worms

1 Part of the Three Bishoprics.   2 Nomeny
Nomeny
after 1737.   3 without Reichstag seat.   4 until 1736.   5 Joined Swiss Confederacy in 1515.

Circles est. 1500: Bavarian, Swabian, Upper Rhenish, Lower Rhenish–Westphalian, Franconian, (Lower) Saxon Circles est. 1512: Austrian, Burgundian, Upper Saxon, Electoral Rhenish     ·     Unenc

.