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Coordinates : 51°30′58″N 0°4′51″W / 51.51611°N 0.08083°W / 51.51611; -0.08083

HERON TOWER

GENERAL INFORMATION

STATUS Complete

TYPE Commercial

LOCATION London
London
, EC2 United Kingdom

CONSTRUCTION STARTED 2007

COMPLETED 2011

HEIGHT

ANTENNA SPIRE 230 metres (755 ft)

ROOF 202 metres (663 ft)

DIMENSIONS

OTHER DIMENSIONS 2,400-square-metre (26,000 sq ft) site

TECHNICAL DETAILS

FLOOR COUNT 46

FLOOR AREA 461,478 sq ft (43,000 m2)

DESIGN AND CONSTRUCTION

ARCHITECT Kohn Pedersen Fox

STRUCTURAL ENGINEER Arup

MAIN CONTRACTOR Skanska

WEBSITE

http://www.salesforce-tower.com

The lobby features a 70,000-litre aquarium containing hundreds of fish.

The HERON TOWER (officially 110 BISHOPSGATE) is a commercial skyscraper in London. It stands 230 metres (755 ft) tall including its 28-metre (92 ft) mast (202 metres (663 ft) excluding the mast) making it the tallest building in the City of London
London
financial district and the third tallest in Greater London
London
and the United Kingdom, after the Shard in Southwark
Southwark
and One Canada Square at Canary Wharf. The Heron Tower is located on Bishopsgate and is bordered by Camomile Street , Outwich Street and Houndsditch .

Construction of the building started in 2007 and was completed in 2011. It is owned by Heron International and is generally known as the Heron Tower, though following a naming dispute in 2014 involving the tenant Salesforce.com the City of London
London
ruled in favour of the property being officially named 110 Bishopsgate. The tower initially struggled to attract tenants in the depths of the Great Recession , but is now fully let.

CONTENTS

* 1 Design and planning

* 1.1 Interior * 1.2 Environment

* 2 Construction

* 2.1 Gallery

* 3 Tenancy * 4 Heron Plaza * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 External links

DESIGN AND PLANNING

Designed by architects Kohn Pedersen Fox , the height of the Heron Tower was planned to be only 183 m, identical to that of Tower 42 , the City of London
London
's then tallest building since 1980.

It attracted some controversy when first announced due to its proximity to St Paul\'s Cathedral when viewed from Waterloo Bridge
Waterloo Bridge
. English Heritage was notably vocal in expressing concerns. A public inquiry was subsequently held, the outcome of which was decided by deputy prime minister John Prescott , who ruled in the developers' favour. The tower was given final approval for construction in July 2002.

Three years later, the project had yet to begin construction. In September 2005 the Heron Property Corporation submitted a planning application to increase the height of its approved building. Heron's revised plans now proposed a 202-metre (663 ft) tall tower topped by a 28-metre (92 ft) mast, giving it a total height of 230 metres (755 ft). Although the design was largely identical to the previous scheme, the tower's crown and southern façades were refined. In January 2006, the revised project was approved by the City of London
London
Corporation .

In February 2013 it was revealed in _ The Times _ that backers of the tower included Prince Abdul Aziz bin Fahd , a son of the late King Fahd of Saudi Arabia
Fahd of Saudi Arabia
.

INTERIOR

The Heron Tower was designed to feature a concierge-style entrance and reception area, incorporating a 70,000 litre aquarium containing around 1,200 fish. The aquarium is the largest privately owned example in the United Kingdom and contains over 60 species of fish in an entire sustainable ecosystem; the species were selected by expert biologists and animal curators to ensure compatibility and adaptability to the environment. The tank is attended to by a team of two full-time fish attendants, who feed the fish a diet rich in natural ingredients according to their requirements and monitor the tank for water chemistry and fish health, and two to three part-time divers who clean the rockwork and glass regularly.

A bar-restaurant called The Drift occupies part of the ground and first floors. There is a restaurant and "sky bar" leased to Sushi Samba and Duck ">

May 2008 *

October 2009 *

January 2010 *

December 2010

TENANCY

The tower's first confirmed tenant was the law firm McDermott Will & Emery , which signed up in July 2010 while the building was still under construction. However, in a difficult lettings market the building struggled to find enough tenants to fill it and in September 2013 only 59% of the available office space had been let. As a result, the project required refinancing, with Starwood Capital Group stepping in to provide a £288 million refinancing facility to avoid the project going into receivership .

Subsequent agreed tenants included the pensions company Partnership Assurance , investment fund manager Securis Investment Partners, stockbroker Westhouse Securities, POWA, recruitment firm Harvey Nash , Openwork, and Salesforce.com , the software firm. As part of Salesforce's deal to take an additional 50,000 sq ft on levels 28-31 on a 15-year lease, it reportedly purchased naming rights to the tower, just as it had for its headquarters building in San Francisco. After much deliberation with the City of London
London
planners, the building's official name was confirmed as 110 Bishopsgate, with Salesforce Tower able to be used as an informal name.

Landmark has offered serviced office space from floors 17-19 of the tower since 2011, achieving above-average occupancy rates for London. The top floors of the building are occupied by the Sushi Samba and Duck -webkit-column-width: 33em; column-width: 33em; list-style-type: decimal;">

* ^ HeronTower.com (February 2010). " Heron Tower
Heron Tower
Building Specifications". Heron Tower. Archived from the original on 11 July 2011. Retrieved 10 February 2010. * ^ Skyscrapernews.com (March 2009). "Project Description Heron Tower". Skyscraper
Skyscraper
News. Retrieved 18 March 2009. * ^ _A_ _B_ Archived 11 July 2011 at the Wayback Machine . * ^ Archived 7 February 2009 at the Wayback Machine . * ^ " Heron Tower
Heron Tower
Tops Out - Article #2509". Skyscrapernews.com. Retrieved 20 August 2012. * ^ Gower, Patrick (22 May 2014). "London’s Heron to Be Renamed Salesforce Tower After Leasing Deal". Bloomberg. Retrieved 17 June 2014. * ^ Neil Callanan (23 September 2014). " Heron Tower
Heron Tower
Renamed 110 Bishopsgate in London
London
Compromise". _Bloomberg.com_. * ^ _A_ _B_ David Parsley (11 January 2016). "Heron Completes lettings at Salesforce Tower". _PropertyWeek.com_. * ^ The Times, page 37, headline Fish in the foyer but not enough tenants to keep investors in Heron Tower
Heron Tower
happy * ^ efinancialnews.com (February 2010). "Shark set for hedgie face-off". efinancialnews. Retrieved 21 February 2010. * ^ "Salesforce Tower". _salesforce-tower.com_. * ^ Archived 19 October 2014 at the Wayback Machine . * ^ HeronTower.com (February 2010). " Heron Tower
Heron Tower
Press Release". Heron Tower. Archived from the original on 11 July 2011. Retrieved 2 March 2010. * ^ HeronTower.com (January 2010). " Heron Tower
Heron Tower
Press Release". Heron Tower. Archived from the original on 11 July 2011. Retrieved 10 February 2010. * ^ "Heron completes financing of £500m Heron Tower". Property Week. 6 March 2007. Retrieved 20 August 2012. * ^ "Catching Up With Heron Tower". _www.skyscrapernews.com_. March 2009. Retrieved 18 March 2009. * ^ "Gerald Ronson secures first tenant for London\'s Heron Tower". _The Daily Telegraph_. London. 8 July 2010. Retrieved 2 February 2014.

* ^ "UPDATE 1-London\'s Heron Tower
Heron Tower
faces sale after refinancing row". Reuters. 18 September 2013. Retrieved 2 February 2014. * ^ "Starwood Capital gives London\'s Heron Tower
Heron Tower
$463 mln lifeline". Reuters. 7 October 2013. Retrieved 2 February 2014. * ^ " Harvey Nash Invests in London\'s Future". Harvey Nash Group Plc. * ^ "Four new firms setting up shop in Heron Tower". City A.M. 23 April 2013. Retrieved 2 February 2014. * ^ "Salesforce, The City of London
London
and the etiquette of skyscraper names". Financial Times. 17 November 2014. Retrieved 4