Hero of
Contents 1 Life and career 2 Inventions 3 Mathematics 4 Cultural references 5 Bibliography 6 See also 7 References 8 Further reading 9 External links Life and career[edit]
Hero may have been either a Greek[2] or a Hellenized
Egyptian.[6][7][8][9][10] It is almost certain that Hero taught at the
Hero's aeolipile Hero described[12] the construction of the aeolipile (a version of
which is known as Hero's engine) which was a rocket-like reaction
engine and the first-recorded steam engine (although Vitruvius
mentioned the aeolipile in
Hero's wind-powered organ (reconstruction) The first vending machine was also one of his constructions; when a
coin was introduced via a slot on the top of the machine, a set amount
of holy water was dispensed. This was included in his list of
inventions in his book
Mathematics[edit]
Hero described a method for iteratively computing the square root of a
number.[18] Today, however, his name is most closely associated with
A 1979 Soviet animated short film focuses on Hero's invention of the
aeolipile, showing him as a plain craftsman who invented the turbine
accidentally[20]
A 2007 The History Channel television show Ancient Discoveries
includes recreations of most of Hero's devices
A 2010 The History Channel television show
Bibliography[edit] The book About automata by Hero of
The most comprehensive edition of Hero's works was published in five volumes in Leipzig by the publishing house Teubner in 1903. Works known to have been written by Hero: Pneumatica (Πνευματικά), a description of machines working
on air, steam or water pressure, including the hydraulis or water
organ[21]
Automata, a description of machines which enable wonders in temples by
mechanical or pneumatical means (e.g. automatic opening or closing of
temple doors, statues that pour wine, etc.); See
Works that sometimes have been attributed to Hero, but are now thought most likely to have been written by someone else:[23] Geometrica, a collection of equations based on the first chapter of Metrica Stereometrica, examples of three-dimensional calculations based on the second chapter of Metrica Mensurae, tools which can be used to conduct measurements based on Stereometrica and Metrica Cheiroballistra, about catapults Definitiones, containing definitions of terms for geometry Works that are preserved only in fragments: Geodesia Geoponica See also[edit] Heronian triangle Heronian mean References[edit] ^ Genitive: Ἥρωνος.
^ a b Research Machines plc. (2004). The Hutchinson dictionary of
scientific biography. Abingdon, Oxon: Helicon Publishing. p. 546.
Hero of
Noel Sharkey (July 4, 2007), A programmable robot from AD 60, 2611, New Scientist The above citation embeds a video using Flash Player, which fewer devices support over time. The same video is also available at this URL: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xyQIo9iS_z0 ^ Heath, Thomas (1921). A History of Greek Mathematics, Vol. 2.
Oxford: Clarendon Press. pp. 323–324.
^ Smyly, J. Gilbart (1920). "Heron's Formula for Cube Root".
Hermathena. Trinity College Dublin. 19 (42): 64–67.
JSTOR 23037103.
^ animator.ru
^ Jamies W. McKinnon. "Hero of
Further reading[edit] Drachmann, Aage Gerhardt (1963). The Mechanical Technology of Greek
and Roman Antiquity: A Study of the Literary Sources. Madison, WI:
University of Wisconsin Press.
Landels, J.G. (2000). Engineering in the ancient world (2nd ed.).
Berkeley: University of California Press.
ISBN 0-520-22782-4.
Marsden, E.W. (1969). Greek and Roman Artillery: Technical Treatises.
Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Schellenberg, H.M.: Anmerkungen zu Hero von
External links[edit] Wikimedia Commons has media related to Hero of Alexandria. Greek
Webpage about Hero by The Technology Museum of Thessaloniki
A translation of Pneumatica with diagrams
Heron biography, The MacTutor History of
v t e Ancient Greek mathematics Mathematicians Anaxagoras Anthemius Archytas Aristaeus the Elder Aristarchus Apollonius Archimedes Autolycus Bion Bryson Callippus Carpus Chrysippus Cleomedes Conon Ctesibius Democritus Dicaearchus Diocles Diophantus Dinostratus Dionysodorus Domninus Eratosthenes Eudemus Euclid Eudoxus Eutocius Geminus Heron Hipparchus Hippasus Hippias Hippocrates Hypatia Hypsicles Isidore of Miletus Leon Marinus Menaechmus Menelaus Metrodorus Nicomachus Nicomedes Nicoteles Oenopides Pappus Perseus Philolaus Philon Porphyry Posidonius Proclus Ptolemy Pythagoras Serenus Simplicius Sosigenes Sporus Thales Theaetetus Theano Theodorus Theodosius Theon of Alexandria Theon of Smyrna Thymaridas Xenocrates Zeno of Elea Zeno of Sidon Zenodorus Treatises Almagest
Problems Problem of Apollonius Squaring the circle Doubling the cube Angle trisection Centers Cyrene Library of Alexandria Platonic Academy Timeline of Ancient Greek mathematicians Authority control WorldCat Identities VIAF: 22944086 LCCN: n81055336 ISNI: 0000 0001 0797 9256 GND: 119107430 SELIBR: 288241 SUDOC: 029539722 BNF: cb121144764 (data) NDL: 00543 |