HOME
The Info List - Hernici


--- Advertisement ---



(i)

The HERNICI were an Italic tribe of ancient Italy
Italy
, whose territory was in Latium
Latium
between the Fucine Lake and the Sacco River (Trerus), bounded by the Volsci on the south, and by the Aequi and the Marsi on the north.

In 495 BC Livy
Livy
records that they entered into a treaty with the Volsci against ancient Rome
Rome
.

They long maintained their independence, and in 486 BC were still strong enough to conclude an equal treaty with the Latins. They broke away from Rome
Rome
in 362 and in 306, when their chief town Anagnia was taken and reduced to a praefectura, but Ferentinum , Aletrium and Verulae were rewarded for their fidelity by being allowed to remain free municipia , a position which at that date they preferred to the civitas.

The name of the Hernici, like that of the Volsci, is missing from the list of Italian peoples whom Polybius
Polybius
describes as able to furnish troops in 225 BC; by that date, therefore, their territory cannot have been distinguished from Latium
Latium
generally, and it seems probable that they had then received the full Roman citizenship. The oldest Latin inscriptions of the district (from Ferentinum ) are earlier than the Social War , and present no local characteristic.

LANGUAGE

HERNICAN

REGION Italy
Italy

EXTINCT yes

LANGUAGE FAMILY Indo-European

* Italic

* Osco-Umbrian (Sabellian)

* HERNICAN

WRITING SYSTEM Old Italic alphabet

LANGUAGE CODES

ISO 639-3 xhr

LINGUIST LIST xhr

GLOTTOLOG None

A couple of inscriptions show that the Hernican language was a member of the Sabellian group. Their name, with its "co" termination, classes them along with the "co"-tribes, like the Volsci, who would seem to have been earlier inhabitants of the west coast of Italy, rather than with the tribes whose names were formed with the "no"-suffix.

SEE ALSO

* Hernici Mounts

REFERENCES

* ^ Livy
Livy
, Ab urbe condita , 2.22 * ^ Barthold Georg Niebuhr (1845). Niebuhr\'s History of Rome. D.A. Talboys. pp. 180–. * ^ Dionysius of Halicarnassus
Dionysius of Halicarnassus
viii. 64 and 68 * ^ Livy
Livy
vii.6 if. * ^ Livy
Livy
ix.42 * ^ ii. 24 * ^ C.I.L. x. 5837-5840

* This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain : Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Hernici". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge Univers

.