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The Hernici
Hernici
were an Italic tribe
Italic tribe
of ancient Italy, whose territory was in Latium
Latium
between the Fucine Lake
Fucine Lake
and the Sacco River (Trerus), bounded by the Volsci
Volsci
on the south, and by the Aequi
Aequi
and the Marsi
Marsi
on the north. In 495 BC Livy
Livy
records that they entered into a treaty with the Volsci against ancient Rome.[1][2] They long maintained their independence, and in 486 BC were still strong enough to conclude an equal treaty with the Latins.[3] In 475 BC they fought alongside the Latins against the Aequi
Aequi
and Volsci, and in the same year fought alongside Rome
Rome
against the Veientes and Sabines.[4] In 468 BC they fought alongside Rome
Rome
against the Volsci.[5] They broke away from Rome
Rome
in 362[6] and in 306,[7] when their chief town Anagnia was taken and reduced to a praefectura, but Ferentinum, Aletrium and Verulae were rewarded for their fidelity by being allowed to remain free municipia, a position which at that date they preferred to the civitas. The name of the Hernici, like that of the Volsci, is missing from the list of Italian peoples whom Polybius[8] describes as able to furnish troops in 225 BC; by that date, therefore, their territory cannot have been distinguished from Latium
Latium
generally, and it seems probable that they had then received the full Roman citizenship. The oldest Latin inscriptions of the district (from Ferentinum[9]) are earlier than the Social War, and present no local characteristic. Language[edit]

Hernican

Region Italy

Extinct yes

Language family

Indo-European

Italic

Osco-Umbrian (Sabellian)

Hernican

Writing system

Old Italic alphabet

Language codes

ISO 639-3 xhr

Linguist List

xhr

Glottolog None

A couple of inscriptions show that the Hernican language was a member of the Sabellian group. Their name, with its "co" termination, classes them along with the "co"-tribes, like the Volsci, who would seem to have been earlier inhabitants of the west coast of Italy, rather than with the tribes whose names were formed with the "no"-suffix. See also[edit]

Hernici
Hernici
Mounts

References[edit]

^ Livy, Ab urbe condita, 2.22 ^ Barthold Georg Niebuhr (1845). Niebuhr's History of Rome. D.A. Talboys. pp. 180–.  ^ Dionysius of Halicarnassus
Dionysius of Halicarnassus
viii. 64 and 68 ^ Livy, ii. 53. ^ Livy, ii. 64. ^ Livy
Livy
vii.6 if. ^ Livy
Livy
ix.42 ^ ii. 24 ^ C.I.L. x. 5837-5840

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Hernici". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University

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