HERMARCHUS or HERMARCH (Greek : Ἕρμαρχoς, Hermarkhos, "reign
of Hermes"; c. 325-c. 250 BC ), sometimes incorrectly written
HERMACHUS (Greek : Ἕρμαχoς, Hermakhos), was an Epicurean
philosopher. He was the disciple and successor of
* Πρὸς Ἐμπεδoκλέα - Against
All of these works are lost, and we know nothing about them but their
titles. But from an expression of Cicero, we may infer that his
works were of a polemical nature, and directed against the philosophy
A long fragment (quotation or paraphrase) from an unspecified work of Hermarchus' has been preserved by Porphyry . This fragment is probably from his Against Empedocles. In this fragment, Hermarchus discusses the reasons for punishment for murder . He argues that early law-makers were guided by the principle that murder was not good for society , and were able to educate other people that this was a rational principle. They then created punishments for those people who could not be educated. For everyone who understood that murder was not useful, laws would not be needed; punishments are only needed for those who fail to understand this. For Hermarchus, this was an example of social progress and an increase in rationality .
Philodemus in his On the Way of Life of the Gods, quotes the view of
And one must say that they use speech and converse with one another; for, he says, we would not consider them more fortunate and indestructible if they did not, but rather similar to mute human beings. For since in fact all of us who are not maimed make use of language, to say that the gods either are maimed or do not resemble us in this respect (there being no other way either they or we could give shape to utterances) is extremely foolish, especially since conversation with those like themselves is a source of indescribable pleasure to the good.
* ^ Dorandi, Tiziano (1999). "Chapter 2: Chronology". In Algra,
Keimpe; et al. The Cambridge History of Hellenistic Philosophy.
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 51–52. ISBN 9780521250283
* ^ Laërtius, Diogenes (1925). "Epicurus". Lives of the Eminent
Philosophers . 2:10. Translated by Hicks, Robert Drew (Two volume
ed.). Loeb Classical Library. § 17, 24.
* ^ Cicero, De Finibus, ii. 30
* ^ Laërtius 1925 , § 24.
* ^ A small papyrus fragment showing the title of his "Against
Empedocles", was actually found at Oxyrhynchus, POxy 3318
* ^ Cicero, De Natura Deorum, i. 33
* ^ Cicero, Academica, ii. 30; Athenaeus, Deipnosophistae, xiii.
53; Photius, Bibliotheca, 167.
* ^ Porphyry, De Abstinentia i. 7-12; 26
* ^ Catherine Osborne, (2007), Dumb Beasts and Dead Philosophers:
Humanity and the Humane in Ancient Philosophy and Literature, page
202. Oxford University Press.
* ^ A. A. Long, (2006), From
* v * t * e
* EPICURUS * Polyaenus * METRODORUS * Batis * Leontion * Carneiscus * Idomeneus * Hermarchus * Colotes * Themista * Leonteus * Polystratus * Dionysius of Lamptrai * Basilides * Philonides * Diogenes of Tarsus * Alcaeus and Philiscus * Apollodorus * Demetrius Lacon * ZENO OF SIDON