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Hermann Georg Jacobi (11 February 1850 – 19 October 1937) was an eminent German Indologist.

Contents

1 Education 2 Academic appointments 3 Work 4 Honors 5 Publications (selection) 6 Notes 7 External links

Education[edit] Jacobi was born in Köln
Köln
(Cologne)[1] on 11 February 1850. He was educated in the gymnasium of Cologne[2] and then went to the University of Berlin, where initially he studied mathematics, but later, probably under the influence of Albrecht Weber, switched to Sanskrit
Sanskrit
and comparative linguistics, which he studied under Weber and Johann Gildemeister.[1] He obtained his doctorate from the University of Bonn. The subject of his thesis, written in 1872, was the origin of the term "hora" in Indian astrology. Jacobi was able to visit London for a year, 1872-1873, where he examined the Indian manuscripts available there. The next year, with Georg Buehler, he visited Rajasthan, India, where manuscripts were being collected.[3] At Jaisalmer Library, he came across Jain Manuscripts, which were of abiding interest to him for the rest of his life. He later edited and translated many of them, both into German and English, including those for Max Mueller's Sacred Books of the East. Academic appointments[edit] In 1875, he became a docent in Sanskrit
Sanskrit
at Bonn; from 1876-85 was professor extraordinarius of Sanskrit
Sanskrit
and Comparative Philology at Münster, Westphalia; in 1885 was made professor ordinarius of Sanskrit
Sanskrit
at Kiel; and in 1889 was appointed professor of Sanskrit
Sanskrit
at Bonn.[1][2] He served as professor in Bonn until his retirement in 1922. After his retirement, Jacobi remained active, lecturing and writing till his death in 1937. Work[edit] Apart from Jaina studies, Jacobi was interested in Indian mathematics, astrology and the natural sciences, and using astronomical information available in the Vedas, he tried to establish the date of their composition. Like Alexander Cunningham
Alexander Cunningham
before him he tried to systematise how, from the evidence available in inscriptions, a true local time could be arrived at. Jacobi's studies in astronomy have regained importance today in the context of the Out of India
India
theory, because his calculations led him to believe that the hymns of the Rigveda
Rigveda
were to be dated as early as 4500 B.C. Thus he is the only renowned Western Indologist whose research supports the claim of the proponents of the theory that the Vedas
Vedas
are to be dated back much earlier than the first half of the second millennium B.C. According to mainstream Indology, the Indo-Aryan Migration
Indo-Aryan Migration
took place during this period of time and the Vedas
Vedas
were only composed after the migration. When Jacobi published his views in an article on the origin of Vedic culture in the Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society (1908), he therefore triggered off a major controversy in Indology. In his later life, Jacobi interested himself in Poetry, Epics and Philosophy, particularly the school of Nyaya-Vaisheshika. It is said that Jacobi was greatly influenced by Jain
Jain
Philosophy and wished to be a Jain
Jain
in his next life. Honors[edit] Among the honours he received were a doctorate from the University of Calcutta where he had gone in the winter of 1913-14 to lecture on poetics, while the Jain
Jain
community conferred the title Jain
Jain
Darshan Divakar — Sun of the Jain
Jain
doctrine — upon him. Publications (selection)[edit]

Zwei Jainastotras (1876) Ausgewählte Erzählungen in Maharashtri (i.e. Selected tales of the Maharashtri, 1886) The Computation of Hindu Dates in the Inscriptions (1892) Das Ramayana, Geschichte und Inhalt nebst Concordanz nach den gedruckten Rezensionen (1893) Compositum und Nebensatz, Studien über die indogermanische Sprachentwicklung (1897) On the Antiquity of Vedic Culture (1908) Schriften zur indischen Poetik und Ästhetik (i.e. Writings on Indian poetics and aesthetics, 1910) Die Entwicklung der Gottesidee bei den Indern und deren Beweise für das Dasein Gottes (i.e. The development of the Indians' idea of God and their proofs for God's existence, 1923) Über das ursprüngliche Yogasystem (i.e. About the original system of Yoga, 1929 / 1930)

Notes[edit]

^ a b c  Gilman, D. C.; Peck, H. T.; Colby, F. M., eds. (1905). "Jacobi, Hermann Georg". New International Encyclopedia
New International Encyclopedia
(1st ed.). New York: Dodd, Mead.  ^ a b  Rines, George Edwin, ed. (1920). "Jacobi, Herman Georg Jakob". Encyclopedia Americana.  ^ Kristi L. Wiley (2004), Historical dictionary of Jainism, Rowman & Littlefield, p. 99, ISBN 978-0-8108-5051-4 

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A.N. Upadhye Bal Patil Champat Rai Jain Chandabai Chandrashekhar Vijay Claudia Pastorino Colette Caillat Hampa Nagarajaiah Hermann Jacobi Jambuvijaya Jinendra Varni Madhusudan Dhaky Mary Whitney Kelting Nalini Balbir Nathuram Premi Padmanabh Jaini Paul Dundas Rajendrasuri Sukhlal Sanghvi T. K. Tukol Virchand Gandhi

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Works by or about Hermann Jacobi at Internet Archive

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WorldCat Identities VIAF: 30336683 LCCN: n88646671 ISNI: 0000 0001 0823 0642 GND: 118963112 SUDOC: 032377762 BNF: cb12341913v (data) BIBSYS: 71166 NLA: 35240020 NDL: 00522916

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