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HERMAN ACHILLE, COUNT VAN ROMPUY (Dutch : HERMAN ACHILLE GRAAF VAN ROMPUY, pronounced ( listen ); born 31 October 1947) is a Belgian and European politician, who formerly served as Prime Minister of Belgium
Belgium
and then as the first President of the European Council
President of the European Council
.

A politician from Belgium's Christian Democratic and Flemish party , Van Rompuy served as the 49th prime minister of Belgium
Belgium
from 30 December 2008 until Yves Leterme
Yves Leterme
(who was also his predecessor) succeeded him on 25 November 2009. On 19 November 2009 Van Rompuy was selected by the members of the European Council
European Council
, which is the institution of the European Union
European Union
(EU) comprising the heads of state or government of the EU member states , as the first full-time President of that Council under the Treaty of Lisbon
Treaty of Lisbon
. He was appointed for the period from 1 December 2009 until 31 May 2012, though he only took up his position officially on 1 January 2010. On 1 March 2012 he was re-elected for a second (and last) term, to last from 1 June 2012 until 30 November 2014.

CONTENTS

* 1 Early life, career and family

* 1.1 Early life * 1.2 Family

* 2 Political career

* 2.1 Early career * 2.2 Belgian Minister of Budget (1993–1999)

* 2.3 Member of the Belgian Chamber of Representatives
Belgian Chamber of Representatives
(1995–2009)

* 2.3.1 Position on Turkish accession to the union * 2.3.2 President of the Belgian Chamber of Representatives (2007–2008)

* 2.4 Prime Minister of Belgium
Prime Minister of Belgium

* 2.4.1 Taxes * 2.4.2 Quote on financial recovery * 2.4.3 Policy on government debt * 2.4.4 Negotiations and dispute with GDF Suez

* 2.5 President of the European Council
President of the European Council

* 3 Honours and awards

* 3.1 Belgian honours * 3.2 Foreign honours * 3.3 Honorary citizenships * 3.4 Honorary degrees * 3.5 Awards

* 4 President\'s cabinet * 5 References * 6 External links

EARLY LIFE, CAREER AND FAMILY

EARLY LIFE

Born in Etterbeek
Etterbeek
, Brussels, to Dr (later Professor) Vic Van Rompuy and Germaine Geens, he attended Sint-Jan Berchmanscollege in Brussels (until 1965), where Ancient Greek and Latin were his main subjects. During his early teens, he was an avid rock and roll fan, especially of US singer Elvis Presley
Elvis Presley
. Later he studied at the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven and received a bachelor's degree in philosophy (1968) and a master's degree in applied economics (1971). He worked at the Belgian central bank from 1972 to 1975.

From 1980 to 1987 he was a lecturer at the Handelshogeschool Antwerpen (now Lessius University College); from 1982 he was also a lecturer at the Vlaamse Economische Hogeschool Brussel (VLEKHO now Hogeschool Universiteit Brussel).

FAMILY

Van Rompuy is married to Geertrui Windels, with whom he has four children: Peter (born 1980), Laura (born 1981), Elke (born 1983) and Thomas (born 1986). His eldest son, Peter, is active in the Christian Democratic and Flemish (CD&V) party and stood as a candidate in the Belgian regional elections of 2009 .

His younger brother, Eric Van Rompuy , is also a politician in the CD">

BELGIAN MINISTER OF BUDGET (1993–1999)

Van Rompuy was Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Budget from September 1993 to July 1999 in the two governments led by Jean-Luc Dehaene . As budget minister, together with finance minister Philippe Maystadt , he helped drive down Belgium's debt from a peak of 135% of gross domestic product (GDP) in 1993. It fell to below 100% of GDP in 2003.

MEMBER OF THE BELGIAN CHAMBER OF REPRESENTATIVES (1995–2009)

He was elected to the Belgian Chamber of Representatives
Belgian Chamber of Representatives
in the 1995 general election , but as he remained a minister, he was barred from taking the seat while holding that office. After his party's defeat in the 1999 Belgian general election , he became a member of the Chamber of Representatives . He was re-elected in 2003 and 2007 . In 2004, he was designated Minister of State .

Position On Turkish Accession To The Union

See also: Accession of Turkey to the European Union
European Union

Before he was President, Van Rompuy expressed reticence about possible Turkish membership of the EU. In 2004, he stated "An enlargement with Turkey is not in any way comparable with previous enlargement waves. Turkey is not Europe and will never be Europe." He continued "But it's a matter of fact that the universal values which are in force in Europe, and which are also the fundamental values of Christianity, will lose vigour with the entry of a large Islamic country such as Turkey."

As President, Van Rompuy has avoided opposing Turkish membership. On 23 December 2010, he said "Turkish reform efforts have delivered impressive results." He continued "Turkey plays an ever more active role in its neighbourhood. Turkey is also a full-standing member of the G-20, just like five EU countries and the EU itself. In my view, even before an outcome of the negotiations, the European Union
European Union
should develop a close partnership with the Turkish Republic."

President Of The Belgian Chamber Of Representatives (2007–2008)

THIS SECTION NEEDS EXPANSION. You can help by adding to it . (November 2009)

After eight years in opposition, CD"> , according to European Commission forecasts. Belgium
Belgium
had trimmed debt to as little as 84% of GDP in 2007, before bailouts of Fortis, Dexia SA, KBC Group NV and mutual insurer Ethias Group increased the nation's borrowing costs and inflated the debt ratio to 89.6% at the end of last year."

Negotiations And Dispute With GDF Suez

On 22 October 2009 Reuters reported that the Van Rompuy government had signed a commitment with GDF Suez for nuclear power fees to Belgium. The outstanding dispute with GDF concerns the €250 million fee that Belgium
Belgium
is attempting to charge GDF for 2009 as part of its "Renewable Energy Fund" as stated in the article: " Belgium
Belgium
has also charged nuclear producers a total of 250 million euros for 2008 and the same for 2009, as well as 250 million euros this year payable to a renewable energy fund. These fees remain in dispute. The producers are challenging the 2008 payment in Belgium's constitutional court. A spokesman for Van Rompuy said the government would pass a law to enforce the 500 million euro charge for this year, adding that this could also be contested by GDF Suez."

PRESIDENT OF THE EUROPEAN COUNCIL

Van Rompuy in a joint press conference with José Manuel Barroso , the President of the European Commission
President of the European Commission
in May 2010 Herman Van Rompuy with Nicos Anastasiades

On 19 November 2009, Van Rompuy was chosen unanimously by the European Council, at an informal meeting in Brussels, to be the first full-time President of the European Council
President of the European Council
; for the period of 1 December 2009 (the entry into force of the Treaty of Lisbon
Treaty of Lisbon
) until 31 May 2012. He took up his position officially on 1 January 2010.

Gordon Brown also praised Van Rompuy as "a consensus-builder" who had "brought a period of political stability to his country after months of uncertainty". This opinion is shared by others; he has been described as the painstaking builder of impossible compromises (l'horloger des compromis impossibles) A statement made by Van Rompuy at a news conference after his selection illustrates his approach:

"Every country should emerge victorious from negotiations. A negotiation that ends with a defeated party is never a good negotiation. I will consider everyone's interests and sensitivities. Even if our unity remains our strength, our diversity remains our wealth." He has also described his role of chairing a body composed of 27 heads of state or government (and finding consensus among them) as being "neither a spectator, nor a dictator, but a facilitator"

Not all parties and fractions had positive words when Herman Van Rompuy took office. Nigel Farage
Nigel Farage
of the UK Independence Party attacked the freshly appointed president by saying : "you have the charisma of a damp rag and the appearance of a low grade bank clerk". He was fined 3000 Euros (ten days pay) for this by the Bureau of the European Parliament.

In a November 2009 press conference, Van Rompuy related to global governance by stating: "2009 is also the first year of global governance with the establishment of the G20 in the middle of a financial crisis; the climate conference in Copenhagen is another step towards the global management of our planet." Van Rompuy referred to the United Nations Climate Change Conference 2009 .

In or just before the first months of his presidency Van Rompuy visited all EU member states, he also organised an informal meeting of the heads of state of the EU. The meeting took place on 11 February 2010 in the Solvay Library (Brussels), topics to be discussed were the future direction of the economic policies of the EU, the outcome of the Copenhagen Conference and the then recent earthquake in Haiti .

In fact, the meeting was in part taken over by the growing sovereign debt crisis (at that time, Greece), which was to become the hall mark of Van Rompuy's first two years as President. With EU member states holding divergent positions on this issue, he had to find compromises, not least between France
France
and Germany, at subsequent European Council meetings and summits of Eurozone heads of state or government leading to the establishment of the three-year European Financial Stability Mechanism (EFSM)and the European Financial Stability Facility (EFSF) in May 2010 to provide loans to Greece (and later Ireland and Portugal) to help stabilise their borrowing costs, but subject to strict conditions. Van Rompuy with Barack Obama
Barack Obama
and Barroso

The European Council
European Council
also gave him the assignment of chairing a task force on economic governance, composed of personal representatives (mostly ministers of finance) of the heads of government, which reported ahead of schedule to the October 2010 European Council. Its report, which proposed stronger macro-economic co-ordination within the EU in general and the Eurozone in particular and also a tightening of the Stability and Growth Pact was endorsed by the European Council. The latter also charged him with preparing, by December 2010, a proposal for a limited change to the Treaty required to enable a more permanent financial stability mechanism. His draft – for an addition to Article 136 TFEU, pertaining to the Eurozone – was endorsed by the European Council
European Council
at its October 2010 meeting. Van Rompuy with Russian President Dmitry Medvedev
Dmitry Medvedev

His second year in office, 2011, was also marked by a deterioration of the Greek debt crisis, leading to Van Rompuy calling an extraordinary meeting of the Eurozone heads of state or government in July to adopt a first package of further measures (notably longer term loans at lower interest rates, private sector debt-writedown, further fiscal consolidation in Greece) and again in October (in conjunction with full European Council
European Council
meetings) to contain contagion from Greece to other countries (through bank recapitalisation across Europe and by leveraging the firepower of the EFSF to about €1 trillion).

His first two years were also marked by his role in co-ordinating European positions on the world stage at G8 and G20 summits and bilateral summits, such as the tense 5 October 2010 EU-China summit. He called a special European Council
European Council
at short notice in early 2011 on the emerging Libya crisis, which, in agreeing conditions for military intervention, made it impossible for Germany
Germany
to oppose such intervention once the conditions were fulfilled.

On 1 March 2012 Herman Van Rompuy
Herman Van Rompuy
was re-elected unanimously as President of the European Council
President of the European Council
by the heads of state or government of the 27 EU member states. President Van Rompuy's second term has lasted for two and a half years, from 1 June 2012 to 30 November 2014. After this second mandate he could not have been re-elected because the European Council
European Council
President's term of office can only be extended once.

Herman Van Rompuy
Herman Van Rompuy
was also appointed as the first President of the Euro
Euro
Summit, and this for the same term of office as his Presidency of the European Council. The Euro
Euro
Summit meetings are to take place at least twice a year.

In 2014, Van Rompuy was awarded the International Charlemagne Prize of Aachen
Aachen
for his EU role.

HONOURS AND AWARDS

BELGIAN HONOURS

* Belgium
Belgium
:

* Created COUNT VAN ROMPUY, by Royal Decree of 8 July 2015 of King Philippe . * Minister of State , by Royal decree of 26 January 2004.

* Order of Leopold :

* COMMANDER, by Royal decree of 22 May 2003. * GRAND CORDON , by Royal decree of 23 December 2009.

FOREIGN HONOURS

* Benin
Benin
: Grand Cross of the National Order of Benin
Benin
* France
France
: Grand Officier of the Legion of Honour
Legion of Honour
* Ivory Coast
Ivory Coast
: Grand Officer of the National Order of the Ivory Coast * Japan
Japan
: Grand Cordon (or 1st Class) of the Order of the Rising Sun * Netherlands
Netherlands
: Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Orange-Nassau (10 October 2014) * Romania
Romania
: Grand Cross of the Order of the Star of Romania
Romania
* Slovakia
Slovakia
: Grand Officer (or 2nd Class) of the Order of the White Double Cross * Gold Medal of the Jean Monnet Foundation for Europe , in 2014. * Slovenia
Slovenia
: Order for Exceptional Merits

HONORARY CITIZENSHIPS

* Beersel, Belgium
Belgium
(13 May 2012) * De Haan, Belgium
Belgium
(7 July 2012) * Olen, Belgium
Belgium
(3 October 2013) * Matsuyama, Japan
Japan
(18 November 2013) * Kortessem, Belgium
Belgium
(16 May 2014)

HONORARY DEGREES

* Belgium
Belgium
:

* Doctor honoris causa
Doctor honoris causa
from the Catholic University of Louvain (2 February 2010) * Doctor honoris causa
Doctor honoris causa
from the Ghent University
Ghent University
(18 March 2011) * Doctor honoris causa
Doctor honoris causa
from the Catholic University of Leuven (1 June 2012)

* Japan
Japan
: Doctor honoris causa
Doctor honoris causa
from the Kobe University (4 March 2011) * Azerbaijan
Azerbaijan
: Doctor honoris causa
Doctor honoris causa
from the Azerbaijan
Azerbaijan
University of Languages (5 July 2012) * Vietnam
Vietnam
: Doctor honoris causa
Doctor honoris causa
from the Vietnam
Vietnam
National University, Hanoi (1 November 2012) * Spain
Spain
: Doctor honoris causa
Doctor honoris causa
from the CEU San Pablo University (12 December 2013) * Benin
Benin
: Doctor honoris causa
Doctor honoris causa
from the University of Abomey-Calavi (21 February 2014) * Netherlands
Netherlands
: Doctor honoris causa
Doctor honoris causa
from the VU University Amsterdam (20 October 2015) * Scotland
Scotland
: Honorary LL.D. degree from the University of St Andrews (21 June 2016) * England
England
: Honorary D.C.L. degree from the University of Kent (14 July 2016)

AWARDS

* Germany
Germany
: Charlemagne Prize
Charlemagne Prize
(29 May 2014) * Netherlands
Netherlands
: Benelux-Europa Prize (12 June 2010) * Belgium
Belgium
: Harvard Club of Belgium
Belgium
Leadership Prize (8 September 2010) * Luxembourg
Luxembourg
: Collier du Mérite européen awarded by the European Merit Foundation (25 November 2010) * Spain
Spain
: Nueva Economía Forum Prize (10 December 2010) * Belgium
Belgium
: Golden medal of the Royal Flemish Academy of Belgium for Science and the Arts (14 January 2012) * Belgium
Belgium
: Honorary senator E Meritu et Honoris Causa of the Movement for a United States of Europe – Action Centre for European federalism (AEF – BVSE), Antwerp (5 February 2012) * Netherlands
Netherlands
: Otto von der Gablentz Prize (18 April 2012) * Austria
Austria
: European Prize Coudenhove-Kalergi (16 November 2012) * Belgium
Belgium
: Michele de Gianni Award (4 October 2013) * Poland
Poland
: Golden Business Centre Club Statuette Award, awarded at the Grand Gala of Polish Business Leaders, Warsaw (25 January 2014) * Germany
Germany
: ESMT Responsible Leadership Award, awarded by the European School of Management and Technology, Berlin, (3 July 2014) * Netherlands
Netherlands
: Comenius prize (2 April 2016)

PRESIDENT\'S CABINET

Although the European Council
European Council
is, under the terms of the Lisbon treaty, a separate institution of the EU, it does not have its own administration. The administrative support for both the European Council and its president is provided by the General Secretariat of the Council of the European Union
European Union
.

The president does have, however, his own private office (cabinet) of close advisers. Van Rompuy chose as his chief of staff (chef de cabinet) Baron Frans van Daele, formerly Belgian ambassador to, variously, the USA, the UN, the EU and NATO and chief of staff of several Belgian foreign ministers. Also in his team are the former UK Labour MEP Richard Corbett
Richard Corbett
, former Hungarian Ambassador to NATO Zoltan Martinusz, former head of the EU's economic -webkit-column-width: 30em; column-width: 30em; list-style-type: decimal;">

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Herman Van Rompuy
Gets the Nod". Sky News. Archived from the original on 22 November 2009. Retrieved 20 November 2009. * ^ "European Parliament announces new President and Foreign Affairs Minister". Retrieved 1 December 2009. * ^ "Implementation of the Treaty of Lisbon" (PDF). European Council. 16 November 2009. Retrieved 6 January 2010. * ^ "EU Lisbon Treaty comes into force", AFP (via Google News), 1 December 2009. * ^ "Déclaration de Herman Van Rompuy, à l\'issue du dîner des Chefs d\'Etat ou de Gouvernement" (in French). hermanvanrompuy.be. Retrieved 6 October 2010. * ^ "Van Rompuy re-elected for a second term". * ^ A B "Short Tine Van Rompuy biography" (in Dutch). tinevanrompuy.be. Retrieved 11 January 2010. * ^ A B " Herman Van Rompuy
Herman Van Rompuy
biography on the European Council website" (PDF). consilium.europa.eu. Retrieved 4 January 2010. * ^ A B "Bloomberg record on debt reduction of the Belgium\'s debt in the 90\'s and early 00\'s.". 4 November 2009. Retrieved 20 November 2009. * ^ "Herman Van Rompuy" (in Dutch). CD&V. Archived from the original on 15 December 2009. Retrieved 23 November 2009. * ^ "30 jaar Van Rompuy campagnes" (in Dutch). ericvanrompuy.be. Retrieved 18 January 2010. * ^ "Short Eric van Rompuy biography" (in Dutch). ericvanrompuy.be. Retrieved 11 January 2010. * ^ "Biografie Herman van Rompuy". De Morgen (in Dutch). De Persgroep Publishing. 20 November 2009. Retrieved 23 November 2009. * ^ "De Standaard Online – Pers boos om \'anti-Turkse benoeming\'". Standaard.be. 21 November 2009. Retrieved 26 February 2010. * ^ "Van Rompuy urges EU for closer partnership with Turkey". Today's Zaman. 23 December 2010. Archived from the original on 12 December 2011. Retrieved 18 December 2011. * ^ "Beknopt verslag plenumvergadering donderdag 12 July 2007 namiddag. Meeting of Belgian Chamber of representatives on 12 July 2007" (PDF) (in Dutch). dekamer.be. Retrieved 11 January 2010. * ^ Jones, Huw (28 December 2008). "UPDATE 2-Belgian king asks Van Rompuy to form government – Industries – Financial Services & Real Estate – Reuters". Retrieved 20 November 2009. * ^ "FACTBOX – Key facts about new Belgian prime minister – World – Reuters". 30 December 2008. Retrieved 20 November 2009. * ^ "Bloomberg Article on Van Rompuy\'s positions as PM". 13 October 2009. Retrieved 20 November 2009. * ^ A B " Belgium
Belgium
Will Tax Banks, Nuclear Power to Tame Deficit (Update2)". bloomberg.com. 13 October 2009. Retrieved 13 January 2010.

* ^ "UPDATE 1-GDF Suez signs Belgian nuclear commitment – Reuters". 22 October 2009. Retrieved 20 November 2009. * ^ " President of the European Council
President of the European Council
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Nigel Farage
insults Herman van Rompuy, calls EU President a "DAMP RAG" - EurActiv.com". Youtube.com. 24 February 2010. Retrieved 14 May 2014. * ^ "BBC – EU President Herman Van Rompuy
Herman Van Rompuy
on global governance and global management". Youtube.com. 22 November 2009. Retrieved 27 April 2010. * ^ " European Council
European Council
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Charlemagne Prize
Laureate 2014 Herman Van Rompuy". Foundation of the International Charlemagne Prize
Charlemagne Prize
of Aachen. 2014-05-29. Archived from the original on 2014-12-16. Retrieved 2014-12-16. * ^ Koninklijk Besluit gepubliceerd op 17 juli 2015 – website Etaamb Belgian official journal * ^ Parlement, Vlaams. " Herman Van Rompuy
Herman Van Rompuy
- Vlaams Parlement". * ^ Koninklijk Besluit gepubliceerd op 22 mei 2003 – website Etaamb Belgian official journal * ^ Koninklijk Besluit gepubliceerd op 23 december 2009 – website Etaamb Belgian official journal * ^ A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V "Biography of Herman Van Rompuy
Herman Van Rompuy
- Consilium". * ^ " His Excellency
His Excellency
Mr. Herman Van Rompuy
Herman Van Rompuy
(former President of the European Council
European Council
and Kobe University Advisory Board member) received the Grand Cordon of the Order of the Rising Sun