HERMAN ACHILLE, COUNT VAN ROMPUY (Dutch : _HERMAN ACHILLE GRAAF VAN
ROMPUY_, pronounced ( listen ); born 31 October 1947) is a Belgian
and European politician, who formerly served as Prime Minister of
A politician from Belgium's Christian Democratic and Flemish party ,
Van Rompuy served as the 49th prime minister of
* 1 Early life, career and family
* 1.1 Early life * 1.2 Family
* 2 Political career
* 2.1 Early career * 2.2 Belgian Minister of Budget (1993–1999)
* 2.3 Member of the Belgian Chamber of Representatives (1995–2009)
* 2.3.1 Position on Turkish accession to the union * 2.3.2 President of the Belgian Chamber of Representatives (2007–2008)
* 2.4.1 Taxes * 2.4.2 Quote on financial recovery * 2.4.3 Policy on government debt * 2.4.4 Negotiations and dispute with GDF Suez
* 3 Honours and awards
* 3.1 Belgian honours * 3.2 Foreign honours * 3.3 Honorary citizenships * 3.4 Honorary degrees * 3.5 Awards
* 4 President\'s cabinet * 5 References * 6 External links
EARLY LIFE, CAREER AND FAMILY
Etterbeek , Brussels, to Dr (later Professor) Vic Van Rompuy
and Germaine Geens, he attended Sint-Jan Berchmanscollege in Brussels
(until 1965), where Ancient Greek and Latin were his main subjects.
During his early teens, he was an avid rock and roll fan, especially
of US singer
From 1980 to 1987 he was a lecturer at the Handelshogeschool Antwerpen (now Lessius University College); from 1982 he was also a lecturer at the Vlaamse Economische Hogeschool Brussel (VLEKHO now Hogeschool Universiteit Brussel).
Van Rompuy is married to Geertrui Windels, with whom he has four children: Peter (born 1980), Laura (born 1981), Elke (born 1983) and Thomas (born 1986). His eldest son, Peter, is active in the Christian Democratic and Flemish (CD&V) party and stood as a candidate in the Belgian regional elections of 2009 .
His younger brother, Eric Van Rompuy , is also a politician in the CD">
BELGIAN MINISTER OF BUDGET (1993–1999)
Van Rompuy was Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Budget from September 1993 to July 1999 in the two governments led by Jean-Luc Dehaene . As budget minister, together with finance minister Philippe Maystadt , he helped drive down Belgium's debt from a peak of 135% of gross domestic product (GDP) in 1993. It fell to below 100% of GDP in 2003.
MEMBER OF THE BELGIAN CHAMBER OF REPRESENTATIVES (1995–2009)
He was elected to the Belgian Chamber of Representatives in the 1995 general election , but as he remained a minister, he was barred from taking the seat while holding that office. After his party's defeat in the 1999 Belgian general election , he became a member of the Chamber of Representatives . He was re-elected in 2003 and 2007 . In 2004, he was designated Minister of State .
Position On Turkish Accession To The Union
See also: Accession of Turkey to the
Before he was President, Van Rompuy expressed reticence about possible Turkish membership of the EU. In 2004, he stated "An enlargement with Turkey is not in any way comparable with previous enlargement waves. Turkey is not Europe and will never be Europe." He continued "But it's a matter of fact that the universal values which are in force in Europe, and which are also the fundamental values of Christianity, will lose vigour with the entry of a large Islamic country such as Turkey."
As President, Van Rompuy has avoided opposing Turkish membership. On
23 December 2010, he said "Turkish reform efforts have delivered
impressive results." He continued "Turkey plays an ever more active
role in its neighbourhood. Turkey is also a full-standing member of
the G-20, just like five EU countries and the EU itself. In my view,
even before an outcome of the negotiations, the
President Of The Belgian Chamber Of Representatives (2007–2008)
_ THIS SECTION NEEDS EXPANSION. You can help by adding to it . (November 2009)_
After eight years in opposition, CD"> , according to European
Negotiations And Dispute With GDF Suez
On 22 October 2009 Reuters reported that the Van Rompuy government
had signed a commitment with GDF Suez for nuclear power fees to
Belgium. The outstanding dispute with GDF concerns the €250 million
PRESIDENT OF THE EUROPEAN COUNCIL
On 19 November 2009, Van Rompuy was chosen unanimously by the European Council, at an informal meeting in Brussels, to be the first full-time President of the European Council ; for the period of 1 December 2009 (the entry into force of the Treaty of Lisbon ) until 31 May 2012. He took up his position officially on 1 January 2010.
Gordon Brown also praised Van Rompuy as "a consensus-builder" who had "brought a period of political stability to his country after months of uncertainty". This opinion is shared by others; he has been described as the painstaking builder of impossible compromises (_l'horloger des compromis impossibles_) A statement made by Van Rompuy at a news conference after his selection illustrates his approach:
"Every country should emerge victorious from negotiations. A negotiation that ends with a defeated party is never a good negotiation. I will consider everyone's interests and sensitivities. Even if our unity remains our strength, our diversity remains our wealth." He has also described his role of chairing a body composed of 27 heads of state or government (and finding consensus among them) as being "neither a spectator, nor a dictator, but a facilitator"
Not all parties and fractions had positive words when Herman Van Rompuy took office. Nigel Farage of the UK Independence Party attacked the freshly appointed president by saying : "you have the charisma of a damp rag and the appearance of a low grade bank clerk". He was fined 3000 Euros (ten days pay) for this by the Bureau of the European Parliament.
In a November 2009 press conference, Van Rompuy related to global governance by stating: "2009 is also the first year of global governance with the establishment of the G20 in the middle of a financial crisis; the climate conference in Copenhagen is another step towards the global management of our planet." Van Rompuy referred to the United Nations Climate Change Conference 2009 .
In or just before the first months of his presidency Van Rompuy visited all EU member states, he also organised an informal meeting of the heads of state of the EU. The meeting took place on 11 February 2010 in the Solvay Library (Brussels), topics to be discussed were the future direction of the economic policies of the EU, the outcome of the Copenhagen Conference and the then recent earthquake in Haiti .
In fact, the meeting was in part taken over by the growing sovereign
debt crisis (at that time, Greece), which was to become the hall mark
of Van Rompuy's first two years as President. With EU member states
holding divergent positions on this issue, he had to find compromises,
not least between
The European Council also gave him the assignment of chairing a task force on economic governance, composed of personal representatives (mostly ministers of finance) of the heads of government, which reported ahead of schedule to the October 2010 European Council. Its report, which proposed stronger macro-economic co-ordination within the EU in general and the Eurozone in particular and also a tightening of the Stability and Growth Pact was endorsed by the European Council. The latter also charged him with preparing, by December 2010, a proposal for a limited change to the Treaty required to enable a more permanent financial stability mechanism. His draft – for an addition to Article 136 TFEU, pertaining to the Eurozone – was endorsed by the European Council at its October 2010 meeting. Van Rompuy with Russian President Dmitry Medvedev
His second year in office, 2011, was also marked by a deterioration of the Greek debt crisis, leading to Van Rompuy calling an extraordinary meeting of the Eurozone heads of state or government in July to adopt a first package of further measures (notably longer term loans at lower interest rates, private sector debt-writedown, further fiscal consolidation in Greece) and again in October (in conjunction with full European Council meetings) to contain contagion from Greece to other countries (through bank recapitalisation across Europe and by leveraging the firepower of the EFSF to about €1 trillion).
His first two years were also marked by his role in co-ordinating
European positions on the world stage at G8 and G20 summits and
bilateral summits, such as the tense 5 October 2010 EU-China summit.
He called a special
European Council at short notice in early 2011 on
the emerging Libya crisis, which, in agreeing conditions for military
intervention, made it impossible for
On 1 March 2012
Herman Van Rompuy
Herman Van Rompuy
In 2014, Van Rompuy was awarded the International Charlemagne Prize
HONOURS AND AWARDS
* Created COUNT VAN ROMPUY, by Royal Decree of 8 July 2015 of King Philippe . * Minister of State , by Royal decree of 26 January 2004.
* Order of Leopold :
* COMMANDER, by Royal decree of 22 May 2003. * GRAND CORDON , by Royal decree of 23 December 2009.
Doctor honoris causa from the Catholic University of Louvain (2
Doctor honoris causa from the
European Council is, under the terms of the Lisbon
treaty, a separate institution of the EU, it does not have its own
administration. The administrative support for both the European
Council and its president is provided by the General Secretariat of
the Council of the
The president does have, however, his own private office (_cabinet_) of close advisers. Van Rompuy chose as his chief of staff (_chef de cabinet_) Baron Frans van Daele, formerly Belgian ambassador to, variously, the USA, the UN, the EU and NATO and chief of staff of several Belgian foreign ministers. Also in his team are the former UK Labour MEP Richard Corbett , former Hungarian Ambassador to NATO Zoltan Martinusz, former head of the EU's economic -webkit-column-width: 30em; column-width: 30em; list-style-type: decimal;">
* ^ "Herman Van Rompuy".
Encyclopædia Britannica . Retrieved 30
* ^ "
Tony Blair Has Dropped Out of the Race to be EU President as
Herman Van Rompuy
* ^ "UPDATE 1-GDF Suez signs Belgian nuclear commitment –
Reuters". 22 October 2009. Retrieved 20 November 2009.
* ^ "
President of the European Council factsheet" (PDF). European
Council. 11 December 2009. Retrieved 9 January 2010.
* ^ "BBC News – Belgian PM Van Rompuy is named as new EU
president". 20 November 2009. Retrieved 20 November 2009.
* ^ Jean-Jacques Mevel, _Van Rompuy, l'horloger des compromis
impossibles_, in the daily newspaper, Le Figaro, 19 November 2009
"online article (fr).". Retrieved 21 November 2009.
* ^ "
Nigel Farage insults Herman van Rompuy, calls EU President a
"DAMP RAG" - EurActiv.com". Youtube.com. 24 February 2010. Retrieved
14 May 2014.
* ^ "BBC – EU President
Herman Van Rompuy
* ^ "His Excellen