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Herman Jacob Mankiewicz (November 7, 1897 – March 5, 1953) was an American screenwriter, who, with Orson Welles, wrote the screenplay for Citizen Kane
Citizen Kane
(1941). Earlier, he was the Berlin
Berlin
correspondent for the Chicago Tribune
Chicago Tribune
and the drama critic for The New York Times
The New York Times
and The New Yorker.[1][2][3] Alexander Woollcott
Alexander Woollcott
said that Herman Mankiewicz was the "funniest man in New York".[4] Both Mankiewicz and Welles received Academy Awards
Academy Awards
for their screenplay.[5] He was often asked to fix the screenplays of other writers, with much of his work uncredited. Occasional flashes of what came to be called the "Mankiewicz humor" and satire distinguished his films, and became valued in the films of the 1930s. The style of writing included a slick, satirical, and witty humor, which depended almost totally on dialogue to carry the film. It was a style that would become associated with the "typical American film" of that period.[6]:219 Among the screenplays he wrote or worked on, besides Citizen Kane, were The Wizard of Oz, Man of the World, Dinner at Eight, Pride of the Yankees, and The Pride of St. Louis. Mankiewicz's younger brother was Joseph L. Mankiewicz
Joseph L. Mankiewicz
(1909–1993), also an Oscar-winning Hollywood
Hollywood
director, screenwriter, and producer. Film critic Pauline Kael
Pauline Kael
credits Mankiewicz with having written, alone or with others, "about forty of the films I remember best from the twenties and thirties. . . . he was a key linking figure in just the kind of movies my friends and I loved best."[7]:247

Contents

1 Personal life 2 Early career 3 Success in Hollywood 4 Style 5 The Wizard of Oz 6 Banned by the Nazis 7 Citizen Kane

7.1 Hearst's inner circle 7.2 Academy Award
Academy Award
celebration 7.3 The film as a whole

8 Other films 9 Death 10 Critical legacy 11 Depictions 12 Writing filmography 13 Bibliography

13.1 Plays 13.2 Essays and reporting 13.3 Critical studies, reviews and biography

14 Notes 15 References 16 Further reading 17 External links

Personal life[edit] Herman Mankiewicz was born in New York City
New York City
in 1897. His parents were of German Jewish
German Jewish
ancestry: his father, Franz Mankiewicz, was born in Berlin
Berlin
and emigrated to the U.S. from Hamburg
Hamburg
in 1892.[4][8][9] He arrived in the U.S. with his wife, a dressmaker named Johanna Blumenau, who was from the German-speaking Kurland region."[10]:21 The family lived first in New York and then moved to Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, where Herman's father accepted a teaching position. In 1909, Herman's brother, Joseph L. Mankiewicz
Joseph L. Mankiewicz
(who himself would have a career as a successful writer, producer, and director), was born, and both boys and a sister spent their childhood there. Census records indicate the family lived on Academy Street. The family moved to New York City
New York City
in 1913, and Herman graduated from Columbia University
Columbia University
in 1917.[4] After a period as managing editor of the American Jewish Chronicle, he became a flying cadet with the United States Army
United States Army
in 1917, and, in 1918, a private first class with the Marines, A.E.F. In 1919 and 1920, he became director of the American Red Cross
American Red Cross
News Service in Paris, and after returning to the U.S. married Sara Aaronson, of Baltimore. He took his bride overseas with him on his next job as a foreign correspondent in Berlin
Berlin
from 1920 to 1922, doing political reporting for George Seldes
George Seldes
on the Chicago Tribune.[7]:243–244 He was a "bookish, introspective child who, despite his intelligence, was never able to win approval from his demanding father" who was known to belittle his achievements.[6]:218–224 He became an alcoholic, which hurt his career by the late 1930s.[11] His children were screenwriter Don Mankiewicz (1922-2015), politician Frank Mankiewicz (1924-2014), and novelist Johanna Mankiewicz Davis (1937-1974). Early career[edit] While a reporter in Berlin
Berlin
for the Chicago Tribune, he also sent pieces on drama and books to The New York Times.[2][3] At one point, he was hired in Berlin
Berlin
by dancer Isadora Duncan, to be her publicist in preparation for her return tour in America. At home again in the U.S., he took a job as a reporter for the New York World. He was known as a "gifted, prodigious writer," and contributed to Vanity Fair, The Saturday Evening Post and numerous other magazines. While still in his twenties, he collaborated with Heywood Broun, Dorothy Parker, Robert E. Sherwood, and others on a revue, and collaborated with George S. Kaufman on a play, The Good Fellow, and with Marc Connelly
Marc Connelly
on The Wild Man of Borneo. From 1923 to 1926, he was at The New York Times
The New York Times
backing up George S. Kaufman
George S. Kaufman
in the drama department and soon after became the first regular theatre critic for The New Yorker, writing a weekly column during 1925 and 1926. He was a member of the Algonquin Round Table.[12] His writing attracted the notice of film producer Walter Wanger who offered him a motion-picture contract and he soon moved to Hollywood.[7]:244 Success in Hollywood[edit] After a month in the movie business, Mankiewicz signed a year's contract at $400 a week plus bonuses. By the end of 1927, he was head of Paramount's scenario department, and film critic Pauline Kael, who wrote about him and the creation of Citizen Kane
Citizen Kane
in "Raising Kane", her famous 1971 New Yorker article, wrote that "in January, 1928, there was a newspaper item reporting that he was in New York 'lining up a new set of newspaper feature writers and playwrights to bring to Hollywood,' and that 'most of the newer writers on Paramount's staff who contributed the most successful stories of the past year' were selected by 'Mank.'"[7]:244 Film historian Scott Eyman notes that Mankiewicz was put in charge of writer recruitment by Paramount. However, as "a hard-drinking gambler, he hired men in his own image: Ben Hecht, Bartlett Cormack, Edwin Justus Mayer, writers comfortable with the iconoclasm of big-city newsrooms who would introduce their sardonic worldliness to movie audiences.[13] Kael notes that "beginning in 1926, Mankiewicz worked on an astounding number of films." In 1927 and 1928, he did the titles (the printed dialogue and explanations) for at least twenty-five films that starred Clara Bow, Bebe Daniels, Nancy Carroll, Wallace Beery, and other public favorites. By then, sound had come in, and in 1929 he did the script as well as the dialogue for The Dummy, and did the scripts for many directors, including William Wellman
William Wellman
and Josef von Sternberg.[7] Other screenwriters made large contributions, too, but "probably none larger than Mankiewicz's," according to Kael. At the beginning of the sound era he was one of the highest-paid writers in the world, because, Kael writes, "he wrote the kind of movies that were disapproved of as "fast" and immoral. His heroes weren't soft-eyed and bucolic; he brought good-humored toughness to the movies, and energy and astringency. And the public responded, because it was eager for modern American subjects."[7]:247 He was described as "a Promethean wit bound in a Promethean body, one of the most entertaining men in existence...[and] called the 'Central Park West Voltaire' by Ben Hecht.[14]:330 According to Kael, Mankiewicz did not work on every kind of picture. He didn't do Westerns, for example, and once, when a studio attempted to punish him for his customary misbehavior by assigning him to a Rin Tin Tin picture, he rebelled by turning in a script that began with the craven dog frightened by a mouse and reached its climax with a house on fire and the dog taking a baby into the flames.[7]:246[a] Style[edit] Shortly after his arrival on the West Coast, he sent a telegram to journalist-friend Ben Hecht
Ben Hecht
in New York: "Millions are to be grabbed out here and your only competition is idiots. Don't let this get around."[6] He attracted other New York writers to Hollywood
Hollywood
who contributed to a burst of creative, tough, and sardonic styles of writing for the fast-growing movie industry. What distinguished his screenplays were "occasional flashes of the Mankiewicz humor and satire that proved to be a foreshadowing of a new type of slick, satirical, typically American film that depended almost totally on dialogue for its success."[6]:218–224 Between 1929 and 1935, he was credited with working on at least twenty films, many of which he received no credit for. Between 1930 and 1932 he was either producer or associate producer on four comedies and helped write their screenplays without credit: Laughter, Monkey Business, Horse Feathers, and Million Dollar Legs, which many critics considered one of the funniest comedies of the early 1930s.[6] In 1933, he co-wrote Dinner at Eight, which was based on the George S. Kaufman/ Edna Ferber
Edna Ferber
play, and became one of the most popular comedies at that time and remains a "classic" comedy. The Wizard of Oz[edit] In February 1938, he was assigned as the first of ten screenwriters to work on The Wizard of Oz. Three days after he started writing he handed in a seventeen-page treatment of what was later known as "the Kansas sequence". While Baum devoted less than a thousand words in his book to Kansas, Mankiewicz almost balanced the attention on Kansas to the section about Oz. He felt it was necessary to have the audience relate to Dorothy in a real world before transporting her to a magic one. By the end of the week he had finished writing fifty-six pages of the script and included instructions to film the scenes in Kansas in black and white. His goal, according to film historian Aljean Harmetz, was to "capture in pictures what Baum had captured in words—the grey lifelessness of Kansas contrasted with the visual richness of Oz."[16]:28 He was not credited for his work on the film, however. Banned by the Nazis[edit] According to The New York Times, in 1935, while he was a staff writer for MGM, the studio was notified by Dr. Paul Joseph Goebbels, then Minister of Education and Propaganda under Adolf Hitler, that films written by Mankiewicz could not be shown in Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
unless his name was removed from the screen credits.[17] Citizen Kane[edit] Main article: Screenplay for Citizen Kane Mankiewicz is best known for his collaboration with Orson Welles
Orson Welles
on the screenplay of Citizen Kane, for which they both won an Academy Award and later became a source of controversy over who wrote what. Pauline Kael
Pauline Kael
attributed Kane's screenplay to Mankiewicz in a 1971 essay that was strongly disputed and is now discredited.[18][19] Much debate has centered around this issue, largely because of the importance of the film itself, which most agree is a fictionalized biography of newspaper publisher William Randolph Hearst. According to film biographer David Thomson, however, "No one can now deny Herman Mankiewicz credit for the germ, shape, and pointed language of the screenplay..."[20] Mankiewicz biographer Richard Meryman notes that the dispute had various causes, including the way the movie was promoted. When RKO opened the movie on Broadway on May 1, 1941, followed by showings at theaters in other large cities, the publicity programs that were printed included photographs of Welles as "the one-man band, directing, acting, and writing." In a letter to his father afterwards, Mankiewicz wrote, "I'm particularly furious at the incredibly insolent description of how Orson wrote his masterpiece. The fact is that there isn't one single line in the picture that wasn't in writing—writing from and by me—before ever a camera turned."[10]:270 According to film historian Otto Friedrich, it made Mankiewicz "unhappy to hear Welles quoted in Louella Parsons's column, before the question of screen credits was officially settled, as saying, 'So I wrote Citizen Kane.' Mankiewicz went to the Screen Writers Guild and declared that he was the original author. Welles later claimed that he planned on a joint credit all along, but Mankiewicz claimed that Welles offered him a bonus of ten thousand dollars if he would let Welles take full credit. ... The Screen Writers Guild eventually decreed a joint credit, with Mankiewicz's name first."[21] Some time later, Welles commented on this allegation:

God, if I hadn't loved him I would have hated him after all those ridiculous stories, persuading people I was offering him money to have his name taken off...that he would be carrying on like this, denouncing me as a coauthor, screaming around.[10]:274

Hearst's inner circle[edit] Mankiewicz became good friends with Hollywood
Hollywood
screenwriter Charles Lederer, who was Marion Davies's nephew. Lederer grew up as a Hollywood
Hollywood
habitué, spending much time at San Simeon, where Davies reigned as William Randolph Hearst's mistress. As one of his admirers in the early 1930s, Hearst often invited Mankiewicz to spend the weekend at San Simeon. "Herman told Joe [his brother] to come to the office of their mutual friend Charlie Lederer..."[10]:144 "Mankiewicz found himself on story-swapping terms with the power behind it all, Hearst himself. When he had been in Hollywood
Hollywood
only a short time, he met Marion Davies and Hearst through his friendship with Charles Lederer, a writer, then in his early twenties, whom Ben Hecht
Ben Hecht
had met and greatly admired in New York when Lederer was still in his teens. Lederer, a child prodigy who had entered college at thirteen, got to know Mankiewicz..."[7] :254–255 Herman eventually "saw Hearst as 'a finagling, calculating, Machiavellian
Machiavellian
figure.' But also, with Charlie Lederer, ...wrote and had printed parodies of Hearst newspapers..."[10]:212–213 In 1939, Mankiewicz suffered a broken leg in a driving accident and had to be hospitalized. During his hospital stay, one of his visitors was Orson Welles, who met him earlier and had become a great admirer of his wit. During the months after his release from the hospital, he and Welles began working on story ideas which led to the creation of Citizen Kane. Despite Welles' denial that the film was about Hearst, few people were convinced—including Hearst. After the release of Citizen Kane, Hearst pursued a longtime vendetta against Mankiewicz and Welles for writing the story.[6] "Certain elements in the film were taken from Mankiewicz's own experience: the sled Rosebud was based—according to some sources—on a very important bicycle that was stolen from him....[and] some of Kane's speeches are almost verbatim copies of Hearst's."[6] Most personally, the word "rosebud" was reportedly Hearst's private nickname for Davies' clitoris.[22] Hearst's thoughts about the film are unknown; what is certain is that his extensive chain of newspapers and radio stations blocked all mentions of the film, and refused to accept advertising for it, while some Hearst employees worked behind the scenes to block or restrict its distribution.[23] Academy Award
Academy Award
celebration[edit] Citizen Kane
Citizen Kane
was nominated for an Academy Award
Academy Award
in every possible category, including Best Original Screenplay. Meryman writes, "Herman insisted he had no chance to win, though The Hollywood
Hollywood
Reporter had given the film first place in ten of its twelve divisions. The fear of Hearst, he felt, was still alive. And Hollywood's resentment and distrust of Welles, the nonconformist upstart, were even greater since he had lived up to his wonderboy ballyhoo."[10]:272 Neither Welles nor Mankiewicz attended the dinner, which was broadcast on radio. Welles was in South America filming It's All True, and Herman refused to attend. "He did not want to be humiliated," said his wife, Sara. Richard Meryman describes the evening:

On the night of the awards, Herman turned on his radio and sat in his bedroom chair. Sara lay on the bed. As the screenplay category approached, he pretended to be hardly listening. Suddenly from the radio, half screamed, came "Herman J. Mankiewicz." Welles's name as coauthor was drowned out by voices all through the audience calling out, "Mank! Mank! Where is he?" And audible above all others was Irene Selznick: "Where is he?"[10]:272

George Schaefer accepted Herman's Oscar. "Except for this coauthor award, the Motion Picture Academy
Motion Picture Academy
excommunicated Orson Welles," wrote Meryman, "[and] as Pauline Kael
Pauline Kael
put it, 'The members of the Academy ... probably felt good because their hearts had gone out to crazy, reckless Mank, their own resident loser-genius."[10]:272 The film as a whole[edit] Richard Meryman concludes that "taken as a whole... Citizen Kane
Citizen Kane
was overwhelmingly Welles's film, a triumph of intense personal magic. Herman was one of the talents, the crucial one, that were mined by Welles. But one marvels at the debt those two self-destroyers owe to each other. Without Welles there would have been no supreme moment for Herman. Without Mankiewicz there would have been no perfect idea at the perfect time for Welles ... to confirm his genius... The Citizen Kane script was true creative symbiosis, a partnership greater than the sum of its parts."[10]:275 Other films[edit] Mankiewicz wrote and co-wrote many other major screenplays (including the original version of Gentlemen Prefer Blondes and The Pride of the Yankees), Dinner at Eight, and The Pride of St. Louis. Death[edit] Mankiewicz was an alcoholic,[24][25] once famously reassuring his hostess at a formal dinner, after he had vomited on her white tablecloth, not to be concerned because "the white wine came up with the fish."[citation needed] He died March 5, 1953, (The same day Joseph Stalin
Joseph Stalin
died) of uremic poisoning, at Cedars of Lebanon Hospital in Los Angeles.[1][17] Critical legacy[edit] In looking back on his early films, Pauline Kael
Pauline Kael
writes that Mankiewicz had, in fact, written (alone or with others) "about forty of the films I remember best from the twenties and thirties. I hadn't realized how extensive his career was. ... and now that I have looked into Herman Mankiewicz's career it's apparent that he was a key linking figure in just the kind of movies my friends and I loved best. These were the hardest-headed periods of American movies ...[and] the most highly acclaimed directors of that period, suggests that the writers...in little more than a decade, gave American talkies their character."[7]:247 Director and screenwriter Nunnally Johnson claimed that the "two most brilliant men he has ever known were George S. Kaufman
George S. Kaufman
and Herman Mankiewicz, and that Mankiewicz was the more brilliant of the two. ...[and] spearheaded the movement of that whole Broadway style of wisecracking, fast-talking, cynical-sentimental entertainment onto the national scene."[7]:246 Depictions[edit] Mankiewicz is played by John Malkovich
John Malkovich
in RKO 281, about the battle over Citizen Kane. Writing filmography[edit] He was involved with the following films:[26]

Lux Video Theatre
Lux Video Theatre
(TV series) — Writer (1 episode, 1955) The Enchanted Cottage (1955) — Writer (original screenplay) The Pride of St. Louis
The Pride of St. Louis
(1952) — Writer (writer) A Woman's Secret
A Woman's Secret
(1949) — Writer (screenplay), producer The Spanish Main
The Spanish Main
(1945) — Writer (screenplay) The Enchanted Cottage (1945) — Writer (writer) Christmas Holiday
Christmas Holiday
(1944) — Writer (writer) The Good Fellows
The Good Fellows
(1943) — Writer (play) Stand by for Action
Stand by for Action
(1942) — Writer (screenplay) The Pride of the Yankees
Pride of the Yankees
(1942) — Writer (screenplay) This Time for Keeps
This Time for Keeps
(1942) — Writer (characters) Rise and Shine (1941) — Writer (screenplay) Citizen Kane
Citizen Kane
(1941) — Writer (screenplay), Newspaperman (uncredited) The Wild Man of Borneo (1941) — Writer (play) Keeping Company
Keeping Company
(1940) — Writer (story) Comrade X
Comrade X
(1940) — Writer (uncredited) The Ghost Comes Home (1940) — Writer (contributing writer) The Wizard of Oz (1939) — Writer (uncredited) It's a Wonderful World (1939) — Writer (story) My Dear Miss Aldrich (1937) — Writer (original story and screenplay) The Emperor's Candlesticks (1937) — contributor to dialogue (uncredited) John Meade's Woman (1937) — Writer (writer) Love in Exile (1936) — Writer (writer) Three Maxims
Three Maxims
(1936) — Writer (writer) Escapade (1935) — Writer (writer) After Office Hours
After Office Hours
(1935) — Writer (writer) Stamboul Quest (1934) — Writer (screenplay) The Show-Off (1934) — Writer (writer) Duck Soup (1933) — producer (uncredited) Meet the Baron
Meet the Baron
(1933) — Writer (writer) Dinner at Eight (1933) — Writer (screenplay) Another Language (1933) — Writer (writer) Horse Feathers
Horse Feathers
(1932) — producer (uncredited) Million Dollar Legs (1932) — producer Girl Crazy
Girl Crazy
(1932) — Writer (writer) Dancers in the Dark (1932) — Writer (writer) The Lost Squadron
The Lost Squadron
(1932) — Writer (additional dialogue) Monkey Business (1931) — producer (uncredited) Ladies' Man (1931) — Writer (writer) Man of the World (1931) — Writer (screenplay) (story) Every Woman Has Something (1931) — Writer (adaptation) The Front Page
The Front Page
(1931) — Bit (uncredited) Salga de la cocina (1931) — Writer (adaptation) The Royal Family of Broadway
The Royal Family of Broadway
(1930) — Writer (adaptation) Laughter (1930) — Writer (writer) Love Among the Millionaires (1930) — Writer (dialogue) True to the Navy (1930) — Writer (dialogue) Ladies Love Brutes
Ladies Love Brutes
(1930) — Writer (screenplay) Honey (1930) — Writer (scenario) (titles) Men Are Like That (1930) — Writer (adaptation) The Vagabond King (1930) — Writer (screenplay) (story) The Mighty
The Mighty
(1929) — Writer (titles) Thunderbolt (1929) — Writer (writer) The Man I Love (1929) — Writer (story) The Dummy (1929) — Writer (writer) The Canary Murder Case (1929) — Writer (titles) The Love Doctor
The Love Doctor
(1929) — Writer (titles) What a Night! (1928) — Writer (titles) Three Weekends
Three Weekends
(1928) — Writer (titles) Gentlemen Prefer Blondes (1928) — Writer (titles) The Barker
The Barker
(1928) — Writer (titles) Avalanche
Avalanche
(1928) — Writer (screenplay) (titles) Take Me Home (1928) — Writer (titles) The Water Hole
The Water Hole
(1928) — Writer (titles) The Mating Call (1928) — Writer (titles), Newspaperman (uncredited) The Magnificent Flirt
The Magnificent Flirt
(1928) — Writer (titles) The Dragnet
The Dragnet
(1928) — Writer (titles) His Tiger Lady
His Tiger Lady
(1928) — Writer (titles) Abie's Irish Rose (1928) — Writer (titles) A Night of Mystery (1928/I) — Writer (titles) Something Always Happens
Something Always Happens
(1928) — Writer (titles) The Last Command (1928) — Writer (titles) Love and Learn (1928) — Writer (titles) Two Flaming Youths (1927) — Writer (titles) The Gay Defender (1927) — Writer (titles) Honeymoon Hate (1927) — Writer (titles) The City Gone Wild (1927) — Writer (titles) A Gentleman of Paris (1927) (titles) Fashions for Women (1927) — Writer (writer) Stranded in Paris (1926) — Writer (adaptation)

Bibliography[edit] This list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it. Plays[edit]

Kaufman, George S. & Herman J. Mankiewicz
Herman J. Mankiewicz
(1931). The good fellow : a play in three acts. New York: S. French. 

Essays and reporting[edit]

H. J. M. (February 28, 1925). "The "World" is with us". Behind the News. The New Yorker. 1 (2): 4–5.  — (June 6, 1925). "The theatre". Critique. The New Yorker. 1 (16): 13.  — (June 13, 1925). "The theatre". Critique. The New Yorker. 1 (17): 15. 

Critical studies, reviews and biography[edit]

Meyman, Richard (1978). Mank : the wit, world and life of Herman Mankiewicz. 

Notes[edit]

^ Mankiewicz wrote at least two Jack Holt Westerns, Avalanche
Avalanche
and The Water Hole.[15]

References[edit]

^ a b "Herman Mankiewicz, Film Writer, Dies at 55". Los Angeles Times. March 6, 1953. Retrieved February 9, 2009. (Subscription required (help)). Herman Mankiewicz, 55, screen writer and former foreign correspondent and drama critic, died yesterday ...  ^ a b Young, Toby (2008). How to Lose Friends and Alienate People. Da Capo Press. ISBN 0-306-81613-X. Of all Ben Hecht's colleagues, perhaps the most heroic was Herman J. Mankiewicz, the ex-New York Times journalist who wrote Citizen Kane. ...  ^ a b Robertson, Nan. "Herman J. Mankiewicz". All Movie Guide. Retrieved February 9, 2009. While in Germany he began working as a Berlin
Berlin
correspondent for the Chicago Tribune. He later returned to the U.S. where he gained notoriety among New York's cultural elite as the drama editor of The New York Times
The New York Times
and The New Yorker.  ^ a b c "Herman Jacob Mankiewicz". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved February 17, 2009. Mankiewicz was the son of German immigrants. He grew up in Pennsylvania, where his father edited a German-language newspaper, and moved with his family to New York City
New York City
in 1913. He graduated from Columbia University
Columbia University
in 1917. Serving briefly in the Marine Corps, Mankiewicz held a variety of jobs, including work for the Red Cross press service in Paris. He returned for a short time to the United States, married, and then worked intermittently in Germany as a correspondent for a number of newspapers.  ^ " Citizen Kane
Citizen Kane
(1941)". New York Times. Retrieved February 9, 2009.  ^ a b c d e f g Kilbourne, Don (1984). "Herman Mankiewicz (1897–1953)". In Morsberger, Robert E.; Lesser, Stephen O.; Clark, Randall. Dictionary of Literary Biography. Volume 26: American Screenwriters. Detroit: Gale Research Company. pp. 218–224. ISBN 978-0-8103-0917-3.  ^ a b c d e f g h i j Kael, Pauline. For Keeps (New York, Penguin Books, 1994) ^ Joseph L. Mankiewicz. 1983. ISBN 0-8057-9291-0. The father, Franz Mankiewicz, emigrated from Germany in 1892, living first in New York and then moving to Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, in to take a job ...  ^ The Scribner Encyclopedia of American Lives. Charles Scribner's Sons. 1998. ISBN 0-684-80620-7. Mankiewicz was the youngest of three children born to the German immigrants Franz Mankiewicz, a secondary schoolteacher, and Johanna Blumenau, a homemaker.  ^ a b c d e f g h i Meryman, Richard. Mank (New York, William Morrow, 1978) ^ Dwyer, Shawn. " Herman J. Mankiewicz
Herman J. Mankiewicz
biography". Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved 5 January 2014.  ^ Members of the Algonquin Round Table ^ Eyman, Scott. The Speed of Sound: Hollywood
Hollywood
and the Talkie Revolution, 1926–1930, Simon and Schuster (1997) ^ Louvish, Simon. Man on the Flying Trapeze: The Life and Times of W.C. Fields, W.W. Norton & Co. (1999) ^ "Herman J. Mankiewicz". The American Film Institute Catalog of Motion Pictures Produced in the United States: Feature Films, 1941 – 1950. Retrieved December 7, 2014.  ^ Harmetz, Aljean. The Making of the Wizard of Oz, Hyperion (1998) ^ a b "H. J. Mankiewicz, Screenwriter, 56 [sic]. Winner of Academy Award in 1941 Dies. Playwright Was Former Newspaper Man." The New York Times. March 6, 1953. Retrieved January 2, 2014. (Subscription required (help)). His brother, Joseph, is a well known screen author, producer and director. ... A sister, Mrs. Erna Stenbuck of New York, also survives.  ^ Rich, Frank (October 27, 2011). "Roaring at the Screen with Pauline Kael". The New York Times. Retrieved 2015-09-04.  ^ McCarthy, Todd (August 22, 1997). "Welles pic script scrambles H'wood history". Variety. Retrieved 2015-09-04.  ^ Thomson, David, A Biographical Dictionary of Film, 3rd ed. (1995) Alfred A. Knopf ^ Friedrich, Otto, City of Nets – a portrait of Hollywood
Hollywood
in the 1940s, (1986) Harper & Row ^ "Rosebud by Jay Topkis The New York Review of Books". Nybooks.com. Retrieved 2014-05-09.  ^ Orson Welles: The Rise and Fall of an American Genius - Charles Higham - Google Books. Books.google.com. Retrieved 2014-05-09.  ^ Citizen Welles. Scribner. 1989. ISBN 0-684-18982-8. Mankiewicz was a screenwriter, a legend of acerbic wit, outrageous social behavior, and advanced alcoholism.  ^ Orson Welles, a Biography. Hal Leonard Corporation. 1995. ISBN 0-87910-199-7. The only problem with Mankiewicz was his notorious alcoholism.  ^ International Movie Database

Further reading[edit]

Kael, Pauline, "Raising Kane", in The Citizen Kane
Citizen Kane
Book, (1971) Bantam Books Lambert, Gavin, On Cukor (1972) Putnam Marion, Frances, Off With Their Heads (1972) Macmillan Naremore, James, The Magic World of Orson Welles
Orson Welles
(1978) Oxford University Press Mankiewicz, Herman J. Fiction, "The Big Game," The New Yorker, November 14, 1925, p. 11 Mankiewicz, Herman J. Fiction, "A New Yorker in the provinces," The New Yorker, February 6, 1926, p. 16

External links[edit]

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v t e

Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Original Screenplay

1940–1960

Preston Sturges
Preston Sturges
(1940) Herman J. Mankiewicz
Herman J. Mankiewicz
and Orson Welles
Orson Welles
(1941) Michael Kanin
Michael Kanin
and Ring Lardner Jr.
Ring Lardner Jr.
(1942) Norman Krasna (1943) Lamar Trotti (1944) Richard Schweizer (1945) Muriel Box and Sydney Box (1946) Sidney Sheldon (1947) No award (1948) Robert Pirosh (1949) Charles Brackett, D. M. Marshman Jr. and Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1950) Alan Jay Lerner
Alan Jay Lerner
(1951) T. E. B. Clarke (1952) Charles Brackett, Richard L. Breen and Walter Reisch (1953) Budd Schulberg
Budd Schulberg
(1954) Sonya Levien and William Ludwig (1955) Albert Lamorisse
Albert Lamorisse
(1956) George Wells (1957) Nathan E. Douglas and Harold Jacob Smith (1958) Clarence Greene, Maurice Richlin, Russell Rouse and Stanley Shapiro (1959) I. A. L. Diamond and Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1960)

1961–1980

William Inge
William Inge
(1961) Ennio de Concini, Pietro Germi, and Alfredo Giannetti (1962) James Webb (1963) Peter Stone and Frank Tarloff (1964) Frederic Raphael (1965) Claude Lelouch
Claude Lelouch
and Pierre Uytterhoeven (1966) William Rose (1967) Mel Brooks
Mel Brooks
(1968) William Goldman
William Goldman
(1969) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
and Edmund H. North (1970) Paddy Chayefsky
Paddy Chayefsky
(1971) Jeremy Larner (1972) David S. Ward
David S. Ward
(1973) Robert Towne
Robert Towne
(1974) Frank Pierson
Frank Pierson
(1975) Paddy Chayefsky
Paddy Chayefsky
(1976) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
and Marshall Brickman (1977) Robert C. Jones, Waldo Salt, and Nancy Dowd (1978) Steve Tesich
Steve Tesich
(1979) Bo Goldman
Bo Goldman
(1980)

1981–2000

Colin Welland (1981) John Briley (1982) Horton Foote (1983) Robert Benton (1984) William Kelley, Pamela Wallace and Earl W. Wallace (1985) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(1986) John Patrick Shanley
John Patrick Shanley
(1987) Ronald Bass and Barry Morrow (1988) Tom Schulman (1989) Bruce Joel Rubin (1990) Callie Khouri
Callie Khouri
(1991) Neil Jordan
Neil Jordan
(1992) Jane Campion
Jane Campion
(1993) Quentin Tarantino
Quentin Tarantino
and Roger Avary
Roger Avary
(1994) Christopher McQuarrie
Christopher McQuarrie
(1995) Joel Coen and Ethan Coen (1996) Ben Affleck
Ben Affleck
and Matt Damon
Matt Damon
(1997) Marc Norman and Tom Stoppard
Tom Stoppard
(1998) Alan Ball (1999) Cameron Crowe
Cameron Crowe
(2000)

2001–present

Julian Fellowes
Julian Fellowes
(2001) Pedro Almodóvar
Pedro Almodóvar
(2002) Sofia Coppola
Sofia Coppola
(2003) Pierre Bismuth, Michel Gondry
Michel Gondry
and Charlie Kaufman
Charlie Kaufman
(2004) Paul Haggis
Paul Haggis
and Bobby Moresco (2005) Michael Arndt
Michael Arndt
(2006) Diablo Cody
Diablo Cody
(2007) Dustin Lance Black
Dustin Lance Black
(2008) Mark Boal
Mark Boal
(2009) David Seidler (2010) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(2011) Quentin Tarantino
Quentin Tarantino
(2012) Spike Jonze
Spike Jonze
(2013) Alejandro G. Iñárritu, Nicolás Giacobone, Alexander Dinelaris Jr., and Armando Bo (2014) Tom McCarthy and Josh Singer (2015) Kenneth Lonergan
Kenneth Lonergan
(2016) Jordan Peele
Jordan Peele
(2017)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 19881188 LCCN: n83319573 ISNI: 0000 0001 1022 2131 GND: 129584789 SUDOC: 055670350 BNF: cb140390831 (data) BIBSYS: 90252692 BNE: XX1498492 SN

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