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The Info List - Heritage Of Mercury. Almadén And Idrija


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HERITAGE OF MERCURY. ALMADéN AND IDRIJA is a joint UNESCO
UNESCO
World Heritage site in Almadén , Castile-La Mancha , Spain
Spain
, and Idrija , Slovenia
Slovenia
. The property encompasses two mercury mining sites. In Almadén mercury has been extracted since Antiquity, while in Idrija it was first found in 1490. The sites bear testimony to the intercontinental trade in mercury which generated important exchanges between Europe and America over the centuries. The two sites represent the two largest mercury mines in the world and were operational until recent times. Mercury played an important role in extracting gold and silver from ores, dug in American mines. In addition, both sites illustrate the various industrial, territorial, urban and social elements of a specific sociotechnical system in the mining and metal production industries.

At the heart of the Almadén site is a Mining Park, where the public can go underground. There are also buildings relating to the town´s mining history, including Retamar Castle, the San Rafael Mining Hospital (now an archive), and eighteenth-century dwellings which form a hexagonal bullring .

The site in Idrija notably features mercury stores and infrastructure, as well as miners’ living quarters, and a miners’ theatre.

NOMINATION PROCESS

Idrija begun the process to inscribe the mercury heritage to the UNESCO's heritage list in 2006. Initially, the nomination was made together with Huancavelica
Huancavelica
mercury mine in Peru
Peru
, in relation to the intercontinental route Camino Real. In the second stage, a nomination focused on mercury heritage in relation to silver mining, together with San Luis Potosí mine in Mexico
Mexico
- however, the nomination did not gather sufficient support. The third, successful stage of the nomination focused on mercury mining in relation to technological and industrial processes that influenced the economical and cultural development of the two regions. Interior of one of the Almadén's mines

REFERENCES

* ^ http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1313. * ^ A B Heritage of Mercury. Almadén and Idrija - UNESCO
UNESCO
World Heritage Centre * ^ "Mining Park". Tourist Office of Rios EVA Mancomunidad. Retrieved 10 July 2016. * ^ "Retamar Castle". Tourist Office of Rios EVA Mancomunidad. Retrieved 10 July 2016. * ^ "Bullring". Tourist office of Rios EVA Mancomunidad. Retrieved 10 July 2016. * ^ Občina Idrija - Dediščina živega srebra * ^ Rudnik živega srebra Idrija zapisan na Unescov seznam :: Prvi interaktivni multimedijski portal, MMC RTV Slovenija

* v * t * e

World Heritage Sites in Slovenia
Slovenia

See also List of World Heritage Sites in Slovenia
Slovenia
.

CULTURAL

* Prehistoric pile dwellings around the Alps 1 * Heritage of Mercury. Almadén and Idrija2

NATURAL

* Škocjan Caves * Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of Europe 3

* 1 with Austria
Austria
, France
France
, Germany
Germany
, Italy
Italy
, and Switzerland
Switzerland
* 2 with Spain
Spain
* 3 with Albania
Albania
, Austria
Austria
, Belgium
Belgium
, Bulgaria
Bulgaria
, Croatia
Croatia
, Germany , Italy
Italy
, Poland
Poland
, Romania
Romania
, Slovakia
Slovakia
, Spain
Spain
, and Ukraine
Ukraine

* v * t * e

World Heritage Sites in Spain
Spain

For official site names, see each article or the List of World Heritage Sites in Spain
Spain
.

NORTH WEST

* Caves of Altamira and Paleolithic Cave Art of Northern Spain
Spain
1 * Monuments of Oviedo
Oviedo
and the Kingdom of the Asturias * Roman walls of Lugo * Route of Santiago de Compostela
Santiago de Compostela
1 * Santiago de Compostela
Santiago de Compostela
* Tower of Hercules

NORTH EAST

* Caves of Altamira and Paleolithic Cave Art of Northern Spain
Spain
1 * Mudéjar Architecture of Aragon
Mudéjar Architecture of Aragon
* Pirineos - Monte Perdido 2 * Rock art of the Iberian Mediterranean Basin 1 * Route of Santiago de Compostela
Santiago de Compostela
1 * San Millán Yuso and Suso Monasteries * Vizcaya Bridge

Community of Madrid

* Aranjuez
Aranjuez
Cultural Landscape * El Escorial
El Escorial
* University and Historic Precinct of Alcalá de Henares

CENTRE

* Archaeological Ensemble of Mérida * Archaeological Site of Atapuerca * Ávila with its Extra-mural Churches * Burgos Cathedral * Cáceres * Cuenca * Heritage of Mercury. Almadén and Idrija3 * Las Médulas * Monastery of Santa María of Guadalupe * Rock art of the Iberian Mediterranean Basin 1 * Route of Santiago de Compostela
Santiago de Compostela
1 * Salamanca
Salamanca
* Segovia
Segovia
and its Aqueduct * Prehistoric Rock-Art Sites in the Côa Valley and Siega Verde 4 * Toledo

EAST

* Archaeological Ensemble of Tarraco , Tarragona
Tarragona
* Catalan Romanesque Churches of the Vall de Boí * Ibiza ( Biodiversity
Biodiversity
and Culture) * Palau de la Música Catalana and Hospital de Sant Pau , Barcelona
Barcelona
* Palmeral of Elche * Poblet Monastery
Poblet Monastery
* Rock art of the Iberian Mediterranean Basin 1 * Serra de Tramuntana
Serra de Tramuntana
* Silk Exchange in Valencia * Works of Antoni Gaudí

SOUTH

* Alhambra
Alhambra
, Generalife and Albayzín , Granada
Granada
* Cathedral , Alcázar and General Archive of the Indies , Seville
Seville
* Dolmens Site of Antequera * Doñana * Historic Centre of Córdoba * Renaissance
Renaissance
Monuments of Úbeda and Baeza
Baeza
* Rock art of the Iberian Mediterranean Basin 1

CANARY ISLANDS

* Garajonay * San Cristóbal de La Laguna * Teide National Park

* 1 Shared with other region/s * 2 Shared with France
France
* 3 Shared with Slovenia
Slovenia
* 4 Shared with Portugal

Coordinates : 38°46′31″N 4°50′20″W / 38.77528°N 4.83889°W / 3

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