HERDECKE is a town in the district of
Ennepe-Ruhr-Kreis , North
Germany . It is located south of
Dortmund in the
Ruhr Area . Its location between the two Ruhr reservoirs Hengsteysee
and Harkortsee has earned it the nickname Die Stadt zwischen den
Ruhrseen (lit. The city between the Ruhr lakes).
The city is located in the area of the Regionalverband Ruhr (RVR).
The two Ruhr lakes as well as the forests on the Ardey heights make
the town attractive to tourists. The historic center with its many
half timbered houses and the 30 metre high railway viaduct across the
Ruhr valley are two more landmarks.
* 1 Geography
* 1.1 Geology
* 1.2 Climate
* 1.3 Town structure
* 2 History
* 2.1 Population history
* 2.2 Emblem
* 3 Politics
* 3.1 City Council
* 3.2 Mayor
* 3.3 Town partnerships
* 4 Culture and Sites
* 4.1 Sites of interest
* 4.2 Leisure activities
* 4.3 Events
* 5 Infrastructure and economy
* 5.1 Traffic
* 5.1.1 Public transportation
* 5.1.2 Roads
* 6 Public facilities
* 7 Education
* 8 Social organisations
* 9 Media
* 10 Companies
* 11 Personalities
* 12 References
* 13 External links
Herdecke is located at the foot of the
Ardeygebirge , the
northwestern part of the
Sauerland , between
Dortmund in the North and
Hagen in the South,
Wetter (Ruhr) in the Southwest and
Witten in the West and Northwest.
Herdecke lies between 80 and 274
meters above sea levels. It lies on the north bank of the river Ruhr ,
between the Harkortsee to the west and the
Hengsteysee to the east.
Though part of the
Ruhrgebiet , the town was only indirectly
influenced by the mining of coal, as it has few coal beds .
The average precipitation is between 850 and 900 mm. The average
temperature is around 10.6 °C.
Herdecke lies North of the Ruhr except for a small part at
the Ruhr bridge. The town is about 8 kilometers in length from
North-East to South-West and 5 kilometers in width from North-West to
Herdecke has two major settlements:
Herdecke proper and Ende. The
latter covers the former town of Ende with its farming communities
Kirchende, Ostende, Westende and Gedern as well as the "mansion
The origin of
Herdecke was the foundation of a women's monastery at
the beginning of the 9th century. The former monastery church
(Stiftskirche), which was rebuilt in the second half of the 13th
century, still retains parts of the original Carolingian construction.
Herdecke went from ownership of the
Bishopric of Cologne to
County of Mark
County of Mark . The count took all jurisdiction from the abbess
and erected a pillory in front of the church which existed until 1700.
1355 market rights were given by Count Engelbert III . In the
following centuries the regionally important corn market developed
thanks to the good connection to trading roads from Cologne to the
1594 free jurisdiction was canceled. In 1615
Herdecke became a
Freiheit. In the winter of 1624/1625,
Herdecke was host to a garrison
of Spanish military. It was given city rights by Friedrich Wilhelm I
The Fourth Edition of Meyers Konversations-Lexikon noted in 1888:
„Herdecke, town in Prussian government district Arnsberg, Hagen, 104
meters above sea levels. Lies at the navigable Ruhr and the lines
Hagen-Witten, Hagen-Dahlhausen and Schwelm-
Dortmund of the Prussian
State Railroad Company. Has an evangelic and catholic church, great
sandstone quarries as well as factories for fabrics, tobacco, leather
paper and hardware, dye works and beer brewing. On the heights of the
town is the Kaisberg with a tower commemorating the Baron of Stein;
further away are the remnants of the Hohensyburg; the new tower was
erected to honour president v. Vinke. Underneath the Hohensyburg lies
the Sonnenstein, a 200 meter high plateau where every year in June the
famous Rhein-Westfalic Sonnenstein fair is being held. Next to
Herdecke lies Vorhalle with its iron and brass factories.“
1939 Ende was incorporated into Herdecke. In World War II the town
was godfather to the U 751, a submarine that was sunk in the Atlantic
by British planes on 17 July 1942.
In the course of two centuries between 1739 and 1939
from a medieval market town to a flourishing small town. The
population between 1939 and 1993 grew at 147% because of people's
wishes to "have a green home". In the 1990s the population reached its
maximum to this day (26,500). The population slowly declined
Because of the population grow
Herdecke is a town with the most
sealed surfaces in the Government District of Arnsberg. More than a
third of the town's surface has been built upon and almost 300 square
metres of surface per person is sealed.
10,713 (of which 3,766 for Ende)
Herdecke emblem is a silvern oak on a hill bearing yellow fruit
upon a red shield. The so-called "Herta-Oak" has been the city's
trademark for a long time. A city seal of 1784 already shows a tree.
Since the giving of the emblem by the Prussian Government in 1902, the
official emblem bears a wall with three towers on the top side.
Since 2009 the city council has 38 members. The election results of
25 May 2014 were: Herdecke, town hall
PARTY / LIST
At the mayor election on 30 August 2009 Katja Strauss-Koester won
with 70.9% against Renate Drewke (SPD, 29.1%). Strauss-Koester was an
independent candidate supported by CDU, FDP and the Green Party. At
the election in 2004 the long-term mayor Hans-Werner Koch (SPD) was
confirmed in the office, having 51% of all votes in the first ballot.
There is a town partnership with Blankenburg (Harz). The town has a
display on every
Herdecke May Fair where typical foods and beverages
as well are offered and touristic offers are being shown.
CULTURE AND SITES
SITES OF INTEREST
Tourism is popular especially around and on the two Ruhr lakes. There
is Bachviertel, the historical part of Herdecke.
* Ruhr Viaduct
* Gut Schede
* Haus Mallinckrodt
* Haus Ende
* Haus Kallenberg
* Herdecke's old town district
* Koepchenwerk (a pumped-storage hydroelectricity plant)
* Water power station Hengstey (only partly in Herdecke)
* Power station Stiftsmühle (a run-of-the-river hydroelectricity
* Protestant Church St. Marien
* Protestent Church of Kirchende
* Catholic Church of St. Philippus and Jakobus
Herdecke has a lot of forest areas where one can hike or jog. Both
Ruhr lakes are usable for watersports. The leisure centre
"Bleichstein" has playgrounds and large grass areas. There is an
open-air pool and a hall pool.
In addition to the "Bleichstein" there is "Am Kalkheck" in Kirchende.
There are several sport clubs and further smaller areas for sporting
and for leisure.
Herdecke is the home of some world champion and Olympic winners.
Mark Warnecke ).
Herdecke has no municipal event hall, but there are two larger halls
where to have events. 1984 the Ruhrfestsaal was inaugurated in
collaboration with the hotel Zweibrücker Hof. It can be used for 350
people and was extended in 2005. Since 2001 there is a private music
hall, the Werner-Richard-Saal which can also take 350 visitors.
The museum Heimatstube is the only museum in town. Since 1993 it sits
in Stiftsplatz 3 next to the city hall in a historic building. Here
the town's history is presented.
There is a theatre Am Stiftsplatz and since 1992 there has been a
theatre ensemble called Theater 'ne ah.
In 1978 a cinema called Onikon was opened (No Kino backwards; Kino =
cinema in German). In addition there is an art gallery Ruhrgalerie as
well as private artists galeries or ateliers.
* May fair: Every year on Ascension day there is a four day-events
with a historic market and medieval elements as well as music, dances
and sports in the town center. Many clubs take part in the
organisation of the event.
* Flea market: in May and October
* Weekly market: every Thursday morning in the town center.
Herdecke city run: in June by the club TSV Herdecke
* Ende city run: in September by the club TuS Ende
* Christmas run: end of year by the club RC Westfalen Herdecke
* Shooting fairs (two clubs)
INFRASTRUCTURE AND ECONOMY
Herdecke is home to many high-income families. In 2001 39 income
millionaires with more than 500,000 Euro annual income lived in
Herdecke. Because of the high amount of taxes paid, the neighbouring
Hagen has tried to incorporate
Herdecke into Hagen.
Herdecke is accessed by train (
Volmetalbahn ). There are two
Herdecke and Wittbräucke. The
Volmetalbahn runs every hour
Dortmund to Lüdenscheid and back. The station Hagen-Vorhalle ,
south of Herdecke, used to be called
Six bus lines connect
Herdecke to its neighbouring towns and cities,
for example the line 376 to
Witten or the line 518 to Hagen.
Herdecke has a connection to the A1 and A45 motorways and routes 54 ,
226 and 234 .
Herdecke is home to the anthroposophic hospital
Gemeinschaftskrankenhaus Herdecke. A school for the civil service is
located in Haus Ende.
There are five primary schools (im Dorf, Kirchende,
Robert-Bonnermann, Schraberg, Vinkenberg), a special school
(Albert-Schweitzer-Schule), two secondary schools (Am Sonnenstein, Am
Bleichstein) and a high school (Friedrich-Harkort-Schule). A musical
school and an adult evening school also exist.
Herdecke University is located in adjacent Witten. The
"Herdecke" part of the name refers to the hospital
Gemeinschaftskrankenhaus Herdecke, which cooperates with the
* Fire brigade
Deutsches Rotes Kreuz
* Deutsche Lebens-Rettungs-Gesellschaft
Several local newspapers exist.
Herdecke is sometimes reported on in
radio and TV stations nearby (e.g. in
Dortmund or Hagen).
The biggest employer is the hospital. Some famous German companies
Dörken MKS-Systeme or Idealspaten are located in
Herdecke. WestfaliaSurge, one of the world's leading milking machine
Herdecke in 2005 after 30 years.
Antje Jackelén , German-Swedish Lutheran Archbishop of Uppsala
and primate of the Church of Sweden
Jürgen Klopp , German football coach (
Liverpool FC )
Lars Ricken , German football player (Borussia
* Irmingard Schewe-Gerigk , member of German Bundestag
* ^ "Amtliche Bevölkerungszahlen". Landesbetrieb Information und
Technik NRW (in German). 18 July 2016.
* ^ Denkmalschutz
* ^ Meyers Konversations-Lexikon
* ^ Local election results