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Herbert Jeffrey "Herbie" Hancock (born April 12, 1940) is an American pianist, keyboardist, bandleader, composer and actor.[1] Starting his career with Donald Byrd, he shortly thereafter joined the Miles Davis Quintet where Hancock helped to redefine the role of a jazz rhythm section and was one of the primary architects of the post-bop sound. Hancock's music is often melodic and accessible; he has had many songs "cross over" and achieve success among pop audiences. Hancock's best-known compositions include "Cantaloupe Island", "Watermelon Man" (later performed by dozens of musicians, including bandleader Mongo Santamaría), "Maiden Voyage", "Chameleon", and the singles "I Thought It Was You" and "Rockit". His 2007 tribute album River: The Joni Letters won the 2008 Grammy Award for Album of the Year, only the second jazz album ever to win the award, after Getz/Gilberto
Getz/Gilberto
in 1965.

Contents

1 Early life 2 Career

2.1 Miles Davis Quintet (1963–68) and Blue Note Records
Blue Note Records
(1962–69) 2.2 Fat Albert (1969) and Mwandishi
Mwandishi
(1971) 2.3 From Head Hunters
Head Hunters
(1973) to Secrets (1976) 2.4 From V.S.O.P. (1976–) to Future Shock (1983) 2.5 1990s to 2000 2.6 2000 to 2009 2.7 2010 to present

3 Personal life

3.1 Nichiren Buddhism

4 Discography

4.1 Studio albums

5 Filmography 6 Selected concert films 7 Books 8 Awards

8.1 Academy Awards 8.2 Grammy Awards 8.3 Other awards

9 References 10 External links

Early life[edit] Hancock was born in Chicago, Illinois, the son of Winnie Belle (Griffin), a secretary, and Wayman Edward Hancock, a government meat inspector.[2] His parents named him after the singer and actor Herb Jeffries.[3] He attended the Hyde Park Academy.[4] Like many jazz pianists, Hancock started with a classical music education.[5] He studied from age seven, and his talent was recognized early. Considered a child prodigy,[6] he played the first movement of Mozart's Piano Concerto No. 26 in D Major, K. 537 (Coronation) at a young people's concert on February 5, 1952, with the Chicago
Chicago
Symphony Orchestra (led by CSO assistant conductor George Schick) at the age of 11.[7] Through his teens, Hancock never had a jazz teacher, but developed his ear and sense of harmony. He was also influenced by records of the vocal group the Hi-Lo's. He reported that:

"...by the time I actually heard the Hi-Lo's, I started picking that stuff out; my ear was happening. I could hear stuff and that's when I really learned some much farther-out voicings – like the harmonies I used on Speak Like a Child – just being able to do that. I really got that from Clare Fischer's arrangements for the Hi-Lo's. Clare Fischer was a major influence on my harmonic concept...he and Bill Evans, and Ravel and Gil Evans, finally. You know, that's where it came from."[8]

In 1960, he heard Chris Anderson play just once, and begged him to accept him as a student.[9] Hancock often mentions Anderson as his harmonic guru.[10] Hancock left Grinnell College, moved to Chicago
Chicago
and began working with Donald Byrd
Donald Byrd
and Coleman Hawkins, during which period he also took courses at Roosevelt University[11] (he later graduated from Grinnell with degrees in electrical engineering and music. Grinnell also awarded him an honorary Doctor of Fine Arts degree in 1972[7][12]). Byrd was attending the Manhattan School of Music in New York at the time and suggested that Hancock study composition with Vittorio Giannini, which he did for a short time in 1960. The pianist quickly earned a reputation, and played subsequent sessions with Oliver Nelson
Oliver Nelson
and Phil Woods. He recorded his first solo album Takin' Off
Takin' Off
for Blue Note Records
Blue Note Records
in 1962. "Watermelon Man" (from Takin' Off) was to provide Mongo Santamaría
Mongo Santamaría
with a hit single, but more importantly for Hancock, Takin' Off
Takin' Off
caught the attention of Miles Davis, who was at that time assembling a new band. Hancock was introduced to Davis by the young drummer Tony Williams, a member of the new band. Career[edit] Miles Davis Quintet (1963–68) and Blue Note Records (1962–69)[edit] Hancock received considerable attention when, in May 1963,[7] he joined Davis's Second Great Quintet. Davis personally sought out Hancock, whom he saw as one of the most promising talents in jazz. The rhythm section Davis organized was young but effective, comprising bassist Ron Carter, 17-year-old drummer Williams, and Hancock on piano. After George Coleman
George Coleman
and Sam Rivers
Sam Rivers
each took a turn at the saxophone spot, the quintet gelled with Wayne Shorter
Wayne Shorter
on tenor saxophone. This quintet is often regarded as one of the finest jazz ensembles[13] as of yet. The second great quintet was where Hancock found his own voice as a pianist. Not only did he find new ways to use common chords, but he also popularized chords that had not previously been used in jazz. Hancock also developed a unique taste for "orchestral" accompaniment – using quartal harmony and Debussy-like harmonies, with stark contrasts then unheard of in jazz. With Williams and Carter he wove a labyrinth of rhythmic intricacy on, around and over existing melodic and chordal schemes. In the latter half of the 1960s their approach became so sophisticated and unorthodox that conventional chord changes would hardly be discernible; hence their improvisational concept would become known as "Time, No Changes".[citation needed] While in Davis's band, Hancock also found time to record dozens of sessions for the Blue Note label, both under his own name and as a sideman with other musicians such as Shorter, Williams, Grant Green, Bobby Hutcherson, Rivers, Byrd, Kenny Dorham, Hank Mobley, Lee Morgan and Freddie Hubbard. His albums Empyrean Isles
Empyrean Isles
(1964) and Maiden Voyage (1965) were to be two of the most famous and influential jazz LPs of the 1960s, winning praise for both their innovation and accessibility (the latter demonstrated by the subsequent enormous popularity of the Maiden Voyage title track as a jazz standard, and by the jazz rap group US3 having a hit single with "Cantaloop" (derived from "Cantaloupe Island" on Empyrean Isles) some twenty nine years later). Empyrean Isles featured the Davis rhythm section of Hancock, Carter and Williams with the addition of Hubbard on cornet, while Maiden Voyage also added former Davis saxophonist Coleman (with Hubbard remaining on trumpet). Both albums are regarded as among the principal foundations of the post-bop style.[citation needed] Hancock also recorded several less-well-known but still critically acclaimed albums with larger ensembles – My Point of View
My Point of View
(1963), Speak Like a Child (1968) and The Prisoner (1969) featured flugelhorn, alto flute and bass trombone. 1963's Inventions and Dimensions
Inventions and Dimensions
was an album of almost entirely improvised music, teaming Hancock with bassist Paul Chambers
Paul Chambers
and two Latin percussionists, Willie Bobo and Osvaldo "Chihuahua" Martinez. During this period, Hancock also composed the score to Michelangelo Antonioni's film Blowup
Blowup
(1966), the first of many film soundtracks he recorded in his career. As well as feature film soundtracks, Hancock recorded a number of musical themes used on American television commercials for such then well known products as Pillsbury's Space Food Sticks, Standard Oil, Tab diet cola and Virginia Slims cigarettes. Hancock also wrote, arranged and conducted a spy type theme for a series of F. William Free commercials for Silva Thins cigarettes. Hancock liked it so much he wished to record it as a song but the ad agency would not let him. He rewrote the harmony, tempo and tone and recorded the piece as the track "He Who Lives in Fear" from his The Prisoner album of 1969.[14] Davis had begun incorporating elements of rock and popular music into his recordings by the end of Hancock's tenure with the band. Despite some initial reluctance, Hancock began doubling on electric keyboards including the Fender Rhodes
Fender Rhodes
electric piano at Davis's insistence. Hancock adapted quickly to the new instruments, which proved to be important in his future artistic endeavors. Under the pretext that he had returned late from a honeymoon in Brazil, Hancock was dismissed from Davis's band. In the summer of 1968 Hancock formed his own sextet. However, although Davis soon disbanded his quintet to search for a new sound, Hancock, despite his departure from the working band, continued to appear on Davis records for the next few years. Appearances included In a Silent Way, A Tribute to Jack Johnson and On the Corner. Fat Albert (1969) and Mwandishi
Mwandishi
(1971)[edit] Hancock left Blue Note in 1969, signing with Warner Bros. Records. In 1969, Hancock composed the soundtrack for Bill Cosby's animated prime-time television special Hey, Hey, Hey, It's Fat Albert.[15] Music from the soundtrack was later included on Fat Albert Rotunda (1969), an R&B-inspired album with strong jazz overtones. One of the jazzier songs on the record, the moody ballad "Tell Me a Bedtime Story", was later re-worked as a more electronic sounding song for the Quincy Jones
Quincy Jones
album Sounds...and Stuff Like That!!
Sounds...and Stuff Like That!!
(1978). Hancock became fascinated with accumulating musical gadgets and toys. Together with the profound influence of Davis's Bitches Brew
Bitches Brew
(1970), this fascination would culminate in a series of albums, in which electronic instruments are coupled with acoustic instruments. Hancock's first ventures into electronic music started with a sextet comprising Hancock, bassist Buster Williams
Buster Williams
and drummer Billy Hart, and a trio of horn players: Eddie Henderson (trumpet), Julian Priester (trombone), and multireedist Bennie Maupin. Patrick Gleeson was eventually added to the mix to play and program the synthesizers. The sextet, later a septet with the addition of Gleeson, made three albums under Hancock's name: Mwandishi
Mwandishi
(1971), Crossings (1972) (both on Warner Bros. Records), and Sextant (1973) (released on Columbia Records); two more, Realization and Inside Out, were recorded under Henderson's name with essentially the same personnel. The music exhibited strong improvisational aspect beyond the confines of jazz mainstream and showed influence from the electronic music of contemporary classical composers. Synthesizer player Gleeson introduced the instrument on Crossings, released in 1972, one of a handful of influential electronic jazz/fusion recordings to feature synthesizer that year. On Crossings (as well as on Weather Report's I Sing the Body Electric), the synthesizer is used more as an improvisatory global orchestration device than as a strictly melodic instrument. An early review of Crossings in Downbeat magazine
Downbeat magazine
complained about the synthesizer, but a few years later the magazine noted in a cover story on Gleeson that he was "a pioneer" in the field of electronics in jazz.[citation needed] In the albums following The Crossings, Hancock started to play synth himself, with synth taking on a melodic role. Hancock's three records released in 1971–73 later became known as the "Mwandishi" albums, so-called after a Swahili name Hancock sometimes used during this era ( Mwandishi
Mwandishi
is Swahili for writer). The first two, including Fat Albert Rotunda
Fat Albert Rotunda
were made available on the 2-CD set Mwandishi: the Complete Warner Bros. Recordings, released in 1994. Of the three electronic albums, Sextant is probably the most experimental since the ARP synthesizers are used extensively, and some advanced improvisation ("post-modal free impressionism") is found on the tracks "Hornets" and "Hidden Shadows" (which is in the meter 19/4).[citation needed] "Hornets" was later revised on the 2001 album Future2Future
Future2Future
as "Virtual Hornets". Among the instruments Hancock and Gleeson used were Fender Rhodes piano, ARP Odyssey, ARP 2600, ARP Pro Soloist
ARP Pro Soloist
Synthesizer, a Mellotron and the Moog synthesizer
Moog synthesizer
III. All three Warner Bros. albums Fat Albert Rotunda
Fat Albert Rotunda
(1969), Mwandishi (1971), and Crossings (1972), were remastered in 2001 and released in Europe but were not released in the US as of June 2005. In the winter of 2006–7 a remastered edition of Crossings was announced and scheduled for release in the spring.[needs update] From Head Hunters
Head Hunters
(1973) to Secrets (1976)[edit] See also: Head Hunters

Hancock (left) with the Headhunters

After the sometimes "airy" and decidedly experimental "Mwandishi" albums, Hancock was eager to perform more "earthy" and "funky" music. The Mwandishi
Mwandishi
albums – though later seen as respected early fusion recordings – had seen mixed reviews and poor sales, so it is probable that Hancock was motivated by financial concerns as well as artistic restlessness.[citation needed] Hancock was also bothered by the fact that many people did not understand avant-garde music. He explained that he loved funk music, especially Sly Stone's music, so he wanted to try to make funk himself. He gathered a new band, which he called The Headhunters, keeping only Maupin from the sextet and adding bassist Paul Jackson, percussionist Bill Summers, and drummer Harvey Mason. The album Head Hunters, released in 1973, was a major hit and crossed over to pop audiences, though it prompted criticism from some jazz fans. Despite charges of "selling out", Stephen Erlewine
Stephen Erlewine
of AllMusic positively reviewed the album among other friendly critics, saying, " Head Hunters
Head Hunters
still sounds fresh and vital three decades after its initial release, and its genre-bending proved vastly influential on not only jazz, but funk, soul, and hip-hop."[16] Drummer Mason was replaced by Mike Clark, and the band released a second album, Thrust, the following year, 1974. (A live album from a Japan performance, consisting of compositions from those first two Head Hunters
Head Hunters
releases was released in 1975 as Flood.) This was almost as well received as its predecessor, if not attaining the same level of commercial success. The Headhunters
The Headhunters
made another successful album called Survival of the Fittest in 1975 without Hancock, while Hancock himself started to make even more commercial albums, often featuring members of the band, but no longer billed as The Headhunters. The Headhunters reunited with Hancock in 1998 for Return of the Headhunters, and a version of the band (featuring Jackson and Clark) continues to play and record. In 1973, Hancock composed his soundtrack to the controversial film The Spook Who Sat by the Door. Then in 1974, he composed the soundtrack to the first Death Wish film. One of his memorable songs, "Joanna's Theme", was re-recorded in 1997 on his duet album with Shorter, 1 + 1. Hancock's next jazz-funk albums of the 1970s were Man-Child
Man-Child
(1975), and Secrets (1976), which point toward the more commercial direction Hancock would take over the next decade. These albums feature the members of the Headhunters band, but also a variety of other musicians in important roles. From V.S.O.P. (1976–) to Future Shock (1983)[edit]

Hancock in 1976

During the late 1970s and early 1980s, Hancock toured with his V.S.O.P. quintet, which featured all the members of the 1960s Davis quintet except Davis, who was replaced by trumpeter Hubbard. There was constant speculation[citation needed] that Davis would reunite with his classic band, but he never did. VSOP recorded several live albums in the late 1970s, including The Quintet (1977). In 1978, Hancock recorded a duet with Chick Corea, who had replaced him in the Davis band a decade earlier. Hancock also released a solo acoustic piano album, The Piano (1979), which was released only in Japan. (It was released in the US in 2004.) Other Japan-only albums include Dedication (1974), V.S.O.P.'s Tempest in the Colosseum (1977), and Direct Step (1978). VSOP: Live Under the Sky was a VSOP album remastered for the US in 2004 and included a second concert from the tour in July 1979. From 1978 to 1982, Hancock recorded many albums of jazz-inflected disco and pop music, beginning with Sunlight (featuring guest musicians including Williams and Pastorius on the last track) (1978). Singing through a vocoder, he earned a British hit,[17] "I Thought It Was You", although critics were unimpressed.[18] This led to more vocoder on his next album, Feets, Don't Fail Me Now
Feets, Don't Fail Me Now
(1979), which gave him another UK hit in "You Bet Your Love".[17] Albums such as Monster (1980), Magic Windows
Magic Windows
(1981), and Lite Me Up (1982) were some of Hancock's most criticized albums[citation needed]. Hancock himself had quite a limited role in some of those albums, leaving singing, composing, and even producing to others. Mr. Hands (1980) is perhaps the one album during this period that was critically acclaimed.[citation needed]There were no vocals on the album, and one track featured Jaco Pastorius
Jaco Pastorius
on bass. The album contained a variety of styles, including a disco instrumental, a Latin-jazz number, and an electronic piece in which Hancock played alone with the help of computers. Hancock toured with Williams and Carter in 1981, recording Herbie Hancock Trio, a five-track live album released only in Japan. A month later, he recorded Quartet with trumpeter Wynton Marsalis, released in the US the following year. Hancock, Williams, and Carter toured internationally with Wynton Marsalis
Wynton Marsalis
and his brother, saxophonist Branford Marsalis, in what was known as " VSOP II". This quintet can be heard on Wynton Marsalis's debut album on Columbia (1981). In 1984 VSOP II performed at the Playboy Jazz
Jazz
Festival as a sextet with Hancock, Williams, Carter, the Marsalis Brothers, and Bobby McFerrin. In 1982 Hancock contributed to the album New Gold Dream (81,82,83,84) by Simple Minds, playing a synthesizer solo on the track "Hunter and the Hunted". In 1983, Hancock had a pop hit with the Grammy-award-winning single "Rockit" from the album Future Shock. It was the first jazz hip-hop song[19][20][21] and became a worldwide anthem for breakdancers and for hip-hop in the 1980s.[22][23] It was the first mainstream single to feature scratching, and also featured an innovative animated music video, which was directed by Godley and Creme
Godley and Creme
and showed several robot-like artworks by Jim Whiting. The video was a hit on MTV and reached No. 8 in the UK.[24] The video won in five categories at the inaugural MTV Video Music Awards. This single ushered in a collaboration with noted bassist and producer Bill Laswell. Hancock experimented with electronic music on a string of three LPs produced by Laswell: Future Shock (1983), the Grammy Award-winning Sound-System (1984), and Perfect Machine (1988). During this period, he appeared onstage at the Grammy Awards
Grammy Awards
with Stevie Wonder, Howard Jones, and Thomas Dolby, in a synthesizer jam. Lesser known works from the 1980s are the live album Jazz
Jazz
Africa (1987) and the studio album Village Life
Village Life
(1984), which were recorded with Gambian kora player Foday Musa Suso. Also, in 1985 Hancock performed as a guest on the album So Red the Rose (1985) by the Duran Duran spinoff group Arcadia. He also provided introductory and closing comments for the PBS
PBS
rebroadcast in the United States of the BBC educational series from the mid-1980s, Rockschool (not to be confused with the most recent Gene Simmons' Rock School series). In 1986 Hancock performed and acted in the film 'Round Midnight. He also wrote the score/soundtrack, for which he won an Academy Award for Original Music Score. His film work was prolific during the 1980s, and included the scores to A Soldier's Story
A Soldier's Story
(1984), Jo Jo Dancer, Your Life Is Calling (1986), Action Jackson (1988, with Michael Kamen), Colors (1988), and the Eddie Murphy
Eddie Murphy
comedy Harlem Nights
Harlem Nights
(1989). Often he would also write music for TV commercials. "Maiden Voyage", in fact, started out as a cologne advertisement. At the end of the Perfect Machine tour, Hancock decided to leave Columbia Records
Columbia Records
after a 15-plus-year relationship. 1990s to 2000[edit]

Hancock live in concert

After a break following his leaving of Columbia, Hancock, together with Carter, Williams, Shorter, and Davis admirer Wallace Roney, recorded A Tribute to Miles, which was released in 1994. The album contained two live recordings and studio recording songs, with Roney playing Davis's part as trumpet player. The album won a Grammy for best group album. Hancock also toured with Jack DeJohnette, Dave Holland and Pat Metheny
Pat Metheny
in 1990 on their Parallel Realities tour, which included a performance at the Montreux Jazz
Jazz
Festival in July 1990, and scored the 1991 comedy film Livin' Large, which starred Terrence C. Carson. Hancock's next album, Dis Is da Drum, released in 1994, saw him return to acid jazz. Also in 1994, he appeared on the Red Hot Organization's compilation album Stolen Moments: Red Hot + Cool. The album, meant to raise awareness and funds in support of the AIDS epidemic in relation to the African-American community, was heralded as "Album of the Year" by Time Magazine. 1995's The New Standard found Hancock and an all-star band including John Scofield, DeJohnette and Michael Brecker, interpreting pop songs by Nirvana, Stevie Wonder, the Beatles, Prince, Peter Gabriel
Peter Gabriel
and others. A 1997 duet album with Shorter, entitled 1 + 1, was successful; the song "Aung San Suu Kyi" winning the Grammy Award for Best Instrumental Composition. Hancock also achieved great success in 1998 with his album Gershwin's World, which featured readings of George and Ira Gershwin standards by Hancock and a plethora of guest stars, including Wonder, Joni Mitchell
Joni Mitchell
and Shorter. Hancock toured the world in support of Gershwin's World
Gershwin's World
with a sextet that featured Cyro Baptista, Terri Lynne Carrington, Ira Coleman, Eli Degibri and Eddie Henderson. 2000 to 2009[edit] In 2001 Hancock recorded Future2Future, which reunited Hancock with Laswell and featured doses of electronica as well as turntablist Rob Swift of The X-Ecutioners. Hancock later toured with the band, and released a concert DVD with a different lineup, which also included the "Rockit" music video. Also in 2001 Hancock partnered with Brecker and Roy Hargrove
Roy Hargrove
to record a live concert album saluting Davis and John Coltrane, entitled Directions in Music: Live at Massey Hall, recorded live in Toronto. The threesome toured to support the album, and toured on-and-off through 2005.

Hancock performing in concert, 2006

The year 2005 saw the release of a duet album called Possibilities. It featured duets with Carlos Santana, Paul Simon, Annie Lennox, John Mayer, Christina Aguilera, Sting and others. In 2006 Possibilities
Possibilities
was nominated for Grammy Awards
Grammy Awards
in two categories: "A Song for You" (featuring Aguilera) was nominated for a Grammy Award for Best Pop Instrumental Performance, and "Gelo No Montanha" (featuring Trey Anastasio on guitar) was nominated for a Grammy Award for Best Instrumental Performance, although neither nomination resulted in an award. Also in 2005 Hancock toured Europe with a new quartet that included Beninese guitarist Lionel Loueke, and explored textures ranging from ambient to straight jazz to African music. Plus, during the summer of 2005, Hancock re-staffed the Headhunters and went on tour with them, including a performance at The Bonnaroo
Bonnaroo
Music & Arts Festival. This lineup did not consist of any of the original Headhunters musicians. The group included Marcus Miller, Carrington, Loueke and Mayer. Hancock also served as the first artist in residence for Bonnaroo
Bonnaroo
that summer. Also in 2006 Sony BMG Music Entertainment
Sony BMG Music Entertainment
(which bought out Hancock's old label, Columbia Records) released the two-disc retrospective The Essential Herbie Hancock. This set was the first compilation of his work at Warner Bros., Blue Note, Columbia and Verve/Polygram. This became Hancock's second major compilation of work since the 2002 Columbia-only The Herbie Hancock
Herbie Hancock
Box, which was released at first in a plastic 4 × 4 cube then re-released in 2004 in a long box set. Also in 2006, Hancock recorded a new song with Josh Groban
Josh Groban
and Eric Mouquet (co-founder of Deep Forest), entitled "Machine". It is featured on Groban's CD Awake. Hancock also recorded and improvised with guitarist Loueke on Loueke's 1996 debut album Virgin Forest, on the ObliqSound label, resulting in two improvisational tracks – "Le Réveil des agneaux (The Awakening of the Lambs)" and "La Poursuite du lion (The Lion's Pursuit)". Hancock, a longtime associate and friend of Mitchell, released a 2007 album, River: The Joni Letters, that paid tribute to her work, with Norah Jones
Norah Jones
and Tina Turner, adding vocals to the album,[25] as did Corinne Bailey Rae. Leonard Cohen
Leonard Cohen
contributed a spoken piece set to Hancock's piano. Mitchell herself also made an appearance. The album was released on September 25, 2007, simultaneously with the release of Mitchell's newest album at that time: Shine.[26] River
River
won the 2008 Album of the Year Grammy Award. The album also won a Grammy for Best Contemporary Jazz
Jazz
Album, and the song "Both Sides Now" was nominated for Best Instrumental Jazz
Jazz
Solo. That was only the second time in history that a jazz album had both those Grammys. On June 14, 2008 Hancock performed with others at Rhythm on the Vine at the South Coast Winery in Temecula, California, for Shriners Hospitals for Children. The event raised $515,000 for Shriners Hospital.[27] On January 18, 2009, Hancock performed at the We Are One concert, marking the start of inaugural celebrations for American President Barack Obama.[28] Hancock also performed Rhapsody in Blue
Rhapsody in Blue
at the 2009 Classical BRIT Awards
Classical BRIT Awards
with classical pianist Lang Lang. Hancock was named as the Los Angeles Philharmonic's creative chair for jazz for 2010–12.[29] His latest work includes assisting the production of the Kanye West track "RoboCop", found on 808s & Heartbreak.[citation needed] 2010 to present[edit]

Hancock in Warsaw, Poland, November 29, 2010, with his Imagine Project

In June 2010 Hancock released The Imagine Project. On June 5, 2010 he received an Alumni Award from his alma mater, Grinnell College.[30] On July 22, 2011, at a ceremony in Paris, he was named UNESCO Goodwill Ambassador for the promotion of Intercultural Dialogue. In 2013 Hancock joined the University of California, Los Angeles faculty as a professor in the UCLA music department where he will teach jazz music.[31] On December 8, 2013 he was given the Kennedy Center Honors
Kennedy Center Honors
Award for achievement in the performing arts with artists like Snoop Dogg
Snoop Dogg
and Mixmaster Mike
Mixmaster Mike
from the Beastie Boys
Beastie Boys
performing his music. He appeared on the album You're Dead by Flying Lotus, released in October 2014. Hancock is the 2014 Charles Eliot Norton Professor of Poetry at Harvard University. Holders of the chair deliver a series of six lectures on poetry, "The Norton Lectures", poetry being "interpreted in the broadest sense, including all poetic expression in language, music, or fine arts." Previous Norton lecturers include musicians Leonard Bernstein, Igor Stravinsky
Igor Stravinsky
and John Cage. Hancock's theme is "The Ethics of Jazz."[32] Hancock's next album is being produced by Terrace Martin,[33] and will feature a broad variety of jazz and hip-hop artists including Wayne Shorter, Kendrick Lamar, Kamasi Washington, Thundercat, Flying Lotus, Lionel Loueke, Zakir Hussein and Snoop Dogg.[34] Personal life[edit] Nichiren Buddhism[edit] Since 1972, Hancock has practiced Nichiren Buddhism
Nichiren Buddhism
as a member of the Buddhist association Soka Gakkai International.[35][36][37] As part of Hancock's spiritual practice, he recites the Buddhist chant Nam Myoho Renge Kyo each day.[38] In 2013, Hancock's dialogue with musician Wayne Shorter
Wayne Shorter
and Soka Gakkai International
Soka Gakkai International
president Daisaku Ikeda
Daisaku Ikeda
on jazz, Buddhism and life was published in Japanese.[37] Discography[edit] Main article: Herbie Hancock
Herbie Hancock
discography Studio albums[edit]

Takin' Off
Takin' Off
(1962) My Point of View
My Point of View
(1963) Inventions and Dimensions
Inventions and Dimensions
(1963) Empyrean Isles
Empyrean Isles
(1964) Maiden Voyage (1966) Speak Like a Child (1968) The Prisoner (1969) Fat Albert Rotunda
Fat Albert Rotunda
(1969) Mwandishi
Mwandishi
(1970) Crossings (1972) Sextant (1973) Head Hunters
Head Hunters
(1973) Dedication (1974) Thrust (1974) Man-Child
Man-Child
(1975) Secrets (1976) Third Plane
Third Plane
(1977) Herbie Hancock
Herbie Hancock
Trio (1977) Sunlight (1978) Directstep (1979) The Piano (1979) Feets, Don't Fail Me Now
Feets, Don't Fail Me Now
(1979) Monster (1980) Mr. Hands (1980) Magic Windows
Magic Windows
(1981) Herbie Hancock
Herbie Hancock
Trio (1982) Quartet (1982) Lite Me Up (1982) Future Shock (1983) Sound-System (1984) Village Life
Village Life
(1985) Perfect Machine (1988) A Tribute to Miles
A Tribute to Miles
(1994) Dis Is da Drum
Dis Is da Drum
(1994) The New Standard (1996) 1 + 1 (1997) Gershwin's World
Gershwin's World
(1998) Future2Future
Future2Future
(2001) Possibilities
Possibilities
(2005) River: The Joni Letters (2007) The Imagine Project
The Imagine Project
(2010)

Filmography[edit]

Year Title Role Notes

1981 Concrete Cowboys Gideon Episode: "The Wind Bags"

1985 The New Mike Hammer Himself Episode: "Firestorm"

1986 Round Midnight Eddie Wayne

1988 Branford Marsalis
Branford Marsalis
Steep Himself

1993 Indecent Proposal Himself

1995 Invisible Universe Poetry reader (voice) Video game

2002 Hitters District Attorney

2014 Girl Meets World Catfish Willie Slim Episode: "Girl Meets Brother"

2015 Miles Ahead Himself

2016 River
River
of Gold[39] Narrator Documentary

2017 Valerian and the City of a Thousand Planets Defense Minister

Selected concert films[edit]

2000: DeJohnette, Hancock, Holland and Metheny – Live in Concert 2002: Herbie Hancock
Herbie Hancock
Trio: Hurricane! with Ron Carter
Ron Carter
and Billy Cobham[40] 2002: The Jazz
Jazz
Channel Presents Herbie Hancock
Herbie Hancock
(BET on Jazz) with Cyro Baptista, Terri Lynne Carrington, Ira Coleman, Eli Degibri and Eddie Henderson (recorded in 2000) 2004: Herbie Hancock
Herbie Hancock
Future2Future
Future2Future
Live 2005: Herbie Hancock's Headhunters Watermelon Man (Live in Japan) 2006: Herbie Hancock
Herbie Hancock
Possibilities
Possibilities
with John Mayer, Christina Aguilera, Joss Stone, and more

Books[edit]

Herbie Hancock: Possibilities
Possibilities
(2014) ISBN 978-0-670-01471-2

Awards[edit]

Hancock presented with Gold Record Award by Kazimierz Pułaski of Sony Music Poland, November 29, 2011

Herbie Hancock
Herbie Hancock
star on Hollywood Walk of Fame

Michael Lington and Hancock (posing right) at the entrance of the Playboy Jazz
Jazz
Festival

Academy Awards[edit]

1986, Original Soundtrack, for Round Midnight

Grammy Awards[edit]

1984: Best R&B Instrumental Performance, for Rockit 1985: Best R&B Instrumental Performance, for Sound-System 1988: Best Instrumental Composition, for Call Sheet Blues 1995: Best Jazz
Jazz
Instrumental Performance, Individual or Group, for A Tribute to Miles 1997: Best Instrumental Composition, for Manhattan (Island of Lights and Love) 1999: Best Instrumental Arrangement Accompanying Vocal(s), for St. Louis Blues 1999: Best Jazz
Jazz
Instrumental Performance, Individual or Group, for Gershwin's World 2003: Best Jazz
Jazz
Instrumental Album, Individual or Group, for Directions in Music at Massey Hall 2003: Best Jazz
Jazz
Instrumental Solo, for My Ship 2005: Best Jazz
Jazz
Instrumental Solo, for Speak Like a Child 2008: Album of the Year, for River: The Joni Letters 2008: Best Contemporary Jazz
Jazz
Album, for River: The Joni Letters 2011: Best Improvised Jazz
Jazz
Solo, for A Change Is Gonna Come 2011: Best Pop Collaboration with Vocals, for Imagine

Other awards[edit]

Keyboard Readers' Poll: Best Jazz
Jazz
Pianist (1987, 1988); Keyboardist (1983, 1987) Playboy Music Poll: Best Jazz
Jazz
Group (1985), Best Jazz
Jazz
Album Rockit (1985), Best Jazz
Jazz
Keyboards (1985, 1986), Best R&B Instrumentalist (1987), Best Jazz
Jazz
Instrumentalist (1988) MTV Awards
MTV Awards
(5), Best Concept Video, "Rockit", 1983–'84 Gold Note Jazz
Jazz
Awards – New York Chapter of the National Black MBA Association, 1985 French Award Officer of the Order of Arts & Letters, 1985 BMI Film Music Award, Round Midnight, 1986 Honorary Doctorate of Music from Berklee College of Music, 1986 [41] U.S. Radio Award, Best Original Music Scoring – Thom McAnn Shoes, 1986 Los Angeles Film Critics Association, Best Score – 'Round Midnight, 1986 BMI Film Music Award, Colors, 1989 Miles Davis
Miles Davis
Award, Montreal International Jazz
Jazz
Festival, 1997 Soul Train Music Award, Best Jazz
Jazz
Album – The New Standard, 1997 VH1's 100 Greatest Videos, "Rockit" is 10th Greatest Video, 2001 NEA Jazz
Jazz
Masters Award, 2004 Downbeat Readers' Poll Hall of Fame, 2005[42] Kennedy Center Honors, 2013 American Academy of Arts and Sciences, 2013[43]

References[edit]

^ " Herbie Hancock
Herbie Hancock
(American musician)". Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved February 1, 2012.  ^ " Herbie Hancock
Herbie Hancock
Biography (1940-)". Filmreference.com. Retrieved 2016-09-11.  ^ Hancock, Herbie (February 2014). "The Ethics of Jazz". Youtube.com. 11:50: Mahindra Humanities Center. Retrieved 4 February 2016.  ^ "Obama to speak Friday at Hyde Park high school". tribunedigital-chicagotribune. Retrieved 2017-03-04.  ^ Murph, John. "NPR's Jazz
Jazz
Profiles: Herbie Hancock". www.npr.org. Retrieved 2017-03-04.  ^ Hentz, Stefan (August 3, 2010). " Herbie Hancock
Herbie Hancock
interview". The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved February 1, 2012.  ^ a b c Dobbins, Bill & Kernfeld, Barry. "Herbie Hancock". In L. Root, Deane. Grove Music Online. Oxford Music Online. Oxford University Press.  (subscription required) ^ Coryell, Julie; Friedman, Laura (2000). Jazz-Rock Fusion, the people, the music. Hal Leonard Corporation. p. 204. ISBN 0-7935-9941-5.  ^ "CHRIS ANDERSON". Review of Love Locked Out. Mapleshade Music. Retrieved July 1, 2010.  ^ "The Jazz
Jazz
Museum in Harlem". www.jazzmuseuminharlem.org. Retrieved 2017-03-04.  ^ " Herbie Hancock
Herbie Hancock
facts, information, pictures Encyclopedia.com articles about Herbie Hancock". www.encyclopedia.com. Retrieved 2017-03-04.  ^ The tune "Dr Honoris Causa" written by Joe Zawinul
Joe Zawinul
and performed by Cannonball Adderley's quintet is an ironic celebration of the honorary degree. ^ 50 great moments in jazz: How Miles Davis's second quintet changed jazz, theguardian.com ^ Hancock, Herbie & Dickey, Lisa Herbie Hancock: Possibilities Penguin, 23 Oct 2014 ^ Hey, Hey, Hey, It's Fat Albert (1969 TV Movie), Internet Movie Database ^ Erlewine, Stephen Thomas (2010). "Headhunters Herbie Hancock". Allmusic review of Headhunters. Retrieved July 1, 2010.  ^ a b Roberts, David (2006). British Hit Singles & Albums (19th ed.). London: Guinness World Records Limited. p. 242. ISBN 1-904994-10-5.  ^ "Herbie Hancock". Warr.org. Retrieved October 22, 2011.  ^ Koskoff, Ellen (2005). Music Cultures in the United States: An Introduction. Psychology Press. pp. 364–. ISBN 978-0-415-96588-0. Retrieved July 28, 2012.  ^ Price, Emmett George (2006). Hip Hop Culture. ABC-CLIO. pp. 114–. ISBN 978-1-85109-867-5. Retrieved July 28, 2012.  ^ Keyes, Cheryl Lynette (2002). Rap Music and Street Consciousness. University of Illinois
Illinois
Press. pp. 109–. ISBN 978-0-252-07201-7. Retrieved July 28, 2012.  ^ Hodgkinson, Will (May 10, 2004). "Culture quake: Rockit". Telegraph. Retrieved July 28, 2012.  ^ "Meet – Herbie Hancock". Thelonious Monk Institute of Jazz. Archived from the original on July 30, 2012. Retrieved July 28, 2012.  ^ Brown, Tony; Kutner, Jon; Warwick, Neil (2002). The Complete Book of the British Charts (New & updated ed.). London: Omnibus. p. 447. ISBN 0711990751.  ^ Andre Mayer (June 18, 2007). "Key figure: An interview with jazz legend Herbie Hancock". CBC News. Retrieved September 11, 2007.  ^ "The Official Website of Joni Mitchell". Jonimitchell.com. Archived from the original on April 6, 2011. Retrieved April 18, 2014.  ^ Shriners Hospitals for Children, "About Rhythm on the Vine", Rhythm on the Vine, 2008. ^ "Obama: People Who Love This Country Can Change It". Foxnews. January 18, 2009. Retrieved February 9, 2009.  ^ Haga, E. Herbie Hancock
Herbie Hancock
Named L.A. Philharmonic's Next Creative Chair for Jazz, Jazz
Jazz
Times, August 5, 2009. ^ Alumni Award: Herbert J. Hancock '60, archived from the original on June 9, 2010 Hancock received an Alumni Award from Grinnell College at the annual Alumni Assembly June 5, 2010. ^ " Jazz
Jazz
legends Herbie Hancock, Wayne Shorter
Wayne Shorter
named UCLA professors" (Press release). University of California Office of Media Relations and Public Outreach. January 8, 2013. Retrieved November 22, 2013.  ^ "Norton Lectures". Mahindra Humanities Center, Harvard University. February 4, 2014. Retrieved February 4, 2014.  ^ " Terrace Martin
Terrace Martin
Talks New Jazz
Jazz
Supergroup, Producing for Herbie Hancock". Rolling Stone. May 15, 2017. Retrieved February 14, 2018.  ^ "Herbie Hancock's new album will feature Kendrick Lamar, Thundercat, Kamasi Washington, and Flying Lotus". Consequence of Sound. March 6, 2018. Retrieved March 6, 2018.  ^ Reiss, Valerie. "Beliefnet Presents: Herbie Hancock
Herbie Hancock
on Buddhism, Buddhist, Jazz, Music". Beliefnet.com. Retrieved October 22, 2011.  ^ Burk, Greg (February 24, 2008). "He's still full of surprises". The Los Angeles Times.  ^ a b "Hancock-Shorter-Ikeda Series on Jazz
Jazz
Published in Japanese Daisaku Ikeda
Daisaku Ikeda
Website". Daisakuikeda.org. 2013-01-30. Retrieved 2016-09-11.  ^ Reiss, Valerie. "Herbie, Fully Buddhist". Retrieved October 13, 2013.  ^ " River
River
of Gold". Riverofgoldfilm.com. Retrieved 2016-09-11.  ^ "VIEW DVD Listing". View.com. Retrieved October 22, 2011.  ^ http://www.playbill.com/article/herbie-hancock-gary-burton-to-help-berklee-celebrate-anniversary-january-28 ^ [1] Archived April 16, 2009, at the Wayback Machine. ^ " American Academy of Arts and Sciences
American Academy of Arts and Sciences
membership". Amacad.org. Retrieved 2014-04-18. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Herbie Hancock.

Herbie Hancock
Herbie Hancock
– official site Herbie Hancock discography
Herbie Hancock discography
at Discogs Herbie Hancock
Herbie Hancock
on IMDb Herbie Hancock
Herbie Hancock
at TED Herbie Hancock
Herbie Hancock
interview about music and technology at AppleMatters Herbie Hancock
Herbie Hancock
Outside The Comfort Zone interview at JamBase Herbie Hancock
Herbie Hancock
Article by C.J Shearn on the New York Jazz
Jazz
Workshop blog, November, 2014 Herbie Hancock
Herbie Hancock
NAMM Oral History Program Interview (2006)

v t e

Herbie Hancock

Discography

Studio albums

Takin' Off My Point of View Inventions and Dimensions Empyrean Isles Maiden Voyage Speak Like a Child The Prisoner Fat Albert Rotunda Mwandishi Crossings Sextant Head Hunters Dedication Thrust Man-Child Secrets Third Plane Herbie Hancock
Herbie Hancock
Trio Sunlight Directstep The Piano Feets, Don't Fail Me Now Monster Mr. Hands Magic Windows Herbie Hancock
Herbie Hancock
Trio Lite Me Up Quartet Future Shock Sound-System Village Life Perfect Machine A Tribute to Miles Dis Is da Drum The New Standard 1+1 Gershwin's World Future 2 Future Possibilities River: The Joni Letters The Imagine Project

Live albums

Hear, O Israel - A Prayer Ceremony in Jazz Flood V.S.O.P. The Quintet (V.S.O.P.) Tempest in the Colosseum (V.S.O.P.) An Evening with Herbie Hancock
Herbie Hancock
& Chick Corea: In Concert CoreaHancock V.S.O.P. Live Under the Sky
V.S.O.P. Live Under the Sky
(V.S.O.P.) Jazz
Jazz
Africa Directions in Music: Live at Massey Hall Live: Detroit/Chicago

with Bob Brookmeyer

Bob Brookmeyer
Bob Brookmeyer
and Friends

with Donald Byrd and Pepper Adams

Out of this World ( Pepper Adams
Pepper Adams
Donald Byrd
Donald Byrd
Quintet) Chant Royal Flush Free Form A New Perspective

with Miles Davis

Seven Steps to Heaven My Funny Valentine Four & More E.S.P. Miles Smiles Sorcerer Nefertiti Miles in the Sky Water Babies Filles de Kilimanjaro In a Silent Way Jack Johnson On the Corner Big Fun Get Up with It

with Jack DeJohnette, Pat Metheny
Pat Metheny
and Dave Holland

Parallel Realities

with Joe Farrell

Moon Germs Penny Arcade Upon This Rock Night Dancing

with Freddie Hubbard

Hub-Tones Straight Life Red Clay

with Joe Zawinul

Zawinul

Compilations

Treasure Chest ( Herbie Hancock
Herbie Hancock
album) The Best of Herbie Hancock Then and Now: The Definitive Herbie Hancock The Essential Herbie Hancock

Compositions

"Watermelon Man" "Cantaloupe Island" "Maiden Voyage" "Chameleon"

Soundtracks

Blow-Up Hey, Hey, Hey, It's Fat Albert The Spook Who Sat by the Door Death Wish A Soldier's Story Round Midnight Action Jackson

v t e

Academy Award for Best Original Score

1930s

Louis Silvers
Louis Silvers
(1934) Max Steiner
Max Steiner
(1935) Leo F. Forbstein
Leo F. Forbstein
(1936) Charles Previn
Charles Previn
(1937) Erich Wolfgang Korngold/Alfred Newman (1938) Herbert Stothart/Richard Hageman, W. Franke Harling, John Leipold, Leo Shuken (1939)

1940s

Leigh Harline, Paul J. Smith, Ned Washington/Alfred Newman (1940) Bernard Herrmann/ Frank Churchill and Oliver Wallace (1941) Max Steiner/ Ray Heindorf and Heinz Roemheld (1942) Alfred Newman/ Ray Heindorf (1943) Max Steiner/ Morris Stoloff and Carmen Dragon
Carmen Dragon
(1944) Miklós Rózsa/ Georgie Stoll (1945) Hugo Friedhofer/ Morris Stoloff (1946) Miklós Rózsa/Alfred Newman (1947) Brian Easdale/ Johnny Green
Johnny Green
and Roger Edens (1948) Aaron Copland/ Roger Edens and Lennie Hayton (1949)

1950s

Franz Waxman/ Adolph Deutsch and Roger Edens (1950) Franz Waxman/ Johnny Green
Johnny Green
and Saul Chaplin (1951) Dimitri Tiomkin/Alfred Newman (1952) Bronisław Kaper/Alfred Newman (1953) Dimitri Tiomkin/ Adolph Deutsch and Saul Chaplin (1954) Alfred Newman/Robert Russell Bennett, Jay Blackton and Adolph Deutsch (1955) Victor Young/Alfred Newman and Ken Darby (1956) Malcolm Arnold (1957) Dimitri Tiomkin/Andre Previn (1958) Miklós Rózsa/Andre Previn and Ken Darby (1959)

1960s

Ernest Gold/ Morris Stoloff and Harry Sukman (1960) Henry Mancini/Saul Chaplin, Johnny Green, Sid Ramin and Irwin Kostal (1961) Maurice Jarre/ Ray Heindorf (1962) John Addison/Andre Previn (1963) Richard M. Sherman
Richard M. Sherman
and Robert B. Sherman/Andre Previn (1964) Maurice Jarre/ Irwin Kostal (1965) John Barry/ Ken Thorne (1966) Elmer Bernstein/Alfred Newman and Ken Darby (1967) John Barry/ Johnny Green
Johnny Green
(1968) Burt Bacharach/ Lennie Hayton and Lionel Newman (1969)

1970s

Francis Lai/ The Beatles
The Beatles
(John Lennon, Paul McCartney, George Harrison and Ringo Starr) (1970) Michel Legrand/ John Williams
John Williams
(1971) Charlie Chaplin, Raymond Rasch and Larry Russell/ Ralph Burns
Ralph Burns
(1972) Marvin Hamlisch/ Marvin Hamlisch
Marvin Hamlisch
(1973) Nino Rota
Nino Rota
and Carmine Coppola/ Nelson Riddle
Nelson Riddle
(1974) John Williams/ Leonard Rosenman
Leonard Rosenman
(1975) Jerry Goldsmith/ Leonard Rosenman
Leonard Rosenman
(1976) John Williams/ Jonathan Tunick (1977) Giorgio Moroder/ Joe Renzetti (1978) Georges Delerue/ Ralph Burns
Ralph Burns
(1979)

1980s

Michael Gore (1980) Vangelis
Vangelis
(1981) John Williams/ Henry Mancini
Henry Mancini
and Leslie Bricusse (1982) Bill Conti/Michel Legrand, Alan and Marilyn Bergman (1983) Maurice Jarre/Prince (1984) John Barry (1985) Herbie Hancock
Herbie Hancock
(1986) Ryuichi Sakamoto, David Byrne
David Byrne
and Cong Su (1987) Dave Grusin
Dave Grusin
(1988) Alan Menken
Alan Menken
(1989)

1990s

John Barry (1990) Alan Menken
Alan Menken
(1991) Alan Menken
Alan Menken
(1992) John Williams
John Williams
(1993) Hans Zimmer
Hans Zimmer
(1994) Luis Enríquez Bacalov/ Alan Menken
Alan Menken
and Stephen Schwartz (1995) Gabriel Yared/ Rachel Portman (1996) James Horner/ Anne Dudley
Anne Dudley
(1997) Nicola Piovani/ Stephen Warbeck (1998) John Corigliano (1999)

2000s

Tan Dun
Tan Dun
(2000) Howard Shore
Howard Shore
(2001) Elliot Goldenthal
Elliot Goldenthal
(2002) Howard Shore
Howard Shore
(2003) Jan A. P. Kaczmarek
Jan A. P. Kaczmarek
(2004) Gustavo Santaolalla
Gustavo Santaolalla
(2005) Gustavo Santaolalla
Gustavo Santaolalla
(2006) Dario Marianelli (2007) A. R. Rahman
A. R. Rahman
(2008) Michael Giacchino
Michael Giacchino
(2009)

2010s

Trent Reznor
Trent Reznor
and Atticus Ross
Atticus Ross
(2010) Ludovic Bource
Ludovic Bource
(2011) Mychael Danna (2012) Steven Price (2013) Alexandre Desplat
Alexandre Desplat
(2014) Ennio Morricone
Ennio Morricone
(2015) Justin Hurwitz
Justin Hurwitz
(2016) Alexandre Desplat
Alexandre Desplat
(2017)

v t e

Grammy Award for Album of the Year

1959–1979

The Music from Peter Gunn
The Music from Peter Gunn
Henry Mancini
Henry Mancini
(1959) Come Dance with Me! – Frank Sinatra
Frank Sinatra
(1960) The Button-Down Mind of Bob Newhart
The Button-Down Mind of Bob Newhart
Bob Newhart
Bob Newhart
(1961) Judy at Carnegie Hall
Judy at Carnegie Hall
Judy Garland
Judy Garland
(1962) The First Family – Vaughn Meader
Vaughn Meader
(1963) The Barbra Streisand Album
The Barbra Streisand Album
Barbra Streisand
Barbra Streisand
(1964) Getz/Gilberto
Getz/Gilberto
– Stan Getz, João Gilberto
João Gilberto
(1965) September of My Years Frank Sinatra
Frank Sinatra
(1966) A Man and His Music Frank Sinatra
Frank Sinatra
(1967) Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band
Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band
The Beatles
The Beatles
(1968) By the Time I Get to Phoenix – Glen Campbell
Glen Campbell
(1969) Blood, Sweat & Tears – Blood, Sweat & Tears (1970) Bridge over Troubled Water
Bridge over Troubled Water
– Simon & Garfunkel (1971) Tapestry – Carole King
Carole King
(1972) The Concert for Bangladesh – Various (1973) Innervisions
Innervisions
Stevie Wonder
Stevie Wonder
(1974) Fulfillingness' First Finale
Fulfillingness' First Finale
Stevie Wonder
Stevie Wonder
(1975) Still Crazy After All These Years
Still Crazy After All These Years
Paul Simon
Paul Simon
(1976) Songs in the Key of Life
Songs in the Key of Life
Stevie Wonder
Stevie Wonder
(1977) Rumours – Fleetwood Mac
Fleetwood Mac
(1978) Saturday Night Fever – Bee Gees/Various (1979)

1980–2000

52nd Street – Billy Joel
Billy Joel
(1980) Christopher Cross
Christopher Cross
Christopher Cross
Christopher Cross
(1981) Double Fantasy
Double Fantasy
John Lennon
John Lennon
and Yoko Ono
Yoko Ono
(1982) Toto IV
Toto IV
– Toto (1983) Thriller – Michael Jackson
Michael Jackson
(1984) Can't Slow Down – Lionel Richie
Lionel Richie
(1985) No Jacket Required
No Jacket Required
Phil Collins
Phil Collins
(1986) Graceland – Paul Simon
Paul Simon
(1987) The Joshua Tree
The Joshua Tree
– U2 (1988) Faith – George Michael
George Michael
(1989) Nick of Time – Bonnie Raitt
Bonnie Raitt
(1990) Back on the Block
Back on the Block
Quincy Jones
Quincy Jones
and various artists (1991) Unforgettable... with Love Natalie Cole
Natalie Cole
(1992) Unplugged – Eric Clapton
Eric Clapton
(1993) The Bodyguard – Whitney Houston
Whitney Houston
(1994) MTV Unplugged – Tony Bennett
Tony Bennett
(1995) Jagged Little Pill
Jagged Little Pill
Alanis Morissette
Alanis Morissette
(1996) Falling into You
Falling into You
Celine Dion
Celine Dion
(1997) Time Out of Mind – Bob Dylan
Bob Dylan
(1998) The Miseducation of Lauryn Hill
The Miseducation of Lauryn Hill
Lauryn Hill
Lauryn Hill
(1999) Supernatural – Santana (2000)

2001–present

Two Against Nature
Two Against Nature
Steely Dan
Steely Dan
(2001) O Brother, Where Art Thou? Soundtrack (2002) Come Away with Me
Come Away with Me
Norah Jones
Norah Jones
(2003) Speakerboxxx/The Love Below
Speakerboxxx/The Love Below
Outkast
Outkast
(2004) Genius Loves Company
Genius Loves Company
Ray Charles
Ray Charles
and various artists (2005) How to Dismantle an Atomic Bomb
How to Dismantle an Atomic Bomb
– U2 (2006) Taking the Long Way
Taking the Long Way
Dixie Chicks
Dixie Chicks
(2007) River: The Joni Letters – Herbie Hancock
Herbie Hancock
(2008) Raising Sand
Raising Sand
Robert Plant
Robert Plant
& Alison Krauss
Alison Krauss
(2009) Fearless – Taylor Swift
Taylor Swift
(2010) The Suburbs
The Suburbs
Arcade Fire
Arcade Fire
(2011) 21 – Adele
Adele
(2012) Babel – Mumford & Sons (2013) Random Access Memories
Random Access Memories
Daft Punk
Daft Punk
(2014) Morning Phase
Morning Phase
Beck
Beck
(2015) 1989 – Taylor Swift
Taylor Swift
(2016) 25 – Adele
Adele
(2017) 24K Magic – Bruno Mars
Bruno Mars
(2018)

v t e

Kennedy Center Honorees (2010s)

2010

Merle Haggard Jerry Herman Bill T. Jones Paul McCartney Oprah Winfrey

2011

Barbara Cook Neil Diamond Yo-Yo Ma Sonny Rollins Meryl Streep

2012

Buddy Guy Dustin Hoffman David Letterman Led Zeppelin Natalia Makarova

2013

Martina Arroyo Herbie Hancock Billy Joel Shirley MacLaine Carlos Santana

2014

Al Green Tom Hanks Patricia McBride Sting Lily Tomlin

2015

Carole King George Lucas Rita Moreno Seiji Ozawa Cicely Tyson

2016

Martha Argerich Eagles Al Pacino Mavis Staples James Taylor

2017

Carmen de Lavallade Gloria Estefan LL Cool J Norman Lear Lionel Richie

Complete list 1970s 1980s 1990s 2000s 2010s

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 49408202 LCCN: n81014575 ISNI: 0000 0001 0899 3797 GND: 121542157 SUDOC: 034859896 BNF: cb13894938z (data) MusicBrainz: 27613b78-1b9d-4ec3-9db5-fa0743465fdd NDL: 00920360 BNE: XX855914 SNAC: w6rf5z7r

Afric

.