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A HERALD, or, more correctly, a HERALD OF ARMS, is an officer of arms , ranking between pursuivant and king of arms . The title is commonly applied more broadly to all officers of arms.

Heralds were originally messengers sent by monarchs or noblemen to convey messages or proclamations —in this sense being the predecessors of the modern diplomats . In the Hundred Years\' War , French heralds challenged King Henry V to fight. During the Battle of Agincourt , the English herald and the French herald, Montjoie, watched the battle together from a nearby hill; both agreed that the English were the victors, and Montjoie provided King Henry V, who thus earned the right to name the battle, with the name of the nearby castle.

Like other officers of arms, a herald would often wear a surcoat, called a tabard , decorated with the coat of arms of his master. It was possibly due to their role in managing the tournaments of the Late Middle Ages that heralds came to be associated with the regulation of the knights' coats of arms . Heralds have been employed by kings and large landowners, principally as messengers and ambassadors. Heralds were required to organise, announce and referee the contestants at a tournament. This science of heraldry became increasingly important and further regulated over the years, and in several countries around the world it is still overseen by heralds. Thus the primary job of a herald today is to be an expert in coats of arms. In the United Kingdom heralds are still called upon at times to read proclamations publicly; for which they still wear tabards emblazoned with the royal coat of arms .

There are active official heralds today in several countries, including the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
, the Republic of Ireland
Republic of Ireland
, Canada
Canada
, and the Republic of South Africa . In England
England
and Scotland
Scotland
most heralds are full-time employees of the sovereign and are called "Heralds of Arms in Ordinary". Temporary appointments can be made of "Heralds of Arms Extraordinary". These are often appointed for a specific major state occasions, such as a coronation . In addition, the Canadian Heraldic Authority has created the position of " Herald
Herald
of Arms Emeritus", with which to honor long-serving or distinguished heraldists. In Scotland, some Clan Chiefs , the heads of great noble houses, still appoint private officers of arms to handle cases of heraldic or genealogical importance of clan members, although these are usually pursuivants.

CONTENTS

* 1 English Heralds

* 1.1 English Heralds of Arms in Ordinary * 1.2 English Heralds of Arms Extraordinary

* 2 Scottish Heralds

* 2.1 Scottish Heralds of Arms in Ordinary * 2.2 Scottish Heralds of Arms Extraordinary

* 3 Canadian Heralds

* 3.1 Canadian Heralds of Arms In Ordinary * 3.2 Canadian Heralds of Arms Extraordinary * 3.3 Canadian Heralds of Arms Emeritus

* 4 Indian Empire Herald
Herald
of Arms Extraordinary * 5 See also * 6 References * 7 External links

ENGLISH HERALDS

ENGLISH HERALDS OF ARMS IN ORDINARY

* Richmond Herald
Richmond Herald
of Arms in Ordinary * Chester Herald of Arms in Ordinary * Lancaster Herald
Lancaster Herald
of Arms in Ordinary * York Herald
York Herald
of Arms in Ordinary * Somerset Herald
Somerset Herald
of Arms in Ordinary * Windsor Herald
Windsor Herald
of Arms in Ordinary

ENGLISH HERALDS OF ARMS EXTRAORDINARY

* Arundel Herald
Herald
of Arms Extraordinary * Beaumont Herald
Herald
of Arms Extraordinary * Maltravers Herald
Herald
of Arms Extraordinary * New Zealand Herald
Herald
of Arms Extraordinary * Norfolk Herald
Herald
of Arms Extraordinary * Surrey Herald
Herald
of Arms Extraordinary * Wales Herald
Herald
of Arms Extraordinary

SCOTTISH HERALDS

SCOTTISH HERALDS OF ARMS IN ORDINARY

* Albany Herald of Arms in Ordinary * Marchmont Herald of Arms in Ordinary * Rothesay Herald of Arms in Ordinary * Snawdoun Herald of Arms in Ordinary

SCOTTISH HERALDS OF ARMS EXTRAORDINARY

* Angus Herald of Arms Extraordinary * Islay Herald of Arms in Extraordinary * Orkney Herald
Herald
of Arms Extraordinary * Ross Herald of Arms Extraordinary

CANADIAN HERALDS

CANADIAN HERALDS OF ARMS IN ORDINARY

* Chief Herald
Herald
of Canada
Canada
* Assiniboine Herald of Arms in Ordinary * Athabaska Herald of Arms in Ordinary * Coppermine Herald of Arms in Ordinary * Fraser Herald of Arms in Ordinary * Miramichi Herald of Arms in Ordinary * Saguenay Herald of Arms in Ordinary * Saint-Laurent Herald of Arms in Ordinary

CANADIAN HERALDS OF ARMS EXTRAORDINARY

* Albion Herald
Herald
of Arms Extraordinary * Capilano Herald
Herald
of Arms Extraordinary * Cowichan Herald
Herald
of Arms Extraordinary * Dauphin Herald
Herald
of Arm