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Henry Jaynes Fonda (May 16, 1905 – August 12, 1982) was an American film and stage actor[2] with a career spanning five decades. Fonda made his mark early as a Broadway actor. He also appeared in 1938 in plays performed in White Plains, New York, with Joan Tompkins. He made his Hollywood
Hollywood
debut in 1935, and his career gained momentum after his Academy Award-nominated performance as Tom Joad
Tom Joad
in The Grapes of Wrath, a 1940 adaptation of John Steinbeck's novel about an Oklahoma
Oklahoma
family who moved west during the Dust Bowl. Throughout five decades in Hollywood, Fonda cultivated a strong, appealing screen image in such classics as The Ox-Bow Incident, Mister Roberts, and 12 Angry Men. Later, Fonda moved both toward darker epics such as Sergio Leone's Once Upon a Time in the West
Once Upon a Time in the West
and lighter roles in family comedies such as Yours, Mine and Ours with Lucille Ball, winning the Academy Award for Best Actor
Academy Award for Best Actor
at the 54th Academy Awards for the movie On Golden Pond, his final film role. Fonda was the patriarch of a family of famous actors, including daughter Jane Fonda, son Peter Fonda, granddaughter Bridget Fonda, and grandson Troy Garity. His family and close friends called him "Hank". In 1999, he was named the sixth-Greatest Male Star of All Time by the American Film Institute.

Contents

1 Family history and early life 2 Career

2.1 Early stage work 2.2 Entering Hollywood 2.3 Postwar career 2.4 Late career

3 Personal life

3.1 Marriages and children 3.2 Politics 3.3 On acting

4 Death and legacy 5 Filmography 6 Broadway stage performances 7 Awards 8 See also 9 References 10 Bibliography 11 External links

Family history and early life[edit] Born in Grand Island, Nebraska
Grand Island, Nebraska
in May 1905, Henry Jaynes Fonda was the son of printer William Brace Fonda, and his wife, Herberta (Jaynes). The family moved to Omaha, Nebraska
Omaha, Nebraska
in 1906.[3] Fonda's patrilineal line originates with an ancestor from Genoa, Italy, who migrated to the Netherlands
Netherlands
in the 15th century.[4] In 1642, a branch of the Fonda family immigrated to the Dutch colony of New Netherland
New Netherland
on the East Coast of North America.[4][5] They were among the first Dutch population to settle in what is now upstate New York, establishing the town of Fonda, New York.[4] By 1888, many of their descendants had relocated to Nebraska.[4] Fonda was brought up as a Christian Scientist, though he was baptized an Episcopalian at St. Stephen's Episcopal Church[citation needed] in Grand Island. He said, "My whole damn family was nice." They were a close family and highly supportive, especially in health matters, as they avoided doctors due to their religion.[6] Despite having a religious background, he later became an agnostic.[7] Fonda was a bashful, short boy who tended to avoid girls, except his sisters, and was a good skater, swimmer, and runner. He worked part-time in his father's print plant and imagined a possible career as a journalist. Later, he worked after school for the phone company. He also enjoyed drawing. Fonda was active in the Boy Scouts of America; Teichmann reports that he reached the rank of Eagle Scout.[8] However, this is denied elsewhere.[9] When he was about 14, his father took him to observe the brutal lynching of Will Brown during the Omaha race riot of 1919.[10] This enraged the young Fonda and he kept a keen awareness of prejudice for the rest of his life.[11] By his senior year in high school, Fonda had grown to more than six feet tall, but remained shy. He attended the University of Minnesota, where he majored in journalism,[12] but he did not graduate. He took a job with the Retail Credit Company. Career[edit] Early stage work[edit] At age 20, Fonda started his acting career at the Omaha Community Playhouse, when his mother's friend Dodie Brando (mother of Marlon Brando) recommended that he try out for a juvenile part in You and I, in which he was cast as Ricky.[13] He was fascinated by the stage, learning everything from set construction to stage production, and embarrassed by his acting ability.[14] When he received the lead in Merton of the Movies, he realized the beauty of acting as a profession, as it allowed him to deflect attention from his own tongue-tied personality and create stage characters relying on someone else's scripted words. Fonda decided to quit his job and go east in 1928 to seek his fortune. He arrived on Cape Cod and played a minor role at the Cape Playhouse in Dennis, Massachusetts. A friend took him to Falmouth, MA where he joined and quickly became a valued member of the University Players, an intercollegiate summer stock company. There he worked with Margaret Sullavan, his future wife.[15] James Stewart
James Stewart
joined the Players a few months after Fonda left, though they were soon to become lifelong friends. Fonda left the Players at the end of their 1931-1932 season after appearing in his first professional role in The Jest, by Sem Benelli. Joshua Logan, a young sophomore at Princeton who had been double-cast in the show, gave Fonda the part of Tornaquinci, "an elderly Italian man with a long white beard and even longer hair." Also in the cast of The Jest with Fonda and Logan were Bretaigne Windust, Kent Smith, and Eleanor Phelps.[16] The tall (6 ft, 1.5 in) Fonda headed for New York City, to be with his then wife, Margaret Sullavan. The marriage was brief, but when James Stewart
James Stewart
came to New York his luck changed. Getting contact information from Joshua Logan, Jimmy, as he was called, found Hank Fonda and these small town boys found they had a lot in common, as long as they didn't discuss politics. The two men became roommates and honed their skills on Broadway. Fonda appeared in theatrical productions from 1926 to 1934. They fared no better than many Americans in and out of work during the Great Depression, sometimes lacking enough money to take the subway.[17] Entering Hollywood[edit]

Fonda in Jezebel

Fonda got his first break in films when he was hired in 1935 as Janet Gaynor's leading man in 20th Century Fox's screen adaptation of The Farmer Takes a Wife; he reprised his role from the Broadway production of the same name, which had gained him critical recognition. Suddenly, Fonda was making $3,000 a week and dining with Hollywood
Hollywood
stars such as Carole Lombard.[18] Stewart soon followed him to Hollywood, and they roomed together again, in lodgings next door to Greta Garbo. In 1935, Fonda starred in the RKO film I Dream Too Much with the opera star Lily Pons. The New York Times
The New York Times
announced him as "Henry Fonda, the most likable of the new crop of romantic juveniles."[19] Fonda's film career blossomed as he costarred with Sylvia Sidney
Sylvia Sidney
and Fred MacMurray in The Trail of the Lonesome Pine (1936), the first Technicolor
Technicolor
movie filmed outdoors. He starred with ex-wife Margaret Sullavan
Margaret Sullavan
in The Moon's Our Home, and a short rekindling of their relationship led to a brief but temporary consideration of remarriage. Fonda got the nod for the lead role in You Only Live Once (1937), also costarring Sidney, and directed by Fritz Lang. He was a critical success opposite Bette Davis, who had picked him, in the film Jezebel (1938). This was followed by the title role in Young Mr. Lincoln
Young Mr. Lincoln
(1939), his first collaboration with director John Ford, and that year he played Frank James
Frank James
in Jesse James (1939). Another 1939 film was Drums Along the Mohawk, also directed by Ford.

Fonda in The Lady Eve

Fonda's successes led Ford to recruit him to play Tom Joad
Tom Joad
in the film version of John Steinbeck's novel The Grapes of Wrath (1940). A reluctant Darryl Zanuck, who preferred Tyrone Power, insisted on Fonda's signing a seven-year contract with his studio, Twentieth Century-Fox.[20] Fonda agreed and was ultimately nominated for an Academy Award
Academy Award
for his work in the film, which many consider to be his finest role. Fonda starred in The Return of Frank James
Frank James
(1940) with Gene Tierney. He then played opposite Barbara Stanwyck
Barbara Stanwyck
in Preston Sturges' The Lady Eve
The Lady Eve
(1941), and again teamed with Tierney in the successful screwball comedy Rings on Her Fingers
Rings on Her Fingers
(1942). She was one of Fonda's favorite co-stars, and they appeared in three films together. He was acclaimed for his role in The Ox-Bow Incident (1943).

Fonda after enlisting in the United States
United States
Navy in November 1942

Fonda enlisted in the United States
United States
Navy to fight in World War II, saying, "I don't want to be in a fake war in a studio."[21] Previously, Stewart and he had helped raise funds for the defense of Britain.[22] Fonda served for three years, initially as a Quartermaster
Quartermaster
3rd Class on the destroyer USS Satterlee. He was later commissioned as a Lieutenant Junior Grade
Lieutenant Junior Grade
in Air Combat Intelligence in the Central Pacific and was awarded the Bronze Star Medal and Navy Presidential Unit Citation.[23] Postwar career[edit] After the war, Fonda took a break from movies and attended Hollywood parties and enjoyed civilian life. Stewart and Fonda would listen to records and invite Johnny Mercer, Hoagy Carmichael, Dinah Shore, and Nat King Cole
Nat King Cole
over for music, with the latter giving the family piano lessons.[24] Fonda played Wyatt Earp
Wyatt Earp
in My Darling Clementine
My Darling Clementine
(1946), which was directed by John Ford. Fonda did seven postwar films until his contract with Fox expired, the last being Otto Preminger's Daisy Kenyon (1947), opposite Joan Crawford. He starred in The Fugitive (1947), which was the first film of Ford's new production company, Argosy Pictures. In 1948, he appeared in a subsequent Argosy/Ford production, Fort Apache, as a rigid Army colonel, along with John Wayne and Shirley Temple
Shirley Temple
in her first adult role.

Fonda in Navy uniform

Refusing another long-term studio contract, Fonda returned to Broadway, wearing his own officer's cap to originate the title role in Mister Roberts, a comedy about the U.S. Navy, during World War II
World War II
in the South Pacific Ocean
South Pacific Ocean
where Fonda, a junior officer, Lt. Douglas A. Roberts wages a private war against a tyrannical captain. He won a 1948 Tony Award
Tony Award
for the part. Fonda followed that by reprising his performance in the national tour and with successful stage runs in Point of No Return and The Caine Mutiny
The Caine Mutiny
Court-Martial. After an eight-year absence from films, he starred in the same role in the 1955 film version of Mister Roberts with James Cagney, William Powell, and Jack Lemmon, continuing a pattern of bringing his acclaimed stage roles to life on the big screen. On the set of Mister Roberts, Fonda came to blows with director John Ford, who punched him during filming, and Fonda vowed never to work for the director again. While he kept that vow for years, Fonda spoke glowingly of Ford in Peter Bogdanovich's documentary Directed by John Ford
John Ford
and in a documentary on Ford's career alongside Ford and James Stewart. Fonda refused to participate until he learned that Ford had insisted on casting Fonda as the lead in the film version of Mr. Roberts, reviving Fonda's film career after concentrating on the stage for years. After Mr. Roberts, Fonda next acted in Paramount Pictures's production of the Leo Tolstoy
Leo Tolstoy
epic novel War and Peace (1956), about French Emperor Napoleon's invasion of Russia
Russia
in 1812, in which he played Pierre Bezukhov opposite Audrey Hepburn; it took two years to shoot. Fonda worked with Alfred Hitchcock
Alfred Hitchcock
in 1956, playing a man falsely accused of robbery in The Wrong Man; the unusual semidocumentary work of Hitchcock's was based on an actual incident and partly filmed on location.

Lauren Bacall, Humphrey Bogart, and Fonda in a live 1955 TV version of The Petrified Forest

In 1957, Fonda made his first foray into producing with 12 Angry Men, in which he also starred. The film was based on a teleplay and a script by Reginald Rose, and directed by Sidney Lumet. The low-budget production was completed in 17 days of filming, mostly in one claustrophobic jury room. It had a strong cast, including also Jack Klugman, Lee J. Cobb, Martin Balsam, and E. G. Marshall. The intense story about twelve jurors deciding the fate of a young man accused of murder was well received by critics worldwide. Fonda shared the Academy Award
Academy Award
and Golden Globe
Golden Globe
nominations with co-producer Reginald Rose, and won the 1958 BAFTA Award for Best Actor
BAFTA Award for Best Actor
for his performance as "Juror #8". Early on, the film drew poorly, but after winning critical acclaim and awards, it proved a success. In spite of the outcome, Fonda vowed that he would never produce a movie again, fearing that failing as a producer might derail his acting career.[25] After acting in the western movies The Tin Star
The Tin Star
(1957) and Warlock (1959), Fonda returned to the production seat for the NBC
NBC
western television series The Deputy (1959–1961), in which he starred as Marshal Simon Fry. His co-stars were Allen Case
Allen Case
and Read Morgan.

Fonda in How the West Was Won

During the 1960s, Fonda performed in a number of war and western epics, including 1962's The Longest Day and the Cinerama production How the West Was Won, 1965's In Harm's Way, and Battle of the Bulge. In the Cold War
Cold War
suspense film Fail-Safe (1964), Fonda played the President of the United States
United States
who tries to avert a nuclear holocaust through tense negotiations with the Soviets after American bombers are mistakenly ordered to attack the USSR. He also returned to more light-hearted cinema in Spencer's Mountain
Spencer's Mountain
(1963), which was the inspiration for the 1970s TV series, The Waltons, based on the Great Depression of the 1930s memories of Earl Hamner, Jr.. Fonda appeared against type as the villain 'Frank' in 1968's Once Upon a Time in the West. After initially turning down the role, he was convinced to accept it by actor Eli Wallach
Eli Wallach
and director Sergio Leone, who flew from Italy
Italy
to the United States
United States
to persuade him to take the part. Fonda had planned on wearing a pair of brown-colored contact lenses, but Leone preferred the paradox of contrasting close-up shots of Fonda's innocent-looking blue eyes with the vicious personality of the character Fonda played. Fonda's relationship with Jimmy Stewart survived their disagreements over politics — Fonda was a liberal Democrat, and Stewart a conservative Republican. After a heated argument, they avoided talking politics with each other. The two men teamed up for 1968's Firecreek, where Fonda again played the heavy. In 1970, Fonda and Stewart co-starred in the western The Cheyenne Social Club, a minor film in which they humorously argued politics. They had first appeared together on film in On Our Merry Way
On Our Merry Way
(1948), a comedy which also starred William Demarest
William Demarest
and Fred MacMurray
Fred MacMurray
and featured a grown-up Carl "Alfalfa" Switzer, who had acted as a child in the Our Gang
Our Gang
movie serials of the 1930s.[26] Late career[edit] Despite approaching his seventies, Fonda continued to work in theater, television and film through the 1970s. In 1970, Fonda appeared in three films; the most successful was The Cheyenne Social Club. The other two films were Too Late the Hero, in which Fonda played a secondary role, and There Was a Crooked Man, about Paris Pitman Jr. (played by Kirk Douglas) trying to escape from an Arizona prison. Fonda returned to both foreign and television productions, which provided career sustenance through a decade in which many aging screen actors suffered waning careers. He starred in the ABC television series The Smith Family between 1971 and 1972. A TV-movie adaptation of John Steinbeck's novel, 1973's The Red Pony, earned Fonda an Emmy nomination. After the unsuccessful Hollywood
Hollywood
melodrama, Ash Wednesday, he filmed three Italian productions released in 1973 and 1974. The most successful of these, My Name is Nobody, presented Fonda in a rare comedic performance as an old gunslinger whose plans to retire are dampened by a "fan" of sorts. Fonda continued stage acting throughout his last years, including several demanding roles in Broadway plays. He returned to Broadway in 1974 for the biographical drama, Clarence Darrow, for which he was nominated for a Tony Award. Fonda's health had been deteriorating for years, but his first outward symptoms occurred after a performance of the play in April 1974, when he collapsed from exhaustion. After the appearance of a cardiac arrhythmia brought on by prostate cancer, he had a pacemaker installed following cancer surgery. Fonda returned to the play in 1975. After the run of a 1978 play, First Monday of October, he took the advice of his doctors and quit plays, though he continued to star in films and television. Fonda appeared in a revival of The Time of Your Life
The Time of Your Life
that opened in March 17, 1972, at the Huntington Hartford Theater
Huntington Hartford Theater
in Los Angeles, where Fonda, Richard Dreyfuss, Gloria Grahame, Ron Thompson, Strother Martin, Jane Alexander, Lewis J. Stadlen, Richard X. Slattery, and Pepper Martin were among the cast with Edwin Sherin directing.[27] In 1976, Fonda appeared in several notable television productions, the first being Collision Course, the story of the volatile relationship between President Harry Truman (E. G. Marshall) and General MacArthur (Fonda), produced by ABC. After an appearance in the acclaimed Showtime broadcast of Almos' a Man, based on a story by Richard Wright, he starred in the epic NBC
NBC
miniseries Captains and Kings, based on Taylor Caldwell's novel. Three years later, he appeared in ABC's Roots: The Next Generations, but the miniseries was overshadowed by its predecessor, Roots. Also in 1976, Fonda starred in the World War II blockbuster Midway. Fonda finished the 1970s in a number of disaster films. The first of these was the 1977 Italian killer octopus thriller Tentacoli (Tentacles) and Rollercoaster, in which Fonda appeared with Richard Widmark and a young Helen Hunt. He performed again with Widmark, Olivia de Havilland, Fred MacMurray, and José Ferrer
José Ferrer
in the killer bee action film The Swarm. He also acted in the global disaster film Meteor (his second role as a sitting President of the United States after Fail-Safe), with Sean Connery, Natalie Wood, and Karl Malden, and the Canadian production City on Fire, which also featured Shelley Winters and Ava Gardner. Fonda had a small role with his son, Peter, in Wanda Nevada
Wanda Nevada
(1979), with Brooke Shields. As Fonda's health declined and he took longer breaks between filming, critics began to take notice of his extensive body of work. In 1979, he was inducted into the American Theater Hall of Fame for his achievements on Broadway.[28] Lifetime Achievement awards from the Golden Globes
Golden Globes
and Academy Awards
Academy Awards
followed in 1980 and 1981, respectively. Fonda continued to act into the early 1980s, though all but one of the productions in which he was featured before his death were for television. The television works included the critically acclaimed live performance of Preston Jones' The Oldest Living Graduate and the Emmy-nominated Gideon's Trumpet
Gideon's Trumpet
(co-starring Fay Wray
Fay Wray
in her last performance) about Clarence Gideon's fight to have the right to publicly funded legal counsel for the indigent.

Fonda won an Academy Award
Academy Award
for his work with Katharine Hepburn
Katharine Hepburn
in On Golden Pond.

On Golden Pond in 1981, the film adaptation of Ernest Thompson's play, marked one final professional and personal triumph for Fonda. Directed by Mark Rydell, the project provided unprecedented collaborations between Fonda and Katharine Hepburn, along with Fonda and his daughter, Jane. The elder Fonda played an emotionally brittle and distant father who becomes more accessible at the end of his life. Jane Fonda
Jane Fonda
has said that elements of the story mimicked their real-life relationship, and helped them resolve certain issues. She bought the film rights in the hope that her father would play the role, and later described it as "a gift to my father that was so unbelievably successful."[29] Premiered in December 1981, the film was well received by critics, and after a limited release on December 4, On Golden Pond developed enough of an audience to be widely released on January 22. With 10 Academy Award nominations, the film earned nearly $120 million at the box office, becoming an unexpected blockbuster. In addition to wins for Hepburn (Best Actress), and Thompson (Screenplay), On Golden Pond brought Fonda his only Oscar - for Best Actor (he was the oldest recipient of the award; it also earned him a Golden Globe
Golden Globe
Best Actor award). Fonda was by that point too ill to attend the ceremony, and his daughter Jane accepted on his behalf. She said when accepting the award that her dad would probably quip, "Well, ain't I lucky." After Fonda's death, some film critics called this performance "his last and greatest role".[who?] Fonda's final performance was in the 1981 television drama Summer Solstice[30] with Myrna Loy. It was filmed after On Golden Pond had wrapped and Fonda was in rapidly declining health. Personal life[edit] Marriages and children[edit] Fonda was married five times and had three children, one of them adopted. His marriage to Margaret Sullavan
Margaret Sullavan
in 1931 soon ended in separation, which was finalized in a 1933 divorce. In 1936, he married Frances Ford Seymour
Frances Ford Seymour
Brokaw, widow of a wealthy industrialist, George Tuttle Brokaw.[31] The Brokaws had a daughter, Frances de Villers, nicknamed "Pan", who had been born soon after the Brokaws marriage in 1931.[32] Fonda met his future wife Frances at Denham Studios
Denham Studios
in England on the set of Wings of the Morning,[33] the first British picture to be filmed in Technicolor. They had two children, Jane (born December 21, 1937) and Peter (born February 23, 1940), both of whom became successful actors. Jane has won two Best Actress Academy Awards, and Peter has been nominated for two Oscars, one for Best Actor.

with his daughter Jane Fonda
Jane Fonda
in 1943

In August 1949, Fonda announced to Frances that he wanted a divorce so he could remarry; their 13 years of marriage had not been happy ones for him.[34] Devastated by Fonda's confession, and plagued by emotional problems for many years, Frances went into the Austen Riggs Psychiatric Hospital in January 1950 for treatment. She committed suicide there on April 14. Before her death, she had written six notes to various individuals, but left no final message for her husband. Fonda quickly arranged a private funeral with only himself and his mother-in-law, Sophie Seymour, in attendance.[35] Years later, Dr. Margaret Gibson, the psychiatrist who had treated Frances at Austen Riggs, described Fonda as "a cold, self-absorbed person, a complete narcissist."[36] Later in 1950, Fonda married Susan Blanchard, with whom he had been having an affair since sometime in 1948. She was 21 years old, the daughter of Australian-born interior designer Dorothy Hammerstein, and the step-daughter of Oscar Hammerstein II.[37] Together, they adopted a daughter, Amy Fishman (born 1953).[38] They divorced three years later. Blanchard was in awe of Fonda, and she described her role in the marriage as "a geisha", doing everything she could to please him, dealing with and solving problems he would not acknowledge.[39] In 1957, Fonda married the Italian baroness Afdera Franchetti[40] They divorced in 1961. Soon after, in 1965, Fonda married Shirlee Mae Adams, and remained with her until his death in 1982. Fonda's relationship with his children has been described as "emotionally distant". Fonda loathed displays of feeling in himself or others, and this was a consistent part of his character. Whenever he felt that his emotional wall was being breached, he had outbursts of anger, exhibiting a furious temper that terrified his family.[41] In Peter Fonda's 1998 autobiography Don't Tell Dad (1998), he described how he was never sure how his father felt about him. He never volunteered to his father that he loved him until he was elderly, and Peter finally heard, "I love you, son."[42] His daughter Jane rejected her father's friendships with Republican actors such as John Wayne
John Wayne
and James Stewart. Their relationship became extremely strained as Jane Fonda became a left-wing activist. Jane Fonda
Jane Fonda
reported feeling detached from her father, especially during her early acting days. In 1958, she met Lee Strasberg
Lee Strasberg
while visiting her father at Malibu. The Fonda and Strasberg families were neighbors, and she had developed a friendship with Strasberg's daughter, Susan. Jane Fonda
Jane Fonda
began studying acting with Strasberg, learning the techniques of "The Method" of which Strasberg was a renowned proponent. This proved to be a pivotal point in her career. As Jane Fonda
Jane Fonda
developed her skill as an actress, she became frustrated with her father's talent that, to her, appeared a demonstration of effortless ability.[43] Politics[edit] Fonda was an ardent supporter of the Democratic Party and "an admirer" of U.S. President Franklin D. Roosevelt.[44] In 1960, Fonda appeared in a campaign commercial for presidential candidate John F. Kennedy. The ad focused on Kennedy's naval service during World War II, specifically the famous PT-109 incident.[44] On acting[edit] In the late 1950s, when Jane Fonda
Jane Fonda
asked her father how he prepared before going on stage, she was baffled by his answer, "I don't know, I stand there, I think about my wife, Afdera, I don't know." The writer Al Aronowitz, while working on a profile of Jane Fonda
Jane Fonda
for The Saturday Evening Post
The Saturday Evening Post
in the 1960s, asked Henry Fonda
Henry Fonda
about method acting: "I can't articulate about the Method", he told me, "because I never studied it. I don't mean to suggest that I have any feelings one way or the other about it...I don't know what the Method is and I don't care what the Method is. Everybody's got a method. Everybody can't articulate about their method, and I can't, if I have a method—and Jane sometimes says that I use the Method, that is, the capital letter Method, without being aware of it. Maybe I do; it doesn't matter."[citation needed] Aronowitz reported Jane saying, "My father can't articulate the way he works. He just can't do it. He's not even conscious of what he does, and it made him nervous for me to try to articulate what I was trying to do. And I sensed that immediately, so we did very little talking about it...he said, 'Shut up, I don't want to hear about it.' He didn't want me to tell him about it, you know. He wanted to make fun of it."[citation needed] Death and legacy[edit] Fonda died at his Los Angeles
Los Angeles
home on August 12, 1982, from heart disease. Fonda's wife, Shirlee, his daughter Jane, and his son Peter were at his side that day.[45] He suffered from prostate cancer, but this did not directly cause his death and was noted only as a concurrent ailment on his death certificate. Fonda requested that no funeral be held, and he was promptly cremated. President Ronald Reagan, a former actor himself, hailed Fonda as "a true professional dedicated to excellence in his craft. He graced the screen with a sincerity and accuracy which made him a legend."[46] Fonda is widely recognized as one of the Hollywood
Hollywood
greats of the classic era. On the centenary of his birth, May 16, 2005, Turner Classic Movies (TCM) honored Fonda with a marathon of his films. Also in May 2005, the United States
United States
Post Office released a 37-cent postage stamp with an artist's drawing of Fonda as part of their "Hollywood legends" series.[21] The Fonda Theatre
The Fonda Theatre
in Hollywood, originally known as the Carter DeHaven Music Box, was named for the actor in 1985 by the Nederlander Organization. Filmography[edit] Main article: Henry Fonda
Henry Fonda
filmography From the beginning of his career in 1935 through his last projects in 1981, Fonda appeared in 106 films, television programs, and shorts. Through the course of his career, he appeared in many critically acclaimed films, including such classics as 12 Angry Men and The Ox-Bow Incident. He was nominated for an Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Actor for his role in 1940's The Grapes of Wrath and won for his part in 1981's On Golden Pond. Fonda made his mark in Westerns (which included his most villainous role as Frank in Once Upon a Time in the West) and war films, and made frequent appearances in both television and foreign productions late in his career. Broadway stage performances[edit]

The Game of Love and Death (November 1929 – January 1930) I Loved You, Wednesday (October – December 1932) New Faces of 1934 (Revue; March – July 1934) The Farmer Takes a Wife
The Farmer Takes a Wife
(October 1934 – January 1935) Blow Ye Winds (September – October 1937) Mister Roberts (February 1948 – January 1951) Point of No Return (December 1951 – November 1952) The Caine Mutiny
The Caine Mutiny
(January 1954 – January 1955) Two for the Seesaw (January 1958 – October 1959) Silent Night, Lonely Night (December 1959 – March 1960) Critic's Choice (December 1960 – May 1961) A Gift of Time (February – May 1962) Generation (October 1965 – June 1966) Our Town
Our Town
(November – December 1969) Clarence Darrow
Clarence Darrow
(March – April 1974; March 1975) First Monday in October (October – December 1978)

Awards[edit]

Awards Year Category Film Result

Academy Awards 1940 Best Actor The Grapes of Wrath Nominated

1957 Best Picture 12 Angry Men Nominated

1981 Best Actor On Golden Pond Won

1980 Honorary Award

Lifetime Achievement

BAFTA Awards 1958 Best Actor 12 Angry Men Won

1981 Best Actor On Golden Pond Nominated

Emmy Awards

1973 Outstanding Lead Actor in a Miniseries or Movie The Red Pony Nominated

1980 Outstanding Lead Actor in a Miniseries or Movie Gideon's Trumpet Nominated

Golden Globes 1958 Best Motion Picture Actor - Drama 12 Angry Men Nominated

1980 Cecil B. DeMille
Cecil B. DeMille
Award Lifetime Achievement Won

1982 Best Motion Picture Actor - Drama On Golden Pond Won

Grammy Awards 1977 Best Spoken Word Album Great American Documents Won

Tony Awards 1975 Best Actor Clarence Darrow Nominated

1979 Special
Special
Award Lifetime Achievement Honorary

1948 Best Actor Mister Roberts Won

AFI Award 1978 Life Achievement Award Lifetime Achievement Won

See also[edit]

Biography portal Nebraska
Nebraska
portal New York City
New York City
portal Los Angeles
Los Angeles
portal California
California
portal Film portal Theatre portal Television portal United States
United States
Navy portal World War II
World War II
portal

References[edit]

^ "LTJG Henry Jaynes Fonda". TogetherWeServed. 2015. Retrieved 2015-05-22. [permanent dead link] ^ Obituary Variety, August 18, 1982. ^ Fischbach, Bob (June 8, 2013). "The homes where Omaha's stars got their starts". Omaha World-Herald. Retrieved July 1, 2017.  ^ a b c d Bosworth, Patricia, Jane Fonda, The Private Life of a Public Woman, Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2011, p.18. ^ A. Mark Fonda. "Fonda Genealogy". fonda.org. Retrieved 27 August 2015.  ^ Fonda 1981, p. 21. ^ Kevin Sweeney (1992). Henry Fonda: A Bio-Bibliography. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 70. ISBN 9780313265716. Fonda reveals his up-to-the-minute thoughts on religion (he's an agnostic),...  ^ Fonda 1981, p. 29. ^ "Biography". meredy.com. Retrieved July 1, 2017.  ^ Fonda 1981, p. 25. ^ Race Riots of 1919, Nebraska
Nebraska
Studies, Retrieved on 2007-01-28. ^ Henry Fonda. Archived 2011-06-28 at the Wayback Machine. YahooMovies.com. Retrieved on January 11, 2007. ^ Bain, David Haward (2004). The Old Iron Road: An Epic of Rails, Roads, and the Urge to Go West. New York City, New York: Penguin Books. pp. 65–6. ISBN 0-14-303526-6.  ^ Fonda 1981, p.30. ^ Houghton 1951: pp. 56-58. ^ See Houghton 1951: p. 58. ^ See Fonda 1981, p.60. ^ See Fonda 1981, p. 95. ^ See Fonda 1981, p.102. ^ Rabin, Kenn. The Grapes of Wrath Archived 2005-05-10 at the Wayback Machine. FilmNight.org. Retrieved on January 11, 2007. ^ a b United States
United States
Postal Service. Henry Fonda
Henry Fonda
joins U.S. Postal Service Legends of Hollywood
Hollywood
Stamp Series. Archived 2005-09-06 at the Wayback Machine. Press Release, May 20, 2005, Retrieved on January 11, 2007. ^ Life Goes to a Party. From Life, August 5, 1940, at Tyrone-Power.com. Retrieved on January 11, 2007. ^ Fonda, A. Mark. Fonda Military. Fonda.org, October 23, 2006. Retrieved on January 11, 2007. ^ See Fonda 1981, p.165. ^ See Fonda 1981, p.250. ^ On Our Merry Way. Archived 2005-10-23 at the Wayback Machine. 4alfalfa.com. Retrieved on January 11, 2007. ^ " Hollywood
Hollywood
Beat". The Afro American. 1972-04-08. Retrieved 2012-01-22.  ^ Johnston, Laurie (November 19, 1979). "Theater Hall of Fame Enshrines 51 Artists". The New York Times. Retrieved July 1, 2017.  ^ Kennedy, Dana (May 6, 2001). "An Unscripted Life Starring Herself". The New York Times. Retrieved May 4, 2010.  ^ "The New York Times". The New York Times. Retrieved 2012-01-24.  ^ See Bosworth (2011), Jane Fonda, p. 22 ^ See Bosworth, Jane Fonda, p. 222 ^ See Christopher Andersen (1990) Citizen Jane ^ See Bosworth (2011), Jane Fonda, p. 65 ^ See Bosworth (2011), Jane Fonda, p. 69 ^ See Bosworth (2011), Jane Fonda, p. 67 ^ See Bosworth (2011), Jane Fonda, pp. 63-64 ^ "Amy Fonda 1953 -". Archived from the original on November 24, 2005. Retrieved 2017-07-01. CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link) fonda.org, January 16, 2005. Retrieved on January 11, 2007. ^ See Bosworth, Patricia, "Jane Fonda, The Private Life of a Public Woman," Houghton Mifflin Harcourt, 2011, p. 78 ^ Graziano Arici Archives / GA016526: Celebrities from '40's to '70's. Archived 2005-11-03 at the Wayback Machine. Graziano Arici Photographer. Retrieved on January 11, 2007. ^ See Bosworth (2011), Jane Fonda, p. 78 ^ Araujo, Djalma. Sermon of September 27, 1998. Archived November 24, 2005, at the Wayback Machine. First United Methodist Church of San Diego. Retrieved on January 11, 2007. ^ See Bosworth (2011), Jane Fonda, pp. 107-108 ^ a b "The Living Room Candidate - Commercials - 1960 - Henry Fonda". livingroomcandidate.org. Retrieved 27 August 2015.  ^ Interview with Peter Fonda, NPR's "Fresh Air. ^ See "Fonda is cremated, no funeral", Minden Press-Herald, August 13, 1982, p. 1

Bibliography[edit]

Collier, Peter (1991). The Fondas: A Hollywood
Hollywood
Dynasty. Putnam. ISBN 0-399-13592-8.  Fonda, Henry (1982). Fonda: My Life. Fulcrum Publishing. ISBN 0-453-00402-4.  Fonda, Jane (2005). My Life So Far. Random House. ISBN 0-375-50710-8.  Fonda, Peter (1998). Don't Tell Dad. Hyperion. ISBN 0-7868-6111-8.  Houghton, Norris (1951). But Not Forgotten: The Adventure of the University Players. New York: William Sloane Associates.  James, John Douglas (1976). The MGM Story. Crown Publishers. ISBN 0-517-52389-2.  McKinney, Devin (2012). The Man Who Saw a Ghost: The Life and Work of Henry Fonda. St. Martin's Press. ISBN 1-250-00841-7.  Roberts, Allen and Max Goldstein (1984). Henry Fonda: A Biography. McFarland & Co. ISBN 0-89950-114-1.  Sweeney, Kevin (1992). Henry Fonda: A BioBibliography. Greenwood Press. ISBN 0-313-26571-2.  Thomas, Tony (1990). The Films of Henry Fonda. Citadel Press. ISBN 0-8065-1189-3.  Wise, James. Stars in Blue: Movie Actors in America's Sea Services. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press, 1997. ISBN 1557509379. OCLC 36824724.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Henry Fonda.

Wikiquote has quotations related to: Henry Fonda

Henry Fonda
Henry Fonda
at the Internet Broadway Database
Internet Broadway Database
Retrieved on 2008-07-26 Henry Fonda
Henry Fonda
on IMDb
IMDb
Retrieved on 2008-07-26 Henry Fonda
Henry Fonda
at the TCM Movie Database Retrieved on 2008-07-26 Retrieved on 2008-07-26 Henry Fonda
Henry Fonda
as found in the 1910 US Census,[dead link] 1920 US Census,[dead link] 1930 US Census,[dead link] 1931 Maryland Marriages,[dead link] and Social Security Death Index.[dead link] Literature on Henry Fonda

Awards for Henry Fonda

v t e

Academy Award
Academy Award
for Best Actor

1928–1950

Emil Jannings
Emil Jannings
(1928) Warner Baxter
Warner Baxter
(1929) George Arliss
George Arliss
(1930) Lionel Barrymore
Lionel Barrymore
(1931) Fredric March
Fredric March
/ Wallace Beery
Wallace Beery
(1932) Charles Laughton
Charles Laughton
(1933) Clark Gable
Clark Gable
(1934) Victor McLaglen
Victor McLaglen
(1935) Paul Muni
Paul Muni
(1936) Spencer Tracy
Spencer Tracy
(1937) Spencer Tracy
Spencer Tracy
(1938) Robert Donat
Robert Donat
(1939) James Stewart
James Stewart
(1940) Gary Cooper
Gary Cooper
(1941) James Cagney
James Cagney
(1942) Paul Lukas
Paul Lukas
(1943) Bing Crosby
Bing Crosby
(1944) Ray Milland
Ray Milland
(1945) Fredric March
Fredric March
(1946) Ronald Colman
Ronald Colman
(1947) Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
(1948) Broderick Crawford
Broderick Crawford
(1949) José Ferrer
José Ferrer
(1950)

1951–1975

Humphrey Bogart
Humphrey Bogart
(1951) Gary Cooper
Gary Cooper
(1952) William Holden
William Holden
(1953) Marlon Brando
Marlon Brando
(1954) Ernest Borgnine
Ernest Borgnine
(1955) Yul Brynner
Yul Brynner
(1956) Alec Guinness
Alec Guinness
(1957) David Niven
David Niven
(1958) Charlton Heston
Charlton Heston
(1959) Burt Lancaster
Burt Lancaster
(1960) Maximilian Schell
Maximilian Schell
(1961) Gregory Peck
Gregory Peck
(1962) Sidney Poitier
Sidney Poitier
(1963) Rex Harrison
Rex Harrison
(1964) Lee Marvin
Lee Marvin
(1965) Paul Scofield
Paul Scofield
(1966) Rod Steiger
Rod Steiger
(1967) Cliff Robertson
Cliff Robertson
(1968) John Wayne
John Wayne
(1969) George C. Scott1 (1970) Gene Hackman
Gene Hackman
(1971) Marlon Brando1 (1972) Jack Lemmon
Jack Lemmon
(1973) Art Carney
Art Carney
(1974) Jack Nicholson
Jack Nicholson
(1975)

1976–2000

Peter Finch
Peter Finch
(1976) Richard Dreyfuss
Richard Dreyfuss
(1977) Jon Voight
Jon Voight
(1978) Dustin Hoffman
Dustin Hoffman
(1979) Robert De Niro
Robert De Niro
(1980) Henry Fonda
Henry Fonda
(1981) Ben Kingsley
Ben Kingsley
(1982) Robert Duvall
Robert Duvall
(1983) F. Murray Abraham
F. Murray Abraham
(1984) William Hurt
William Hurt
(1985) Paul Newman
Paul Newman
(1986) Michael Douglas
Michael Douglas
(1987) Dustin Hoffman
Dustin Hoffman
(1988) Daniel Day-Lewis
Daniel Day-Lewis
(1989) Jeremy Irons
Jeremy Irons
(1990) Anthony Hopkins
Anthony Hopkins
(1991) Al Pacino
Al Pacino
(1992) Tom Hanks
Tom Hanks
(1993) Tom Hanks
Tom Hanks
(1994) Nicolas Cage
Nicolas Cage
(1995) Geoffrey Rush
Geoffrey Rush
(1996) Jack Nicholson
Jack Nicholson
(1997) Roberto Benigni
Roberto Benigni
(1998) Kevin Spacey
Kevin Spacey
(1999) Russell Crowe
Russell Crowe
(2000)

2001–present

Denzel Washington
Denzel Washington
(2001) Adrien Brody
Adrien Brody
(2002) Sean Penn
Sean Penn
(2003) Jamie Foxx
Jamie Foxx
(2004) Philip Seymour Hoffman
Philip Seymour Hoffman
(2005) Forest Whitaker
Forest Whitaker
(2006) Daniel Day-Lewis
Daniel Day-Lewis
(2007) Sean Penn
Sean Penn
(2008) Jeff Bridges
Jeff Bridges
(2009) Colin Firth
Colin Firth
(2010) Jean Dujardin
Jean Dujardin
(2011) Daniel Day-Lewis
Daniel Day-Lewis
(2012) Matthew McConaughey
Matthew McConaughey
(2013) Eddie Redmayne
Eddie Redmayne
(2014) Leonardo DiCaprio
Leonardo DiCaprio
(2015) Casey Affleck
Casey Affleck
(2016) Gary Oldman
Gary Oldman
(2017)

1 refused award that year

v t e

Academy Honorary Award

1928–1950

Warner Bros.
Warner Bros.
/ Charlie Chaplin
Charlie Chaplin
(1928) Walt Disney
Walt Disney
(1932) Shirley Temple
Shirley Temple
(1934) D. W. Griffith
D. W. Griffith
(1935) The March of Time
The March of Time
/ W. Howard Greene and Harold Rosson (1936) Edgar Bergen
Edgar Bergen
/ W. Howard Greene / Museum of Modern Art
Museum of Modern Art
Film Library / Mack Sennett
Mack Sennett
(1937) J. Arthur Ball / Walt Disney
Walt Disney
/ Deanna Durbin
Deanna Durbin
and Mickey Rooney
Mickey Rooney
/ Gordon Jennings, Jan Domela, Devereaux Jennings, Irmin Roberts, Art Smith, Farciot Edouart, Loyal Griggs, Loren L. Ryder, Harry D. Mills, Louis Mesenkop, Walter Oberst / Oliver T. Marsh and Allen Davey / Harry Warner
Harry Warner
(1938) Douglas Fairbanks
Douglas Fairbanks
/ Judy Garland
Judy Garland
/ William Cameron Menzies / Motion Picture Relief Fund (Jean Hersholt, Ralph Morgan, Ralph Block, Conrad Nagel)/ Technicolor
Technicolor
Company (1939) Bob Hope
Bob Hope
/ Nathan Levinson (1940) Walt Disney, William Garity, John N. A. Hawkins, and the RCA Manufacturing Company / Leopold Stokowski
Leopold Stokowski
and his associates / Rey Scott / British Ministry of Information (1941) Charles Boyer
Charles Boyer
/ Noël Coward
Noël Coward
/ Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
(1942) George Pal
George Pal
(1943) Bob Hope
Bob Hope
/ Margaret O'Brien
Margaret O'Brien
(1944) Republic Studio, Daniel J. Bloomberg, and the Republic Studio Sound Department / Walter Wanger
Walter Wanger
/ The House I Live In / Peggy Ann Garner (1945) Harold Russell
Harold Russell
/ Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
/ Ernst Lubitsch
Ernst Lubitsch
/ Claude Jarman Jr. (1946) James Baskett
James Baskett
/ Thomas Armat, William Nicholas Selig, Albert E. Smith, and George Kirke Spoor
George Kirke Spoor
/ Bill and Coo / Shoeshine (1947) Walter Wanger
Walter Wanger
/ Monsieur Vincent
Monsieur Vincent
/ Sid Grauman
Sid Grauman
/ Adolph Zukor
Adolph Zukor
(1948) Jean Hersholt
Jean Hersholt
/ Fred Astaire
Fred Astaire
/ Cecil B. DeMille
Cecil B. DeMille
/ The Bicycle Thief (1949) Louis B. Mayer
Louis B. Mayer
/ George Murphy
George Murphy
/ The Walls of Malapaga (1950)

1951–1975

Gene Kelly
Gene Kelly
/ Rashomon
Rashomon
(1951) Merian C. Cooper
Merian C. Cooper
/ Bob Hope
Bob Hope
/ Harold Lloyd
Harold Lloyd
/ George Mitchell / Joseph M. Schenck / Forbidden Games
Forbidden Games
(1952) 20th Century-Fox Film Corporation / Bell & Howell Company / Joseph Breen / Pete Smith (1953) Bausch & Lomb Optical Company / Danny Kaye
Danny Kaye
/ Kemp Niver / Greta Garbo / Jon Whiteley
Jon Whiteley
/ Vincent Winter / Gate of Hell (1954) Samurai I: Musashi Miyamoto (1955) Eddie Cantor
Eddie Cantor
(1956) Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers
Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers
/ Gilbert M. "Broncho Billy" Anderson / Charles Brackett / B. B. Kahane (1957) Maurice Chevalier
Maurice Chevalier
(1958) Buster Keaton
Buster Keaton
/ Lee de Forest
Lee de Forest
(1959) Gary Cooper
Gary Cooper
/ Stan Laurel
Stan Laurel
/ Hayley Mills
Hayley Mills
(1960) William L. Hendricks / Fred L. Metzler / Jerome Robbins
Jerome Robbins
(1961) William J. Tuttle
William J. Tuttle
(1964) Bob Hope
Bob Hope
(1965) Yakima Canutt
Yakima Canutt
/ Y. Frank Freeman
Y. Frank Freeman
(1966) Arthur Freed (1967) John Chambers / Onna White (1968) Cary Grant
Cary Grant
(1969) Lillian Gish
Lillian Gish
/ Orson Welles
Orson Welles
(1970) Charlie Chaplin
Charlie Chaplin
(1971) Charles S. Boren / Edward G. Robinson
Edward G. Robinson
(1972) Henri Langlois
Henri Langlois
/ Groucho Marx
Groucho Marx
(1973) Howard Hawks
Howard Hawks
/ Jean Renoir
Jean Renoir
(1974) Mary Pickford
Mary Pickford
(1975)

1976–2000

Margaret Booth (1977) Walter Lantz
Walter Lantz
/ Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
/ King Vidor
King Vidor
/ Museum of Modern Art Department of Film (1978) Hal Elias / Alec Guinness
Alec Guinness
(1979) Henry Fonda
Henry Fonda
(1980) Barbara Stanwyck
Barbara Stanwyck
(1981) Mickey Rooney
Mickey Rooney
(1982) Hal Roach
Hal Roach
(1983) James Stewart
James Stewart
/ National Endowment for the Arts
National Endowment for the Arts
(1984) Paul Newman
Paul Newman
/ Alex North (1985) Ralph Bellamy
Ralph Bellamy
(1986) Eastman Kodak
Kodak
Company / National Film Board of Canada
Canada
(1988) Akira Kurosawa
Akira Kurosawa
(1989) Sophia Loren
Sophia Loren
/ Myrna Loy
Myrna Loy
(1990) Satyajit Ray
Satyajit Ray
(1991) Federico Fellini
Federico Fellini
(1992) Deborah Kerr
Deborah Kerr
(1993) Michelangelo Antonioni
Michelangelo Antonioni
(1994) Kirk Douglas
Kirk Douglas
/ Chuck Jones
Chuck Jones
(1995) Michael Kidd
Michael Kidd
(1996) Stanley Donen
Stanley Donen
(1997) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1998) Andrzej Wajda
Andrzej Wajda
(1999) Jack Cardiff
Jack Cardiff
/ Ernest Lehman (2000)

2001–present

Sidney Poitier
Sidney Poitier
/ Robert Redford
Robert Redford
(2001) Peter O'Toole
Peter O'Toole
(2002) Blake Edwards
Blake Edwards
(2003) Sidney Lumet
Sidney Lumet
(2004) Robert Altman
Robert Altman
(2005) Ennio Morricone
Ennio Morricone
(2006) Robert F. Boyle (2007) Lauren Bacall
Lauren Bacall
/ Roger Corman
Roger Corman
/ Gordon Willis
Gordon Willis
(2009) Kevin Brownlow / Jean-Luc Godard
Jean-Luc Godard
/ Eli Wallach
Eli Wallach
(2010) James Earl Jones
James Earl Jones
/ Dick Smith (2011) D. A. Pennebaker
D. A. Pennebaker
/ Hal Needham
Hal Needham
/ George Stevens Jr.
George Stevens Jr.
(2012) Angela Lansbury
Angela Lansbury
/ Steve Martin
Steve Martin
/ Piero Tosi (2013) Jean-Claude Carrière
Jean-Claude Carrière
/ Hayao Miyazaki
Hayao Miyazaki
/ Maureen O'Hara
Maureen O'Hara
(2014) Spike Lee
Spike Lee
/ Gena Rowlands
Gena Rowlands
(2015) Jackie Chan
Jackie Chan
/ Lynn Stalmaster / Anne V. Coates / Frederick Wiseman (2016) Charles Burnett / Owen Roizman / Donald Sutherland
Donald Sutherland
/ Agnès Varda (2017)

v t e

AFI Life Achievement Award

John Ford
John Ford
(1973) James Cagney
James Cagney
(1974) Orson Welles
Orson Welles
(1975) William Wyler
William Wyler
(1976) Bette Davis
Bette Davis
(1977) Henry Fonda
Henry Fonda
(1978) Alfred Hitchcock
Alfred Hitchcock
(1979) James Stewart
James Stewart
(1980) Fred Astaire
Fred Astaire
(1981) Frank Capra
Frank Capra
(1982) John Huston
John Huston
(1983) Lillian Gish
Lillian Gish
(1984) Gene Kelly
Gene Kelly
(1985) Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1986) Barbara Stanwyck
Barbara Stanwyck
(1987) Jack Lemmon
Jack Lemmon
(1988) Gregory Peck
Gregory Peck
(1989) David Lean
David Lean
(1990) Kirk Douglas
Kirk Douglas
(1991) Sidney Poitier
Sidney Poitier
(1992) Elizabeth Taylor
Elizabeth Taylor
(1993) Jack Nicholson
Jack Nicholson
(1994) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1995) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1996) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(1997) Robert Wise
Robert Wise
(1998) Dustin Hoffman
Dustin Hoffman
(1999) Harrison Ford
Harrison Ford
(2000) Barbra Streisand
Barbra Streisand
(2001) Tom Hanks
Tom Hanks
(2002) Robert De Niro
Robert De Niro
(2003) Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(2004) George Lucas
George Lucas
(2005) Sean Connery
Sean Connery
(2006) Al Pacino
Al Pacino
(2007) Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(2008) Michael Douglas
Michael Douglas
(2009) Mike Nichols
Mike Nichols
(2010) Morgan Freeman
Morgan Freeman
(2011) Shirley MacLaine
Shirley MacLaine
(2012) Mel Brooks
Mel Brooks
(2013) Jane Fonda
Jane Fonda
(2014) Steve Martin
Steve Martin
(2015) John Williams
John Williams
(2016) Diane Keaton
Diane Keaton
(2017) George Clooney
George Clooney
(2018)

v t e

BAFTA Award for Best Actor
BAFTA Award for Best Actor
in a Leading Role

1952–1967

Ralph Richardson
Ralph Richardson
British, Marlon Brando
Marlon Brando
Foreign (1952) John Gielgud
John Gielgud
British, Marlon Brando
Marlon Brando
Foreign (1953) Kenneth More
Kenneth More
British, Marlon Brando
Marlon Brando
Foreign (1954) Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
British, Ernest Borgnine
Ernest Borgnine
Foreign (1955) Peter Finch
Peter Finch
British, François Périer
François Périer
Foreign (1956) Alec Guinness
Alec Guinness
British, Henry Fonda
Henry Fonda
Foreign (1957) Trevor Howard
Trevor Howard
British, Sidney Poitier
Sidney Poitier
Foreign (1958) Peter Sellers
Peter Sellers
British, Jack Lemmon
Jack Lemmon
Foreign (1959) Peter Finch
Peter Finch
British, Jack Lemmon
Jack Lemmon
Foreign (1960) Peter Finch
Peter Finch
British, Paul Newman
Paul Newman
Foreign (1961) Peter O'Toole
Peter O'Toole
British, Burt Lancaster
Burt Lancaster
Foreign (1962) Dirk Bogarde
Dirk Bogarde
British, Marcello Mastroianni
Marcello Mastroianni
Foreign (1963) Richard Attenborough
Richard Attenborough
British, Marcello Mastroianni
Marcello Mastroianni
Foreign (1964) Dirk Bogarde
Dirk Bogarde
British, Lee Marvin
Lee Marvin
Foreign (1965) Richard Burton
Richard Burton
British, Rod Steiger
Rod Steiger
Foreign (1966) Paul Scofield
Paul Scofield
British, Rod Steiger
Rod Steiger
Foreign (1967)

1968–present

Spencer Tracy
Spencer Tracy
(1968) Dustin Hoffman
Dustin Hoffman
(1969) Robert Redford
Robert Redford
(1970) Peter Finch
Peter Finch
(1971) Gene Hackman
Gene Hackman
(1972) Walter Matthau
Walter Matthau
(1973) Jack Nicholson
Jack Nicholson
(1974) Al Pacino
Al Pacino
(1975) Jack Nicholson
Jack Nicholson
(1976) Peter Finch
Peter Finch
(1977) Richard Dreyfuss
Richard Dreyfuss
(1978) Jack Lemmon
Jack Lemmon
(1979) John Hurt
John Hurt
(1980) Burt Lancaster
Burt Lancaster
(1981) Ben Kingsley
Ben Kingsley
(1982) Michael Caine
Michael Caine
/ Dustin Hoffman
Dustin Hoffman
(1983) Haing S. Ngor
Haing S. Ngor
(1984) William Hurt
William Hurt
(1985) Bob Hoskins
Bob Hoskins
(1986) Sean Connery
Sean Connery
(1987) John Cleese
John Cleese
(1988) Daniel Day-Lewis
Daniel Day-Lewis
(1989) Philippe Noiret
Philippe Noiret
(1990) Anthony Hopkins
Anthony Hopkins
(1991) Robert Downey Jr.
Robert Downey Jr.
(1992) Anthony Hopkins
Anthony Hopkins
(1993) Hugh Grant
Hugh Grant
(1994) Nigel Hawthorne (1995) Geoffrey Rush
Geoffrey Rush
(1996) Robert Carlyle
Robert Carlyle
(1997) Roberto Benigni
Roberto Benigni
(1998) Kevin Spacey
Kevin Spacey
(1999) Jamie Bell
Jamie Bell
(2000) Russell Crowe
Russell Crowe
(2001) Daniel Day-Lewis
Daniel Day-Lewis
(2002) Bill Murray
Bill Murray
(2003) Jamie Foxx
Jamie Foxx
(2004) Philip Seymour Hoffman
Philip Seymour Hoffman
(2005) Forest Whitaker
Forest Whitaker
(2006) Daniel Day-Lewis
Daniel Day-Lewis
(2007) Mickey Rourke
Mickey Rourke
(2008) Colin Firth
Colin Firth
(2009) Colin Firth
Colin Firth
(2010) Jean Dujardin
Jean Dujardin
(2011) Daniel Day-Lewis
Daniel Day-Lewis
(2012) Chiwetel Ejiofor
Chiwetel Ejiofor
(2013) Eddie Redmayne
Eddie Redmayne
(2014) Leonardo DiCaprio
Leonardo DiCaprio
(2015) Casey Affleck
Casey Affleck
(2016) Gary Oldman
Gary Oldman
(2017)

v t e

Cecil B. DeMille
Cecil B. DeMille
Award

Cecil B. DeMille
Cecil B. DeMille
(1952) Walt Disney
Walt Disney
(1953) Darryl F. Zanuck
Darryl F. Zanuck
(1954) Jean Hersholt
Jean Hersholt
(1955) Jack L. Warner
Jack L. Warner
(1956) Mervyn LeRoy
Mervyn LeRoy
(1957) Buddy Adler (1958) Maurice Chevalier
Maurice Chevalier
(1959) Bing Crosby
Bing Crosby
(1960) Fred Astaire
Fred Astaire
(1961) Judy Garland
Judy Garland
(1962) Bob Hope
Bob Hope
(1963) Joseph E. Levine
Joseph E. Levine
(1964) James Stewart
James Stewart
(1965) John Wayne
John Wayne
(1966) Charlton Heston
Charlton Heston
(1967) Kirk Douglas
Kirk Douglas
(1968) Gregory Peck
Gregory Peck
(1969) Joan Crawford
Joan Crawford
(1970) Frank Sinatra
Frank Sinatra
(1971) Alfred Hitchcock
Alfred Hitchcock
(1972) Samuel Goldwyn
Samuel Goldwyn
(1973) Bette Davis
Bette Davis
(1974) Hal B. Wallis
Hal B. Wallis
(1975) Walter Mirisch (1977) Red Skelton
Red Skelton
(1978) Lucille Ball
Lucille Ball
(1979) Henry Fonda
Henry Fonda
(1980) Gene Kelly
Gene Kelly
(1981) Sidney Poitier
Sidney Poitier
(1982) Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
(1983) Paul Newman
Paul Newman
(1984) Elizabeth Taylor
Elizabeth Taylor
(1985) Barbara Stanwyck
Barbara Stanwyck
(1986) Anthony Quinn
Anthony Quinn
(1987) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1988) Doris Day
Doris Day
(1989) Audrey Hepburn
Audrey Hepburn
(1990) Jack Lemmon
Jack Lemmon
(1991) Robert Mitchum
Robert Mitchum
(1992) Lauren Bacall
Lauren Bacall
(1993) Robert Redford
Robert Redford
(1994) Sophia Loren
Sophia Loren
(1995) Sean Connery
Sean Connery
(1996) Dustin Hoffman
Dustin Hoffman
(1997) Shirley MacLaine
Shirley MacLaine
(1998) Jack Nicholson
Jack Nicholson
(1999) Barbra Streisand
Barbra Streisand
(2000) Al Pacino
Al Pacino
(2001) Harrison Ford
Harrison Ford
(2002) Gene Hackman
Gene Hackman
(2003) Michael Douglas
Michael Douglas
(2004) Robin Williams
Robin Williams
(2005) Anthony Hopkins
Anthony Hopkins
(2006) Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(2007) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(2009) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(2010) Robert De Niro
Robert De Niro
(2011) Morgan Freeman
Morgan Freeman
(2012) Jodie Foster
Jodie Foster
(2013) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(2014) George Clooney
George Clooney
(2015) Denzel Washington
Denzel Washington
(2016) Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(2017) Oprah Winfrey
Oprah Winfrey
(2018)

v t e

Golden Globe
Golden Globe
Award for Best Actor – Motion Picture Drama

Paul Lukas
Paul Lukas
(1943) Alexander Knox
Alexander Knox
(1944) Ray Milland
Ray Milland
(1945) Gregory Peck
Gregory Peck
(1946) Ronald Colman
Ronald Colman
(1947) Laurence Olivier
Laurence Olivier
(1948) Broderick Crawford
Broderick Crawford
(1949) José Ferrer
José Ferrer
(1950) Fredric March
Fredric March
(1951) Gary Cooper
Gary Cooper
(1952) Spencer Tracy
Spencer Tracy
(1953) Marlon Brando
Marlon Brando
(1954) Ernest Borgnine
Ernest Borgnine
(1955) Kirk Douglas
Kirk Douglas
(1956) Alec Guinness
Alec Guinness
(1957) David Niven
David Niven
(1958) Anthony Franciosa
Anthony Franciosa
(1959) Burt Lancaster
Burt Lancaster
(1960) Maximilian Schell
Maximilian Schell
(1961) Gregory Peck
Gregory Peck
(1962) Sidney Poitier
Sidney Poitier
(1963) Peter O'Toole
Peter O'Toole
(1964) Omar Sharif
Omar Sharif
(1965) Paul Scofield
Paul Scofield
(1966) Rod Steiger
Rod Steiger
(1967) Peter O'Toole
Peter O'Toole
(1968) John Wayne
John Wayne
(1969) George C. Scott
George C. Scott
(1970) Gene Hackman
Gene Hackman
(1971) Marlon Brando
Marlon Brando
(1972) Al Pacino
Al Pacino
(1973) Jack Nicholson
Jack Nicholson
(1974) Jack Nicholson
Jack Nicholson
(1975) Peter Finch
Peter Finch
(1976) Richard Burton
Richard Burton
(1977) Jon Voight
Jon Voight
(1978) Dustin Hoffman
Dustin Hoffman
(1979) Robert De Niro
Robert De Niro
(1980) Henry Fonda
Henry Fonda
(1981) Ben Kingsley
Ben Kingsley
(1982) Robert Duvall
Robert Duvall
/ Tom Courtenay
Tom Courtenay
(1983) F. Murray Abraham
F. Murray Abraham
(1984) Jon Voight
Jon Voight
(1985) Bob Hoskins
Bob Hoskins
(1986) Michael Douglas
Michael Douglas
(1987) Dustin Hoffman
Dustin Hoffman
(1988) Tom Cruise
Tom Cruise
(1989) Jeremy Irons
Jeremy Irons
(1990) Nick Nolte
Nick Nolte
(1991) Al Pacino
Al Pacino
(1992) Tom Hanks
Tom Hanks
(1993) Tom Hanks
Tom Hanks
(1994) Nicolas Cage
Nicolas Cage
(1995) Geoffrey Rush
Geoffrey Rush
(1996) Peter Fonda
Peter Fonda
(1997) Jim Carrey
Jim Carrey
(1998) Denzel Washington
Denzel Washington
(1999) Tom Hanks
Tom Hanks
(2000) Russell Crowe
Russell Crowe
(2001) Jack Nicholson
Jack Nicholson
(2002) Sean Penn
Sean Penn
(2003) Leonardo DiCaprio
Leonardo DiCaprio
(2004) Philip Seymour Hoffman
Philip Seymour Hoffman
(2005) Forest Whitaker
Forest Whitaker
(2006) Daniel Day-Lewis
Daniel Day-Lewis
(2007) Mickey Rourke
Mickey Rourke
(2008) Jeff Bridges
Jeff Bridges
(2009) Colin Firth
Colin Firth
(2010) George Clooney
George Clooney
(2011) Daniel Day-Lewis
Daniel Day-Lewis
(2012) Matthew McConaughey
Matthew McConaughey
(2013) Eddie Redmayne
Eddie Redmayne
(2014) Leonardo DiCaprio
Leonardo DiCaprio
(2015) Casey Affleck
Casey Affleck
(2016) Gary Oldman
Gary Oldman
(2017)

v t e

Grammy Award for Best Spoken Word Album

1959−1980

Stan Freberg
Stan Freberg
– The Best of the Stan Freberg
Stan Freberg
Shows (1959) Carl Sandburg
Carl Sandburg
Lincoln Portrait (1960) Robert Bialek (producer) – FDR Speaks (1961) Leonard Bernstein
Leonard Bernstein
– Humor in Music (1962) Charles Laughton
Charles Laughton
– The Story-Teller: A Session With Charles Laughton (1963) Edward Albee
Edward Albee
(playwright) – Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?
Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?
(1964) That Was the Week That Was
That Was the Week That Was
– BBC Tribute to John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy
(1965) Goddard Lieberson
Goddard Lieberson
(producer) – John F. Kennedy
John F. Kennedy
- As We Remember Him (1966) Edward R. Murrow
Edward R. Murrow
Edward R. Murrow
Edward R. Murrow
- A Reporter Remembers, Vol. I The War Years (1967) Everett Dirksen
Everett Dirksen
– Gallant Men (1968) Rod McKuen
Rod McKuen
– Lonesome Cities (1969) Art Linkletter
Art Linkletter
& Diane Linkletter – We Love You Call Collect (1970) Martin Luther King Jr.
Martin Luther King Jr.
– Why I Oppose the War in Vietnam (1971) Les Crane
Les Crane
– Desiderata (1972) Bruce Botnick (producer) – Lenny performed by the original Broadway cast (1973) Richard Harris
Richard Harris
Jonathan Livingston Seagull (1974) Peter Cook
Peter Cook
and Dudley Moore
Dudley Moore
– Good Evening (1975) James Whitmore
James Whitmore
Give 'em Hell, Harry!
Give 'em Hell, Harry!
(1976) Henry Fonda, Helen Hayes, James Earl Jones
James Earl Jones
and Orson Welles
Orson Welles
- Great American Documents (1977) Julie Harris – The Belle of Amherst
The Belle of Amherst
(1978) Orson Welles
Orson Welles
Citizen Kane
Citizen Kane
Original Motion Picture Soundtrack (1979) John Gielgud
John Gielgud
– Ages of Man - Readings From Shakespeare
Shakespeare
(1980)

1981−2000

Pat Carroll – Gertrude Stein, Gertrude Stein, Gertrude Stein
Gertrude Stein
(1981) Orson Welles
Orson Welles
Donovan's Brain
Donovan's Brain
(1982) Tom Voegeli (producer) – Raiders of the Lost Ark
Raiders of the Lost Ark
- The Movie on Record performed by Various Artists (1983) William Warfield
William Warfield
Lincoln Portrait (1984) Ben Kingsley
Ben Kingsley
– The Words of Gandhi (1985) Mike Berniker (producer) & the original Broadway cast – Ma Rainey's Black Bottom (1986) Johnny Cash, Jerry Lee Lewis, Chips Moman, Ricky Nelson, Roy Orbison, Carl Perkins
Carl Perkins
and Sam Phillips
Sam Phillips
– Interviews From the Class of '55 Recording Sessions (1987) Garrison Keillor
Garrison Keillor
Lake Wobegon Days (1988) Jesse Jackson
Jesse Jackson
– Speech by Rev. Jesse Jackson
Jesse Jackson
(1989) Gilda Radner
Gilda Radner
– It's Always Something (1990) George Burns
George Burns
– Gracie: A Love Story (1991) Ken Burns
Ken Burns
– The Civil War (1992) Earvin "Magic" Johnson and Robert O'Keefe – What You Can Do to Avoid AIDS (1993) Maya Angelou
Maya Angelou
On the Pulse of Morning
On the Pulse of Morning
(1994) Henry Rollins
Henry Rollins
– Get in the Van (1995) Maya Angelou
Maya Angelou
– Phenomenal Woman (1996) Hillary Clinton
Hillary Clinton
It Takes a Village (1997) Charles Kuralt
Charles Kuralt
– Charles Kuralt's Spring (1998) Christopher Reeve
Christopher Reeve
Still Me
Still Me
(1999) LeVar Burton
LeVar Burton
– The Autobiography of Martin Luther King Jr.
Martin Luther King Jr.
(2000)

2001−present

Sidney Poitier, Rick Harris & John Runnette (producers) – The Measure of a Man: A Spiritual Autobiography (2001) Quincy Jones, Jeffrey S. Thomas, Steven Strassman (engineers) and Elisa Shokoff (producer) – Q: The Autobiography of Quincy Jones (2002) Maya Angelou
Maya Angelou
and Charles B. Potter (producer) – A Song Flung Up to Heaven / Robin Williams, Nathaniel Kunkel (engineer/mixer) and Peter Asher (producer) – Live 2002 (2003) Al Franken
Al Franken
and Paul Ruben (producer) – Lies and the Lying Liars Who Tell Them (2004) Bill Clinton
Bill Clinton
– My Life (2005) Barack Obama
Barack Obama
Dreams from My Father
Dreams from My Father
(2006) Jimmy Carter
Jimmy Carter
– Our Endangered Values: America's Moral Crisis / Ossie Davis and Ruby Dee
Ruby Dee
- With Ossie and Ruby (2007) Barack Obama
Barack Obama
and Jacob Bronstein (producer) – The Audacity of Hope (2008) Beau Bridges, Cynthia Nixon
Cynthia Nixon
and Blair Underwood
Blair Underwood
– An Inconvenient Truth by Al Gore
Al Gore
(2009) Michael J. Fox
Michael J. Fox
– Always Looking Up (2010) Jon Stewart
Jon Stewart
– The Daily Show with Jon Stewart
Jon Stewart
Presents Earth (The Audiobook) (2011) Betty White
Betty White
– If You Ask Me (And Of Course You Won't) (2012) Janis Ian
Janis Ian
– Society's Child (2013) Stephen Colbert
Stephen Colbert
– America Again: Re-becoming The Greatness We Never Weren't (2014) Joan Rivers
Joan Rivers
– Diary of a Mad Diva (2015) Jimmy Carter
Jimmy Carter
– A Full Life: Reflections at 90 (2016) Carol Burnett
Carol Burnett
– In Such Good Company: Eleven Years of Laughter, Mayhem, and Fun in the Sandbox (2017) Carrie Fisher
Carrie Fisher
The Princess Diarist
The Princess Diarist
(2018)

v t e

Kennedy Center Honorees (1970s)

1978

Marian Anderson Fred Astaire George Balanchine Richard Rodgers Arthur Rubinstein

1979

Aaron Copland Ella Fitzgerald Henry Fonda Martha Graham Tennessee Williams

Complete list 1970s 1980s 1990s 2000s 2010s

v t e

Tony Award
Tony Award
for Best Performance by a Leading Actor in a Play

José Ferrer
José Ferrer
/ Fredric March
Fredric March
(1947) Henry Fonda
Henry Fonda
/ Paul Kelly / Basil Rathbone
Basil Rathbone
(1948) Rex Harrison
Rex Harrison
(1949) Sidney Blackmer
Sidney Blackmer
(1950) Claude Rains
Claude Rains
(1951) José Ferrer
José Ferrer
(1952) Tom Ewell
Tom Ewell
(1953) David Wayne
David Wayne
(1954) Alfred Lunt
Alfred Lunt
(1955) Paul Muni
Paul Muni
(1956) Fredric March
Fredric March
(1957) Ralph Bellamy
Ralph Bellamy
(1958) Jason Robards, Jr. (1959) Melvyn Douglas
Melvyn Douglas
(1960) Zero Mostel
Zero Mostel
(1961) Paul Scofield
Paul Scofield
(1962) Arthur Hill (1963) Alec Guinness
Alec Guinness
(1964) Walter Matthau
Walter Matthau
(1965) Hal Holbrook
Hal Holbrook
(1966) Paul Rogers (1967) Martin Balsam
Martin Balsam
(1968) James Earl Jones
James Earl Jones
(1969) Fritz Weaver
Fritz Weaver
(1970) Brian Bedford
Brian Bedford
(1971) Cliff Gorman (1972) Alan Bates
Alan Bates
(1973) Michael Moriarty (1974) John Kani
John Kani
and Winston Ntshona (1975) John Wood (1976) Al Pacino
Al Pacino
(1977) Barnard Hughes
Barnard Hughes
(1978) Tom Conti
Tom Conti
(1979) John Rubinstein
John Rubinstein
(1980) Ian McKellen
Ian McKellen
(1981) Roger Rees
Roger Rees
(1982) Harvey Fierstein
Harvey Fierstein
(1983) Jeremy Irons
Jeremy Irons
(1984) Derek Jacobi
Derek Jacobi
(1985) Judd Hirsch
Judd Hirsch
(1986) James Earl Jones
James Earl Jones
(1987) Ron Silver
Ron Silver
(1988) Philip Bosco (1989) Robert Morse
Robert Morse
(1990) Nigel Hawthorne (1991) Judd Hirsch
Judd Hirsch
(1992) Ron Leibman (1993) Stephen Spinella (1994) Ralph Fiennes
Ralph Fiennes
(1995) George Grizzard
George Grizzard
(1996) Christopher Plummer
Christopher Plummer
(1997) Anthony LaPaglia
Anthony LaPaglia
(1998) Brian Dennehy
Brian Dennehy
(1999) Stephen Dillane
Stephen Dillane
(2000) Richard Easton (2001) Alan Bates
Alan Bates
(2002) Brian Dennehy
Brian Dennehy
(2003) Jefferson Mays
Jefferson Mays
(2004) Bill Irwin
Bill Irwin
(2005) Richard Griffiths
Richard Griffiths
(2006) Frank Langella
Frank Langella
(2007) Mark Rylance
Mark Rylance
(2008) Geoffrey Rush
Geoffrey Rush
(2009) Denzel Washington
Denzel Washington
(2010) Mark Rylance
Mark Rylance
(2011) James Corden
James Corden
(2012) Tracy Letts
Tracy Letts
(2013) Bryan Cranston
Bryan Cranston
(2014) Alex Sharp
Alex Sharp
(2015) Frank Langella
Frank Langella
(2016) Kevin Kline
Kevin Kline
(2017)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 112378001 LCCN: n81066419 ISNI: 0000 0001 2096 8690 GND: 11853422X SELIBR: 393231 SUDOC: 027644111 BNF: cb12606221f (data) NLA: 35170225 NDL: 00620671 NKC: jn20000700545 BNE: XX958957 SN

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