Henry B. Anthony
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Henry Bowen Anthony (April 1, 1815 – September 2, 1884) was a United States newspaperman and
political figure A politician is a person active in party politics, or a person holding or seeking an elected legal seat, seat in government. Politicians propose, support, and create laws that govern the land and, by extension, its people. Broadly speaking, a "p ...
. He served as editor and was later part owner of the ''
Providence Journal ''The Providence Journal'', colloquially known as the ''ProJo'', is a daily newspaper serving the metropolitan area of Providence, Rhode Island, and is the largest newspaper in Rhode Island. The newspaper was first published in 1829 and is the ol ...
''. He was the 21st
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, serving between 1849 and 1851 as a member of the Whig Party. Near the end of the 1850s, he was elected to the
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by the
Rhode Island Legislature The State of Rhode Island General Assembly is the state legislature (United States), state legislature of the U.S. state of Rhode Island. A bicameral body, it is composed of the lower house, lower Rhode Island House of Representatives with 75 rep ...
and was re-elected 4 times. He would be twice elected to the Senate's highest post as
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during the
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, and served until his death in 1884.


Early life

The son of William Anthony and Mary Kennicut Greene, Anthony was born in Rhode Island. He attended
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Brown University
, graduating in 1833 at the age of 18. After his graduation, he went to work as a broker in his brother's cotton products firm, sometimes residing in
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. He later invested in the firm when his father died in 1845 and earned a substantial income from his investment.


Career

He became editor of the ''Providence Journal'' in 1838. In 1840, he was admitted into the partnership, the paper then being published by Knowles, Vose & Anthony until the death of Vose in 1848, when it was continued by Knowles & Anthony until 1863, when it became Knowles, Anthony & Danielson. Anthony also wrote poetry. As editor of the ''Journal'', Anthony was a conservative, supporting
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, property requirements for voting, and restrictions on the political power of immigrants. In 1849, and again in 1850, he was elected governor of Rhode Island. As a
Whig Whig or Whigs may refer to: Parties and factions In the British Isles * A pejorative nickname for the Kirk Party The Kirk Party were a radical Presbyterian faction of the Scotland, Scottish Covenanters during the Wars of the Three Kingdoms. ...
at the first election he had a majority of 1,556; at the second, fewer than 1,000 votes were cast against him. After declining a third election, he gave himself once more entirely to his editorial work. In 1855, he traveled in Europe, sending letters with unfavorable observations back to the ''Journal''. On returning, he joined the
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movement and used the ''Journal'' to back its American Party. In Rhode Island, the American Party merged into the
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, and Anthony was elected to the
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as an "American-Republican."


United States Senator

Anthony served as a Republican Senator from Rhode Island from March 4, 1859, until his death on September 2, 1884. Initially conciliatory toward the secessionists, he was a strong supporter of
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Abraham Lincoln
's efforts to restore the Union during the
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. After the war, in recognition of his support for the Union, he was elected a third class (i.e. honorary) companion of the District of Columbia Commandery of the
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. He was twice the chairman of the committee on printing, his practical knowledge of that subject enabling him to introduce many reforms in government printing. The
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was formed during his tenure. He was at different times a member of the committees on claims, on naval affairs, on mines and mining, and on post offices and post roads. In the trial of
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Andrew Johnson
, he voted for impeachment. He continued to contribute to the ''Providence Journal'' during his service in the Senate. He served as the
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from 1869 to 1873 and again briefly in 1875. He gave up that post when he was elected conference chairman in 1875. As chair, Anthony acted much like the later majority leaders, giving committee assignments to members of his party, calling up bills for debate, and often speaking for his party on the issues of the day. He was also the author of the "Anthony Rule," an early attempt to limit debate in the Senate in the days before cloture. He was known as the "Father of the Senate".


Death and legacy

Anthony's funeral, which took place from the First Congregational Church in Providence on 6 September 1884 was the largest funeral ever known in Rhode Island. Anthony bequeathed a portion of his library, known as the "Harris Collection of American Poetry," to
Brown University Brown University is a private Private or privates may refer to: Music * "In Private "In Private" was the third single in a row to be a charting success for United Kingdom, British singer Dusty Springfield, after an absence of nearly two de ...

Brown University
. It consisted of about 6,000 volumes, mostly small books, many exceedingly rare. It was begun in the first half of the 19th century by Albert G. Greene, continued by Caleb Fiske Harris, and, after his death, completed by his kinsman Senator Anthony.See J. C. Stockbridge, ''Anthony Memorial'' (1886) for an annotated catalog of the collection, with a biographical sketch of Anthony. His name is engraved on a Civil War vintage artillery piece belonging to the Squantum Club in East Providence, Rhode Island. The artillery piece is reputed to have been the only gun from Battery A, 1st Rhode Island Light Artillery which did not fall into Confederate hands at the Battle of Bull Run. There is another nearly identical piece, known as the "Bull Run Gun", enshrined at the
Rhode Island State House The Rhode Island State House, the capitol of the state of Rhode Island, is located at 900 Smith Street just below the crest of Smith Hill, Providence, Rhode Island, Smith Hill, on the border of Downtown, Providence, Rhode Island, downtown in Prov ...

Rhode Island State House
for which is claimed the same distinction.


Family

In 1837 Anthony married Sarah Aborn Rhodes, daughter of Christopher Rhodes of Pawtuxet. She died in 1854. They had no children, and he never remarried.


See also

*
List of United States Congress members who died in office (1790–1899) There are several lists of United States Congress members who died in office. These include: *List of United States Congress members who died in office (1790–1899) *List of United States Congress members who died in office (1900–1949) *List of ...


References


External links

* * * {{DEFAULTSORT:Anthony, Henry Bowen 1815 births 1884 deaths American Quakers Brown University alumni Editors of Rhode Island newspapers Governors of Rhode Island People from Coventry, Rhode Island People of Rhode Island in the American Civil War United States senators from Rhode Island Rhode Island Whigs Rhode Island Republicans Republican Party United States senators Burials at Swan Point Cemetery Whig Party state governors of the United States 19th-century American politicians Presidents pro tempore of the United States Senate 19th-century American newspaper editors 19th-century American newspaper publishers (people) The Providence Journal people Know-Nothing United States senators