HOME
The Info List - Henry, King Of Portugal


--- Advertisement ---



(i) (i) (i)

Cardinal HENRY (Portuguese : Henrique Portuguese pronunciation: ; 31 January 1512 – 31 January 1580) was King of Portugal
Portugal
and the Algarves and a cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church
Roman Catholic Church
. He ruled Portugal
Portugal
between 1578 and 1580 and was known as Henry the Chaste (Portuguese : Henrique o Casto) and the Cardinal-King

CONTENTS

* 1 Life

* 1.1 Cardinal

* 1.2 Reign

* 1.2.1 Death and succession

* 2 Ancestry * 3 See also * 4 References

LIFE

Born in Lisbon
Lisbon
, Henry was the fifth son of King Manuel I of Portugal and Maria of Aragon .

CARDINAL

As the younger brother of King John III of Portugal
Portugal
and a younger son in the royal family, Henry was not expected to succeed to the Portuguese throne. Early in his life, Henry took Holy Orders to promote Portuguese interests within the Catholic Church, then dominated by Spain
Spain
. He rose fast through the Church hierarchy, becoming in quick succession Archbishop of Braga , Archbishop of Évora and Grand Inquisitor
Grand Inquisitor
before receiving a Cardinal's hat in 1545, along with the Titulus Ss. Quattuor Coronatorum . From 1564 to 1570 he was Archbishop of Lisbon
Lisbon
. Henry, more than anyone, endeavoured to bring the Jesuits to Portugal
Portugal
to employ them in the colonial empire . Coat of Arms of King-Cardinal Henry I of Portugal.

REIGN

Henry served as regent for his great-nephew, King Sebastian , after 1562, replacing his sister-in-law (and Sebastian's grandmother) the Queen dowager Catherine , and then succeeded him as king after the disastrous Battle of Alcácer Quibir in 1578 in which Sebastian died. Henry attempted to renounce his ecclesiastical office and sought to take a bride for the continuation of the Avis dynasty , but Pope Gregory XIII , not wanting to anger King Philip II of Spain
Spain
, did not release him from his vows.

Death And Succession

The Cardinal-King died in Almeirim without having appointed a successor, leaving only a regency to care for the kingdom. One of the closest dynastic claimants was King Philip II of Spain
Spain
who, in November 1580, sent the Duke of Alba to claim Portugal
Portugal
by force. Lisbon
Lisbon
soon fell, and Philip was elected king of Portugal
Portugal
at the Portuguese Cortes
Portuguese Cortes
of Tomar
Tomar
in 1581—on the condition that the kingdom and its overseas territories would not become Spanish provinces.

ANCESTRY

ANCESTORS OF HENRY, KING OF PORTUGAL

16. John I of Portugal
Portugal

8. Edward, King of Portugal
Portugal

17. Philippa of Lancaster

4. Ferdinand, Duke of Viseu
Ferdinand, Duke of Viseu

18. Ferdinand I of Aragon

9. Eleanor of Aragon

19. Eleanor of Alburquerque
Eleanor of Alburquerque

2. Manuel I of Portugal
Manuel I of Portugal

20. John I of Portugal
Portugal
(= 16)

10. John, Constable of Portugal
Portugal

21. Philippa of Lancaster (= 17)

5. Beatriz of Portugal
Portugal

22. Afonso I, Duke of Braganza

11. Isabel of Barcelos

23. Beatriz Pereira de Alvim

1. HENRY, KING OF PORTUGAL

24. Ferdinand I of Aragon (= 18)

12. John II of Aragon
John II of Aragon

25. Eleanor of Alburquerque
Eleanor of Alburquerque
(= 19)

6. Ferdinand II of Aragon
Ferdinand II of Aragon

26. Fadrique Enríquez de Mendoza

13. Juana Enríquez

27. Mariana Fernández de Córdoba

3. Maria of Aragon

28. Henry III of Castile

14. John II of Castile

29. Catherine of Lancaster
Catherine of Lancaster

7. Isabella I of Castile
Isabella I of Castile

30. John, Constable of Portugal
Portugal
(= 10)

15. Isabella of Portugal
Portugal

31. Isabel of Barcelos (= 11)

SEE ALSO

Wikimedia Commons has media related to HENRY I OF PORTUGAL .

* Struggle for the throne of Portugal
Portugal
* War of the Portuguese Succession
War of the Portuguese Succession
* Descendants of Manuel I of Portugal
Manuel I of Portugal

REFERENCES

* ^ Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church: Enrique de Portugal; Henry's brother Alonso had also been made a Cardinal, in 1517 at the age of eight. (Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church: Alonso de Portugal). * ^ Ruth MacKay, The Baker Who Pretended to Be King of Portugal, (University of Chicago Press, 2012), 44.

Henry, King of Portugal
Portugal
HOUSE OF AVIZ Cadet branch of the HOUSE OF BURGUNDY BORN: 31 January 1512 DIED: 31 January 1580

REGNAL TITLES

Preceded by Sebastian KING OF PORTUGAL AND THE ALGARVES 1578–1580 Succeeded by Anthony or Philip I

CATHOLIC CHURCH TITLES

Preceded by Diogo de Sousa ARCHBISHOP OF BRAGA 1533–1539 Succeeded by Diego da Silva

Preceded by Cardinal-Infante Afonso of Portugal
Portugal
AS BISHOP OF EVORA ARCHBISHOP OF EVORA 1540–1564 Succeeded by João de Melo

Preceded by Fernando de Menezes Coutinho e Vasconcellos ARCHBISHOP OF LISBOA 1564–1569 Succeeded by Jorge de Almeida

Preceded by João de Melo ARCHBISHOP OF EVORA 1574–1578 Succeeded by Teotónio de Bragança

* v * t * e

Monarchs of Portugal
Portugal

HOUSE OF BURGUNDY (1139–1383)

* Afonso I * Sancho I * Afonso II * Sancho II * Afonso III * Dinis I * Afonso IV * Pedro I * Fernando I * Beatriz I

HOUSE OF AVIZ (1385–1580)

* João I * Duarte I * Afonso V * João II * Manuel I * João III * Sebastião I * Henrique I * António I

HOUSE OF HABSBURG (1581–1640)

* Filipe I * Filipe II * Filipe III

HOUSE OF BRAGANZA (1640–1910)

* João IV * Afonso VI * Pedro II * João V * José I * Maria I with Pedro III * João VI * Pedro IV * Maria II * Miguel I * Maria II with Fernando II * Pedro V * Luís I * Carlos I * Manuel II

Debatable or disputed rulers are in italics.

* v * t * e

Monarchs of Brazil

KINGDOM OF BRAZIL

* Maria I * João VI *

EMPIRE OF BRAZIL

* Pedro I * Pedro II

*Also titular Emperor of Brazil.

* v * t * e

Infantes of Portugal
Portugal

The generations indicate descent from Afonso I , and continues through the House of Aviz
House of Aviz
, the House of Habsburg
House of Habsburg
through Infanta Isabel, Holy Roman Empress and Queen of Spain
Spain
, and the House of Braganza through Infanta Catarina, Duchess of Braganza .

1ST GENERATION

* Infante Henrique * Sancho I * Infante João

2ND GENERATION

* Afonso II * Infante Raimundo * Infante Pedro, Count of Urgell * Infante Fernando, Count of Flanders * Infante Henrique

3RD GENERATION

* Sancho II * Afonso III * Infante Fernando, Lord of Serpa

4TH GENERATION

* Infante Fernando * Dinis I * Infante Afonso, Lord of Portalegre * Infante Vicente

5TH GENERATION

* Afonso IV * Infante Afonso, Lord of Leiria

6TH GENERATION

* Infante Afonso * Infante Dinis * Pedro I * Infante João

7TH GENERATION

* Infante Luís * Fernando I * Infante Afonso * Infante João, Duke of Valencia de Campos * Infante Dinis, Lord of Cifuentes

8TH GENERATION

* Infante Pedro * Infante Afonso (1382) * Infante Afonso (1390–1400) * Duarte I * Infante Pedro, Duke of Coimbra * Infante Henrique, Duke of Viseu * Infante João, Constable of Portugal
Portugal
* Infante Fernando

9TH GENERATION

* Infante João * Afonso V * Infante Fernando, Duke of Viseu * Infante Duarte * Infante Pedro, Constable of Portugal
Portugal
* Infante João, Prince of Antioch * Cardinal-Infante Jaime of Coimbra * Infante Diogo, Constable of Portugal
Portugal

10TH GENERATION

* João, Prince of Portugal
Portugal
* João II * Infante João, Duke of Viseu * Infante Diogo, Duke of Viseu * Infante Duarte of Viseu * Infante Dinis of Viseu * Infante Simão of Viseu * Infante Afonso of Viseu * Manuel I

11TH GENERATION

* Afonso, Prince of Portugal
Portugal
* Infante João * Miguel da Paz, Prince of Portugal
Portugal
and Asturias * * João III * Infante Luís, Duke of Beja * Infante Fernando, Duke of Guarda * Cardinal-Infante Afonso * Henrique I (The Cardinal-King) * Infante Duarte, Duke of Guimarães * Infante António * Infante Carlos

12TH GENERATION

* Afonso, Prince of Portugal
Portugal
* Manuel, Prince of Portugal
Portugal
* Filipe, Prince of Portugal
Portugal
* Infante Dinis * João Manuel, Prince of Portugal
Portugal
* Infante António * Infante Duarte, Duke of Guimarães

13TH GENERATION

* Sebastião I * Carlos, Prince of Asturias §# * Diogo, Prince of Portugal
Portugal
and Asturias §# * Filipe II §# * Manuel, Hereditary Prince of Portugal
Portugal
ƒ

14TH GENERATION

* Filipe III §# * Infante Carlos §# * Cardinal-Infante Fernando §# * Infante Alfonso Mauricio§#

15TH GENERATION

* Baltasar Carlos, Prince of Portugal
Portugal
and Asturias §# * Infante Francisco Fernando§# * Teodósio, Prince of Brazil
Teodósio, Prince of Brazil
* Afonso VI * Pedro II

16TH GENERATION

* João, Prince of Brazil * João V * Infante Francisco, Duke of Beja
Infante Francisco, Duke of Beja
* Infante António * Infante Manuel, Count of Ourém

17TH GENERATION

* Pedro, Prince of Brazil * José I * Infante Carlos * Pedro III * Infante Alexandre

18TH GENERATION

* None

19TH GENERATION

* José, Prince of Brazil * Infante João (1762) * Infante João Francisco * João VI

20TH GENERATION

* Francisco António, Prince of Beira * Pedro I of Brazil border-left-width:2px;border-left-style:solid;width:100%;padding:0px">

* Miguel, Prince of Beira * João Carlos, Prince of Beira * Infante Miguel, Duke of Braganza * Infante Sebastião §

22ND GENERATION

* Pedro V ¶ * Luís I ¶ * Infante João, Duke of Beja ¶ * Infante Fernando ¶ * Infante Augusto, Duke of Coimbra ¶ * Infante Leopoldo¶ * Infante Eugénio¶ * Infante Miguel, Duke of Viseu * Infante Francisco José * Infante Duarte Nuno, Duke of Braganza

23RD GENERATION

* Carlos I ¶ * Infante Afonso, Duke of Porto ¶ * Infante Duarte Pio, Duke of Braganza * Infante Miguel, Duke of Viseu * Infante Henrique, Duke of Coimbra
Infante Henrique, Duke of Coimbra

24TH GENERATION

* Luís Filipe, Prince Royal ¶ * Manuel II ¶ * Afonso, Prince of Beira * Infante Dinis, Duke of Porto

* also an infante of Castile and León, Aragon, Sicil