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Henri Nestlé
Nestlé
(born Heinrich Nestle; August 10, 1814 – July 7, 1890) was a German-born Swiss confectioner and the founder of Nestlé, the world's largest food and beverage company,[1] as well as one of the main creators of condensed milk.

Contents

1 Early life 2 Career 3 Personal life 4 Retirement and later years 5 References 6 Sources 7 External links

Early life[edit] Heinrich Nestle was born on 10 August 1814, in Frankfurt am Main, Germany.[2] He was the eleventh of fourteen children of Johann Ulrich Matthias Nestle and Anna-Maria Catharina Ehemant. Nestle's father, by tradition, inherited the business of his father, Johann Ulrich Nestle, and became a glazier in Töngesgasse. The later Lord Mayor
Lord Mayor
of Frankfurt am Main, Gustav Edmund Nestle, was his brother.[citation needed] The Nestle family has its roots in western Swabia, predominantly in boroughs of the Black Forest
Black Forest
such as Dornstetten, Freudenstadt, Mindersbach, Nagold, and Sulz am Neckar. In the Swabian dialect, "Nestle" is a small bird's nest. The name Nestle also has different variations, including Nästlin, Nästlen, Nestlin, Nestlen, and Niestle. The Nestle family tree began with three brothers (thus the three young birds in the nest being fed by their mother on the family coat of arms) from Mindersbach, called Hans, Heinrich, and Samuel Nestlin. The father of these three sons was born circa 1495. Hans, the eldest, was born in 1520 and had a son with the same name, who later became mayor of Nagold. His son Ulrich was a barber and his fifth son was the first glazier in the family. For over five generations, this profession was passed down from father to son. Additionally, the Nestles provided a number of mayors for the boroughs of Dornstetten, Freudenstadt, Nagold, and Sulz am Neckar. Career[edit] Before Nestlé
Nestlé
turned 22 in 1836, he had completed a four-year apprenticeship with J. E. Stein, an owner of a pharmacy. Although the exact date is unknown, at some stage between 1834 and 1839 he had migrated for reasons unknown to Switzerland.[3] At the end of 1839, he was officially authorized in Lausanne, Switzerland, to perform chemical experiments, make up prescriptions, and sell medicines. During this time, he changed his name to Henri Nestlé
Nestlé
in order to adapt better to the new social conditions in French-speaking Vevey, Switzerland, where he eventually settled. In 1843 Nestlé
Nestlé
bought into one of the region's most progressive and versatile industries at that time, the production of rapeseeds. He also became involved in the production of nut oils (used to fuel oil lamps), liqueurs, rum, absinthe, and vinegar. He also began manufacturing and selling carbonated mineral water and lemonade, although during the crisis years[clarification needed] from 1845 to 1847 Nestlé
Nestlé
gave up mineral water production. In 1857 he began concentrating on gas lighting and fertilizers. It is not known when Nestlé
Nestlé
started working on the infant formula project, although by 1867 Nestlé
Nestlé
was able to produce a viable powdered milk product.[4] His interest is known to have been spurred by several factors. Although Nestlé
Nestlé
and his wife were childless, they were aware of the high death rate among infants. Nestlé
Nestlé
would have been aware of Justus von Liebig's work in developing an infant formula.[2] In addition, fresh milk was not always available in large towns and women in higher society were starting to view breast feeding as an "unfashionable" option.[2] Nestlé
Nestlé
combined cow’s milk with grain and sugar to produce a substitute for breast milk.[4] Moreover, he and his friend Jean Balthasar Schnetzler, a scientist in human nutrition, removed the acid and the starch in wheat flour because they were difficult for babies to digest.[citation needed] Initially called "kindermehl" (children flour), his product had an advantage over Liebig's "soup for infants" in that it was much easier to prepare, only needing to be boiled prior to feeding, and it soon proved to be a viable option for infants who were unable to breast feed.[2][4] People quickly recognized the value of the new product and soon Farine Lactée Henri Nestlé
Nestlé
(Henri Nestlé's Milk Flour in French) was being sold in much of Europe. By the 1870s, Nestlé's Infant Food, made with malt, cow's milk, sugar, and wheat flour, was selling in the US for $0.50 a bottle. Personal life[edit] Nestlé
Nestlé
and Anna Clémentine Thérèse Ehemant were married on 23 May 1860. Retirement and later years[edit] Nestlé
Nestlé
sold his company in 1875 to his business associates and then lived with his family alternately in Montreux
Montreux
and Glion, where they helped people with small loans and publicly contributed towards improving the local infrastructure. In Glion
Glion
he moved into a house later known as Villa Nestlé. Nestlé
Nestlé
died of a heart attack in Glion
Glion
on July 7th, 1890. He was buried at Territet Cemetery in Montreux.[1] References[edit]

^ a b Henri Nestlé-Ehmant (1814 - 1890) at Find A Grave Memorial ^ a b c d Koese, Yavuz. (2008). "Nestle in the Ottoman Empire: Global Marketing with Local Flavor 1870–1927". Enterprise and Society", 9:4. pp 724–761 doi:10.1093/es/khn045 ^ http://www.nestle.com/asset-library/documents/about_us/henri-nestle-biography-en.pdf Page 25, Henri Nestlé
Nestlé
1814 –1890, From Pharmacist’s Assistant to Founder of the World’s Leading Nutrition, Health and Wellness Company, Nestlé
Nestlé
- Abridged Translation after Albert Pfiffner's 1993 German Edition, 2014 ^ a b c Cadbury, Deborah. (2010). Chocolate Wars: From Cadbury to Kraft: 200 years of Sweet Success and Bitter Rivalry, HarperCollins UK, ISBN 9780007325566.

Sources[edit]

Nestlé, H. W.: Die Familie Nestlé, einschl. Stammbaum der Familie. Stuttgart 1976 Pfiffner, A.: Henri Nestlé: Vom Frankfurter Apothekergehilfen zum Schweizer Pionierunternehmer. Zürich, 1993 Alex Capus: Patriarchen, Albrecht Knaus Verlag, München 2006. ISBN 3-8135-0273-2.

External links[edit]

Henri Nestlé
Nestlé
Biography History of Nestlé

v t e

Nestlé

Brands

Appliances

BabyNes Dolce Gusto Nescafé
Nescafé
Alegria Nescafé
Nescafé
Barista Nespresso Special.T

Baby nutrition

BabyNes Cerelac Gerber Graduates Mucilon NaturNes Nestum Nidal (brand) Bear Brand Nido P'tit

Baking

Libby's
Libby's
Pumpkin Toll House

Bottled water

Arrowhead Buxton Contrex Deer Park Hépar Ice Mountain Ozarka Acqua Panna Perrier Poland Spring Pure Life Quézac San Pellegrino Vittel Zephyrhills

Cereals

Cheerios1 Chocapic Chokella Cini Minis Clusters Cocoa Crisp1 Cookie Crisp1 Corn Flakes Country Corn Flakes Curiously Cinnamon Fitness Fitness Fibra Gold Flakes Golden Grahams1 Golden Nuggets Honey Gold Honey Stars Koko Krunch La Lechera Flakes Lion (cereal) Lucky Charms1 Milo Cereal Nesquik
Nesquik
(cereal)7 Nesquik
Nesquik
Duo Cereal7 Nesquik
Nesquik
CioccoMilk7 Nestlé
Nestlé
Crunch Oats & More Trix1 Shreddies8 Shredded Wheat8 Strawberry Minis

Chocolate and desserts

100 Grand Bar Animal Bar Abuelita Aero Aero Biscuits After Eight Allen's Baby Ruth Bar One Bertie Beetle Big Chocolate Big Turk Blue Riband Breakaway Butterfinger Cailler Caramac Carlos V Chicos Choclait Chips Choco Crossies Chocolate Log Chokito Chunky Club Coffee Crisp Crisp Crunch Die Weisse Drifter Fox's Golden Rough Goobers Jelly Tots Kit Kat3 Kit Kat
Kit Kat
Chunky Kit Kat
Kit Kat
Senses Lanvin Lentejas Life Savers Lion Bar Mackintosh's Toffee Matchmakers Menier Chocolate Milkybar Milkybar
Milkybar
Choo Milo (chocolate bar) Mirage Mint Patty Munchies Munch NestEgg Nestlé
Nestlé
Baker's Choice Nestlé
Nestlé
Classic Nestlé
Nestlé
Dessert Nestlé
Nestlé
Fav*rites Nestlé
Nestlé
Extra Smooth Nestlé
Nestlé
Snack Nuts Nestlé
Nestlé
Milk Chocolate Oh Henry!4 Orion Peppermint Crisp Perugina Plaistowe Polo Quality Street Raisinets Rolo3 Rowntree's Rowntree's
Rowntree's
Fruit Gums Rowntree's
Rowntree's
Fruit Pastilles Sin Parar Smarties5 Sno-Caps Spree Sundy (brand) Susy Svitoch TEX Toffee Crisp Walnut Whip White Knight The Willy Wonka Candy Company XXX YES Yorkie

Coffee and beverages

Abuelita BabyNes Blue Bottle Coffee Company Carnation9 Caro Chuckie11 Coffee-Mate Dolce Gusto Klim La Lechera Lion Menier Milo Nescafé Nescau12 Nesfruta Nespresso Nesquik
Nesquik
(mix) Nesquik
Nesquik
Ready-To-Drink Nestea Nestlé
Nestlé
Chocolate Nestlé
Nestlé
Dessert Ovaltine6 Ricoré Sjora Sublime Supligen Sweet Leaf Tonimalt Zoégas

Health and nutrition

Nutramen Junior Nutrament Pamlab Peptamen Boost Resource

Ice cream

Camy D'Onofrio Dibs (ice cream) Dreyer's/Edy's Drumstick Eskimo Pie Extrême Fab Frosty Paws Häagen-Dazs2 Hjem-IS Ice Screamers Kit Kat La Cremeria La Laitière Lanvin (chocolate) Maxibon Mövenpick Nestlé Parlour Pops Savory (ice cream) Schőller Smarties

Prepared and Packaged Food and Snacks

Buitoni California Pizza Kitchen DiGiorno Garden Gourmet Herta Hot Pockets Jack's Lean Cuisine Libby's Lean Pockets Maggi Mousline Nestlé
Nestlé
Starz Roll Ups Stouffer's Thomy Tombstone Uncle Tobys Wagner Yinlu Foods

Dairy Products

a+ Actiplus After Eight Bear Brand Carnation9 Cerevita Coffee-Mate Dancow Everyday Kit Kat La Lechera La Laitère Milkmaid Nesquik Nesquik
Nesquik
Minis Rolo SKI

Nesquik

Nesquik
Nesquik
Powder Nesquik
Nesquik
Cereal7 Nesquik
Nesquik
Duo Cereal7 Nesquik
Nesquik
CioccoMilk7 Nesquik
Nesquik
(beverage)

Bear Brand

Bear Brand Busog Lusog11 Bear Brand Choco11 Bear Brand Adult Plus11 Bear Brand Gold10

Milo

Milo granules Milo Chocolate Bar Milo Cereal

Uncle Toby's

Cheerios1 Fruit Bites Healthwise Natural Style Muesli O&G Oat Crisp Oat Flakes PLUS Puffs Roll Ups VitaBrits Weeties

Petcare

Alpo Bakers Complete Beggin' Strips Beneful Bonio Cat Chow Chef Michael's Dog Chow Fancy Feast Felix Friskies Frosty Paws Go-Cat Gourmet ONE Pro Plan Tender Vittles Veterinary Diets Winalot

Galderma

Cetaphil Daylong Epiduo Excipial Restylane

Former

Alcon Chocolate Surpresa Enviga Jenny Craig Polly Waffle Powerbar Powwow Water Wonder Ball

Divisions

Gerber Life Insurance Company Nestlé
Nestlé
Purina PetCare Nestlé
Nestlé
Waters Nestlé
Nestlé
Waters North America

Joint ventures

Beverage Partners Worldwide Cereal Partners Worldwide Lactalis Nestlé
Nestlé
Chilled Dairy Nestlé
Nestlé
Toll House Café

Other assets

Hsu Fu Chi (60%) L'Oréal
L'Oréal
(30.3%) Osem Yinlu Foods
Yinlu Foods
(60%)

People

Günter Blobel Paul Bulcke Peter Brabeck-Letmathe Nobuyuki Idei Henri Nestlé Kaspar Villiger Eugenio Minvielle Lagos

Other

Nestea
Nestea
European Championship Tour Nestlé
Nestlé
boycott Nestlé
Nestlé
Invitational Nestlé
Nestlé
Rowntree F.C. Nestlé
Nestlé
Smarties
Smarties
Book Prize Nestlé
Nestlé
Tower Toll House cookies International Code of Marketing of Breast-milk Substitutes Nescafé
Nescafé
Basement

1 Currently manufactured by General Mills
General Mills
in the United States and Canada. Produced by Cereal Partners under the Nestlé
Nestlé
brand elsewhere. 2 Brand owned by General Mills; US and Canadian production rights controlled by Nestlé
Nestlé
under license. 3 US production rights owned by The Hershey Company. 4 Canadian production rights owned by The Hershey Company. 5 US rights and production owned by Smarties
Smarties
Candy Company, with a different product. 6 US rights and specific trade dress owned by Nestlé; rights elsewhere owned by Associated British Foods. 7 Produced by Cereal Partners, branded as Nestlé. 8 Produced by Cereal Partners, and Branded Nestlé
Nestlé
in The United Kingdom, and Ireland. Produced by Post Foods, elsewhere. 9 Philippine production rights owned by Alaska Milk Corporation. 10 Used only in Indonesia, Thailand, and Cambodia. 11 Used only in the Philippines. 12 Used only in Brazil.

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Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 40181769 LCCN: no97055687 ISNI: 0000 0001 0814 3805 GND: 119138913 HDS: 28

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