HENRI NESTLé (born HEINRICH NESTLE; August 10, 1814 – July 7,
1890) was a German-born Swiss confectioner and the founder of Nestlé
, the world's largest food and beverage company, as well as one of
the main creators of condensed milk .
* 1 Early life
* 2 Career
* 3 Personal life
* 4 Retirement and later years
* 5 References
* 6 Sources
* 7 External links
Heinrich Nestle was born on 10 August 1814, in
Frankfurt am Main
Frankfurt am Main ,
Germany. He was the eleventh of fourteen children of Johann Ulrich
Matthias Nestle and Anna-Maria Catharina Ehemant. Nestle's father, by
tradition, inherited the business of his father, Johann Ulrich Nestle,
and became a glazier in Töngesgasse. The later
Lord Mayor of
Frankfurt am Main
Frankfurt am Main , Gustav Edmund Nestle, was his brother.
The Nestle family has its roots in western
Swabia , predominantly in
boroughs of the
Black Forest such as
Nagold , and
Sulz am Neckar
Sulz am Neckar . In the Swabian dialect ,
"Nestle" is a small bird's nest. The name Nestle also has different
variations, including Nästlin, Nästlen, Nestlin, Nestlen, and
The Nestle family tree began with three brothers (thus the three
young birds in the nest being fed by their mother on the family coat
of arms) from Mindersbach, called Hans, Heinrich, and Samuel Nestlin.
The father of these three sons was born circa 1495. Hans, the eldest,
was born in 1520 and had a son with the same name, who later became
mayor of Nagold. His son Ulrich was a barber and his fifth son was the
first glazier in the family. For over five generations, this
profession was passed down from father to son. Additionally, the
Nestles provided a number of mayors for the boroughs of Dornstetten,
Freudenstadt, Nagold, and Sulz am Neckar.
Nestlé turned 22 in 1836, he had completed a four-year
apprenticeship with J. E. Stein, an owner of a pharmacy . Although the
exact date is unknown, at some stage between 1834 and 1839 he had
migrated for reasons unknown to Switzerland. At the end of 1839, he
was officially authorized in Lausanne, Switzerland, to perform
chemical experiments, make up prescriptions , and sell medicines.
During this time, he changed his name to Henri
Nestlé in order to
adapt better to the new social conditions in French-speaking
Switzerland, where he eventually settled.
In 1843 Henri
Nestlé bought into one of the region's most
progressive and versatile industries at that time, the production of
rapeseeds . He also became involved in the production of nut oils
(used to fuel oil lamps ), liqueurs , rum , absinthe , and vinegar. He
also began manufacturing and selling carbonated mineral water and
lemonade , although during the crisis years from 1845 to 1847 Nestlé
gave up mineral water production. In 1857 he began concentrating on
gas lighting and fertilizers .
It is not known when
Nestlé started working on the infant formula
project, although by 1867
Nestlé was able to produce a viable
powdered milk product. His interest is known to have been spurred by
several factors. Although
Nestlé and his wife were childless, they
were aware of the high death rate among infants.
Nestlé would have
been aware of Justus von Liebig\'s work in developing an infant
formula. In addition, fresh milk was not always available in large
towns and women in higher society were starting to view breast feeding
as an "unfashionable" option.
Nestlé combined cow’s milk with grain and sugar to produce a
substitute for breast milk. Moreover, he and his friend Jean
Balthasar Schnetzler , a scientist in human nutrition , removed the
acid and the starch in wheat flour because they were difficult for
babies to digest. Initially called "kindermehl" (children flour), his
product had an advantage over Liebig's "soup for infants" in that it
was much easier to prepare, only needing to be boiled prior to
feeding, and it soon proved to be a viable option for infants who were
unable to breast feed. People quickly recognized the value of the
new product and soon Farine Lactée Henri
Nestlé (Henri Nestlé's
Milk Flour in French) was being sold in much of Europe. By the 1870s,
Nestlé's Infant Food, made with malt , cow's milk, sugar, and wheat
flour, was selling in the US for $0.50 a bottle.
Nestlé and Anna Clémentine Thérèse Ehemant were married on
23 May 1860.
RETIREMENT AND LATER YEARS
Nestlé sold his company in 1875 to his business associates and
then lived with his family alternately in
Glion , where
they helped people with small loans and publicly contributed towards
improving the local infrastructure. In
Glion he moved into a house
later known as Villa Nestlé.
Nestlé died of a heart attack in
Glion on July 7th, 1890. He was
buried at Territet Cemetery in Montreux.
* ^ A B Henri Nestlé-Ehmant (1814 - 1890) at Find A Grave Memorial
* ^ A B C D Koese, Yavuz. (2008). "Nestle in the Ottoman Empire:
Global Marketing with Local Flavor 1870–1927". Enterprise and
Society ", 9:4. pp 724–761 doi:10.1093/es/khn045
Page 25, Henri
Nestlé 1814 –1890, From Pharmacist’s Assistant
to Founder of the World’s Leading Nutrition, Health and Wellness
Nestlé - Abridged Translation after Albert Pfiffner's 1993
German Edition, 2014
* ^ A B C Cadbury, Deborah . (2010). Chocolate Wars: From Cadbury
to Kraft: 200 years of Sweet Success and Bitter Rivalry, HarperCollins
UK, ISBN 9780007325566 .
* Nestlé, H. W.: Die Familie Nestlé, einschl. Stammbaum der
Familie. Stuttgart 1976
* Pfiffner, A.: Henri Nestlé: Vom Frankfurter Apothekergehilfen zum
Schweizer Pionierunternehmer. Zürich, 1993
* Alex Capus: Patriarchen,
Albrecht Knaus Verlag , München 2006.
ISBN 3-8135-0273-2 .