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Marcel- Henri Gaussen
Henri Gaussen
(14 July 1891 in Cabrières-d'Aigues
Cabrières-d'Aigues
(Vaucluse) - 27 July 1981 in Toulouse), was a French botanist and biogeographer.

Muséum de Toulouse
Toulouse
- Jardin botanique Henri Gaussen
Henri Gaussen
- La spirale ethnobotanique.

In 1926, he defended his thesis on "the vegetation of the eastern half of the Pyrenees", which laid the foundation for future work on the border between biogeography and vegetation mapping. Gaussen was an early advocate of the ideas of stages and vegetation succession, which are fundamental to phytogeography. His work allowed for the production of a vegetation map of France at a scale of 1/200 000 (completed after his death by the service of the CNRS, but which he had created and directed) and many similar projects in other countries. His work led to many advanced phytogeographic tools such as "Gaussen index", the "xerothermic index" and "ombrothermic diagram ". As recognition for his scientific work in mapping of vegetation cover and ecology, he received in 1971 the Grand Prix of the Geographical Society for geographical research and publications. He was also responsible for the creation in 1922 of the Arboretum de Jouéou, and for the strength and reputation of teaching and research in botany at the University of Toulouse. A great traveller, he was also the creator of a science section at the French Institute of Pondicherry. He worked with Flora Europaea as a regional adviser for France. Henri Gaussen
Henri Gaussen
spent his entire career as a professor at Toulouse, where he was also in 1958 elected as a "mainteneur" (council member) of the Académie des Jeux floraux. Having accumulated an impressive number of personal photographs, he donated his collection to the archives of the department of Haute-Garonne, where they can still be viewed.[1]

Contents

1 Principal publications 2 Eponymy 3 Honours 4 External links 5 References

Principal publications[edit]

Les cultures en terrasses dans le bassin méditerranéen occidental in Annales de géographie, tome 36, 1927 Géographie des Plantes, Librairie Armand Colin, 1933, (222 pages, 8 cartes et figures) Les gymnospermes actuelles et fossiles, Travaux du laboratoire forestier de Toulouse
Toulouse
2, 1946-1979 Le dynamisme des biocénoses végétales, Colloque international du CNRS sur l'écologie. P., février 1950 Montagnes, la vie aux hautes altitudes, Horizons de France, 1955 (avec Paul Barruel) Habitations humaines dans les Pyrénées et les Alpes, in La Montagne, Club alpin français, décembre 1966

The standard author abbreviation Gaussen is used to indicate this person as the author when citing a botanical name.[2] Eponymy[edit]

genus

(Podocarpaceae) Gaussenia A.V.Bobrov & Melikyan[3]

Species

(Aizoaceae) Opophytum gaussenii (Leredde) H.Jacobsen ex Greuter & Burdet[4] (Araliaceae) Brassaiopsis
Brassaiopsis
gaussenii Bui[5] (Asteraceae) Leontodon
Leontodon
gaussenii Sennen[6] (Campanulaceae) Phyteuma
Phyteuma
gaussenii Chouard[7] (Cupressaceae) Juniperus
Juniperus
gaussenii Cheng[8] (Elaeocarpaceae) Elaeocarpus gaussenii
Elaeocarpus gaussenii
Weibel[9] (Moraceae) Dorstenia
Dorstenia
gaussenii J.Troch. & Koechl.[10] (Pinaceae) Pseudotsuga
Pseudotsuga
gaussenii Flous[11] (Podocarpaceae) Afrocarpus gaussenii
Afrocarpus gaussenii
(Woltz) C.N.Page[12] (Ulmaceae) Ulmus gaussenii
Ulmus gaussenii
W. C. Cheng[13]

Honours[edit]

The Henri Gaussen
Henri Gaussen
Prize

Presented by the Académie des sciences, inscriptions et belles-lettres de Toulouse, this prize is awarded annually for a scientific work on the Pyrenees
Pyrenees
mountain range.

The City of Toulouse
Toulouse
honours him with the Boulevard Henri Gaussen, in the Minimes quarter.

External links[edit]

village of Miglos
Miglos
in the Ariege, Castle Miglos. Photos from the Henri Gaussen database. see also Miglos Stages and vegetation zones of France, Gaussen, 1938. Chrono-Biographical Sketch of Gaussen from Smith at WKU Gaussen at balades-pyrenees.com

References[edit]

^ Henri Gaussen
Henri Gaussen
database, founded on photos taken by himself Archived 2013-03-25 at the Wayback Machine. ^ IPNI.  Gaussen.  ^ Bot. Zhurn. (Moscow & Leningrad) 85(7): 62. 2000 (IK) ^ Willdenowia 10(2): 232. 1980 (IK) ^ Adansonia sér. 2, 6: 440. 1966 (IK) ^ Butl. Inst. Catalana Hist. Nat. 1932, xxxii. 92 (IK) ^ Bull. Soc. Bot. France 99: 26, in adnot. 1952 (IK) ^ in Trav. Lab. Forest. Toulouse
Toulouse
Tome 1. iii. Art. 8, 3 1940 (IK) ^ Candollea 27(1): 17. 1972 (IK) ^ Bull. Soc. Bot. France 106: 142. 1959 (IK) ^ Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Toulouse
Toulouse
69: 417. 1936 (IK) ^ Notes Roy. Bot. Gard. Edinburgh 45(2): 384. 1989 (IK) ^ Fu, L. & Jin J. (eds). (1992). China Red Data Book. Rare and endangered plants. Vol. 1. Science Press, Beijing

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 59204456 LCCN: n50061983 ISNI: 0000 0001 0857 8737 GND: 124801838 SUDOC: 050120360 BNF: cb12608151k (data) Botan

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