Helwan (Arabic: حلوان Ḥelwān, IPA: [ħelˈwæːn],
Coptic: ϩⲁⲗⲟⲩⲁⲛ, translit. Halouan) is a city in
Egypt and part of Greater Cairo, on the bank of the Nile, opposite the
ruins of Memphis. Originally a southern suburb of Cairo, it served as
the capital of the now defunct
Helwan Governorate from April 2008 to
April 2011, after which it was re-incorporated into the Cairo
Governorate. The kism of
Helwan had a population of 643,327 in the
2 Ecclesiastical history
2.1 Titular see
3 Administrative divisions
7 See also
9 External links
Helwan and Isnian cultures of the late epipaleolithic, and their
Ouchata retouch methods for creating microlithic tools may have
contributed to the development of the
Harifian cultural assemblage of
the Sinai, which may have introduced Proto-Semitic languages into the
Around 3000 to 2600 BC, there was a cemetery near
Helwan serving the
city of Memphis.
The Khedivial Astronomical Observatory was built here 1903-1904, and
was used to observe Halley's comet. Egypt's oldest and largest private
psychiatric clinic, the Behman Hospital, was constructed here in 1939.
During the early part of the 20th century, the city was the site of
RAF Helwan, a major British airfield, which was later used by the
Egyptian Air Force.
Helwan was chosen to serve as a site of a major industrial
city, as part of President Gamal Abdel Nasser's attempts to
industrialize Egypt. Throughout the 1960s, it developed into a massive
steelworks zone, with numerous automobile factories being built. The
site continues to use electricity from the
Aswan Dam and iron ore from
Egypt's western deserts.
Helwan was gradually transformed into a mass
Cairo for the working class.
In April 2008, the
Helwan Governorate was split from the Cairo
Governorate. It encompassed most of the suburbs, new compounds and
villages located in the southern part of Cairo. The city of Helwan
became the capital of the new governorate. Following the dissolution
Helwan Governorate in April 2011, the city of
reincorporated into the
Alphocranon was important enough in the Late
Roman province of Arcadia
Aegypti to be a suffragan of its Metropolitan Archbishop of
Its bishop, Harpocration, participated in the First Council of Nicaea
in 325. The bishopric is mentioned in two Notitiae Episcopatuum.
No longer a residential diocese, Alphocranon is today listed by the
Catholic Church as a
Latin Catholic titular bishopric, nominally
restoring the diocese since 1933, but no incumbent is recorded.
The now defunct
Helwan Governorate encompassed the following cities or
districts: Maadi, Helwan, 15th of May, El Shorouk, New Cairo,
The city of
Helwan itself includes districts such as Wadi Hof, Hadayek
Helwan, and Maasara.
Gamal Abdel Nasser
Gamal Abdel Nasser inaugurating the Al Nasr automobile
factory in Helwan, 1963
Local industry includes iron, steel, textiles and cement. The area has
hot sulphur springs, an astronomical observatory, the Helwan
University and a burial chamber (discovered in 1946). It is the
terminus of Cairo's light rail Metro Line 1. Also trams in Helwan
serve the people.
Köppen-Geiger climate classification system
Köppen-Geiger climate classification system classifies its climate as
hot desert (BWh). Owing to its proximity to Cairo, its average monthly
temperatures are quite similar, but it has a quite different
distribution of humidity and its diurnal average temperature variation
is slightly larger.
Climate data for Helwan
Record high °C (°F)
Average high °C (°F)
Daily mean °C (°F)
Average low °C (°F)
Record low °C (°F)
Average precipitation mm (inches)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm)
Average relative humidity (%)
Mean monthly sunshine hours
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Sadd el-Kafara, one of the earliest prehistoric man-made dams in the
Harold Knox-Shaw, one of the earliest astronomy specialists in Helwan
John Reynolds, one of the earliest astronomy specialists in Helwan
Observatory & president of the English Royal Astronomical Society
between 1935 and 1937.
Helwan was targeted in Priha-1.
Tewfik Pasha died in his palace at Helwan.
6th Armoured Division (South Africa)
6th Armoured Division (South Africa) was present at
82-BM-37 is known as "
Helwan M-69 82mm mortar".
Abdul Rahman Hassan Azzam Pasha lived in Helwan.
Moataz Eno was born in Helwan.
Cars produced at Helwan:
Zastava Florida In
Polski Fiat 125p/FSO 125p
FSO Polonez MR'83/MR'85
FSO Polonez MR'86/MR'87/MR'89
Middle East Command Camouflage Directorate
Middle East Command Camouflage Directorate was present in
Geoffrey Barkas designed the
Operation Bertram while heading Middle
East Command Camouflage Directorate.
Helwan was a British airbase.
No. 112 Squadron RAF
No. 112 Squadron RAF was stationed at Helwan.
A crater on the 951 Gaspra asteroid was named after the spa city of
15th of May
^ Emile, Amélineau (1893). La géographie de l’Egypte à l'époque
copte. Paris: Imprimerie nationale. p. 584.
^ Central Agency for Public Mobilisation and Statistics, Population
Census 2006, Population distribution by sex, gov: Cairo
Archived 2008-12-11 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved on 2008-04-01.
^ Beattie, Andrew. (2005) Cairo: A Cultural and Literary History.
Signal Books. p. 196. ISBN 9781902669779
^ Siméon Vailhé, v. Alphocranon, in Dictionnaire d'Histoire et de
Géographie ecclésiastiques, vol. XII, Paris 1953, col. 677
^ Klaas A. Worp, A Checklist of Bishops in Byzantine
Egypt (A.D. 325 -
c. 750), in Zeitschrift für Papyrologie und Epigraphik 100 (1994)
^ Annuario Pontificio 2013 (Libreria Editrice Vaticana 2013
ISBN 978-88-209-9070-1), p. 829
Helwan Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and
Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved June 25, 2015.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Helwan.
Helwan on Wikivoyage
Districts and suburbs of Greater Cairo
15th of May
City of the Dead
Rod El Farag
6th of October
Shubra El Kheima
Coordinates: 29°51′N 31°20′E / 29.850°N 31.333°E /