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The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Vietnamese language pronunciations in Wikipedia articles. For a guide to adding IPA characters to Wikipedia articles, see and . There are two major standards: one of Hanoi and one of Ho Chi Minh City. Each makes distinctions that the other does not; neither standard is preferred over the other at Wikipedia. The central dialects, which make the distinctions of both, are generally represented in articles here, except if a local pronunciation is clearly more relevant. See Vietnamese phonology for a more thorough look at the sounds of Vietnamese. |- |colspan=3| | colspan="2" style="text-align:left;" | hàng | style="text-align:left;" | high |- |colspan=3| | style="text-align:left;" | cô, kem, quốc as "qu" appears only in northern dialects. | rowspan="2" |''q''uốc | style="text-align:left;" | scan, kid |- | colspan="3"| |quốc, quanh as "qu" appears only in southern dialects. |wow |- | colspan="1" | | colspan="2" | | colspan="2" style="text-align:left;" | khô | style="text-align:left;" | loch |- | colspan="3" | | colspan="2" style="text-align:left;" | là | style="text-align:left;" | low |- | colspan="3" | | colspan="2" style="text-align:left;" | mai | style="text-align:left;" | my |- | colspan="3" | | colspan="2" style="text-align:left;" | nam | style="text-align:left;" |no |- | colspan="3" | | colspan="2" style="text-align:left;" | nhà | style="text-align:left;" | hang you, es|señorita |- | colspan="3" | | colspan="2" style="text-align:left;" | ngâm; nghe | style="text-align:left;" | singer |- | colspan="3" | | colspan="2" style="text-align:left;" |pin appears only in loanwords, and is often replaced by . | style="text-align:left;" | sport |- | rowspan="2" | | colspan="2" | | colspan="2" style="text-align:left;" | xa | style="text-align:left;" |so |- | colspan="2" | | colspan="2" style="text-align:left;" | sáu | style="text-align:left;" |show, but with tongue curled |- | colspan="3" | | colspan="2" style="text-align:left;" | tây | style="text-align:left;" | stop |- | colspan="3" | | colspan="2" style="text-align:left;" |thầy | style="text-align:left;" | top |- | colspan="3" | ~ c | colspan="2" style="text-align:left;" | chè | style="text-align:left;" | American cue, but further towards the teeth |- | colspan="3" |ʈʂ ~ ʈ | colspan="2" style="text-align:left;" |tra | style="text-align:left;" | choose (unaspirated), with tongue "bunched up" |- | colspan="2" | | rowspan="3" | | colspan="2" style="text-align:left;" | về may be used as a spelling pronunciation in southern dialects. | style="text-align:left;" | van |- | rowspan="3" | | | colspan="2" style="text-align:left;" |da, danh | style="text-align:left;" |yellow |- | | colspan="2" style="text-align:left;" |già, giết | style="text-align:left;" |zero |- | colspan="2" | | colspan="2" style="text-align:left;" |ra, rồi | style="text-align:left;" | similar to red; variably pronounced as a fricative, flap or trill |- ! colspan="6" | Medial glide |- | colspan="3" | | colspan="2" style="text-align:left;" |oanh; quốc | style="text-align:left;" | quick |- ! colspan="6" | Final consonants |- | colspan="3" | | colspan="2" style="text-align:left;" | cái, tay"ai"read as ːj "ay"read as j | style="text-align:left;" | boy |- | colspan="3" | | colspan="2" style="text-align:left;" | thêm | style="text-align:left;" | pom |- | colspan="2" | | rowspan="2" | | colspan="2" style="text-align:left;" | ban | style="text-align:left;" | pin |- | colspan="2" | | colspan="2" style="text-align:left;" | trứng | style="text-align:left;" | long |- | colspan="2" | | rowspan="2" | | colspan="2" style="text-align:left;" | mìn, bên (''after'' ) | style="text-align:left;" | |- | colspan="2" | | colspan="2" style="text-align:left;" | bìnhIn southern dialects, the vowels become before the alveolar consonants .In northern dialects, when the velar finals follow the front vowels , the consonant becomes pre-velar , and the vowels become . | style="text-align:left;" | onion ''(various pronunciations)'' |- | colspan="2" | | rowspan="2" | | colspan="2" style="text-align:left;" | bốnbốn /oːŋ͡m/ vs. bống /ăwŋ͡m/ in Saigon Vietnamese, bún (''after'' ) | style="text-align:left;" | |- | colspan="2" | | colspan="2" style="text-align:left;" | chúng (''after'' )In most dialects, when the velar finals follow the round vowels , the consonant is strongly labialized or doubly-articulated , and the vowels become . | style="text-align:left;" | like long, but with an 'm' after the 'ng' |- | colspan="3" | | colspan="2" style="text-align:left;" | tiếp | style="text-align:left;" | clasp |- | colspan="2" | | rowspan="2" | | colspan="2" style="text-align:left;" | xuất | style="text-align:left;" | pit |- | colspan="2" | | colspan="2" style="text-align:left;" | ác | style="text-align:left;" | pick |- | colspan="2" | | rowspan="2" | | colspan="2" style="text-align:left;" | chít (''after'' ) | style="text-align:left;" | |- | colspan="2" | | colspan="2" style="text-align:left;" | cách | style="text-align:left;" | technical ''(various pronunciations)'' |- | colspan="2" | | rowspan="2" | | colspan="2" style="text-align:left;" | một (''after'' ) | style="text-align:left;" | |- | colspan="2" | | colspan="2" style="text-align:left;" | học (''after'' ) | style="text-align:left;" | backpack |- | colspan="3" | | colspan="2" style="text-align:left;" | tao, triệu,đau | style="text-align:left;" | how | style="vertical-align:top;" |

Notes

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