The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Armenian pronunciations in Wikipedia articles, based on Eastern Armenian and Western Armenian standard varieties. For a guide to adding IPA characters to Wikipedia articles, see {{IPA-hy}} and Wikipedia:Manual of Style/Pronunciation § Entering IPA characters.


  1. ^ a b c d e Plosives and affricates that are voiced in Eastern Armenian /b d dz dʒ ɡ/ are voiceless aspirated /pʰ tʰ tsʰ tʃʰ kʰ/ in Western Armenian. "In some publications, the voiceless plosives [of Eastern Armenian] are also defined as ejectives or glottalised. Glottalised plosives occur in various Armenian dialects and can also be found in the Eastern Armenian vernacular based on the Yerevan dialect, but according to normative grammars, SMEA [Standard Modern Eastern Armenian] shows no glottalised voiceless plosives." Jasmine Dum-Tragut. Armenian: Modern Eastern Armenian. London Oriental and African Language Library, 2007, ISSN 1382-3485; p. 17
  2. ^ a b c d e f /p t ts tʃ k/ are not used in Western Armenian.
  3. ^ a b c d e Plosives and affricates that are tenuis /p t ts tʃ k/ in Eastern Armenian and Classical Armenian are voiced /b d dz dʒ ɡ/ in Western Armenian.
  4. ^ Allophone of /n/ before velar consonants.
  5. ^ The two rhotics represented as ⟨ռ⟩ and ⟨ր⟩ have merged to /ɾ/ in Western Armenian.
  6. ^ In Classical Armenian and among modern Iranian Armenians, /ɾ/ is an alveolar approximant [ɹ].
  7. ^ a b c Classical Armenian ⟨այ, ոյ, եայ⟩ are only found word-finally.
  8. ^ ե⟩ represents [jɛ] when word-initial.
  9. ^ a