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Helen Hayes
Helen Hayes
MacArthur (née Brown; October 10, 1900 – March 17, 1993)[1] was an American actress whose career spanned almost 80 years. She eventually garnered the nickname "First Lady of American Theatre" and was one of 12 people who have won an Emmy, a Grammy, an Oscar, and a Tony Award
Tony Award
(an EGOT). Hayes also received the Presidential Medal of Freedom, America's highest civilian honor, from President Ronald Reagan in 1986.[2] In 1988, she was awarded the National Medal of Arts. The annual Helen Hayes
Helen Hayes
Awards, which have recognized excellence in professional theatre in greater Washington, DC, since 1984, are her namesake. In 1955, the former Fulton Theatre on 46th Street in New York City's Broadway Theater District
Theater District
was renamed the Helen Hayes Theatre. When that venue was torn down in 1982, the nearby Little Theatre was renamed in her honor. Helen Hayes
Helen Hayes
is regarded as one of the Greatest Leading Ladies of the 20th-century theatre.[3]

Contents

1 Early life 2 Career 3 Personal life 4 Philanthropy 5 Helen Hayes
Helen Hayes
Hospital 6 Death 7 Legacy

7.1 Stage and awards 7.2 Filmography and awards 7.3 Television appearances and awards 7.4 Other awards

8 See also 9 References

9.1 Bibliography

10 External links

Early life[edit] Helen Hayes
Helen Hayes
Brown was born in Washington, D.C., on October 10, 1900. Her mother, Catherine Estelle (née Hayes), or Essie, was an aspiring actress who worked in touring companies.[4][5] Her father, Francis van Arnum Brown, worked at a number of jobs, including as a clerk at the Washington Patent Office and as a manager and salesman for a wholesale butcher.[5][6] Hayes's Catholic maternal grandparents emigrated from Ireland during the Irish Potato Famine.[7] Hayes began a stage career at an early age. She said her stage debut was as a five-year-old singer at Washington's Belasco Theatre, on Lafayette Square, across from the White House.[8] By age ten, she had made a short film, Jean and the Calico Doll, but moved to Hollywood only when her husband, playwright Charles MacArthur, signed a Hollywood deal. Hayes attended Dominican Academy's prestigious primary school, on Manhattan's Upper East Side, from 1910 to 1912, appearing there in The Old Dutch, Little Lord Fauntleroy, and other performances. She attended the Academy of the Sacred Heart Convent in Washington and graduated in 1917.[9] Career[edit]

In the film What Every Woman Knows (1934)

Her sound film debut was The Sin of Madelon Claudet, for which she won the Academy Award for Best Actress. She followed that with starring roles in Arrowsmith (with Ronald Colman), A Farewell to Arms (with Gary Cooper), The White Sister (opposite Clark Gable), What Every Woman Knows (a reprise of her Broadway hit), and Vanessa: Her Love Story. But Hayes did not prefer film to the stage. Hayes eventually returned to Broadway in 1935, where for three years she played the title role in Gilbert Miller's production of Victoria Regina, with Vincent Price
Vincent Price
as Prince Albert, first at the Broadhurst Theatre and later at the Martin Beck Theatre. In 1951, she was involved in the Broadway revival of J.M. Barrie's play Mary Rose at the ANTA Playhouse. In 1953, she was the first-ever recipient of the Sarah Siddons Award for her work in Chicago theatre, repeating as the winner in 1969. She returned to Hollywood in the 1950s, and her film star began to rise. She starred in My Son John
My Son John
(1952) and Anastasia (1956), and won the Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress
Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress
for her role as an elderly stowaway in the disaster film Airport (1970). She followed that up with several roles in Disney films such as Herbie Rides Again, One of Our Dinosaurs is Missing and Candleshoe. Her performance in Anastasia was considered a comeback—she had suspended her career for several years due to her daughter Mary's death and her husband's failing health. In 1955, the Fulton Theatre was renamed for her. In the 1980s, business interests wished to raze that theatre and four others to construct a large hotel that included the Marquis Theatre. Hayes's consent to raze the theatre named for her was sought and given, though she had no ownership interest in the building. Parts of the original Helen Hayes Theatre
Helen Hayes Theatre
on Broadway were used to construct the Shakespeare Center on the Upper West Side of Manhattan, which Hayes dedicated with Joseph Papp
Joseph Papp
in 1982.[10] In 1983 the Little Theater on West 45th Street was renamed the Helen Hayes Theatre
Helen Hayes Theatre
in her honor, as was a theatre in Nyack, which has since been renamed the Riverspace-Arts Center. In early 2014, the site was refurbished and styled by interior designer Dawn Hershko and reopened as the Playhouse Market, a quaint restaurant and gourmet deli.

Book
Book
written by Helen Hayes
Helen Hayes
in 1971-72 with friend Anita Loos.

Hayes, who spoke with her good friend Anita Loos
Anita Loos
almost daily on the phone, told her, "I used to think New York was the most enthralling place in the world. I'll bet it still is and if I were free next summer, I would prove it." With that, she convinced Loos to embark on an exploration of all five boroughs of New York. They visited and explored the city; Bellevue Hospital at night, a tugboat hauling garbage out to sea, parties, libraries, and Puerto Rican markets. They spoke to everyday people to see how they lived their lives and what made the city tick. The result of this collaborative effort was the book "Twice Over Lightly", published in 1972. It is unclear when or by whom Hayes was called the "First Lady of the Theatre". Her friend, actress Katharine Cornell, also held that title, and each thought the other deserved it.[11][12] One critic said Cornell played every queen as though she were a woman, whereas Hayes played every woman as though she were a queen.[11] In 1982, with friend Lady Bird Johnson, she founded the National Wildflower Research Center, now the Lady Bird Johnson
Lady Bird Johnson
Wildflower Center in Austin, Texas. The center protects and preserves North America's native plants and natural landscapes.[13] The Helen Hayes Award for theater in the Washington, DC, area is named in her honor. She has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame
Hollywood Walk of Fame
at 6220 Hollywood Blvd. Hayes is also in the American Theatre Hall of Fame.[14] Personal life[edit] Hayes was a Catholic[15][16] and a pro-business Republican who attended many Republican National Conventions
Republican National Conventions
(including the one held in New Orleans in 1988), but she was not as politically vocal as some others (e.g., Adolphe Menjou, Ginger Rogers, John Wayne, Ronald Reagan etc.) in the Hollywood community of that time. Hayes wrote three memoirs: A Gift of Joy, On Reflection, and My Life in Three Acts. Some of these books' themes include her return to Roman Catholicism (she had been denied communion from the Church for the duration of her marriage to Charles MacArthur, who was a divorced Protestant); and the death of her only daughter, Mary (1930–1949), an aspiring actress, of polio at the age of 19. Hayes's adopted son, James MacArthur
James MacArthur
(1937–2010), went on to a career in acting, starring in Hawaii Five-O on television. Hayes guest-starred on Hawaii Five-0 in the 1975 episode Retire in Sunny Hawaii... Forever and later, in 1980, both appeared in the episode No Girls for Doc/Marriage of Convenience/The Caller/The Witness of The Love Boat. Hayes was hospitalized a number of times for asthma, which was aggravated by stage dust, forcing her to retire from theater in 1971, at age 71.[17][1] Her last Broadway show was a 1970 revival of Harvey, in which she co-starred with James Stewart. Clive Barnes wrote, "She epitomizes flustered charm almost as if it were a style of acting ... She is one of those actors ... where to watch how she is doing something is almost as pleasurable as what she is doing."[18] She spent most of her last years writing and raising money for organizations that fight asthma. Philanthropy[edit]

Riverside Shakespeare Company
Riverside Shakespeare Company
Shakespeare
Shakespeare
Center Dedication with Helen Hayes, 1982.

Hayes was a generous donor of time and money to a number of causes and organizations, including the Riverside Shakespeare Company
Riverside Shakespeare Company
of New York City. Along with Mildred Natwick, she became a founding member of the company's Board of Advisors in 1981.[19] She was also on the board of directors for the Greater New York Council of the Girl Scouts of the USA during the early 1970s. In 1982, Hayes dedicated Riverside's The Shakespeare Center
The Shakespeare Center
with New York theatre producer, Joseph Papp,[20] and in 1985 she returned to the New York stage in a benefit for the company with a reading of A Christmas Carol with the late Raul Julia, Len Cariou, Mary Elizabeth Mastrantonio, Carole Shelley, Celeste Holm
Celeste Holm
and Harold Scott, directed by W. Stuart McDowell.[21] The next year Hayes performed a second benefit for the Riverside Shakespeare
Shakespeare
Company, this time at the Marquis Theatre, the construction of which had been made possible by the demolition of the Helen Hayes Theatre
Helen Hayes Theatre
three years before. The production featured Rex Smith, Ossie Davis
Ossie Davis
and F. Murray Abraham, and was produced by McDowell and directed by Robert Small, with Hayes narrating. Helen Hayes
Helen Hayes
Hospital[edit]

Helen Hayes
Helen Hayes
and young patient at Helen Hayes Hospital
Helen Hayes Hospital
1945

Helen Hayes
Helen Hayes
at Helen Hayes Hospital
Helen Hayes Hospital
in the 1950s.

According to her daughter-in-law, HB MacArthur, Hayes took the most pride in her philanthropic work with Helen Hayes
Helen Hayes
Hospital, a physical rehabilitation hospital located in West Haverstraw, NY. She was extremely proud of the strides the hospital made toward the rehabilitation of people with disabilities, saying, "I’ve seen my name in lights on theater marquees and in letters 20 feet tall on Broadway billboards, but nothing has ever given me greater sense of pride and satisfaction than my 49-year association with this unique hospital."[22] Hayes became involved with the hospital in the 1940s, and was named to the Board of Visitors in 1944. In 1974, the hospital was renamed in her honor. She served on the Helen Hayes Hospital
Helen Hayes Hospital
Board of Visitors for 49 years, until her death in 1993. In that time, she advocated tirelessly for the hospital and successfully led a fight to prevent its relocation to Albany in the 1960s. In the 1970s, she was instrumental in lobbying for funding to transform the hospital into a state-of-the-art facility. Hayes also contributed her enthusiastic support to hospital events and fundraising efforts, including handing out diplomas to the children upon graduation when the hospital was still a pediatric care facility. She also faithfully attended the hospital's annual Classic Race, leading it in a classic car, handing out awards to runners, hand cyclists, and wheelchair racers, and offering the use of her home, Pretty Penny, for a dinner to launch the hospital's endowment fund.[22] Death[edit] Hayes died on March 17, 1993, of congestive heart failure in Nyack, New York. Hayes's friend Lillian Gish, the "First Lady of American Cinema", was the designated beneficiary of her estate, but Hayes survived her by less than a month. Hayes was interred in Oak Hill Cemetery in Nyack.[23] In 2011, she was honored with a US postage stamp.[24] Legacy[edit] Diminutive and homespun, Helen Hayes
Helen Hayes
was distinctly less glamorous than the other Great Ladies, but the qualities of modesty and practicality that she projected helped create her lasting appeal. Hayes was a stage star for five decades before retiring, when she continued to act occasionally on film, television, and radio. Stage and awards[edit]

Year Production[25] Role[25][26] Notes

1905 Miss Hawke's May Ball Irish Dancer

A Midsummer Night's Dream Peaseblossom Revival

1908 Babe in the Woods Boy babe

1909 Jack the Giant Killer Gibson Girl, Nell Brinkley, Girl impersonators

A Royal Family Prince Charles Ferdinand Revival

Children's Dancing Kermess Impersonation of "The Nell Brinkley Girl"

The Prince Chap Claudia, Age 5

A Poor Relation Patch

1910 Old Dutch Little Mime

The Summer Widowers Pacyche Finnegan, Pinkie's playmate

1911 The Barrier Molly, an Alaskan Child

Little Lord Fauntleroy Cedric Errol Revival

The Never Homes Fannie Hicks, Another Near Orphan

The Seven Sisters Klara, the Youngest Daughter Revival

Mary Jane's Pa

Revival

1912 The June Bride The Holder's Child

1913 Flood Victim's Benefit

The Girl with Green Eyes Susie, the Flower Girl

His House in Order Derek Jesson, his son Revival

A Royal Family Prince Charles Ferdinand Revival

The Prince Chap

Revival

The Prince and the Pauper Tom Canty and Edward, Prince of Wales

1914 The Prodigal Husband Young Simone

1916 The Dummy Beryl Meredith, the Kidnapper's Hostage

On Trial His Daughter, Doris Strickland

1917 It Pays to Advertise Marie, Maid at the Martins Revival

Romance Suzette

Just a Woman Hired girl Revival

Mile-a-Minute Kendall Beth

Rich Man, Poor Man Linda Hurst Revival

Alma, Where Do You Live? Germain Revival

Mrs. Wiggs of the Cabbage Patch Asia Revival

Within the Law

Revival

Pollyanna Pollyanna
Pollyanna
Whittier, The Glad Girl Revival

1918 Penrod

Dear Brutus Margaret, his daughter

1919 On the Hiring Line Dorothy Fessenden, his daughter

Clarence Cora Wheeler

The Golden Age

1920 Bab Bab

1921 The Wren Seeby Olds

The Golden Days Mary Ann

1922 To the Ladies Elsie Beebe

No Siree!: An Anonymous Entertainment by the Vicious Circus of the Hotel Algonquin

1923 Loney Lee Loney Lee

1924 We Moderns Mary Sundale, their Daughter

The Dragon

She Stoops to Conquer Constance Neville Revival

Dancing Mothers Catherine (Kittens) Westcourt

Quarantine Dinah Partlett

1925 Caesar and Cleopatra Cleopatra Revival

The Last of Mrs. Cheyney Maria

Young Blood Georgia Bissell

1926 What Every Woman Knows Maggie Wylie Revival

1927 Coquette Norma Besant

1928 Coquette Norma Besant London version

1930 Mr. Gilhooley A girl

Petticoat Influence Peggy Chalfont

1931 The Good Fairy Lu

1933 Mary of Scotland Mary Stuart

1935 Caesar and Cleopatra Cleopatra Revival

Victoria Regina Victoria

1934 What Every Woman Knows Revival

1936 Victoria Regina Victoria Revival

1938 The Merchant of Venice Portia Revival

Victoria Regina Victoria Revival

1939 Ladies and Gentlemen Miss Terry Scott

1940 Twelfth Night Viola Revival

1941 Candle in the Wind Madeline Guest

1943 Harriet Harriet Beecher Stowe

1944 Harriet Harriet Beecher Stowe Revival

1947 Alice-Sit-By-The-Fire Mrs. Alice Grey

Happy Birthday Addie Tony Award
Tony Award
for Best Performance by a Leading Actress in a Play

1948 The Glass Menagerie Amanda Wingfield Revival

1949 Good Housekeeping

1950 The Wisteria Trees Lucy Andree Ransdell

1952 Mrs. McThing Mrs. Howard V. Larue III

1955 Gentleman, The Queens Catherine, Lady Macbeth, Mary and Queen Victoria

The Skin of Our Teeth Mrs. Antrobus Revival

1956 Lovers, Villains and Fools Narrator, Puck, and the Chorus from Henry V

The Glass Menagerie Amanda Wingfield Revival

1958 Time Remembered The Duchess of Pont-Au-Bronc Tony Award
Tony Award
for Best Performance by a Leading Actress in a Play (revival)

1958 A Adventure Lulu Specer

Mid-Summer Rose, the Maid Revival

A Touch of the Poet Nora Melody

1960 The Cherry Orchard Lyuboff Ranevskaya Revival

The Chalk Garden Mrs. Maugham Revival

1962 Shakespeare
Shakespeare
Revisited: A Program for Two Players

1964 Good Morning Miss Dove Miss Lucerna Dove

The White House Abigail Adams, Dolley Madison, Edith Wilson, Julia Grant, Leonora Clayton, Mary Todd Lincoln, Mrs. Benjamin Harrison, Mrs. Franklin Pierce, Frances Folsom Cleveland Preston, Mrs. James G. Blaine, Mrs. Theodore Roosevelt, Rachel Jackson

1965 Helen Hayes' Tour of the Far East

1966 The Circle

Revival

The School for Scandal Mrs. Candour Revival

Right You Are If You Think You Are Signora Frola Revival

We Comrades Three Mother

You Can't Take It with You Olga Revival

1967 The Show-Off Mrs. Fisher Tony Award's Vernon Rice-Drama Desk Award (revival)

1968 The Show-Off Mrs. Fisher return engagement (revival)

1969 The Front Page Mrs. Grant Revival

1970 Harvey Veta Louise Simmons Nominated – Tony Award
Tony Award
for Best Performance by a Leading Actress in a Play (Revival)

1971 Long Day's Journey Into Night Mary Cavan Tyrone Revival

1980

Tony Award's Lawrence Langner Memorial Award

Filmography and awards[edit]

Year Film Role Notes

1910 Two unidentified Vitagraph films Juvenile lead Hayes recalled in a 1931 interview with The New York Times
The New York Times
that she had played the juvenile lead in two films starring Jean, the Vitagraph dog.[27]

1917 The Weavers of Life Peggy

1928 The Dancing Town Olive Pepperall short subject

1931 The Sin of Madelon Claudet Madelon Claudet Academy Award for Best Actress

Arrowsmith Leora Arrowsmith

1932 A Farewell to Arms Catherine Barkley

The Son-Daughter Lian Wha 'Star Blossom'

1933 The White Sister Angela Chiaromonte

Another Language Stella 'Stell' Hallam

Night Flight Madame Fabian

1934 Crime Without Passion Extra in hotel lobby Uncredited

This Side of Heaven Actress on screen in theatre Uncredited

What Every Woman Knows Maggie Wylie

1935 Vanessa: Her Love Story Vanessa
Vanessa
Paris

1938 Hollywood Goes to Town Herself, uncredited short subject

1943 Stage Door Canteen Herself

1952 My Son John Lucille Jefferson

1953 Main Street to Broadway Herself

1956 Anastasia Dowager Empress Maria Feodorovna Nominated — Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Drama

1959 Third Man on the Mountain Tourist Uncredited

1961 The Challenge of Ideas Narrator short subject

1970 Airport Ada Quonsett Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress

1974 Herbie Rides Again Mrs. Steinmetz Nominated — Golden Globe Award for Best Actress – Motion Picture Musical or Comedy

1975 One of Our Dinosaurs Is Missing Hettie

1977 Candleshoe Lady St. Edmund

Television appearances and awards[edit]

Year Title Role Notes

1950 Showtime, U.S.A.

Episode #1.1

Prudential Family Playhouse

The Barretts of Wimpole Street

Pulitzer Prize Playhouse Mary, Queen of Scots The Late Christopher Bean

1951 Pulitzer Prize Playhouse Mary, Queen of Scots Mary of Scotland

Schlitz Playhouse of Stars

Dark Fleece

Schlitz Playhouse of Stars

The Lucky Touch

Schlitz Playhouse of Stars

Not a Chance

Robert Montgomery Presents Queen Victoria Victoria Regina

Nominated — Emmy Award
Emmy Award
for Best Actress (nonspecific role)

1952 Omnibus

The Twelve Pound Look

Nominated — Emmy Award
Emmy Award
for Best Actress (nonspecific role)

1953 Omnibus

The Happy Journey

Omnibus

Mom and Leo

Christmas with the Stars

Medallion Theatre Harriet Beecher Stowe "Battle Hymn"

Emmy Award
Emmy Award
for Best Actress (nonspecific role)

1954 The United States Steel Hour Mrs. Austin Welcome Home

The Best of Broadway Fanny Cavendish The Royal Family

The Motorola Television Hour Frances Parry Side by Side

1955 Producers' Showcase Mrs. Antrobus The Skin of Our Teeth

The Best of Broadway Abby Brewster Arsenic and Old Lace

1956 Omnibus

Dear Brutus

Omnibus

The Christmas Tie

1957 The Alcoa Hour

Mrs. Gilling and the Skyscraper Nominated – Emmy Award
Emmy Award
for Outstanding Lead Actress – Miniseries or a Movie

Playhouse 90 Sister Theresa Four Women in Black

1958 Omnibus

Mrs. McThing

The United States Steel Hour Mother Seraphim One Red Rose for Christmas Nominated – Emmy Award
Emmy Award
for Outstanding Lead Actress – Miniseries or a Movie

1959 Hallmark Hall of Fame Essie Ah, Wilderness!

Play of the Week Madame Ranevskaya The Cherry Orchard

1960 The Bell Telephone Hour Baroness Nadedja von Meck The Music of Romance

Play of the Week Madame Ranevskaya The Velvet Glove

Dow Hour of Great Mysteries Letitia Van Gorder The Bat by Mary Roberts Rinehart

1961 Michael Shayne

Murder Round My Wrist

1963 The Christophers

What One Bootmaker Did

1967 Tarzan Mrs. Wilson The Pride of the Lioness

1969 Arsenic and Old Lace Abby Brewster

1970 The Front Page Narrator

1971 Do Not Fold, Spindle, or Mutilate Sophie Tate Curtis Nominated – Emmy Award
Emmy Award
for Outstanding Lead Actress – Miniseries or a Movie

1972 Harvey Veta Louise Simmons

Here's Lucy Mrs. Kathleen Brady Lucy and the Little Old Lady

Ghost Story Miss Gilden Alter-Ego

1973–1974 The Snoop Sisters Ernesta Snoop Nominated – Emmy Award
Emmy Award
for Best Lead Actress in a Limited Series

1975 Hawaii Five-O Aunt Clara Retire in Sunny Hawaii – Forever Nominated – Emmy Award
Emmy Award
for Outstanding Lead Actress for a Single Appearance in a Drama or Comedy Series. Costarred with her son James MacArthur (who played her nephew in the episode).

1976 The Moneychangers Dr. McCartney miniseries

Victory at Entebbe Etta Grossman-Wise

1978 A Family Upside Down Emma Long Nominated – Emmy Award
Emmy Award
for Outstanding Lead Actress – Miniseries or a Movie

1980 The Love Boat Agatha Winslow 1 episode

1982 Love, Sidney Mrs. Clovis Pro and Cons

Murder is Easy Lavinia Fullerton

1983 A Caribbean Mystery Miss Marple

1984 Highway to Heaven Estelle Wicks

1985 Murder with Mirrors Miss Marple

Other awards[edit] In 1979, the Supersisters
Supersisters
trading card set was produced and distributed; one of the cards featured Hayes's name and picture.[28] In 1983, Hayes received the Award for Greatest Public Service Benefiting the Disadvantaged, an award given out annually by Jefferson Awards.[29] See also[edit]

List of persons who have won Academy, Emmy, Grammy, and Tony Awards List of actors with Academy Award nominations

References[edit]

^ a b Helen Hayes
Helen Hayes
at Encyclopædia Britannica ^ Reagan, Ronald."Ronald Reagan: Remarks at the Presentation Ceremony for the Presidential Medal of Freedom
Presidential Medal of Freedom
– May 12, 1986" presidency.ucsb.edu, May 12, 1986, accessed August 27, 2011 ^ "Helen Hayes: A Remembrance – Washington Theatre Guide – TheatreWashington – Helen Hayes
Helen Hayes
Awards". Retrieved 22 January 2016.  ^ "The Official Website of Helen Hayes: Biography"[permanent dead link] Helen Hayes.com, accessed August 27, 2011 ^ a b "Biography of Helen Hayes" Archived 2007-04-18 at the Wayback Machine. Kennedy-Center.org, accessed August 27, 2011 ^ "The Theatre:Helen Millennial" Time Magazine, December 30, 1935. ^ Rice, Jean (March 18, 1993). "Helen Hayes, Flower of the Stage, Dies at 92". New York Times.  ^ Evely, Douglas E., Dickson, Paul, and Ackerman, S.J."The White House Neighborhood"On This Spot: Pinpointing the Past in Washington D.C. (2008), Capital Books, ISBN 1-933102-70-5, p.166 ^ "Helen Hayes" biography.yourdictionary.com, accessed August 27, 2011 ^ O'Haire, Patricia. "Dickens lends the Bard a Hand," The New York Daily News, September 13, 1982 ^ a b Mosel, p.unknown ^ "The Theatre: Great Katharine"Time Magazine, April 3, 1939 ^ "About Us, History" Wildflower.org, accessed August 27, 2011 ^ "Members of the American Theater Hall of Fame". Retrieved February 5, 2014.  ^ Hayes, Helen. My Life in Three Acts. Harcourt Brace Jovanovich: San Diego, CA, 1990, p.unknown ^ Hevesi, Dennis. " Helen Hayes
Helen Hayes
Is Remembered in Church She Loved", The New York Times, March 21, 1993, p.45 ^ Anderson, Ruth Nathan. " Helen Hayes
Helen Hayes
Discovers She's Allergic to Dust," Boca Raton News, November 23, 1980 ^ Barnes, Clive. "Stage:Unseen White Rabbit Returns:James Stewart Stars in Phoenix's 'Harvey'", The New York Times, February 25, 1970, p.41 ^ O'Haire, Patricia. "Dickens lends the Bard a Hand," The New York Daily News, Sept 13, 1982 ^ Brochure of the Riverside Shakespeare
Shakespeare
Company, 1982, p. 3. ^ Tomasson, Robert E. "Helping Those Who Help;Scrooge's Return", The New York Times, November 24, 1985, p.78 ^ a b "Pretty Penny to host Helen Hayes Hospital
Helen Hayes Hospital
fundraiser - Lohud Rockland Blog". Retrieved 2017-03-21.  ^ Pace, Eric."Helen Hayes, Flower of the Stage, Dies at 92"The New York Times (requires registration), March 18, 1993 ^ " Helen Hayes
Helen Hayes
Postage Stamp" Archived 2011-06-11 at the Wayback Machine. beyondtheperf.com, April 25, 2011, accessed August 27, 2011 ^ a b " Helen Hayes
Helen Hayes
Credits, Broadway" Internet Broadway Database, accessed August 27, 2011 ^ "About Helen Hayes
Helen Hayes
– Theater (Official site)" Archived 2007-12-28 at the Wayback Machine. Helen Hayes.com, accessed August 27, 2011 ^ "Miss Hayes and Films". The New York Times. March 15, 1931. Retrieved 2015-11-28. I'm afraid my former career in the movies doesn't mean much, but when I was 8 years old and had just made my first stage appearance, in a Lew Fields musical show, 'Old Dutch', my mother took me over to the old Vitagraph studio in Brooklyn. I had long curls and they let me play the juvenile lead in two pictures in support of Jean, the collie. Jean was the most famous dog of the day and I was very thrilled.  ^ Wulf, Steve (2015-03-23). "Supersisters: Original Roster". Espn.go.com. Retrieved 2015-06-04.  ^ "Jefferson Awards FoundationNational – Jefferson Awards Foundation". Jefferson Awards Foundation. Retrieved 22 January 2016. 

Bibliography[edit]

Mosel, Tad and Macy, Gertrude. Leading Lady: The World and Theatre of Katharine Cornell(1978), Little, Brown & Co, Boston, ISBN 0-316-58537-8 Murphy, Donn B. and Moore, Stephen. Helen Hayes; A Bio-Bibliography (1993)

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Helen Hayes.

Helen Hayes
Helen Hayes
on IMDb Helen Hayes
Helen Hayes
at the Internet Broadway Database
Internet Broadway Database
Helen Hayes
Helen Hayes
at the Internet Off-Broadway Database Official site Tribute site Helen Hayes
Helen Hayes
papers, 1817–1963 (bulk dates 1905–1963), held by the Billy Rose Theatre Division, New York Public Library for the Performing Arts American Masters (PBS) The Helen Hayes
Helen Hayes
Awards Photographs of Helen Hayes Lifetime Honors – National Medal of Arts Helen Hayes
Helen Hayes
Hospital Helen Hayes Hospital
Helen Hayes Hospital
Foundation

Awards for Helen Hayes

v t e

Academy Award for Best Actress

1928–1950

Janet Gaynor
Janet Gaynor
(1928) Mary Pickford
Mary Pickford
(1929) Norma Shearer
Norma Shearer
(1930) Marie Dressler
Marie Dressler
(1931) Helen Hayes
Helen Hayes
(1932) Katharine Hepburn
Katharine Hepburn
(1933) Claudette Colbert
Claudette Colbert
(1934) Bette Davis
Bette Davis
(1935) Luise Rainer
Luise Rainer
(1936) Luise Rainer
Luise Rainer
(1937) Bette Davis
Bette Davis
(1938) Vivien Leigh
Vivien Leigh
(1939) Ginger Rogers
Ginger Rogers
(1940) Joan Fontaine
Joan Fontaine
(1941) Greer Garson
Greer Garson
(1942) Jennifer Jones
Jennifer Jones
(1943) Ingrid Bergman
Ingrid Bergman
(1944) Joan Crawford
Joan Crawford
(1945) Olivia de Havilland
Olivia de Havilland
(1946) Loretta Young
Loretta Young
(1947) Jane Wyman
Jane Wyman
(1948) Olivia de Havilland
Olivia de Havilland
(1949) Judy Holliday
Judy Holliday
(1950)

1951–1975

Vivien Leigh
Vivien Leigh
(1951) Shirley Booth
Shirley Booth
(1952) Audrey Hepburn
Audrey Hepburn
(1953) Grace Kelly
Grace Kelly
(1954) Anna Magnani
Anna Magnani
(1955) Ingrid Bergman
Ingrid Bergman
(1956) Joanne Woodward
Joanne Woodward
(1957) Susan Hayward
Susan Hayward
(1958) Simone Signoret
Simone Signoret
(1959) Elizabeth Taylor
Elizabeth Taylor
(1960) Sophia Loren
Sophia Loren
(1961) Anne Bancroft
Anne Bancroft
(1962) Patricia Neal
Patricia Neal
(1963) Julie Andrews
Julie Andrews
(1964) Julie Christie
Julie Christie
(1965) Elizabeth Taylor
Elizabeth Taylor
(1966) Katharine Hepburn
Katharine Hepburn
(1967) Katharine Hepburn
Katharine Hepburn
/ Barbra Streisand
Barbra Streisand
(1968) Maggie Smith
Maggie Smith
(1969) Glenda Jackson
Glenda Jackson
(1970) Jane Fonda
Jane Fonda
(1971) Liza Minnelli
Liza Minnelli
(1972) Glenda Jackson
Glenda Jackson
(1973) Ellen Burstyn
Ellen Burstyn
(1974) Louise Fletcher
Louise Fletcher
(1975)

1976–2000

Faye Dunaway
Faye Dunaway
(1976) Diane Keaton
Diane Keaton
(1977) Jane Fonda
Jane Fonda
(1978) Sally Field
Sally Field
(1979) Sissy Spacek
Sissy Spacek
(1980) Katharine Hepburn
Katharine Hepburn
(1981) Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(1982) Shirley MacLaine
Shirley MacLaine
(1983) Sally Field
Sally Field
(1984) Geraldine Page
Geraldine Page
(1985) Marlee Matlin
Marlee Matlin
(1986) Cher
Cher
(1987) Jodie Foster
Jodie Foster
(1988) Jessica Tandy
Jessica Tandy
(1989) Kathy Bates
Kathy Bates
(1990) Jodie Foster
Jodie Foster
(1991) Emma Thompson
Emma Thompson
(1992) Holly Hunter
Holly Hunter
(1993) Jessica Lange
Jessica Lange
(1994) Susan Sarandon
Susan Sarandon
(1995) Frances McDormand
Frances McDormand
(1996) Helen Hunt
Helen Hunt
(1997) Gwyneth Paltrow
Gwyneth Paltrow
(1998) Hilary Swank
Hilary Swank
(1999) Julia Roberts
Julia Roberts
(2000)

2001–present

Halle Berry
Halle Berry
(2001) Nicole Kidman
Nicole Kidman
(2002) Charlize Theron
Charlize Theron
(2003) Hilary Swank
Hilary Swank
(2004) Reese Witherspoon
Reese Witherspoon
(2005) Helen Mirren
Helen Mirren
(2006) Marion Cotillard
Marion Cotillard
(2007) Kate Winslet
Kate Winslet
(2008) Sandra Bullock
Sandra Bullock
(2009) Natalie Portman
Natalie Portman
(2010) Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(2011) Jennifer Lawrence
Jennifer Lawrence
(2012) Cate Blanchett
Cate Blanchett
(2013) Julianne Moore
Julianne Moore
(2014) Brie Larson
Brie Larson
(2015) Emma Stone
Emma Stone
(2016) Frances McDormand
Frances McDormand
(2017)

v t e

Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress

1936–1950

Gale Sondergaard
Gale Sondergaard
(1936) Alice Brady
Alice Brady
(1937) Fay Bainter
Fay Bainter
(1938) Hattie McDaniel
Hattie McDaniel
(1939) Jane Darwell
Jane Darwell
(1940) Mary Astor
Mary Astor
(1941) Teresa Wright
Teresa Wright
(1942) Katina Paxinou
Katina Paxinou
(1943) Ethel Barrymore
Ethel Barrymore
(1944) Anne Revere
Anne Revere
(1945) Anne Baxter
Anne Baxter
(1946) Celeste Holm
Celeste Holm
(1947) Claire Trevor
Claire Trevor
(1948) Mercedes McCambridge
Mercedes McCambridge
(1949) Josephine Hull (1950)

1951–1975

Kim Hunter
Kim Hunter
(1951) Gloria Grahame
Gloria Grahame
(1952) Donna Reed
Donna Reed
(1953) Eva Marie Saint
Eva Marie Saint
(1954) Jo Van Fleet
Jo Van Fleet
(1955) Dorothy Malone
Dorothy Malone
(1956) Miyoshi Umeki
Miyoshi Umeki
(1957) Wendy Hiller
Wendy Hiller
(1958) Shelley Winters
Shelley Winters
(1959) Shirley Jones
Shirley Jones
(1960) Rita Moreno
Rita Moreno
(1961) Patty Duke
Patty Duke
(1962) Margaret Rutherford
Margaret Rutherford
(1963) Lila Kedrova
Lila Kedrova
(1964) Shelley Winters
Shelley Winters
(1965) Sandy Dennis (1966) Estelle Parsons
Estelle Parsons
(1967) Ruth Gordon
Ruth Gordon
(1968) Goldie Hawn
Goldie Hawn
(1969) Helen Hayes
Helen Hayes
(1970) Cloris Leachman
Cloris Leachman
(1971) Eileen Heckart (1972) Tatum O'Neal
Tatum O'Neal
(1973) Ingrid Bergman
Ingrid Bergman
(1974) Lee Grant
Lee Grant
(1975)

1976–2000

Beatrice Straight (1976) Vanessa
Vanessa
Redgrave (1977) Maggie Smith
Maggie Smith
(1978) Meryl Streep
Meryl Streep
(1979) Mary Steenburgen
Mary Steenburgen
(1980) Maureen Stapleton
Maureen Stapleton
(1981) Jessica Lange
Jessica Lange
(1982) Linda Hunt
Linda Hunt
(1983) Peggy Ashcroft
Peggy Ashcroft
(1984) Anjelica Huston
Anjelica Huston
(1985) Dianne Wiest
Dianne Wiest
(1986) Olympia Dukakis
Olympia Dukakis
(1987) Geena Davis
Geena Davis
(1988) Brenda Fricker
Brenda Fricker
(1989) Whoopi Goldberg
Whoopi Goldberg
(1990) Mercedes Ruehl
Mercedes Ruehl
(1991) Marisa Tomei
Marisa Tomei
(1992) Anna Paquin
Anna Paquin
(1993) Dianne Wiest
Dianne Wiest
(1994) Mira Sorvino
Mira Sorvino
(1995) Juliette Binoche
Juliette Binoche
(1996) Kim Basinger
Kim Basinger
(1997) Judi Dench
Judi Dench
(1998) Angelina Jolie
Angelina Jolie
(1999) Marcia Gay Harden
Marcia Gay Harden
(2000)

2001–present

Jennifer Connelly
Jennifer Connelly
(2001) Catherine Zeta-Jones
Catherine Zeta-Jones
(2002) Renée Zellweger
Renée Zellweger
(2003) Cate Blanchett
Cate Blanchett
(2004) Rachel Weisz
Rachel Weisz
(2005) Jennifer Hudson
Jennifer Hudson
(2006) Tilda Swinton
Tilda Swinton
(2007) Penélope Cruz
Penélope Cruz
(2008) Mo'Nique
Mo'Nique
(2009) Melissa Leo
Melissa Leo
(2010) Octavia Spencer
Octavia Spencer
(2011) Anne Hathaway
Anne Hathaway
(2012) Lupita Nyong'o
Lupita Nyong'o
(2013) Patricia Arquette
Patricia Arquette
(2014) Alicia Vikander
Alicia Vikander
(2015) Viola Davis
Viola Davis
(2016) Allison Janney
Allison Janney
(2017)

v t e

Drama League's Distinguished Performance Award

Katharine Cornell
Katharine Cornell
(1935) Helen Hayes
Helen Hayes
(1936) Maurice Evans (1937) Cedric Hardwicke
Cedric Hardwicke
(1938) Raymond Massey
Raymond Massey
(1939) Paul Muni
Paul Muni
(1940) Paul Lukas
Paul Lukas
(1941) Judith Evelyn
Judith Evelyn
(1942) Alfred Lunt
Alfred Lunt
(1943) Lynn Fontanne
Lynn Fontanne
(1944) Mady Christians
Mady Christians
(1945) Louis Calhern
Louis Calhern
(1946) Ingrid Bergman
Ingrid Bergman
(1947) Judith Anderson
Judith Anderson
(1948) Robert Morley
Robert Morley
(1949) Grace George
Grace George
(1950) Claude Rains
Claude Rains
(1951) Julie Harris (1952) Shirley Booth
Shirley Booth
(1953) Josephine Hull (1954) Viveca Lindfors
Viveca Lindfors
(1955) David Wayne
David Wayne
(1956) Eli Wallach
Eli Wallach
(1957) Ralph Bellamy
Ralph Bellamy
(1958) Cyril Ritchard
Cyril Ritchard
(1959) Jessica Tandy
Jessica Tandy
(1960) Hume Cronyn
Hume Cronyn
(1961) Paul Scofield
Paul Scofield
(1962) Charles Boyer
Charles Boyer
(1963) Alec Guinness
Alec Guinness
(1964) John Gielgud
John Gielgud
(1965) Richard Kiley
Richard Kiley
(1966) Rosemary Harris
Rosemary Harris
(1967) Zoe Caldwell (1968) Alec McCowen
Alec McCowen
(1969) James Stewart
James Stewart
(1970) Anthony Quayle
Anthony Quayle
(1971) Eileen Atkins / Claire Bloom
Claire Bloom
(1972) Alan Bates
Alan Bates
(1973) Christopher Plummer
Christopher Plummer
(1974) John Wood (1975) Eva Le Gallienne
Eva Le Gallienne
(1976) Tom Courtenay
Tom Courtenay
(1977) Frank Langella
Frank Langella
(1978) Frances Sternhagen
Frances Sternhagen
(1979) Roy Scheider
Roy Scheider
(1980) Ian McKellen
Ian McKellen
(1981) Milo O'Shea
Milo O'Shea
(1982) Edward Herrmann
Edward Herrmann
/ Kate Nelligan (1983) Jeremy Irons
Jeremy Irons
(1984) Derek Jacobi
Derek Jacobi
(1985) Bernadette Peters
Bernadette Peters
(1986) James Earl Jones
James Earl Jones
(1987) John Lithgow
John Lithgow
(1988) Pauline Collins
Pauline Collins
(1989) Robert Morse
Robert Morse
(1990) Stockard Channing
Stockard Channing
(1991) Glenn Close
Glenn Close
(1992) Stephen Rea
Stephen Rea
(1993) Sam Waterston
Sam Waterston
(1994) Cherry Jones
Cherry Jones
(1995) Uta Hagen
Uta Hagen
(1996) Charles Durning
Charles Durning
/ Bebe Neuwirth
Bebe Neuwirth
(1997) Brian Stokes Mitchell
Brian Stokes Mitchell
(1998) Kathleen Chalfant (1999) Eileen Heckart (2000) Mary-Louise Parker
Mary-Louise Parker
/ Gary Sinise
Gary Sinise
(2001) Liam Neeson
Liam Neeson
(2002) Harvey Fierstein
Harvey Fierstein
(2003) Hugh Jackman
Hugh Jackman
(2004) Norbert Leo Butz
Norbert Leo Butz
(2005) Christine Ebersole
Christine Ebersole
(2006) Liev Schreiber
Liev Schreiber
(2007) Patti LuPone
Patti LuPone
(2008) Geoffrey Rush
Geoffrey Rush
(2009) Alfred Molina
Alfred Molina
(2010) Mark Rylance
Mark Rylance
(2011) Audra McDonald
Audra McDonald
(2012) Nathan Lane
Nathan Lane
(2013) Neil Patrick Harris
Neil Patrick Harris
(2014) Chita Rivera
Chita Rivera
(2015) Lin-Manuel Miranda
Lin-Manuel Miranda
(2016) Ben Platt (2017)

v t e

Primetime Emmy Award
Emmy Award
for Outstanding Lead Actress in a Drama Series

Helen Hayes
Helen Hayes
(1952) Loretta Young
Loretta Young
(1954) Loretta Young
Loretta Young
(1956) Loretta Young
Loretta Young
(1959) Barbara Stanwyck
Barbara Stanwyck
(1961) Barbara Stanwyck
Barbara Stanwyck
(1966) Barbara Bain
Barbara Bain
(1967) Barbara Bain
Barbara Bain
(1968) Barbara Bain
Barbara Bain
(1969) Susan Hampshire
Susan Hampshire
(1970) Susan Hampshire
Susan Hampshire
(1971) Glenda Jackson
Glenda Jackson
(1972) Michael Learned
Michael Learned
(1973) Michael Learned
Michael Learned
(1974) Jean Marsh (1975) Michael Learned
Michael Learned
(1976) Lindsay Wagner
Lindsay Wagner
(1977) Sada Thompson
Sada Thompson
(1978) Mariette Hartley
Mariette Hartley
(1979) Barbara Bel Geddes
Barbara Bel Geddes
(1980) Barbara Babcock
Barbara Babcock
(1981) Michael Learned
Michael Learned
(1982) Tyne Daly
Tyne Daly
(1983) Tyne Daly
Tyne Daly
(1984) Tyne Daly
Tyne Daly
(1985) Sharon Gless
Sharon Gless
(1986) Sharon Gless
Sharon Gless
(1987) Tyne Daly
Tyne Daly
(1988) Dana Delany
Dana Delany
(1989) Patricia Wettig
Patricia Wettig
(1990) Patricia Wettig
Patricia Wettig
(1991) Dana Delany
Dana Delany
(1992) Kathy Baker
Kathy Baker
(1993) Sela Ward
Sela Ward
(1994) Kathy Baker
Kathy Baker
(1995) Kathy Baker
Kathy Baker
(1996) Gillian Anderson
Gillian Anderson
(1997) Christine Lahti
Christine Lahti
(1998) Edie Falco
Edie Falco
(1999) Sela Ward
Sela Ward
(2000) Edie Falco
Edie Falco
(2001) Allison Janney
Allison Janney
(2002) Edie Falco
Edie Falco
(2003) Allison Janney
Allison Janney
(2004) Patricia Arquette
Patricia Arquette
(2005) Mariska Hargitay
Mariska Hargitay
(2006) Sally Field
Sally Field
(2007) Glenn Close
Glenn Close
(2008) Glenn Close
Glenn Close
(2009) Kyra Sedgwick
Kyra Sedgwick
(2010) Julianna Margulies
Julianna Margulies
(2011) Claire Danes
Claire Danes
(2012) Claire Danes
Claire Danes
(2013) Julianna Margulies
Julianna Margulies
(2014) Viola Davis
Viola Davis
(2015) Tatiana Maslany
Tatiana Maslany
(2016) Elisabeth Moss
Elisabeth Moss
(2017)

v t e

Grammy Award for Best Spoken Word Album

1959−1980

Stan Freberg
Stan Freberg
– The Best of the Stan Freberg
Stan Freberg
Shows (1959) Carl Sandburg
Carl Sandburg
Lincoln Portrait (1960) Robert Bialek (producer) – FDR Speaks (1961) Leonard Bernstein
Leonard Bernstein
– Humor in Music (1962) Charles Laughton
Charles Laughton
– The Story-Teller: A Session With Charles Laughton (1963) Edward Albee
Edward Albee
(playwright) – Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?
Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?
(1964) That Was the Week That Was
That Was the Week That Was
– BBC Tribute to John F. Kennedy (1965) Goddard Lieberson
Goddard Lieberson
(producer) – John F. Kennedy - As We Remember Him (1966) Edward R. Murrow
Edward R. Murrow
Edward R. Murrow
Edward R. Murrow
- A Reporter Remembers, Vol. I The War Years (1967) Everett Dirksen
Everett Dirksen
– Gallant Men (1968) Rod McKuen
Rod McKuen
– Lonesome Cities (1969) Art Linkletter
Art Linkletter
& Diane Linkletter – We Love You Call Collect (1970) Martin Luther King Jr.
Martin Luther King Jr.
– Why I Oppose the War in Vietnam (1971) Les Crane
Les Crane
– Desiderata (1972) Bruce Botnick (producer) – Lenny performed by the original Broadway cast (1973) Richard Harris
Richard Harris
Jonathan Livingston Seagull (1974) Peter Cook
Peter Cook
and Dudley Moore
Dudley Moore
– Good Evening (1975) James Whitmore
James Whitmore
Give 'em Hell, Harry!
Give 'em Hell, Harry!
(1976) Henry Fonda, Helen Hayes, James Earl Jones
James Earl Jones
and Orson Welles
Orson Welles
- Great American Documents (1977) Julie Harris – The Belle of Amherst
The Belle of Amherst
(1978) Orson Welles
Orson Welles
Citizen Kane
Citizen Kane
Original Motion Picture Soundtrack (1979) John Gielgud
John Gielgud
– Ages of Man - Readings From Shakespeare
Shakespeare
(1980)

1981−2000

Pat Carroll – Gertrude Stein, Gertrude Stein, Gertrude Stein
Gertrude Stein
(1981) Orson Welles
Orson Welles
Donovan's Brain
Donovan's Brain
(1982) Tom Voegeli (producer) – Raiders of the Lost Ark
Raiders of the Lost Ark
- The Movie on Record performed by Various Artists (1983) William Warfield
William Warfield
Lincoln Portrait (1984) Ben Kingsley
Ben Kingsley
– The Words of Gandhi (1985) Mike Berniker (producer) & the original Broadway cast – Ma Rainey's Black Bottom (1986) Johnny Cash, Jerry Lee Lewis, Chips Moman, Ricky Nelson, Roy Orbison, Carl Perkins
Carl Perkins
and Sam Phillips
Sam Phillips
– Interviews From the Class of '55 Recording Sessions (1987) Garrison Keillor
Garrison Keillor
Lake Wobegon Days (1988) Jesse Jackson
Jesse Jackson
– Speech by Rev. Jesse Jackson
Jesse Jackson
(1989) Gilda Radner
Gilda Radner
– It's Always Something (1990) George Burns
George Burns
– Gracie: A Love Story (1991) Ken Burns
Ken Burns
– The Civil War (1992) Earvin "Magic" Johnson and Robert O'Keefe – What You Can Do to Avoid AIDS (1993) Maya Angelou
Maya Angelou
On the Pulse of Morning
On the Pulse of Morning
(1994) Henry Rollins
Henry Rollins
– Get in the Van (1995) Maya Angelou
Maya Angelou
– Phenomenal Woman (1996) Hillary Clinton
Hillary Clinton
It Takes a Village (1997) Charles Kuralt
Charles Kuralt
– Charles Kuralt's Spring (1998) Christopher Reeve
Christopher Reeve
Still Me
Still Me
(1999) LeVar Burton
LeVar Burton
– The Autobiography of Martin Luther King Jr.
Martin Luther King Jr.
(2000)

2001−present

Sidney Poitier, Rick Harris & John Runnette (producers) – The Measure of a Man: A Spiritual Autobiography (2001) Quincy Jones, Jeffrey S. Thomas, Steven Strassman (engineers) and Elisa Shokoff (producer) – Q: The Autobiography of Quincy Jones (2002) Maya Angelou
Maya Angelou
and Charles B. Potter (producer) – A Song Flung Up to Heaven / Robin Williams, Nathaniel Kunkel (engineer/mixer) and Peter Asher (producer) – Live 2002 (2003) Al Franken
Al Franken
and Paul Ruben (producer) – Lies and the Lying Liars Who Tell Them (2004) Bill Clinton
Bill Clinton
– My Life (2005) Barack Obama
Barack Obama
Dreams from My Father
Dreams from My Father
(2006) Jimmy Carter
Jimmy Carter
– Our Endangered Values: America's Moral Crisis / Ossie Davis and Ruby Dee
Ruby Dee
- With Ossie and Ruby (2007) Barack Obama
Barack Obama
and Jacob Bronstein (producer) – The Audacity of Hope (2008) Beau Bridges, Cynthia Nixon
Cynthia Nixon
and Blair Underwood
Blair Underwood
– An Inconvenient Truth by Al Gore
Al Gore
(2009) Michael J. Fox
Michael J. Fox
– Always Looking Up (2010) Jon Stewart
Jon Stewart
– The Daily Show with Jon Stewart
Jon Stewart
Presents Earth (The Audiobook) (2011) Betty White
Betty White
– If You Ask Me (And Of Course You Won't) (2012) Janis Ian
Janis Ian
– Society's Child (2013) Stephen Colbert
Stephen Colbert
– America Again: Re-becoming The Greatness We Never Weren't (2014) Joan Rivers
Joan Rivers
– Diary of a Mad Diva (2015) Jimmy Carter
Jimmy Carter
– A Full Life: Reflections at 90 (2016) Carol Burnett
Carol Burnett
– In Such Good Company: Eleven Years of Laughter, Mayhem, and Fun in the Sandbox (2017) Carrie Fisher
Carrie Fisher
The Princess Diarist
The Princess Diarist
(2018)

v t e

Kennedy Center Honorees (1980s)

1980

Leonard Bernstein James Cagney Agnes de Mille Lynn Fontanne Leontyne Price

1981

Count Basie Cary Grant Helen Hayes Jerome Robbins Rudolf Serkin

1982

George Abbott Lillian Gish Benny Goodman Gene Kelly Eugene Ormandy

1983

Katherine Dunham Elia Kazan Frank Sinatra James Stewart Virgil Thomson

1984

Lena Horne Danny Kaye Gian Carlo Menotti Arthur Miller Isaac Stern

1985

Merce Cunningham Irene Dunne Bob Hope Alan Jay Lerner
Alan Jay Lerner
& Frederick Loewe Beverly Sills

1986

Lucille Ball Hume Cronyn
Hume Cronyn
& Jessica Tandy Yehudi Menuhin Antony Tudor Ray Charles

1987

Perry Como Bette Davis Sammy Davis Jr. Nathan Milstein Alwin Nikolais

1988

Alvin Ailey George Burns Myrna Loy Alexander Schneider Roger L. Stevens

1989

Harry Belafonte Claudette Colbert Alexandra Danilova Mary Martin William Schuman

Complete list 1970s 1980s 1990s 2000s 2010s

v t e

Inductees to the National Women's Hall of Fame

1970–1979

1973

Jane Addams Marian Anderson Susan B. Anthony Clara Barton Mary McLeod Bethune Elizabeth Blackwell Pearl S. Buck Rachel Carson Mary Cassatt Emily Dickinson Amelia Earhart Alice Hamilton Helen Hayes Helen Keller Eleanor Roosevelt Florence Sabin Margaret Chase Smith Elizabeth Cady Stanton Helen Brooke Taussig Harriet Tubman

1976

Abigail Adams Margaret Mead Mildred "Babe" Didrikson Zaharias

1979

Dorothea Dix Juliette Gordon Low Alice Paul Elizabeth Bayley Seton

1980–1989

1981

Margaret Sanger Sojourner Truth

1982

Carrie Chapman Catt Frances Perkins

1983

Belva Lockwood Lucretia Mott

1984

Mary "Mother" Harris Jones Bessie Smith

1986

Barbara McClintock Lucy Stone Harriet Beecher Stowe

1988

Gwendolyn Brooks Willa Cather Sally Ride Ida B. Wells-Barnett

1990–1999

1990

Margaret Bourke-White Barbara Jordan Billie Jean King Florence B. Seibert

1991

Gertrude Belle Elion

1993

Ethel Percy Andrus Antoinette Blackwell Emily Blackwell Shirley Chisholm Jacqueline Cochran Ruth Colvin Marian Wright Edelman Alice Evans Betty Friedan Ella Grasso Martha Wright Griffiths Fannie Lou Hamer Dorothy Height Dolores Huerta Mary Jacobi Mae Jemison Mary Lyon Mary Mahoney Wilma Mankiller Constance Baker Motley Georgia O'Keeffe Annie Oakley Rosa Parks Esther Peterson Jeannette Rankin Ellen Swallow Richards Elaine Roulet Katherine Siva Saubel Gloria Steinem Helen Stephens Lillian Wald Madam C. J. Walker Faye Wattleton Rosalyn S. Yalow Gloria Yerkovich

1994

Bella Abzug Ella Baker Myra Bradwell Annie Jump Cannon Jane Cunningham Croly Catherine East Geraldine Ferraro Charlotte Perkins Gilman Grace Hopper Helen LaKelly Hunt Zora Neale Hurston Anne Hutchinson Frances Wisebart Jacobs Susette La Flesche Louise McManus Maria Mitchell Antonia Novello Linda Richards Wilma Rudolph Betty Bone Schiess Muriel Siebert Nettie Stevens Oprah Winfrey Sarah Winnemucca Fanny Wright

1995

Virginia Apgar Ann Bancroft Amelia Bloomer Mary Breckinridge Eileen Collins Elizabeth Hanford Dole Anne Dallas Dudley Mary Baker Eddy Ella Fitzgerald Margaret Fuller Matilda Joslyn Gage Lillian Moller Gilbreth Nannerl O. Keohane Maggie Kuhn Sandra Day O'Connor Josephine St. Pierre Ruffin Pat Schroeder Hannah Greenebaum Solomon

1996

Louisa May Alcott Charlotte Anne Bunch Frances Xavier Cabrini Mary A. Hallaren Oveta Culp Hobby Wilhelmina Cole Holladay Anne Morrow Lindbergh Maria Goeppert-Mayer Ernestine Louise Potowski Rose Maria Tallchief Edith Wharton

1998

Madeleine Albright Maya Angelou Nellie Bly Lydia Moss Bradley Mary Steichen Calderone Mary Ann Shadd
Mary Ann Shadd
Cary Joan Ganz Cooney Gerty Cori Sarah Grimké Julia Ward Howe Shirley Ann Jackson Shannon Lucid Katharine Dexter McCormick Rozanne L. Ridgway Edith Nourse Rogers Felice Schwartz Eunice Kennedy Shriver Beverly Sills Florence Wald Angelina Grimké
Angelina Grimké
Weld Chien-Shiung Wu

2000–2009

2000

Faye Glenn Abdellah Emma Smith DeVoe Marjory Stoneman Douglas Mary Dyer Sylvia A. Earle Crystal Eastman Jeanne Holm Leontine T. Kelly Frances Oldham Kelsey Kate Mullany Janet Reno Anna Howard Shaw Sophia Smith Ida Tarbell Wilma L. Vaught Mary Edwards Walker Annie Dodge Wauneka Eudora Welty Frances E. Willard

2001

Dorothy H. Andersen Lucille Ball Rosalynn Carter Lydia Maria Child Bessie Coleman Dorothy Day Marian de Forest Althea Gibson Beatrice A. Hicks Barbara Holdridge Harriet Williams Russell Strong Emily Howell Warner Victoria Woodhull

2002

Paulina Kellogg Wright Davis Ruth Bader Ginsburg Katharine Graham Bertha Holt Mary Engle Pennington Mercy Otis Warren

2003

Linda G. Alvarado Donna de Varona Gertrude Ederle Martha Matilda Harper Patricia Roberts Harris Stephanie L. Kwolek Dorothea Lange Mildred Robbins Leet Patsy Takemoto Mink Sacagawea Anne Sullivan Sheila E. Widnall

2005

Florence Ellinwood Allen Ruth Fulton Benedict Betty Bumpers Hillary Clinton Rita Rossi Colwell Mother Marianne Cope Maya Y. Lin Patricia A. Locke Blanche Stuart Scott Mary Burnett Talbert

2007

Eleanor K. Baum Julia Child Martha Coffin Pelham Wright Swanee Hunt Winona LaDuke Elisabeth Kübler-Ross Judith L. Pipher Catherine Filene Shouse Henrietta Szold

2009

Louise Bourgeois Mildred Cohn Karen DeCrow Susan Kelly-Dreiss Allie B. Latimer Emma Lazarus Ruth Patrick Rebecca Talbot Perkins Susan Solomon Kate Stoneman

2010–2019

2011

St. Katharine Drexel Dorothy Harrison Eustis Loretta C. Ford Abby Kelley
Abby Kelley
Foster Helen Murray Free Billie Holiday Coretta Scott King Lilly Ledbetter Barbara A. Mikulski Donna E. Shalala Kathrine Switzer

2013

Betty Ford Ina May Gaskin Julie Krone Kate Millett Nancy Pelosi Mary Joseph Rogers Bernice Sandler Anna Schwartz Emma Willard

2015

Tenley Albright Nancy Brinker Martha Graham Marcia Greenberger Barbara Iglewski Jean Kilbourne Carlotta Walls LaNier Philippa Marrack Mary Harriman Rumsey Eleanor Smeal

2017

Matilda Cuomo Temple Grandin Lorraine Hansberry Victoria Jackson Sherry Lansing Clare Boothe Luce Aimee Mullins Carol Mutter Janet Rowley Alice Waters

v t e

Tony Award
Tony Award
for Best Performance by a Leading Actress in a Play

Ingrid Bergman
Ingrid Bergman
/ Helen Hayes
Helen Hayes
(1947) Judith Anderson
Judith Anderson
/ Katharine Cornell
Katharine Cornell
/ Jessica Tandy
Jessica Tandy
(1948) Martita Hunt (1949) Shirley Booth
Shirley Booth
(1950) Uta Hagen
Uta Hagen
(1951) Julie Harris (1952) Shirley Booth
Shirley Booth
(1953) Audrey Hepburn
Audrey Hepburn
(1954) Nancy Kelly
Nancy Kelly
(1955) Julie Harris (1956) Margaret Leighton
Margaret Leighton
(1957) Helen Hayes
Helen Hayes
(1958) Gertrude Berg
Gertrude Berg
(1959) Anne Bancroft
Anne Bancroft
(1960) Joan Plowright
Joan Plowright
(1961) Margaret Leighton
Margaret Leighton
(1962) Uta Hagen
Uta Hagen
(1963) Sandy Dennis (1964) Irene Worth
Irene Worth
(1965) Rosemary Harris
Rosemary Harris
(1966) Beryl Reid
Beryl Reid
(1967) Zoe Caldwell (1968) Julie Harris (1969) Tammy Grimes
Tammy Grimes
(1970) Maureen Stapleton
Maureen Stapleton
(1971) Sada Thompson
Sada Thompson
(1972) Julie Harris (1973) Colleen Dewhurst
Colleen Dewhurst
(1974) Ellen Burstyn
Ellen Burstyn
(1975) Irene Worth
Irene Worth
(1976) Julie Harris (1977) Jessica Tandy
Jessica Tandy
(1978) Constance Cummings
Constance Cummings
/ Carole Shelley
Carole Shelley
(1979) Phyllis Frelich (1980) Jane Lapotaire (1981) Zoe Caldwell (1982) Jessica Tandy
Jessica Tandy
(1983) Glenn Close
Glenn Close
(1984) Stockard Channing
Stockard Channing
(1985) Lily Tomlin
Lily Tomlin
(1986) Linda Lavin
Linda Lavin
(1987) Joan Allen
Joan Allen
(1988) Pauline Collins
Pauline Collins
(1989) Maggie Smith
Maggie Smith
(1990) Mercedes Ruehl
Mercedes Ruehl
(1991) Glenn Close
Glenn Close
(1992) Madeline Kahn
Madeline Kahn
(1993) Diana Rigg
Diana Rigg
(1994) Cherry Jones
Cherry Jones
(1995) Zoe Caldwell (1996) Janet McTeer
Janet McTeer
(1997) Marie Mullen (1998) Judi Dench
Judi Dench
(1999) Jennifer Ehle
Jennifer Ehle
(2000) Mary-Louise Parker
Mary-Louise Parker
(2001) Lindsay Duncan
Lindsay Duncan
(2002) Vanessa
Vanessa
Redgrave (2003) Phylicia Rashad
Phylicia Rashad
(2004) Cherry Jones
Cherry Jones
(2005) Cynthia Nixon
Cynthia Nixon
(2006) Julie White
Julie White
(2007) Deanna Dunagan (2008) Marcia Gay Harden
Marcia Gay Harden
(2009) Viola Davis
Viola Davis
(2010) Frances McDormand
Frances McDormand
(2011) Nina Arianda (2012) Cicely Tyson
Cicely Tyson
(2013) Audra McDonald
Audra McDonald
(2014) Helen Mirren
Helen Mirren
(2015) Jessica Lange
Jessica Lange
(2016) Laurie Metcalf
Laurie Metcalf
(2017)

v t e

People who have won Academy, Emmy, Grammy, and Tony Awards

listed by duration and year of completion

Competitive EGOTs

Richard Rodgers
Richard Rodgers
(1945–1962) Helen Hayes
Helen Hayes
(1932–1976) Rita Moreno
Rita Moreno
(1961–1977) John Gielgud
John Gielgud
(1961–1991) Audrey Hepburn
Audrey Hepburn
(1953–1994) Marvin Hamlisch
Marvin Hamlisch
(1973–1995) Jonathan Tunick (1977–1997) Mel Brooks
Mel Brooks
(1967–2001) Mike Nichols
Mike Nichols
(1964–2001) Whoopi Goldberg
Whoopi Goldberg
(1985–2002) Scott Rudin (1984–2012) Robert Lopez
Robert Lopez
(2004–2014)

Honorary recipients

Barbra Streisand
Barbra Streisand
(1963–1970) Liza Minnelli
Liza Minnelli
(1965–1990) James Earl Jones
James Earl Jones
(1969–2011) Alan Menken
Alan Menken
(1989–2012) Harry Belafonte
Harry Belafonte
(1953–2014) Quincy Jones
Quincy Jones
(1964–2016)

Book:EGOT winners

v t e

Triple Crown of Acting winners

Jack Albertson Anne Bancroft Ingrid Bergman Shirley Booth Ellen Burstyn Viola Davis Melvyn Douglas Helen Hayes Jeremy Irons Jessica Lange Frances McDormand Helen Mirren Thomas Mitchell Rita Moreno Al Pacino Christopher Plummer Vanessa
Vanessa
Redgrave Jason Robards Geoffrey Rush Paul Scofield Maggie Smith Maureen Stapleton Jessica Tandy

v t e

Charles MacArthur

Plays written

Lulu Belle The Front Page Twentieth Century Ladies and Gentlemen

Family

Helen Hayes
Helen Hayes
(second wife) James MacArthur
James MacArthur
(son) John D. MacArthur (brother)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 79116126 LCCN: n50025141 ISNI: 0000 0001 2141 0736 GND: 119019884 SUDOC: 034461833 BNF: cb12521568z (data) MusicBrainz: d94ed13d-4f6e-44a6-8f03-cf7776bd58e7 NDL: 00513806 NKC: xx0153670 BNE: XX1296

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