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The Heisman Memorial Trophy (usually known colloquially as the Heisman Trophy or The Heisman), is awarded annually to the most outstanding player in college football in the United States
United States
whose performance best exhibits the pursuit of excellence with integrity. Winners epitomize great ability combined with diligence, perseverance, and hard work. It is presented by the Heisman Trophy Trust in early December before the postseason bowl games. The award was created by the Downtown Athletic Club
Downtown Athletic Club
in 1935 to recognize "the most valuable college football player east of the Mississippi."[1][2] After the death in October 1936 of the Club's athletic director, John Heisman, the award was named in his honor and broadened to include players west of the Mississippi.[3][4] Heisman had been active in college athletics as a football player; a head football, basketball, and baseball coach; and an athletic director. It is the oldest of several overall awards in college football, including the Maxwell Award, Walter Camp Award, and the AP Player of the Year. The Heisman and the AP Player of the Year honor the most outstanding player, while the Maxwell and the Walter Camp award recognizes the best player, and the Archie Griffin Award
Archie Griffin Award
recognizes the most valuable player. The most recent winner of the Heisman Trophy is University of Oklahoma quarterback Baker Mayfield.

Contents

1 Trophy design 2 Selection 3 Notable achievements 4 University success 5 Class and age 6 Position 7 Venue 8 History 9 Television coverage 10 Controversy and politics

10.1 Regional bias controversy 10.2 Nullification of 2005 award 10.3 Elections involving notable controversy

11 Winners 12 See also 13 References 14 External links

Trophy design[edit] The trophy itself, designed by sculptor Frank Eliscu, is modeled after Ed Smith, a leading player in 1934 for the now-defunct New York University football team.[5] The trophy is made out of cast bronze, is 13.5 inches (34.3 cm) tall, 14 inches long, 16 inches in width and 25 pounds (11.3 kg).[5] Eliscu had asked Smith, his former George Washington High School classmate, to pose for a commissioned sculpture of a football player. Smith did not realize until 1982 that the sculpture had become the Heisman Trophy. The Downtown Athletic Club
Downtown Athletic Club
presented Smith with a Heisman Trophy of his own in 1985. From its inception in 1935, the statue was cast by Dieges & Clust in New York (and later Providence, Rhode Island) until 1980, when Dieges and Clust was sold to Herff Jones.[citation needed] For a time until at least 2008, the statues were cast by Roman Bronze
Bronze
Works in New York.[6] Selection[edit] Originally only players east of the Mississippi were eligible, but since 1936 all football players in all divisions of college football are eligible for the award, though winners usually represent Division I Football Bowl Subdivision schools.[7] There are three categories of persons eligible to vote for the award winner:

Sports journalists: Heisman.com states that sports journalists are to be the determinants of the award since they are "informed, competent, and impartial."[8] There are 870 media voters: 145 voters from each of six regions. Previous Heisman winners (and in cases where an underclassman wins the award and remains in school to play, a prior winner may also be a current candidate). According to Heisman.com there are currently 57 prior winners eligible to vote[8] and, thus, 57 potential votes (a prior winner is not required to vote and does not lose his voting privileges by not voting). Fans: As the Premier Partner of the Heisman Trophy, Nissan has a vote and gives this to the fans. Fan voting done through a survey collected by ESPN
ESPN
on NissanHeismanHouse.com. This constitutes one Heisman vote.

Each voter identifies three selections, ranking them in order. Each first-place selection is awarded three points. Each second-place selection is awarded two points. Each third-place selection is awarded one point. Voters must make three selections and cannot duplicate a selection, else the ballot is invalid and none of the selections count.[8] This is a positional voting system. The accounting firm Deloitte
Deloitte
is responsible for the tabulation of votes, which has moved almost exclusively to online voting since 2007.[8] Notable achievements[edit]

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Larry Kelley
Larry Kelley
and Clint Frank
Clint Frank
of Yale were the first teammates to win the Heisman Trophy, in 1936 and 1937. Nile Kinnick
Nile Kinnick
of Iowa was the only Heisman Trophy winner (1939) to have a stadium named after him. In 1972, the University of Iowa
University of Iowa
renamed its football complex Kinnick Stadium. Kinnick is also the only winner to die in military service of the United States; he went down piloting an F4F Wildcat from the deck of USS Lexington (CV-16). His death in 1943 made him the first Heisman Trophy winner to die. Doc Blanchard
Doc Blanchard
was the first junior to win the Heisman Trophy when he led Army to the national title in 1945. Paul Hornung
Paul Hornung
was the only player to win the Heisman Trophy as a player for a losing team. He took the award at Notre Dame 1956, when the Irish finished a dismal 2–8 on the year. Ernie Davis
Ernie Davis
was the first African American player to win the Heisman Trophy. He attended Syracuse University was drafted first overall in 1962, yet never played a game in the NFL as he was diagnosed with leukemia and died in 1963. Terry Baker was the only player to win the Heisman Trophy and play in the Final Four in the NCAA Basketball Tournament in the same school year (1962–63). Archie Griffin
Archie Griffin
of Ohio State is the only player to receive the award twice, winning it as a junior in 1974 and a senior in 1975.[9] Steve Spurrier, the 1966 recipient as a Florida Gator, became the first Heisman Trophy winner to coach a winner in 1996 (Danny Wuerffel, also of the University of Florida).[10] Charles Woodson
Charles Woodson
of the University of Michigan is the only primarily defensive player to win the award, beating out favorite Peyton Manning, quarterback for the University of Tennessee, in 1997. He was a standout cornerback, but also occasionally played as a wide receiver and punt returner. In 2007, Tim Tebow
Tim Tebow
became the first sophomore to win the Heisman. He also became the first major college quarterback to rush for 20 touchdowns and pass for 20 touchdowns in a season. In 2012, Johnny Manziel
Johnny Manziel
became the first redshirt freshman to win the award.[11] In 2016, Lamar Jackson became the youngest player to win the Heisman, at 19 years, 338 days old. In 2017, Baker Mayfield
Baker Mayfield
became the first walk-on player to win the Heisman.

Ohio State and Notre Dame have the most number of Heisman trophies won, each with seven; Ohio State and Oklahoma have had six different players win the award. The player who received the most votes (by percentage) was Reggie Bush of USC in 2005, though his award has since been vacated.[12] The player who won by the widest margin was Troy Smith
Troy Smith
of Ohio State in 2006.[12] The closest margin of votes was in 2009 between winner Mark Ingram of Alabama and Toby Gerhart
Toby Gerhart
of Stanford.[12] Eleven of the Heisman Trophy winners are in the Pro Football Hall of Fame,[13][14] and four winners have also been named Most Valuable Player in a Super Bowl. Some winners have gone on to play in other professional sports, including Bo Jackson
Bo Jackson
in baseball and Charlie Ward in basketball. Pete Dawkins
Pete Dawkins
and Dick Kazmaier
Dick Kazmaier
are the only winners not to pursue a professional sports career: Dawkins had a career with the United States
United States
Army where he achieved the rank of Brigadier General; Kazmaier attended Harvard Business School, founded a consulting company specializing in sports marketing, and chaired the President's Council on Fitness, Sports, and Nutrition during 1988–89. University success[edit] In addition to personal statistics, team achievements play a heavy role in the voting – a typical Heisman winner represents a team that had an outstanding season and was most likely in contention for the national championship or a major conference championship at some point in that season. Although the University of Chicago abandoned Division I football in 1939, and is now a Division III school, and Yale and Princeton are now Division I FCS, all three schools were considered major football programs at the time their players won the award. The closest that a player outside the modern Division I FBS came to winning the Heisman is third place; in both cases, the players involved played for schools in what was at the time Division I-AA, now Division I FCS. The first was Gordie Lockbaum from Holy Cross in 1987, followed by Steve McNair, from Alcorn State in 1993. Armanti Edwards, from Appalachian State University, was also briefly mentioned as a candidate for the award following Appalachian's upset of No. 5-ranked Michigan in 2007. Besides Griffin winning consecutive Heismans at Ohio State, three other programs had two different players win the Heisman Trophy in consecutive years: Yale (1936–37), Army (1945–46), and Southern California (USC) (2004–05, though Reggie Bush
Reggie Bush
voluntarily forfeited his 2005 award in September 2010 and sent the trophy back to the Heisman Trust[15]). With an earlier win in 2002, the USC program actually had three different winners within four years. Only three high schools have produced multiple Heisman trophy winners. The first was Woodrow Wilson High School in Dallas, Texas (Davey O'Brien in 1938 and Tim Brown in 1987) (Woodrow remains the only public high school to be so recognized). Thereafter, two private high schools also achieved this distinction: Fork Union Military Academy
Fork Union Military Academy
in Fork Union, Virginia
Fork Union, Virginia
( Vinny Testaverde
Vinny Testaverde
as a Postgraduate in 1982, and Eddie George
Eddie George
in 1996) and Mater Dei High School in Santa Ana, California ( John Huarte in 1964 and Matt Leinart
Matt Leinart
in 2004). Of the colleges where trophy namesake John Heisman
John Heisman
coached, only Auburn University has produced Heisman winners, with Pat Sullivan in 1971, Bo Jackson
Bo Jackson
in 1985, and Cam Newton
Cam Newton
in 2010. Class and age[edit] Until recently, most winners of the Heisman have been seniors.[16] Texas A&M quarterback Johnny Manziel
Johnny Manziel
became the first freshman to win the Heisman in 2012. The following year, at 19 years, 342 days old, Florida State quarterback Jameis Winston
Jameis Winston
became the youngest Heisman Trophy winner at that time as a freshman. Both, however, were in their second year of college, having been redshirted during their first year of attendance, meaning that no true freshman has yet won the award. No sophomore won the Heisman in its first 72 years, at which point there were three consecutive sophomore winners — Tim Tebow
Tim Tebow
in 2007, followed by Sam Bradford
Sam Bradford
and Mark Ingram Jr. — with Lamar Jackson, who also surpassed Winston's record as the youngest Heisman winner, becoming the fourth in 2016. Of the four sophomores to have won the award, only Bradford had been redshirted; the others all won during their second year of college attendance. Only a few juniors have won the award, starting with the eleventh winner in 1945, Doc Blanchard. Five players have finished in the top three of the Heisman voting as freshmen or sophomores before later winning the award: Angelo Bertelli, Glenn Davis, Doc Blanchard, Doak Walker, and Herschel Walker. Eight players have finished in the top three as freshmen or sophomores but never won a Heisman: Clint Castleberry, Marshall Faulk, Michael Vick, Rex Grossman, Larry Fitzgerald, Adrian Peterson, Deshaun Watson, and Christian McCaffrey. Four players have specifically finished second in consecutive years: Glenn Davis (second in 1944 and 1945, winner in 1946), Charlie Justice (second 1948 and 1949), Darren McFadden (second 2006 and 2007), and Andrew Luck
Andrew Luck
(second 2010 and 2011). The oldest and youngest Heisman winners ever both played for Atlantic Coast Conference schools. The oldest, Chris Weinke, was 28 years old when he won in 2000; he spent six years in minor league baseball before enrolling at Florida State. The youngest winner is 2016 recipient Lamar Jackson of Louisville at the age of 19 years, 338 days, four days younger than Jameis Winston
Jameis Winston
was when he won in 2013. Position[edit] The Heisman is usually awarded to a running back or a quarterback; very few players have won the trophy playing at a different position. Two tight ends have won the trophy, Larry Kelley
Larry Kelley
and Leon Hart. Also, Desmond Howard
Desmond Howard
and Tim Brown won as wide receivers. Charles Woodson
Charles Woodson
is the only primarily defensive player to win the award, doing so as a defensive back, kick returner, and occasional wide receiver for Michigan in 1997. Legendary linebacker Dick Butkus
Dick Butkus
only placed sixth in 1963 and third in 1964 and could qualify as an interior lineman, as he played center on offense during these two-way player days. The highest finish ever for any individual who played exclusively on defense is second, by defensive end Hugh Green of Pittsburgh in 1980 and linebacker Manti Te'o
Manti Te'o
of Notre Dame in 2012. Although the Heisman is named in honor of an interior lineman, no interior lineman on either side of the ball has ever won the award. Offensive guard Tom Brown of Minnesota and the offensive tackle John Hicks of Ohio State placed second in 1960 and 1973, respectively. Rich Glover, a defensive lineman from Nebraska, finished 3rd in the 1972 vote—which was won by his Cornhusker teammate Johnny Rodgers. Washington's DT Steve Emtman finished 4th in voting in 1991. Ndamukong Suh
Ndamukong Suh
of Nebraska finished fourth in 2009 as a defensive tackle. Also, Kurt Burris, a center for the Oklahoma Sooners football
Oklahoma Sooners football
team, was a runner-up for the award in 1954 and Orlando Pace
Orlando Pace
finished fourth in 1996 as an offensive tackle for Ohio State.[citation needed] Venue[edit] Because of damage to the Downtown Athletic Club's facilities following 9/11, the 2001 award ceremony was moved to the New York Marriott Marquis in Times Square. After the DAC declared bankruptcy in 2002, the Yale Club hosted the presentation at its facility in 2002 and 2003. The ceremony moved to the Hilton New York
Hilton New York
for 2004 and has been presented annually at the PlayStation Theater, formerly known as the Best Buy Theater and the Nokia Theatre Times Square, since 2005.[citation needed] In 2017, the 83rd edition of the Heisman Trophy presentation will return to the Marquis Theatre.[17] The 2008 Heisman press conference was held at the Sports Museum of America in New York. There was an entire gallery with the museum-attraction dedicated to the Trophy, including the making of the Trophy, the history of the DAC, and information on John Heisman
John Heisman
and all the Trophy's winners. There was also a dedicated area celebrating the most recent winner, and the opportunity for visitors to cast their vote for next winner (with the top vote-winner receiving 1 official vote on their behalf). The Sports Museum of America
Sports Museum of America
closed permanently in February 2009.[citation needed] History[edit] The award was first presented in 1935 by the Downtown Athletic Club (DAC) in New York City, a privately owned recreation facility located on the lower west side near the later site of the former World Trade Center. It was first known simply as the DAC Trophy. The first winner, Jay Berwanger, was drafted by the Philadelphia Eagles
Philadelphia Eagles
but declined to sign for them. He never played professional football for any team. In 1936, John Heisman
John Heisman
died and the trophy was renamed in his honor.[18] Larry Kelley, the second winner of the award, was the first man to win it as the "Heisman Trophy".[19] The first African American player to win the Heisman was Syracuse's Ernie Davis, who never played a snap in the NFL. He was diagnosed with leukemia shortly after winning the award and died in 1963. In 1966, former Florida Gators quarterback Steve Spurrier
Steve Spurrier
gave his Heisman trophy to the university president, Dr. J. Wayne Reitz, so that the award could be shared by Florida students and faculty.[5] The gesture caused Florida's student government to raise funds to purchase a replacement trophy for Spurrier.[5] Since then, the Downtown Athletic Club has issued two trophies to winners, one to the individual and a replica to his college.[5] Several Heisman trophies have been sold over the years. O. J. Simpson's 1968 trophy was sold in February 1999 for $230,000 as part of the settlement of the civil trial in the O. J. Simpson
O. J. Simpson
murder case.[5] Yale end Larry Kelley
Larry Kelley
sold his 1936 Heisman in December 1999 for $328,110 to settle his estate and to provide a bequest for his family.[5] Charles White's 1979 trophy first sold for $184,000 and then for nearly $300,000 in December 2006 to help pay back federal income taxes.[5] The current record price for a Heisman belongs to the trophy won by Minnesota halfback Bruce Smith in 1941 at $395,240.[5] Paul Hornung
Paul Hornung
sold his Heisman for $250,000 to endow student scholarships for University of Notre Dame
University of Notre Dame
students from his hometown of Louisville, Kentucky.[5] Eliscu's original plaster cast sold at Sotheby's
Sotheby's
for $228,000 in December 2005.[5] Television coverage[edit] The presentation of the Heisman trophy was not broadcast on television until 1977.[20] Before 1977, the presentation of the award was not televised as a stand-alone special, but rather as a quick in-game feature. The ceremony usually aired on ABC as a feature at halftime of the last major national telecast (generally a rivalry game) of the college football season. ABC essentially showed highlights since the award was handed out as part of an annual weeknight dinner at the Heisman Club. At the time, the event had usually been scheduled for the week following the Army–Navy Game.[citation needed] The most watched Heisman ceremony ever was in 2009 when Mark Ingram won over Toby Gerhart
Toby Gerhart
and Colt McCoy.[21] On December 8, 1977, CBS
CBS
(who paid $200,000 for the rights) aired a one-hour (at 10:00 p.m. Eastern Time) special to celebrate the presentation of the Heisman trophy to Earl Campbell
Earl Campbell
of the University of Texas. Elliott Gould
Elliott Gould
and O. J. Simpson
O. J. Simpson
were the co-hosts, with Connie Stevens
Connie Stevens
and Leslie Uggams
Leslie Uggams
providing musical entertainment and Robert Klein
Robert Klein
providing some comic relief.[citation needed] Since then, a number of companies have provided television coverage of the event:[citation needed]

CBS
CBS
(1977–1980) ABC (1981–1984) – owned-and-operated stations only Syndication (1981–1985) NBC
NBC
(1985) – owned-and-operated stations only CBS
CBS
(1986–1990) NBC
NBC
(1991–1993) ESPN
ESPN
(1994–present)

Controversy and politics[edit] Regional bias controversy[edit] A number of critics have expressed concern about the unwritten rules regarding player position and age, as noted above.[citation needed] Over the years, there has been substantial criticism of a regional bias, suggesting that the Heisman balloting process has ignored West Coast players.[22] At present, the Pac-12 Conference
Pac-12 Conference
(formerly Pac-10 and Pac-8) represents 12 of the 65 teams (roughly 18.5%) in the Power Five conferences. The Heisman can be, and has been, presented to players from other conferences, but a random sample over a long period of time might suggest that Pac-10/12 players might win somewhere close to 18% of the Heisman awards.[23] In the 20 seasons between 1981 (Marcus Allen) and 2002 (Carson Palmer), not a single Pacific-10 Conference or other West Coast player won the Heisman Trophy. Three Southern California (USC) players have won the trophy in the early years of the 21st century and two won it subsequent to Palmer. Although Terry Baker, quarterback from Oregon State, won the trophy in 1962, and Gary Beban from UCLA won in 1967, no non-USC player from the West Coast had won between Stanford's Jim Plunkett in 1970 and Oregon's Marcus Mariota
Marcus Mariota
in 2014. Other than Mariota's win, the closest since Plunkett's wins have been Toby Gerhart, Andrew Luck, Christian McCaffrey, and Bryce Love. All four were Stanford players who finished second in the Heisman balloting each year from 2009 to 2011, 2015, and 2017. The West Coast bias discussion usually centers on the idea that East Coast voters see few West Coast games, because of television coverage contracts, time zone differences, or cultural interest. At Heisman-projection website StiffArmTrophy.com, commentator Kari Chisholm claims that the Heisman balloting process itself is inherently biased:

"For Heisman voting purposes, the nation is divided into six regions—each of which get 145 votes. Put another way, each region gets exactly 16.67 percent of the votes. However, each region does not constitute an even one-sixth of the population. Three regions (Far West, Midwest, and Mid-Atlantic) have larger populations than 16.67% of the national population; and three have less (Northeast, South, and Southwest). In fact, the Far West has the greatest population at 21.2% of the country and the Northeast has the least at 11.9%."[24]

Nullification of 2005 award[edit] See also: Reggie Bush
Reggie Bush
§ NCAA investigation and lawsuits In 2010 University of Southern California athletic director Pat Haden announced the university would return its replica of the 2005 Heisman Trophy due to NCAA sanctions requiring the university to dissociate itself from Reggie Bush. The NCAA found that Bush had received gifts from an agent while at USC. On September 14, 2010, Bush voluntarily forfeited his title as a Heisman winner. The next day, the Heisman Trust announced the 2005 award would remain vacated and removed all mention of the 2005 award from its official website.[25] Bush eventually returned the trophy itself to the Heisman Trust in 2012.[26] Critical responses from the national media were strident and varied. CBSSports.com producer J. Darin Darst opined that Bush "should never have been pressured to return the award." Kalani Simpson of Fox Sports wrote, "Nice try Heisman Trust...It's a slick move to try to wipe the slate clean." Former Football Writers Association of America president Dennis Dodd, on the other hand, decided to fictitiously award Bush's vacated 2005 award to Vince Young, the original runner-up that year. He wrote, "Since the Heisman folks won't re-vote, we did. Vince Young is the new winner of the 2005 Heisman." A Los Angeles Times
Los Angeles Times
piece argued that Bush's Heisman was "tainted" but lamented that the decision came five years after Bush was awarded the trophy and, therefore, four years after the expiration of Bush's term as current holder of the Heisman title.[27][28][29][30] Elections involving notable controversy[edit]

2013

Florida State quarterback Jameis Winston
Jameis Winston
won the 2013 Heisman Trophy amidst a sexual assault investigation.[citation needed]

2010

Auburn Quarterback
Quarterback
Cam Newton
Cam Newton
won the 2010 Heisman Trophy amidst an NCAA eligibility inquiry.[31]

1967

Despite his team's beating the Bruins during the hours before the ceremony, USC's O.J. Simpson lost the 1967 trophy to UCLA quarterback Gary Beban; Simpson did win the trophy the next year.[32]

Winners[edit] Main article: List of Heisman Trophy winners See also[edit]

Heisman curse

References[edit]

^ "Gridiron Scene for Trophy". New York Times. November 14, 1935. Retrieved 2013-12-15.  ^ "New York Pays High Honors to Berwanger". Chicago Daily Tribune. December 11, 1935. p. 27.  ^ " Heisman Trophy Awarded Kelley". New York Times. December 2, 1936. Retrieved 2013-12-16.  ^ " Heisman Trophy to Be Presented to Kelly Today". Chicago Daily Tribune. December 16, 1936. p. 30.  ^ a b c d e f g h i j k John D. Lukacs (2007-12-07). "From the legendary to the little-known, Heisman history is never dull". ESPN. Retrieved 2008-02-19.  ^ Johnston, Joey (December 14, 2008). "Winning One Heisman Is Tough Enough, And Tebow Has His". Tampa Tribune.  access-date= requires url= (help) ^ "Berwanger Gains Trophy". New York Times. December 5, 1935. Retrieved 2013-12-15.  ^ a b c d " Heisman Trophy Balloting". heisman.com. Archived from the original on August 16, 2012.  ^ "1974 & 1975 – 40th & 41st Awards". Heisman.com. Archived from the original on 2012-01-04. Retrieved 2012-01-04.  ^ "Florida Gators Football Head Coach Steve Spurrier". gatorzone.com. Retrieved 2013-11-25.  ^ "'Johnny Heisman': Manziel first freshman to win trophy". KHOU. 2012-12-08. Archived from the original on 2013-06-26. Retrieved 2012-12-08.  ^ a b c Chisholm, Kari. "A plea to sportswriters for statistical accuracy". Stiff Arm Trophy. Retrieved 11 December 2011.  ^ " Heisman Trophy winners in the HOF". profootballhof.com. Retrieved 2008-02-19.  ^ "Heroes of the Game". Retrieved 2016-01-17.  ^ Smith, Erick (September 14, 2010). " Reggie Bush
Reggie Bush
announces he is giving back his Heisman Trophy". USA Today. Retrieved September 14, 2010.  ^ Heisman Winners Archived 2014-08-01 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Weiss, Brad (August 1, 2017). "When is the (2017) Heisman Trophy Presentation?".  ^ " Heisman Trophy - John W. Heisman". Heisman.com. Retrieved September 27, 2017.  ^ "The Heisman Trophy". Heisman.com. Archived from the original on January 3, 2012. Retrieved January 4, 2012.  ^ " Heisman Trophy Presentation broadcast history?".  ^ Sen, Paul (December 13, 2012). " Heisman Trophy Presentation Second-Most Watched on Record — Sports Media Watch". SportsMediaWatch.com. Retrieved September 27, 2017.  ^ "Seattle Times, Bob Condotta". Retrieved 2 October 2010.  ^ "San Jose Mercury News, John Wilner". Retrieved 2 October 2010.  ^ "West Coast Bias". StiffArmTrophy. Retrieved 2007-11-20.  ^ "Reggie Bush's Heisman to stay vacated". ESPN.com. September 16, 2010. Archived from the original on August 16, 2012.  ^ " Reggie Bush
Reggie Bush
returned Heisman", ESPN.com, August 16, 2012. ^ "Vince Young: Heisman Trophy Should Not Be Mine". 16 September 2010. Retrieved September 28, 2010 – via Huff Post.  ^ "CBSSports.com, Retrieved September 28, 2010".  ^ "Bush's return of Heisman is wrong move - FOX Sports". 14 September 2010.  ^ "Reggie Bush's tainted Heisman". 16 September 2010 – via LA Times.  ^ "Auburn's Cam Newton
Cam Newton
timeline: From recruitment to NCAA ruling". AL.com. Retrieved 2015-12-12.  ^ "10 Biggest Heisman Snubs Ever". Bleacher Report. Retrieved 2015-12-12. 

External links[edit] Media related to Heisman Trophy at Wikimedia Commons

Official website

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Heisman Trophy winners

1935: Berwanger 1936: Kelley 1937: Frank 1938: O'Brien 1939: Kinnick 1940: Harmon 1941: B. Smith 1942: Sinkwich 1943: Bertelli 1944: Horvath 1945: Blanchard 1946: G. Davis 1947: Lujack 1948: D. Walker 1949: Hart 1950: Janowicz 1951: Kazmaier 1952: Vessels 1953: Lattner 1954: Ameche 1955: Cassady 1956: Hornung 1957: Crow 1958: Dawkins 1959: Cannon 1960: Bellino 1961: E. Davis 1962: Baker 1963: Staubach 1964: Huarte 1965: Garrett 1966: Spurrier 1967: Beban 1968: Simpson 1969: Owens 1970: Plunkett 1971: Sullivan 1972: Rodgers 1973: Cappelletti 1974: Griffin 1975: Griffin 1976: Dorsett 1977: Campbell 1978: Sims 1979: C. White 1980: Rogers 1981: Allen 1982: H. Walker 1983: Rozier 1984: Flutie 1985: B. Jackson 1986: Testaverde 1987: Brown 1988: Sanders 1989: Ware 1990: Detmer 1991: Howard 1992: Torretta 1993: Ward 1994: Salaam 1995: George 1996: Wuerffel 1997: Woodson 1998: Williams 1999: Dayne 2000: Weinke 2001: Crouch 2002: Palmer 2003: J. White 2004: Leinart 2005: vacated * 2006: T. Smith 2007: Tebow 2008: Bradford 2009: Ingram Jr. 2010: Newton 2011: Griffin III 2012: Manziel 2013: Winston 2014: Mariota 2015: Henry 2016: L. Jackson 2017: Mayfield

*Note: The 2005 Heisman Trophy was originally awarded to Reggie Bush, but Bush forfeited the award in 2010. The Heisman Trust subsequently decided to leave the 2005 award vacated.

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College football
College football
awards

Overall trophies

Heisman Memorial Trophy (winners) (Most outstanding) Maxwell Award (Player of the year) Walter Camp Award (Player of the year) Archie Griffin Award
Archie Griffin Award
(Most valuable) Chic Harley Award
Chic Harley Award
(Best player)

Overall media awards

AP Player of the Year (1998) Sporting News Player of the Year (1942) Defunct: UPI Player of the Year

Positional awards

Bronko Nagurski Trophy (Defensive player) Chuck Bednarik Award (Defensive player) Rimington Trophy
Rimington Trophy
(Center) Davey O'Brien
Davey O'Brien
Award (Quarterback) Butkus Award (Linebacker) Doak Walker
Doak Walker
Award (Running back) Fred Biletnikoff Award (receiver) Jim Thorpe Award (Defensive back) John Mackey Award (Tight end) Lombardi Award
Lombardi Award
(Lineman/linebacker) Lott Trophy (Defensive player) Lou Groza Award
Lou Groza Award
(Placekicker) Manning Award (Quarterback) Outland Trophy
Outland Trophy
(Interior lineman) Ray Guy Award (Punter) Ted Hendricks Award (Defensive end) Jet Award (Return specialist) Jacobs Blocking Trophy Joe Moore Award (Offensive line)

Other national player awards

Johnny Unitas Golden Arm Award (Senior quarterback) Paul Hornung
Paul Hornung
Award (Most versatile)

All-Americans

College Football All-America Team
College Football All-America Team
(Unanimous All-Americans)

Head coaching awards

AFCA Coach of the Year Award (1935) Eddie Robinson Coach of the Year Award (1957) Sporting News Coach of the Year (1963) Walter Camp Coach of the Year Award (1967) Bobby Dodd Coach of the Year (1976) Woody Hayes Trophy (1977) Paul "Bear" Bryant Award (1986) George Munger Award (1989) Home Depot Coach of the Year (1994) AP Coach of the Year (1998) Liberty Mutual Coach of the Year Award (2006) Bobby Bowden Coach of the Year Award (2009)

Defunct: Joseph V. Paterno Award (2010)

Assistant coaching awards

Broyles Award (Assistant Coach of the Year) AFCA Assistant Coach of the Year

Conference awards

ACC awards American awards Big 12 awards Big Ten awards (MVP) MAC awards Pac-12 awards SEC awards Defunct: Big East awards SWC awards

Division I FCS awards

Walter Payton Award
Walter Payton Award
(Div. I FCS offensive player) Buck Buchanan Award
Buck Buchanan Award
(Div. I FCS defensive player) Jerry Rice Award (Div. I FCS freshman) Eddie Robinson Award (Div. I FCS coach)

Defunct: Mickey Charles Award (Div. I FCS student-athlete) STATS FCS Offensive Player of the Year (Div. I FCS offensive player) STATS FCS Defensive Player of the Year (Div. I FCS defensive player) STATS FCS Freshman Player of the Year (Div. I FCS freshman) STATS FCS Coach of the Year (Div. I FCS coach)

Other divisions/associations

Harlon Hill Trophy (Div. II) Gagliardi Trophy
Gagliardi Trophy
(Div. III) Rawlings Award (NAIA) Defunct: Melberger Award (Div. III)

Academic, inspirational, and versatility awards

Academic All-America of the Year (Student-athlete) Disney's Wide World of Sports Spirit Award William V. Campbell Trophy (Student-athlete) Wuerffel Trophy (Humanitarian-athlete) Lowe's Senior CLASS Award (Student-athlete) Burlsworth Trophy (Walk-on) Rudy Award (inspirational/motivational)

Service awards

Amos Alonzo Stagg Award Walter Camp Alumni of the Year Walter Camp Man of the Year National Football Foundation Distinguished American Award National Football Foundation Gold Medal Winners Theodore Roosevelt Award

Regional awards

Champ Pickens Trophy (1923–1926; Southern Conference champion) Conerly Trophy
Conerly Trophy
(Mississippi) Dudley Award (Virginia) Norris Cup Porter Cup Earl Campbell
Earl Campbell
Tyler Rose Award (Texas-related offensive player) Kent Hull Trophy
Kent Hull Trophy
(Mississippi; offensive lineman) Nils V. "Swede" Nelson Award (New England sportsmanship)

Awards organizations

Maxwell Football Club National Football Foundation Touchdown Club of Columbus Walter Camp Football Foundation Washington D.C. Touchdown Club

Halls of fame

College Football Hall of Fame

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ESPN
ESPN
College Football

Related articles

College Football on ABC ESPN
ESPN
Regional Television ESPN
ESPN
GamePlan ESPN
ESPN
Events College football
College football
on television

Programs

College GameDay (locations) College Football Live College Football Final College Football Scoreboard BCS Countdown ESPNU Coaches Spotlight ESPNU Recruiting Insider ESPN
ESPN
Radio College GameDay Heisman Trophy Presentation

Game coverage

ESPN
ESPN
College Football Thursday Primetime ESPN
ESPN
College Football Saturday Primetime ESPN2 College Football Saturday Primetime ESPN2 College Football Saturday Primetime ESPN2 College Football Friday Primetime SEC Network Football

Current commentators

Rece Davis Chris Fowler Mark Jones Dave Pasch Sean McDonough Ray Bentley Todd Blackledge Rod Gilmore Kirk Herbstreit Brock Huard Mark May David Norrie Jesse Palmer Andre Ware Holly Rowe Lee Corso Desmond Howard

Past commentators

Dave Barnett Bob Carpenter Ron Franklin Jerry Punch Jim Simpson Charley Steiner Todd Christensen Bill Curry Gary Danielson Mike Golic Mike Gottfried Paul Maguire Gino Torretta Mike Adamle Stacey Dales Alex Flanagan Adrian Karsten Matt Winer Trev Alberts Beano Cook Terry Gannon Craig James Pam Ward Bob Davie Erin Andrews Todd Harris Rob Stone Lou Holtz Robert Smith Chris Spielman Mike Tirico Brad Nessler Mike Patrick Joe Tessitore

Lore televised by ESPN

First live telecast "Earthquake Game" "Seven OT Game" Biggest comeback in NCAA history

Conferences

ACC Big East Big Ten Big 12 Conference USA MAC Pac-12 SEC WAC

Conference Championships

Conference USA
Conference USA
Championship Game MAC Championship Game

Bowls broadcast by ESPN

Beef 'O' Brady's Bowl Military Bowl International Bowl New Mexico Bowl BBVA Compass Bowl Poinsettia Bowl Armed Forces Bowl Belk Bowl Hawaii Bowl Fight Hunger Bowl GoDaddy.com Bowl Music City Bowl Famous Idaho Potato Bowl Little Caesars Pizza Bowl Alamo Bowl Las Vegas Bowl Champs Sports Bowl Holiday Bowl Outback Bowl Independence Bowl Chick-fil-A

.