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HEINRICH ROHRER (6 June 1933 – 16 May 2013) was a Swiss
Swiss
physicist who shared half of the 1986 Nobel Prize in Physics
Physics
with Gerd Binnig for the design of the scanning tunneling microscope (STM). The other half of the Prize was awarded to Ernst Ruska .

BIOGRAPHY

Rohrer was born in Buchs, St. Gallen
Buchs, St. Gallen
half an hour after his twin sister. He enjoyed a carefree country childhood until the family moved to Zürich
Zürich
in 1949. He enrolled in the Swiss
Swiss
Federal Institute of Technology (ETH) in 1951, where he was student of Wolfgang Pauli and Paul Scherrer . His PhD thesis was supervised by Prof P. Grassmann who worked on cryogenic engineering . Rohrer measured the length changes of superconductors at the magnetic-field-induced superconducting transition, a project begun by Jörgen Lykke Olsen. In the course of his research, he found that he had to do most of his research at night after the city was asleep because his measurements were so sensitive to vibration.

His studies were interrupted by his military service in the Swiss mountain infantry. In 1961, he married Rose-Marie Egger. Their honeymoon trip to the United States
United States
included a stint doing research on thermal conductivity of type-II superconductors and metals with Bernie Serin at Rutgers University in New Jersey
New Jersey
.

In 1963, he joined the IBM
IBM
Research Laboratory in Rüschlikon under the direction of Ambros Speiser . The first couple of years at IBM, he studied Kondo systems with magnetoresistance in pulsed magnetic fields. He then began studying magnetic phase diagrams, which eventually brought him into the field of critical phenomena.

In 1974, he spent a sabbatical year at the University of California in Santa Barbara, California studying nuclear magnetic resonance with Vince Jaccarino and Alan King.

Until 1982 he worked on the scanning tunneling microscope. He was appointed IBM
IBM
Fellow in 1986, and led the physics department of the research lab from 1986 until 1988.

DEATH

Rohrer died of natural causes on 16 May 2013 at his home in Wollerau, Switzerland
Switzerland
. He was aged 79 and is survived by his wife, daughters Doris and Ellen, and two grandchildren.

REFERENCES

Wikimedia Commons has media related to HEINRICH ROHRER .

Wikiquote has quotations related to: HEINRICH ROHRER

* ^ A B Gerber, Christoph (2013). " Heinrich Rohrer
Heinrich Rohrer
(1933–2013) Co-inventor of the scanning tunnelling microscope.". Nature. 499 (7456): 30–31. Bibcode :2013Natur.499...30G. PMID 23823788 . doi :10.1038/499030a . * ^ "The Nobel Prize in Physics
Physics
1986, Heinrich Rohrer". Retrieved 20 February 2013. * ^ Weiss, P. S. (2013). "Dr. Heinrich Rohrer
Heinrich Rohrer
(1933–2013), Founding Father of Nanotechnology". ACS Nano. 7 (6): 4693–4693. PMID 23799298 . doi :10.1021/nn402978h . * ^ Weiss, P. S. (2007). "A Conversation withDr. Heinrich Rohrer: STM Co-inventor and One of the Founding Fathers of Nanoscience". ACS Nano. 1 (1): 3–5. PMID 19203123 . doi :10.1021/nn7001294 . * ^ Robinson, A. L. (1986). "Electron Microscope Inventors Share Nobel Physics
Physics
Prize: Ernst Ruska built the first electron microscope in 1931; Gerd Binnig and Heinrich Rohrer
Heinrich Rohrer
developed the scanning tunneling microscope 50 years later". Science. 234 (4778): 821–822. Bibcode :1986Sci...234..821R. PMID 17758103 . doi :10.1126/science.234.4778.821 . * ^ " Heinrich Rohrer
Heinrich Rohrer
dies at 79; a father of nanotechnology". LA Times. Retrieved 25 May 2013. * ^ Heinrich Rohrer
Heinrich Rohrer
obituary, The Economist June 2013

* v * t * e

Laureates of the Nobel Prize in Physics
Physics

1901–1925

* 1901 Röntgen * 1902 Lorentz / Zeeman * 1903 Becquerel / P. Curie / M. Curie * 1904 Rayleigh * 1905 Lenard * 1906 J. J. Thomson * 1907 Michelson * 1908 Lippmann * 1909 Marconi / Braun * 1910 Van der Waals * 1911 Wien * 1912 Dalén * 1913 Kamerlingh Onnes * 1914 Laue * 1915 W. L. Bragg / W. H. Bragg * 1916 * 1917 Barkla * 1918 Planck * 1919 Stark * 1920 Guillaume * 1921 Einstein * 1922 N. Bohr * 1923 Millikan * 1924 M. Siegbahn * 1925 Franck / Hertz

1926–1950

* 1926 Perrin * 1927 Compton / C. Wilson * 1928 O. Richardson * 1929 De Broglie * 1930 Raman * 1931 * 1932 Heisenberg * 1933 Schrödinger / Dirac * 1934 * 1935 Chadwick * 1936 Hess / C. D. Anderson * 1937 Davisson / G. P. Thomson * 1938 Fermi * 1939 Lawrence * 1940 * 1941 * 1942 * 1943 Stern * 1944 Rabi * 1945 Pauli * 1946 Bridgman * 1947 Appleton * 1948 Blackett * 1949 Yukawa * 1950 Powell

1951–1975

* 1951 Cockcroft / Walton * 1952 Bloch / Purcell * 1953 Zernike * 1954 Born / Bothe * 1955 Lamb / Kusch * 1956 Shockley / Bardeen / Brattain * 1957 C. N. Yang / T. D. Lee * 1958 Cherenkov / Frank / Tamm * 1959 Segrè / Chamberlain * 1960 Glaser * 1961 Hofstadter / Mössbauer * 1962 Landau * 1963 Wigner / Goeppert-Mayer / Jensen * 1964 Townes / Basov / Prokhorov * 1965 Tomonaga / Schwinger / Feynman * 1966 Kastler * 1967 Bethe * 1968 Alvarez * 1969 Gell-Mann * 1970 Alfvén / Néel * 1971 Gabor * 1972 Bardeen / Cooper / Schrieffer * 1973 Esaki / Giaever / Josephson * 1974 Ryle / Hewish * 1975 A. Bohr / Mottelson / Rainwater

1976–2000

* 1976 Richter / Ting * 1977 P. W. Anderson / Mott / Van Vleck * 1978 Kapitsa / Penzias / R. Wilson * 1979 Glashow / Salam / Weinberg * 1980 Cronin / Fitch * 1981 Bloembergen / Schawlow / K. Siegbahn * 1982 K. Wilson * 1983 Chandrasekhar / Fowler * 1984 Rubbia / Van der Meer * 1985 von Klitzing * 1986 Ruska / Binnig / Rohrer * 1987 Bednorz / Müller * 1988 Lederman / Schwartz / Steinberger * 1989 Ramsey / Dehmelt / Paul * 1990 Friedman / Kendall / R. Taylor * 1991 de Gennes * 1992 Charpak * 1993 Hulse / J. Taylor * 1994 Brockhouse / Shull * 1995 Perl / Reines * 1996 D. Lee / Osheroff / R. Richardson * 1997 Chu / Cohen-Tannoudji / Phillips * 1998 Laughlin / Störmer / Tsui * 1999 \'t Hooft / Veltman * 2000 Alferov / Kroemer / Kilby

2001– present

* 2001 Cornell / Ketterle / Wieman * 2002 Davis / Koshiba / Giacconi * 2003 Abrikosov / Ginzburg / Leggett * 2004 Gross / Politzer / Wilczek * 2005 Glauber / Hall / Hänsch * 2006 Mather / Smoot * 2007 Fert / Grünberg * 2008 Nambu / Kobayashi / Maskawa * 2009 Kao / Boyle / Smith * 2010 Geim / Novoselov * 2011 Perlmutter / Riess / Schmidt * 2012 Wineland / Haroche * 2013 Englert / Higgs * 2014 Akasaki / Amano / Nakamura * 2015 Kajita / McDonald * 2016 Thouless / Haldane / Kosterlitz

AUTHORITY CONTROL

* WorldCat Identities * VIAF : 718688 * LCCN : no2008071937 * ISNI : 0000 0000 4509 8006 * GND : 1046592262 * HDS : 31640 * NDL : 00515850

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