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Heijō-kyō
Heijō-kyō
(平城京, also Heizei-kyō, sometimes Nara no miyako), was the capital city of Japan
Japan
during most of the Nara period, from 710–40 and again from 745–84. The imperial palace is a listed UNESCO World Heritage together with other places in the city of Nara (cf. Historic Monuments of Ancient Nara). Empress Genmei
Empress Genmei
ordered the Imperial capital moved from Fujiwara-kyō to Heijō-kyō
Heijō-kyō
in 708, and the move to Heijō-kyō
Heijō-kyō
was complete in 710. Heijō-kyō
Heijō-kyō
was modeled after Chang'an, the capital of Tang-dynasty China, although Heijō-kyō
Heijō-kyō
lacked walls. In the city, merchants and traders from China, Korea and India introduced various foreign cultures to Heijō-kyō
Heijō-kyō
through the Silk Road. As a result, Heijō-kyō
Heijō-kyō
flourished as Japan's first international and political capital, with a peak population of approximately 100,000. The overall form of the city was an irregular rectangle, and the area of city is more than 25 km2.

Contents

1 Architecture 2 1300th anniversary 3 See also 4 References 5 External links

Architecture[edit] In the area of Heijō-kyō, there are ancient Buddhist temples, and some temples are also listed as UNESCO World Heritage together with Heijō Palace.

Daian-ji
Daian-ji
(大安寺) Yakushi-ji
Yakushi-ji
(薬師寺) Kōfuku-ji
Kōfuku-ji
(興福寺) Gangō-ji
Gangō-ji
(元興寺) Suzakumon
Suzakumon
(朱雀門, reconstruction) Saidai-ji
Saidai-ji
(西大寺) Tōdai-ji
Tōdai-ji
(東大寺) Daikokuden (大極殿, reconstruction)

1300th anniversary[edit] The year 2010 marked the passage of 1300 years since the establishment of Nara Heijō-kyō. Commemorative events of the 1300th anniversary of Nara Heijō-kyō
Heijō-kyō
Capital (Japanese:平城遷都1300年祭) were held in and around Nara Prefecture from April 24 to November 7, 2010. These events included special displays of national treasures and other cultural properties, walking events that explore famous places in Nara, and traditional events in various places throughout Nara.

Main Event Site - Heijō-kyō
Heijō-kyō
Capital Area (平城宮跡)

   A:Entrance Plaza      ● Heijō Palace
Heijō Palace
Site Tour Center      ●Corporate Participation Hall    B:Heijō History Museum/Full-Scale Replica of Japanese Diplomatic Ship for Envoys to Tang China    C:Suzaku Gate Plaza      ●Suzaku Gate    D:Exchange Plaza      ●Mahoroba Stage      ●Exchange Hall    E: Heijō Palace
Heijō Palace
Site Museum    F:Front Courtyard of the Former Imperial Audience Hall    G:South Gate Plaza      ●Tenpyo period costume rental area    H: Heijō-kyō
Heijō-kyō
Hands-on Learning Plaza      ● Heijō-kyō
Heijō-kyō
Hands-on Learning Center      ●Ministry of the Imperial Household    I:Excavation Site Exhibition Hall    J:Eastern Palace Garden Plaza      ●Eastern Palace Garden

Other Events Site

   Ikaruga and Shigisan Areas (cf. Ikaruga, 斑鳩・信貴山)    Asuka and Fujiwara Areas (cf. Asuka, 飛鳥・藤原)    Katsuragi Area (葛城)    Yoshino Area (cf. Mount Yoshino, 吉野)    Yamato Kogen Plains and Uda Area (大和高原・宇陀) See also[edit]

List of Special
Special
Places of Scenic Beauty, Special
Special
Historic Sites and Special
Special
Natural Monuments Heijō Palace
Heijō Palace
- Imperial palace Historic Monuments of Ancient Nara
Historic Monuments of Ancient Nara
- UNESCO World Heritage Site

References[edit]

Martin, John H.; Phyllis G. Martin (1993). Nara: A Cultural Guide to Japan's Ancient Capital. Tuttle Publishing. pp. 11–14. ISBN 0-8048-1914-9.  Yoko Hsueh Shirai. Envisioning Heijokyo: 100 Questions & Answers about the Ancient Capital in Nara. CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform. 2011. ISBN 978-1463768225

External links[edit] Media related to Heijō-kyō
Heijō-kyō
at Wikimedia Commons

Nara Palace Site Museum(in Japanese) The Commemorative Events for the 1300th Anniversary (Available in Chinese, English, French, Korean and Japanese) Jô-Bô System of Heijô-Kyô Nara (Heijô-kyô) — The Capital of Japan
Japan
in the 8th Century Takenaka Corporation on the reconstruction of the first Daigokuden Palace rebuilt at the Special
Special
Historical Site-Designated Heijokyu Ruins

Preceded by Fujiwara-kyō Capital of Japan 710–740 Succeeded by Kuni-kyō

Preceded by Shigaraki Palace Capital of Japan 745–784 Succeeded by Nagaoka-kyō

Coordinates: 34°41′28″N 135°47′41″E / 34.69111°N 135.79472°E / 3

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