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Hefei
Hefei
(/ˈhəˈfeɪ/, Chinese: 合肥) is the capital and largest city of Anhui
Anhui
Province in China.[1] A prefecture-level city, it is the political, economic, and cultural center of Anhui. Located in the central portion of the province, it borders Huainan
Huainan
to the north, Chuzhou
Chuzhou
to the northeast, Wuhu
Wuhu
to the southeast, Tongling
Tongling
to the south, Anqing
Anqing
to the southwest and Lu'an
Lu'an
to the west. Hefei
Hefei
has an area of 11,434.25 km2 (4,414.79 sq mi) and, at the 2016 sampling survey, a population of 7,869,000 inhabitants, 5,670,000 of whom reside in urban areas.

Contents

1 History 2 Geography

2.1 Climate 2.2 Air Pollution

3 Administrative divisions and demographics

3.1 Demographics 3.2 Administration

4 Economy 5 Transportation

5.1 Land 5.2 Air 5.3 Subway 5.4 Bus

6 Research 7 Universities 8 Yicheng Prison 9 Sport 10 Sites of interest 11 Notable people 12 See also 13 References 14 External links

History[edit]

Old Hefei
Hefei
Map with wall

From the 8th to the 6th centuries BC, Hefei
Hefei
was the site of many small states, later a part of the Chu kingdom. Many archaeological finds dating from this period have been made. The name 'Hefei' was first given to the county set up in the area under the Han dynasty
Han dynasty
in the 2nd century BC. In the 3rd century AD, the Battle of Xiaoyao Ford was fought at Xiaoyao Ford (逍遙津) in Hefei. Zhang Liao, a general of the Wei state, led 800 picked cavalry to defeat the 200,000-strong army from Wei’s rival state Wu. Several decades of warring in Hefei
Hefei
between Wu and Wei followed this battle. During the 4th to the 6th centuries AD, this crucial border region between northern and southern states was much fought over; its name and administrative status were consequently often changed. During the Sui (581–618) and Tang (618–907) periods, it became the seat of Lu prefecture—a title it kept until the 15th century, when it became a superior prefecture named Luzhou. The present city dates from the Song dynasty
Song dynasty
(960–1126), the earlier Hefei
Hefei
having been some distance farther north. In the 10th year of Xining
Xining
(熙宁十年,1077 AD), the taxes collected from the Luchow Prefecture were 50315 Guan, approximately 25 million today's Chinese Yuan, with a ranking of the amount of taxes was the 11th(following Kaifeng, Hangzhou, Qinzhou, Chuzhou, Chengdu, Zizhou, Xingyuan, Mianzhou, Zhenzhou, Suzhou) among all the prefectures of Song Dynasty. During the 10th century, it was for a while the capital of the independent Wu kingdom (902–938) and was an important center of the Southern Tang
Southern Tang
state (937–975). After 1127 it became a center of the defenses of the Southern Song dynasty (1126–1279) against the Jin (Jurchen) invaders in the Jin–Song wars, as well as a flourishing center of trade between the two states. When the Chinese Republic was founded in 1911, the superior prefecture was abolished, and the city took the name of Hefei. The city was known as Luchow or Liu-tcheou[2] (庐州, p Luzhou) during the Ming and Qing dynasties (after the 14th century to the 19th century). Hefei
Hefei
was the temporary capital for Anhui
Anhui
from 1853 to 1862. It was renamed as Hefei
Hefei
County in 1912. Following the Chinese victory in the Second Sino-Japanese War
Second Sino-Japanese War
in 1945, Hefei
Hefei
was made the capital of Anhui. Before World War II, Hefei
Hefei
remained essentially an administrative center and the regional market for the fertile plain to the south. It was a collecting center for grain, beans, cotton, and hemp, as well as a center for handicraft industries manufacturing cloth, leather, bamboo goods, and ironware. The construction in 1912 of the Tianjin– Pukou
Pukou
railway, farther east, for a while made Hefei
Hefei
a provincial backwater, and much of its importance passed to Bengbu. In 1932–36, however, a Chinese company built a railway linking Hefei
Hefei
with Yuxikou (on the Yangtze
Yangtze
opposite Wuhu) to the southeast and with the Huai River
Huai River
at Huainan
Huainan
to the north. While this railway was built primarily to exploit the rich coalfield in northern Anhui, it also did much to revive the economy of the Hefei
Hefei
area by taking much of its produce to Wuhu
Wuhu
and Nanjing. Although Hefei
Hefei
was a quiet market town of only about 30,000 in the mid-1930s, its population grew more than tenfold in the following 20 years. The city's administrative role was strengthened by the transfer of the provincial government from Anqing
Anqing
in 1949, but much of its new growth derived from its development as an industrial city. A cotton mill was opened in 1958, and a thermal generating plant, using coal from Huainan, was established in the early 1950s. It also became the seat of an industry producing industrial chemicals and chemical fertilizers. In the late 1950s an iron and steel complex was built. In addition to a machine-tool works and engineering and agricultural machinery factories, the city has developed an aluminum industry and a variety of light industries. There are several universities based in the city. Geography[edit]

This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (May 2013)

Hefei
Hefei
is located 130 kilometres (81 mi) west of Nanjing
Nanjing
in south-central Anhui. Chao Lake, a lake 15 km (9 mi) southeast of the city, is one of the largest fresh water lakes in China. Though, the lake has unfortunately been polluted with nitrogen and phosphorus, in recent decades,[citation needed] the situation is improving due to efforts by both the government and the people. Climate[edit] Hefei
Hefei
features a humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa) with four distinct seasons. Hefei's annual average temperature is 16.18 °C (61.1 °F). Its annual precipitation is just slightly over 1,000 millimetres (39 in), being heavier from May through August. Winters are damp and cold, with January lows dipping just below freezing and January averaging 2.8 °C (37.0 °F). The city sees irregular snowfalls that rarely turn significant. Springs are generally relatively pleasant if somewhat erratic. Summers here are oppressively hot and humid, with a July average of 28.3 °C (82.9 °F). In the months of June, July, August, and often September, daily temperatures can reach or surpass 37 °C (99 °F) with high humidity levels being the norm. Autumn in Hefei
Hefei
sees a gradual cooling and drying. With monthly percent possible sunshine ranging from 35 percent in March to 50 percent in August, the city receives 1,868 hours of bright sunshine annually. Extremes since 1951 have ranged from −20.6 °C (−5 °F) on 6 January 1955 to 41.1 °C (106 °F) on 27 July 2017.[3]

Climate data for Hefei
Hefei
(1981–2010)

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 20.2 (68.4) 27.5 (81.5) 30.4 (86.7) 34.7 (94.5) 36.4 (97.5) 37.8 (100) 41.1 (106) 41.0 (105.8) 38.6 (101.5) 34.7 (94.5) 30.1 (86.2) 22.5 (72.5) 41.1 (106)

Average high °C (°F) 6.9 (44.4) 9.4 (48.9) 14.4 (57.9) 21.1 (70) 26.6 (79.9) 29.3 (84.7) 32.2 (90) 31.8 (89.2) 27.8 (82) 22.5 (72.5) 16.0 (60.8) 9.6 (49.3) 20.6 (69.1)

Daily mean °C (°F) 2.8 (37) 5.2 (41.4) 9.8 (49.6) 16.3 (61.3) 21.8 (71.2) 25.3 (77.5) 28.3 (82.9) 27.6 (81.7) 23.3 (73.9) 17.7 (63.9) 11.0 (51.8) 5.1 (41.2) 16.2 (61.2)

Average low °C (°F) −0.3 (31.5) 1.9 (35.4) 6.1 (43) 12.2 (54) 17.6 (63.7) 21.7 (71.1) 25.2 (77.4) 24.3 (75.7) 19.8 (67.6) 13.8 (56.8) 7.1 (44.8) 1.6 (34.9) 12.6 (54.7)

Record low °C (°F) −20.6 (−5.1) −14.1 (6.6) −7.3 (18.9) −0.4 (31.3) 6.2 (43.2) 12.2 (54) 17.9 (64.2) 15.8 (60.4) 10.8 (51.4) 1.5 (34.7) −5.1 (22.8) −13.5 (7.7) −20.6 (−5.1)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 42.9 (1.689) 53.4 (2.102) 75.4 (2.969) 81.5 (3.209) 91.1 (3.587) 145.6 (5.732) 172.4 (6.787) 125.8 (4.953) 65.4 (2.575) 59.1 (2.327) 58.7 (2.311) 30.8 (1.213) 1,002.1 (39.454)

Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 8.2 8.9 11.6 10.3 10.2 10.6 12.1 11.0 7.8 8.5 7.6 6.0 112.8

Average relative humidity (%) 75 74 72 71 71 76 80 81 77 74 74 73 74.8

Mean monthly sunshine hours 118.7 113.5 138.6 168.0 190.9 165.5 189.2 190.9 153.8 154.4 148.7 135.8 1,868

Percent possible sunshine 38 37 35 42 44 41 46 50 43 46 48 46 43

Source: China
China
Meteorological Administration [4]

Air Pollution[edit] See also: 2013 Eastern China
China
smog Air quality typically diminishes in May and June when the city is blanketed by smog caused by the smoke generated as farmers outside the city burn their fields in preparation for planting the next crop. A dense wave of smog began in Hefei
Hefei
surrounding Anhui
Anhui
as well as other Chinese major cities including Shanghai
Shanghai
and Tianjin. Administrative divisions and demographics[edit] Demographics[edit] The majority of the population in Hefei
Hefei
is Han Chinese. There are a small number of Hui Chinese
Hui Chinese
living in the city, which is why there are a few mosques in the city. There are over five million people in the city, some of which are migrant workers from other parts of Anhui. Administration[edit] The prefecture-level city of Hefei
Hefei
administers 9 county-level divisions, including 4 districts, 1 County-city and 4 counties.

Hefei
Hefei
subdivisions area (km²), population (According to 2010 Census) and population density (per km²).[5]

Map

Yaohai Luyang Shushan Baohe Changfeng County Feidong County Feixi County Lujiang County Chaohu (city)

Division code[6] English Chinese Pinyin Area in km2[7] Seat Postal code Subdivisions[8]

Subdistricts Towns Townships Ethnic townships Residential communities Villages

340100 Hefei 合肥市 Héféi Shì 11434.25 Shushan District 230000 45 65 19 1 736 1102

340102 Yaohai District 瑶海区 Yáohǎi Qū 142.90 Mingguang Road Subdistrict (明光路街道) 230000 13 2 1

118 18

340103 Luyang District 庐阳区 Lúyáng Qū 139.32 Bozhou
Bozhou
Road Subdistrict (亳州路街道) 230000 11 1

84 14

340104 Shushan District 蜀山区 Shǔshān Qū 261.36 Sanli'an Subdistrict (三里庵街道) 230000 8 2

92 17

340111 Baohe District 包河区 Bāohé Qū 294.94 Luogang Subdistrict (骆岗街道) 230000 7 2

77 38

340121 Changfeng County 长丰县 Chángfēng Xiàn 1928.45 Shuihu (水湖镇) 231100

8 6

80 193

340122 Feidong County 肥东县 Féidōng Xiàn 2205.92 Dianbu (店埠镇) 231200

10 4

95 249

340123 Feixi County 肥西县 Féixī Xiàn 2082.66 Shangpai (上派镇) 231600

12 6 1 90 241

340124 Lujiang County 庐江县 Lújiāng Xiàn 2347.48 Lucheng (庐城镇) 231500

17

38 194

340181 Chaohu 巢湖市 Cháohú Shì 2031.22 Woniushan Subdistrict (卧牛山街道) 238000 6 11 1

62 138

Economy[edit] The GDP per capita was ¥627.43 billion (ca. US$91.12 billion) in 2016. Before the Chinese civil war
Chinese civil war
Hefei's main industry was agriculture. After World War II, the capital of Anhui
Anhui
was moved from Anqing
Anqing
to Hefei. To assist the development of the city, many talented people were sent in from other parts of the country. Modern-day Hefei
Hefei
has machinery, electronics, chemistry, steel, textile, and cigarette industries, among others. In the summer of 2005, the municipal government implemented changes designed to beautify the city by demolishing thousands of illegally built structures, and clearing away long-established marketplaces in many parts of the city. While these actions removed many unlicensed, and often poorly-constructed food stalls which had been contributing to the spread of disease and which posed fire hazards, these changes also removed longstanding businesses that had lined many streets throughout the city overnight. The impact on the local economy was felt immediately as hundreds, if not thousands, of low paid workers no longer had employment. Hefei
Hefei
has been identified by the Economist Intelligence Unit
Economist Intelligence Unit
in the November 2010 Access China
China
White Paper as a member of the CHAMPS (Chongqing, Hefei, Anshan, Ma'anshan, Pingdingshan
Pingdingshan
and Shenyang), an economic profile of the top 20 emerging cities in China.[9] Hefei
Hefei
was identified by The Economist
The Economist
in December 2012 as the world's No.1 fastest growing metropolitan economy.[10] Transportation[edit]

Hefei
Hefei
South Railway Station

Hefei
Hefei
has been the provincial capital since 1945 (before it was Lihuang, which is today's Jinzhai) and is a natural center of transportation, being situated to the north of Lake Chao
Lake Chao
and standing on a low saddle crossing the northeastern extension of the Dabie Mountains, which form the divide between the Huai and Yangtze
Yangtze
rivers. From Hefei
Hefei
there is easy water transport via the lake to the Yangtze River opposite Wuhu. Land[edit] Important land routes run through Hefei, including: 1. G3 Beijing-Taipei Expressway
G3 Beijing-Taipei Expressway
(京台高速公路 From Beijing
Beijing
to Pingtan, and was designed to cross the Taiwan Strait
Taiwan Strait
to connect the highways in Taipei) 2. G40 Shanghai-Xi'an Expressway
G40 Shanghai-Xi'an Expressway
(沪陕高速公路 From Shanghai
Shanghai
to Xi'an) 3. G42 Shanghai-Chengdu Expressway
G42 Shanghai-Chengdu Expressway
(沪蓉高速公路 From Shanghai to Chengdu) 4. G4212 Hefei- Anqing
Anqing
Expressway (合安高速公路 From Hefei
Hefei
to Anqing, a spur of G42) 5. G5011 Wuhu-Hefei Expressway
G5011 Wuhu-Hefei Expressway
(芜合高速公路 From Wuhu
Wuhu
to Hefei, a spur of G50) 6. China
China
National Highway 206 (烟汕线 From Yantai
Yantai
to Shantou) 7. China
China
National Highway 312 (沪霍线 From Shanghai
Shanghai
to Khorgas) 8. China
China
National Highway 346 (沪康线 From Shanghai
Shanghai
to Ankang) 9. S24 Changshu- Hefei
Hefei
Expressway (常合高速公路 From Changshu
Changshu
to Hefei) 10.S17 Bengbu- Hefei
Hefei
Expressway (蚌合高速公路 From Bengbu
Bengbu
to Hefei) 11. G3W Dezhou-Shangrao Expressway
G3W Dezhou-Shangrao Expressway
(德上高速公路 From Dezhou
Dezhou
to Shangrao) There are two main train stations in Hefei. The newest one is Hefeinan Railway Station ( Hefei
Hefei
South Railway Station 合肥火车南站) where most high-speed trains pass through. Many city buses serve this station, for instance the 108 from the East gate of the University of Science and Technology's East campus on Susong road. It has a very comprehensive taxi rank with multiple queues to avoid a long wait. There are many fast food restaurants in the departure hall with seating. There are not so many options for arrivals, a small cafe and a takeaway kfc booth. There is an ATM in the ticket sales area next to the security gates for the departure hall. The alternative station is Hefei
Hefei
Railway Station (合肥火车站) which is smaller and older. This has only one taxi queue, directly opposite the main exit. There is fast food, a post office and a China mobile store in the same courtyard next to the arrival gates. There are some small stations such as Feidong Station (肥东火车站), Feixi Station (肥西火车站), Shuijiahu Station (水家湖火车站), Chaohu
Chaohu
Station (巢湖火车站), Chaohudong Station ( Chaohu
Chaohu
East Station 巢湖火车东站), Hefeibeicheng Station ( Hefei
Hefei
Northtown Station 合肥北城火车站), Lujiang Station (庐江火车站) and so on. These stations are mostly located in small towns or played commuting roles. Important railways that run through Hefei, including: 1. Shanghai-Wuhan- Chengdu
Chengdu
High-Speed Railway (沪汉蓉高速铁路) 2. Hefei-Fuzhou High-Speed Railway
Hefei-Fuzhou High-Speed Railway
(合福高速铁路 Play as part of Beijing- Taipei
Taipei
High-Speed Railway) 3. Hefei- Bengbu
Bengbu
High-Speed Railway (合蚌高速铁路 A spur of Beijing- Shanghai
Shanghai
High-Speed Railway) 4. Shangqiu-Hefei-Hanzhou High-Speed Railway (商合杭高速铁路 The northern part, Shangqiu- Hefei
Hefei
High-Speed Railway will play as a part of Beijing- Hong Kong
Hong Kong
High-Speed Railway. Under Construction) 5. Hefei-Anqing- Jiujiang
Jiujiang
High-Speed Railway (合安九高速铁路 Play as a part of Beijing- Hong Kong
Hong Kong
High-Speed Railway. Under Construction) 6. Hefei- Qingdao
Qingdao
High-Speed Railway (合青高速铁路 Proposed) 7. Nanjing- Xi'an
Xi'an
High-Speed Railway (宁西高速铁路 Proposed) 8. Huainan
Huainan
Raiway (淮南铁路 From Huainan-Wuhu) 9. Hefei- Jiujiang
Jiujiang
Railway (合九铁路) 10. Nanjing- Xi'an
Xi'an
Railway (宁西铁路) 11. Lujiang- Tongling
Tongling
Raiway (庐铜铁路 Under Construction) In 2008 the thoroughfare Chang Jiang Road (Chinese: 长江路; pinyin: Chángjiāng lù) is undergoing a renovation project to widen the roads and to create a bus route in the center of the road, with bus stations at islands that are connected to the sidewalks by skyways. The First Ring Road is also undergoing construction, with traffic lights being replaced by overpasses and ramps built to connect the First Ring Road and all major intersecting roads. Both projects are intended to ease the traffic Hefei
Hefei
now experiences at rush hour.

China
China
National Highway 312

Air[edit] Hefei Xinqiao International Airport
Hefei Xinqiao International Airport
replaced the old Hefei
Hefei
Luogang International Airport and started its operation on May 30, 2013 00:00. This new domestic aviation hub is located in Gaoliu Village situated in the northwestern part of Hefei
Hefei
City. The first arriving flight was China
China
Eastern Airlines flight MU5172 from Beijing
Beijing
Capital International Airport. The first departing flight was China
China
Eastern Airlines MU5468 to Shanghai
Shanghai
Pudong International Airport. Hefei Xinqiao International Airport provides scheduled passenger service to major airports in China
China
and other international cities. Destinations include Hong Kong, Macao, Singapore, Taipei
Taipei
(Taoyuan, Songshan), Kaohsiung, Taichung, Seoul, Cheongju, Yangyang, Jeju, Osaka, Nagoya, Shizuoka, Okayama, Boracay Island, Bali Island, Frankfurt, Siem Reap, Bangkok, Phuket Island and Krabi Island. Subway[edit] Main article: Hefei
Hefei
Metro Hefei Metro
Hefei Metro
is a rapid transit rail network under construction that will eventually serve both urban and rural areas of Hefei. As planned, Line 1 covers a total distance of 24 kilometres (15 miles) starting from Hefei
Hefei
Railway Station. It was inaugurated in December 2016. In February 2013, Metro Line 2 also began its construction. It is being built alongside the Changjiang Dong Road, Changjiang Zhong Road and Changjiang Xi Road, which is a major passenger corridor in the east-west direction. It will pass through the city center area and connect to a transit point where passengers will be able to take the shuttle bus to Hefei
Hefei
Xinqiao International Airport. The project of Line 2 is planning to be finished in 2017. In November 2015, Metro Line 3 construction began. Line 3 is expected to open in 2020. Line 3 will connect the New Station Exploitative-experimental Zone and the Economic Technology Development District, from the vocational education town to the university town. Alongside Line 1, Line 2 and Line 3, Hefei
Hefei
is also planning to build other 12 metro lines, 4 lines of intra-metropolitan rail transit (to Lu'an, Huainan, Lujiang and Chaohu) and 3 lines of tram and hopefully accomplish the project by 2030. Bus[edit] There are 4 major lines of Bus Rapid Transit in Hefei, including: Bus Rapid Transit Line 1 (B1): from the downtown to the Binhu New Area. (Chinese: 滨湖新区; pinyin: Bīnhú Xīn Qū) Bus Rapid Transit Line 3 (K3): from downtown to the Beicheng New Area (Northtown New Area 北城新区) Bus Rapid Transit Line 4 (BRT4 or 快4): from downtown to the Shuxi Newtown (West of Dashu Hill Newtown 蜀西新城) Bus Rapid Transit Line 5 (BRT5 or 快5): from downtown to Longgang Development Zone (龙岗开发区) And there are several commuter lines operating, which only run at designated time or having a large interval, including: T1 from West Bus Terminus (汽车客运西站) to No.7 High School New Campus (七中新区), T2 from Liushutang (柳树塘) to No.7 High School New Campus, T3 from North Square of Hefei
Hefei
Railway Station (火车站北广场) to Hefei
Hefei
Economic and Trade Tourism School (合肥经贸旅游学校), T5 from North Square of Hefei
Hefei
Railway Station to Gongda Vocational and Technical College (共达学院), T6 from North Square of Hefei
Hefei
Raiway Station to Hefei
Hefei
Industrial School (合肥工业学校), T7 from Hefeinan Raiway Station (合肥南站) to University Park (大学城), T8 from Gedadian (葛大店) to E-Commerce Park of the Youth (青年电商园), T9 from Public Transportation
Transportation
Group (No.2 Hospital) (公交集团或市二院) to No.10 High School New Campus (合肥十中新区), T10 from Shifu Square (市府广场) to No.10 High School New Campus, T12 from Anjuyuan(安居苑) to Provincial Administration Center (省行政中心), T13 from CPPCC of Anhui
Anhui
Province (省政协) to Provincial Administration Center, T15 from Binhu Vanke City (滨湖万科城) to Provincial Administration Center, T16 from Wanghucheng (望湖城) to Provincial Administration Center, T18 as a loop line of the CBD of Binhu New Area (滨湖CBD/滨湖核心区), T19 as a loop line of the Promoting Zone of Binhu New Area (滨湖启动区), T21 from Cuozhen (撮镇) to Fuxing Community (复兴社区), T22 from Shuidong Rd. (水东路) to Sanlian University Branch Campus (三联学院分校), T24 from Cuozhen to Qiaotouji (桥头集), T26 from Feihe (淝河镇) to Hefei International Port (合肥国际港).[11] Research[edit] Hefei
Hefei
plays an important role in scientific research in China. It has seven national laboratories, second only to Beijing: The National Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory (Chinese: 国家同步辐射实验室; pinyin: Guójiā tóngbù fúshè shíyàn shì), the Hefei
Hefei
National Laboratory for Physical Sciences at the Microscale (Chinese: 微尺度物质科学国家实验室; pinyin: Wēi chǐdù wùzhí kēxué guójiā shíyàn shì), both of which are under the University of Science and Technology of China. It also has the Institute of Solid State Physics, Institute of Plasma Physics, Institute of Intelligent Machines, High Magnetic Field Laboratory (founded in 2008), Anhui
Anhui
Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics, all of which are under the Hefei Institutes of Physical Science
Hefei Institutes of Physical Science
which belongs to the Chinese Academy of Sciences. Hefei
Hefei
is the location of Experimental Advanced Superconducting Tokamak, an experimental superconducting tokamak magnetic fusion energy reactor. Universities[edit]

An overview of USTC, including the Teaching Building II and the library

University of Science and Technology of China
China
(USTC) Hefei University of Technology
Hefei University of Technology
(HFUT) Anhui
Anhui
University (AHU) Anhui
Anhui
Agricultural University (AHAU) Anhui
Anhui
Medical University (AHMU) Anhui
Anhui
University of Chinese Medicine (AUCM) Anhui
Anhui
Jianzhu University (AHJU) Hefei Normal University (HNU) Hefei University
Hefei University
(HU) Beihang University
Beihang University
(BUAA) - Hefei
Hefei
Campus National University of Defense Technology
National University of Defense Technology
(NUDT) - Hefei
Hefei
Campus Beijing
Beijing
Foreign Studies University (BFSU) - Hefei
Hefei
Campus Tianjin
Tianjin
University (TJU) - Hefei
Hefei
Graduate School Peking University
Peking University
(PKU) - Hefei
Hefei
Graduate School Tsinghua University
Tsinghua University
(THU) - Hefei
Hefei
Institute of Public Safety Research

Yicheng Prison[edit] Yicheng Prison is located within the city. It was built during the 1983 "Strike Hard" campaign and was formerly Hefei
Hefei
Zhenxing Machine Parts Factory. On June 15, 1984 the Prov. Justice Dept. decided to change the name of the Machine Parts Factory's Internal Dept. to the Prov. Independent LRC. On March 17, 1986, the City's Party Committee and government agreed to the change. On April 26 more than 400 inmates were transferred to Hefei
Hefei
Shangzhangwei Farm and Baihu Farm. In February 1992 a secondary country level prison was created at the Shangzhangwei Farm. In August 1992 the Hefei
Hefei
City LRD level was upgraded by the government. June 1996 the prison was changed to its present name. It is currently controlled by Hefei
Hefei
city. It mainly houses prisoners with sentences of less than 5 years and houses up to 1000 prisoners a year. In the past 20 years, nearly 20,000 inmates have completed their sentences here. The prison mainly cultivates vegetables and rice but also cooperates with the Zhejiang
Zhejiang
Rongguang Group and produces soccer training shoes, soccer balls, tourism products, and other products.[12] Sport[edit] Hefei
Hefei
has its own football team called Anhui
Anhui
Jiufang, who in the 2007–08 season were promoted from the Chinese Football Association Yi League to the Chinese Football Association Jia League
Chinese Football Association Jia League
which is the second highest tier of Chinese football.It was acquired by Tianjin Runyulong in 2011. Sites of interest[edit]

Baohe Village (simplified Chinese: 包河浮庄; traditional Chinese: 包河浮莊; pinyin: Bāo hé fú zhuāng)

Fuzhuang in winter

Sanhe Town, ancient town which has a history of more than 2,500 years. Xiaoyaojin Park, a public park sitting on the ancient site of the Battle of Xiaoyao Ford. Temple of Lord Bao, built in 1066 near the tomb of Lord Bao. Li Hongzhang's Former Residence (Chinese: 李鸿章故居; pinyin: Lǐhóngzhāng gùjū), built in the late 19th century and fully restored by the 1990s. Hui Garden (Chinese: 徽园; pinyin: Huī yuán) (Opened to the public in September 2001) Children's Welfare Institute (a.k.a. "Social Welfare Institute"), children's orphanage Anhui
Anhui
Laomingguang Stadium, the home ground of Anhui
Anhui
Jiufang, but also used for other public sporting events.

Notable people[edit]

Bao Zheng
Bao Zheng
(999–1062), Northern Song dynasty
Song dynasty
bureaucrat and judge whose name has become synonymous with judicial wisdom and uprightness. Chen Ning Yang, (b. 1922), 1957 Nobel Physics Prize
Nobel Physics Prize
laureate, for their work on parity nonconservation of weak interaction. One of the two earliest Chinese to receive the prize. Han Qizhi, (b. 1970), first person to climb up the tallest building in China. Li Hongzhang
Li Hongzhang
(1823–1901), prominent late Qing dynasty
Qing dynasty
bureaucrat and diplomat. Duan Qirui
Duan Qirui
(1865–1936), the Provisional Chief Executive of Republic of China
China
(in Beijing) from November 24, 1924 to April 20, 1926. Yang Yuanqing
Yang Yuanqing
(b. 1964), Chairman of Board of Lenovo. Liu Mingchuan
Liu Mingchuan
(1836–1896). Statesman during the late Qing dynasty, first governor of Taiwan. Jin Jing
Jin Jing
(b. 1981), Paralympic fencer. Chen Xiao (b. 1987), Chinese actor. Yang Yang (b. 1991), Chinese actor.

See also[edit]

List of twin towns and sister cities in China

References[edit]

^ "Illuminating China's Provinces, Municipalities and Autonomous Regions". PRC Central Government Official Website. Retrieved 2014-05-17.  ^ Inter alia: Mitchell Sr., S.A. A New Universal Atlas Containing Maps of the various Empires, Kingdoms, States and Republics Of The World. "China." Entered 1850, Published 1853. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-03-18. Retrieved 2014-01-01.  ^ 中国气象局 国家气象信息中心 (in Chinese). China Meteorological Administration. Archived from the original on 2013-03-18. Retrieved 2010-05-24.  ^ (in Chinese) Compilation by LianXin website. Data from the Sixth National Population Census of the People's Republic of China
China
Archived 2012-03-25 at the Wayback Machine. ^ 国家统计局统计用区划代码 Archived 2013-04-05 at the Wayback Machine. ^ 《合肥统计年鉴2011》 ^ 《中国民政统计年鉴2011》 ^ THE RISE OF THE ‘CHAMPS’ - NEW REPORT MAPS BUSINESS OPPORTUNITY IN CHINA’S FASTEST GROWING CITIES ^ Focus: Metro economies The Economist ^ "合肥公交集团有限公司".  ^ "Laogai Handbook 2007-2008" (PDF). Laogao.it. Retrieved 2015-06-18. 

External links[edit]

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Jiangxi

Nanchang* Jingdezhen Píngxiang Jiujiang Xinyu Yingtan Ganzhou Jí'ān Yíchun Fǔzhou Shangrao

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Jinan* Qingdao* Zibo* Zaozhuang Dongying Yantai2 Weifang Jĭning Tai'an Weihai Rizhao Laiwu Linyi Dezhou Liaocheng Binzhou Heze

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Zhengzhou* Kaifeng Luoyang* Pingdingshan Anyang Hebi Xinxiang Jiaozuo Puyang Xuchang Luohe Sanmenxia Nanyang Shangqiu Xinyang Zhoukou Zhumadian

Hubei

Wuhan* Huangshi Shiyan Yichang Xiangyang Ezhou Jingmen Xiaogan Jinzhou Huanggang Xianning Suizhou

Hunan

Changsha* Zhuzhou Xiangtan Hengyang Shaoyang Yueyang Changde Zhangjiajie Yiyang Chenzhou Yongzhou Huaihua Loudi

Guangdong

Guangzhou* Shaoguan Shenzhen* Zhuhai1 Shantou1 Foshan Jiangmen Zhanjiang2 Maoming Zhaoqing Huizhou Meizhou Shanwei Heyuan Yangjiang Qingyuan Dongguan Zhongshan Chaozhou Jieyang Yunfu

Guangxi

Nanning* Liuzhou Guilin Wuzhou Beihai2 Fangchenggang Qinzhou Guigang Yùlin Baise Hezhou Hechi Laibin Chongzuo

Hainan1

Haikou* Sanya Sansha4 Danzhou

Sichuan

Chengdu* Zigong Panzhihua Luzhou Deyang Mianyang Guangyuan Suining Neijiang Leshan Nanchong Meishan Yibin Guang'an Dazhou Ya'an Bazhong Ziyang

Guizhou

Guiyang* Liupanshui Zunyi Anshun Bijie Tongren

Yunnan

Kunming* Qujing Yuxi Baoshan Zhaotong Lìjiang Pu'er Lincang

Tibet

Lhasa* Shigatse Chamdo Nyingchi Shannan

Shaanxi

Xi'an* Tongchuan Baoji Xianyang Weinan Yan'an Hanzhong Yúlin Ankang Shangluo

Gansu

Lanzhou* Jiayuguan Jinchang Baiyin Tianshui Wuwei Zhangye Pingliang Jiuquan Qingyang Dingxi Longnan

Qinghai

Xining* Haidong

Ningxia

Yinchuan* Shizuishan Wuzhong Guyuan Zhongwei

Xinjiang

Ürümqi* Karamay Turpan Hami

Taiwan5

(none)

Other cities (partly shown below)

Prefecture-level capitals (County-level)

(Inner Mongolia: Ulanhot Xilinhot) Jiagedaqi3, Heilongjiang Enshi, Hubei Jishou, Hunan (Sichuan:Xichang Kangding Barkam) (Guizhou: Xingyi Kaili Duyun) (Yunnan: Chuxiong Mengzi Wenshan Jinghong Dali Mangshi Shangri-La Lushui) (Gansu: Linxia Hezuo) (Qinghai: Yushu Delingha) (Xinjiang: Changji Bole Korla Yining Artux Aksu Kashgar1 Hotan Tacheng Altay)

Province-governed cities (Sub-prefecture-level)

Jiyuan, Henan (Hubei: Xiantao Qiánjiang Tianmen Shennongjia) (Hainan1: Wuzhishan Qionghai Wenchang Wanning Dongfang) ( Xinjiang
Xinjiang
- XPCC(Bingtuan) cities: Shihezi Aral Tumxuk Wujiaqu Beitun Tiemenguan Shuanghe Kokdala Kunyu)

Former Prefecture-level cities

Chaohu, Anhui Yumen,Gansu Dongchuan, Yunnan Shashi, Hubei (Sichuan: Fuling Wanxian) (Jilin: Meihekou Gongzhuling)

Sub-prefecture-level cities (Prefecture-governed)

Qian'an, Hebei Manzhouli, Inner Mongolia Erenhot, Inner Mongolia Golmud, Qinghai

County-level cities
County-level cities
by Province

Hebei

Xinji Jinzhou Xinle Zunhua Qian'an* Wu'an Nangong Shahe Zhuozhou Dingzhou Anguo Gaobeidian Botou Renqiu Huanghua Hejian Bazhou Sanhe Shenzhou

Shanxi

Gujiao Lucheng Gaoping Jiexiu Yongji Hejin Yuanping Houma Huozhou Xiaoyi Fenyang

Inner Mongolia

Holingol Manzhouli* Yakeshi Zhalantun Ergun Genhe Fengzhen Ulanhot* Arxan Erenhot* Xilinhot*

Liaoning

Xinmin Wafangdian Zhuanghe Haicheng Donggang Fengcheng Linghai Beizhen Gaizhou Dashiqiao Dengta Diaobingshan Kaiyuan Beipiao Lingyuan Xingcheng

Jilin

Yushu Dehui Jiaohe Huadian Shulan Panshi Gongzhuling Shuangliao Meihekou Ji'an Linjiang Fuyu Taonan Da'an Yanji Tumen Dunhua Hunchun Longjing Helong

Heilongjiang

Shangzhi Wuchang Nehe Hulin Mishan Tieli Tongjiang Fujin Fuyuan Suifenhe Hailin Ning'an Muling Dongning Bei'an Wudalianchi Anda Zhaodong Hailun

Jiangsu

Jiangyin Yixing Xinyi Pizhou Liyang Changshu Zhangjiagang Kunshan Taicang Qidong Rugao Haimen Dongtai Yizheng Gaoyou Danyang Yangzhong Jurong Jingjiang Taixing Xinghua

Zhejiang

Jiande Lin'an Yuyao Cixi Fenghua Rui'an Yueqing Haining Pinghu Tongxiang Zhuji Shengzhou Lanxi Yiwu Dongyang Yongkang Jiangshan Wenling Linhai Longquan

Anhui

Chaohu Jieshou Tongcheng Tianchang Mingguang Ningguo

Fujian

Fuqing Changle Yong'an Shishi Jinjiang Nan'an Longhai Shaowu Wuyishan Jian'ou Zhangping Fu'an Fuding

Jiangxi

Leping Ruichang Gongqingcheng Lushan Guixi Ruijin Jinggangshan Fengcheng Zhangshu Gao'an Dexing

Shandong

Zhangqiu Jiaozhou Jimo Pingdu Laixi Tengzhou Longkou Laiyang Laizhou Penglai Zhaoyuan Qixia Haiyang Qingzhou Zhucheng Shouguang Anqiu Gaomi Changyi Qufu Zoucheng Xintai Feicheng Rongcheng Rushan Laoling Yucheng Linqing

Henan

Gongyi Xingyang Xinmi Xinzheng Dengfeng Yanshi Wugang Ruzhou Linzhou Weihui Huixian Qinyang Mengzhou Yuzhou Changge Yima Lingbao Dengzhou Yongcheng Xiangcheng Jiyuan*

Hubei

Daye Danjiangkou Yidu Dangyang Zhijiang Laohekou Zaoyang Yicheng Zhongxiang Yingcheng Anlu Hanchuan Shishou Honghu Songzi Macheng Wuxue Chibi Guangshui Enshi* Lichuan Xiantao* Qianjiang* Tianmen*

Hunan

Liuyang Liling Xiangxiang Shaoshan Leiyang Changning Wugang Miluo Linxiang Jinshi Yuanjiang Zixing Hongjiang Lengshuijiang Lianyuan Jishou*

Guangdong

Lechang Nanxiong Taishan Kaiping Heshan Enping Lianjiang Leizhou Wuchuan Gaozhou Huazhou Xinyi Sihui Xingning Lufeng Yangchun Yingde Lianzhou Puning Luoding

Guangxi

Cenxi Dongxing Guiping Beiliu Jingxi Yizhou Heshan Pingxiang

Hainan

Wuzhishan* Qionghai* Wenchang* Wanning* Dongfang*

Sichuan

Dujiangyan Pengzhou Qionglai Chongzhou Jianyang Guanghan Shifang Mianzhu Jiangyou Emeishan Langzhong Huaying Wanyuan Barkam* Kangding* Xichang*

Guizhou

Qingzhen Chishui Renhuai Xingyi* Kaili* Duyun* Fuquan

Yunnan

Anning Xuanwei Tengchong Chuxiong* Mengzi* Gejiu Kaiyuan Mile Wenshan* Jinghong* Dali* Ruili Mangshi* Lushui* Shangri-La*

Tibet

(none)

Shaanxi

Xingping Hancheng Huayin

Gansu

Yumen Dunhuang Linxia* Hezuo*

Qinghai

Yushu* Golmud* Delingha*

Ningxia

Lingwu Qingtongxia

Xinjiang

Changji* Fukang Bole* Alashankou Korla* Aksu* Artux* Kashgar* Hotan* Yining* Kuytun Korgas Tacheng* Wusu Altay* Shihezi* Aral* Tumxuk* Wujiaqu* Beitun* Tiemenguan* Shuanghe* Kokdala* Kunyu*

Taiwan5

(none)

Notes

* Indicates this city has already occurred above. aDirect-controlled Municipalities. bSub-provincial cities as provincial capitals. cSeparate state-planning cities. 1Special Economic Zone Cities. 2Coastal development cities. 3Prefecture capital status established by Heilongjiang
Heilongjiang
Province and not recognized by Ministry of Civil Affairs. Disputed by Oroqen Autonomous Banner, Hulunbuir, Inner Mongolia
Inner Mongolia
as part of it. 4Only administers islands and waters in South China
China
Sea and have no urban core comparable to typical cities in China. 5The claimed province of Taiwan
Taiwan
no longer have any internal division announced by Ministry of Civil Affairs of PRC, due to lack of actual jurisdiction. See Template:Administrative divisions of the Republic of China
China
instead. All provincial capitals are listed first in prefecture-level cities by province.

 

v t e

Largest cities or towns in China Sixth National Population Census of the People's Republic of China (2010)

Rank Name Province Pop. Rank Name Province Pop.

Shanghai

Beijing 1 Shanghai Shanghai 20,217,700 11 Foshan Guangdong 6,771,900

Chongqing

Guangzhou

2 Beijing Beijing 16,858,700 12 Nanjing Jiangsu 6,238,200

3 Chongqing Chongqing 12,389,500 13 Shenyang Liaoning 5,890,700

4 Guangzhou Guangdong 10,641,400 14 Hangzhou Zhejiang 5,849,500

5 Shenzhen Guangdong 10,358,400 15 Xi'an Shaanxi 5,399,300

6 Tianjin Tianjin 10,007,700 16 Harbin Heilongjiang 5,178,000

7 Wuhan Hubei 7,541,500 17 Dalian Liaoning 4,222,400

8 Dongguan Guangdong 7,271,300 18 Suzhou Jiangsu 4,083,900

9 Chengdu Sichuan 7,112,000 19 Qingdao Shandong 3,990,900

10 Hong Kong Hong Kong 7,055,071 20 Zhengzhou Henan 3,677,000

v t e

Provincial capitals of China

Changchun
Changchun
(Jilin) Changsha
Changsha
(Hunan) Chengdu
Chengdu
(Sichuan) Fuzhou
Fuzhou
(Fujian) Guangzhou
Guangzhou
(Guangdong) Guiyang
Guiyang
(Guizhou) Haikou
Haikou
(Hainan) Hangzhou
Hangzhou
(Zhejiang) Harbin
Harbin
(Heilongjiang) Hefei
Hefei
(Anhui) Hohhot
Hohhot
(Inner Mongolia) Jinan
Jinan
(Shandong) Kunming
Kunming
(Yunnan) Lanzhou
Lanzhou
(Gansu) Lhasa (Tibet) Nanchang
Nanchang
(Jiangxi) Nanjing
Nanjing
(Jiangsu) Nanning
Nanning
(Guangxi) Shenyang
Shenyang
(Liaoning) Shijiazhuang
Shijiazhuang
(Hebei) Taibei¹ (Taiwan¹) Taiyuan
Taiyuan
(Shanxi) Ürümqi
Ürümqi
(Xinjiang) Wuhan
Wuhan
(Hubei) Xi'an
Xi'an
(Shaanxi) Xining
Xining
(Qinghai) Yinchuan
Yinchuan
(Ningxia) Zhengzhou
Zhengzhou
(Henan)

Note: Taiwan
Taiwan
is claimed by the People's Republic of China
China
but administered by the Republic of China
China
(see Political status of Taiwan).

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 235950

.