A head coach, senior coach, or manager is a professional at training
and developing athletes. They typically hold a more public profile and
are paid more than other coaches. In some sports, the head coach is
instead called the "manager", as in association football and
professional baseball. In other sports such as Australian rules
football, the head coach is generally termed a senior coach.
Other coaches are usually subordinate to the head coach, often in
offensive positions or defensive positions, and occasionally
proceeding down into individualized position coaches.
1 American football
1.1 High school football
1.2 College football
1.3 National Football League
2 Association football
3 Australian rules football
4 Rugby union
5 See also
Kevin Sumlin was the head coach of the Texas A&M Aggies football
For articles on position coaches, see Category:Coaches of American
Head coaches in
American football have different responsibilities
depending on what level of the sport they are coaching.
High school football
The head coach has a much more complete hold on the intricacies of the
team. He may have to perform the duties of a defensive or offensive
Often, high school head coaches have to do more work off the field
than on. It is important that head coaches in high school hire a
competent and proactive coaching staff because when the head coach is
pulled away from practice then he must be confident that his team is
in good hands with his other coaches and staff. One of the most
difficult issues that head coaches must deal with off of the field is
the parent, although many coaches do not allow parental interactions
in many cases. He must be able to handle any issues that parents may
have with the way that the head coach is running the program, all
along while staying professional and not being demeaning. Furthermore,
a high school's head football coach often serves as his school's
Athletic Coordinator or Director, which adds even further
responsibilities to his job. In some jurisdictions, a high school head
coach must also have a paying job within the school, almost always as
a teacher.
One of the major features of head coaching in college football is the
high turnover rate for jobs. With few exceptions
(notable ones including Joe Paterno, Tom Osborne, Bill Snyder, Frank
Beamer, Bo Schembechler, Woody Hayes, Bobby Bowden, Darrell Royal, and
LaVell Edwards) college coaches often routinely change jobs, rarely
staying at a school for more than a decade. Some coaches have been
known to leave a school and then return to the program after a period
Many head coaches at the college level have a paid staff and as such
are more free to concentrate on the overall aspect of the team rather
than dealing with the nuances of training regimens and such.
Unlike head coaches at other levels, college coaching staffs are
solely responsible for the composition and development of players on
the team. The ability to recruit and develop top players plays a major
role in success at this level.
A college coach acts as the face of a team, at an age when many young
players do not wish to be hounded by media. They are often called upon
to discuss off-the-field incidents such as rule infractions or player
antics. Sometimes, the coach becomes a celebrity in his own right,
e.g., Lou Holtz.
At the end of the year there are numerous college football coach of
the year awards given out. Usually the awards all go to the same coach
but there are some discrepancies. Major annual coaching honors include
the Home Depot Coach of the Year, The Liberty Mutual Coach of the Year
Award, the Associated Press College Football Coach of the Year Award,
and The Paul 'Bear' Bryant Award.
National Football League
At the professional level, coaches may work for millions of dollars a
year. Since he or she does not have to travel the country recruiting
high school players, the head coach at the pro level has much more
time to devote to tactics and playbooks, which are coordinated with
staff paid even more than at the college level. Head coaching, due to
the lack of job security and long hours, is a very stressful job.
Since the money is good at high levels and firings are common, many
coaches retire in their early fifties.
Many factors are part of NFL coaches' contracts. These involve the
NFL's $11 billion as the highest revenue sport, topping the Major
League Baseball's (MLB) $7 billion. The NFL's coaches are the
highest-paid professional coaches with professional football
topping the list in Forbes' highest-paid sports coaches. Bill
Belichick is in the #1 spot for the second year in a row with no
MLB or National Hockey League coaches making the list.
Another major element of NFL coaches' contracts, negotiated between
individual coaches and NFL "teams"/owners, are NFL demanded provisions
in the coaches employment contracts, that authorize the employing NFL
teams to withhold part of a coach's salary when league operations are
suspended, such as lockouts or television contract negotiations.
The average salary for a head coach in the National football League is
$6.45 million a year.
See also: Manager (association football)
In association football, a head coach has same responsibilities as in
any other sport. A head coach has an option to pick his own coaching
In some countries there is a position of senior coach who acts as the
first assistant of the head coach or runs a junior squad in the club.
In the absence of head coach, senior coach temporarily fulfills his
role as interim (see Caretaker manager).
There is the
UEFA Convention on the Mutual Recognition of Coaching
Qualifications that has three levels: Pro, A, and B.
Australian rules football
Australian rules football
Australian rules football the head coach or senior coach is
responsible for development and implementing an appropriate training
program to the players so that they ensure they perform on game day.
The senior coach in AFL also has to be responsible for the rotations
and team line up for the games. A senior coach in AFL is not the only
coach involved in making the team operate, in AFL teams there are up
to five different coaches that all have different responsibilities,
for example, there is a forward, midfield and defence coach, these
coaches focus on the particular positions on the ground, and they work
with the particular players who play in these positions.
Rugby football union clubs have the option of either a director of
rugby (DoR), a head coach, or both. There is as yet no consensus on
what either role entails, as the responsibilities vary between clubs.
Generally, if a club decides on employing one of either a DoR or a
head coach, they will take more responsibility than if the club
employs for both roles. It has been proposed that the DoR is a
club-wide position, providing and ensuring the club is working towards
a shared philosophy from youth teams through to senior teams.
Whereas, a head coach is focused purely on planning and implementing
coaching for the first team; alongside a coaching team consisting of a
mixture of defence, attack, forwards, backs, skills and strength and
Manager (association football)
Coach (ice hockey)
Wikidata has the property: team manager or head coach (P286) (see
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Bill Belichick highest-paid coach -
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