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HAYWARDS HEATH is a town in the Mid Sussex District of West Sussex
West Sussex
, within the historic county of Sussex
Sussex
, England. It lies 36 miles (58 km) south of London, 14 miles (23 km) north of Brighton
Brighton
, 13 miles (21 km) south of Gatwick Airport
Gatwick Airport
and 31 miles (50 km) east northeast of the county town of Chichester
Chichester
. Nearby towns include Burgess Hill to the southwest, Horsham
Horsham
to the northwest, Crawley
Crawley
north-northwest and East Grinstead north-northeast. Being a commuter town with only a relatively small number of jobs available in the immediate vicinity, mostly in the agricultural or service sector, many of the residents commute daily via road or rail to London, Brighton, Crawley
Crawley
or Gatwick for work.

CONTENTS

* 1 Etymology

* 2 History

* 2.1 Bolnore Village * 2.2 Future

* 3 Geography

* 4 Transport links

* 4.1 Rail * 4.2 Road

* 5 Local attractions, culture and facilities

* 6 Education

* 6.1 State schools * 6.2 Private schools

* 7 Twin towns * 8 Sport and leisure * 9 Famous residents * 10 See also * 11 References * 12 External links

ETYMOLOGY

The name Hayward comes from Old English meaning an official who protected hedged enclosures from wandering livestock. There is a local legend that the name comes from a highwayman who went under the name of Jack Hayward.

HISTORY

Haywards Heath
Haywards Heath
gets a mention in English Civil War
English Civil War
records. Early in December 1642 the High Sheriff of Sussex
Sussex
(Sir Edward Ford) advanced with Royalist troops towards Lewes in East Sussex
Sussex
from Chichester
Chichester
in West Sussex. He was intercepted in Haywards Heath
Haywards Heath
by local Parliamentarians and defeated. Haywards Heath
Haywards Heath
as a settlement is a relatively modern development. Following the arrival of the London
London
"> South Road in Haywards Heath
Haywards Heath

Other noted historical events in the town's history include:

* The opening of the Sussex
Sussex
County Lunatic Asylum (later called St Francis Hospital) in 1859. The superintendent here was, for many years, Dr Lockhart Robertson, later Lord Chancellor's Visitor, and brother of the eminent ophthalmologist, Dr Argyll Robertson. * The opening of Bannister's Cattle Market, the 12th largest in UK at one point, in 1859. This was closed to make way for a Sainsbury\'s supermarket in 1989. * The opening of Victorian and Edwardian villas built as early commuter settlements in 1894 * The opening of the Eliot Cottage Hospital, later King Edward VII Eliot Memorial Hospital, in 1906, named after benefactor, Alice Annie Eliot (1864–1904) * Schemes in the 1920s to help families on low incomes to become self-sufficient, resulting in the building of Franklands Village in the 1930s.

In the 1960s and 1970s, two light industrial estates were built. Office development has lately resulted in the town being a regional or national centre for a number of national companies and government agencies.

The population has risen from 200 in the early 1850s to 22,800 (2001 census), making it one of the larger towns in West Sussex. The area of the civil parish is 974.99 hectares (2,409.3 acres).

The parish church, dedicated to St Wilfrid , and the Roman Catholic church of St Paul are among the churches and chapels in Haywards Heath. Other places of worship include the Methodist church in Perrymount Road and two Baptist churches, St Richards (C of E), the Church of the Presentation (C of E) and the Ascension Church (C of E).

The Priory of Our Lady of Good Counsel on Franklynn Road was built in 1886 and is Grade II listed. In 1978 it was converted to a restaurant and offices. Former Priory

Haywards Heath
Haywards Heath
was in East Sussex
Sussex
, but a change to the county boundary in 1974 brought it under the jurisdiction of West Sussex
West Sussex
.

BOLNORE VILLAGE

Housing in Haywards Heath
Haywards Heath
has been expanded significantly in the last ten years due to the creation of Bolnore Village, located to the south west of the existing town. Planning permission was first granted in the late 1990s for 780 new homes on a greenfield site . The first house was completed in October 2002. Since then, phases 1, 2 and 3 have been built by the house builders Crest Nicholson in conjunction with several other developers. Housing was followed by the construction of various commercial units—currently occupied by the Co-operative Supermarket and the country's first self-governing parent-promoted primary school in September 2010. A pavilion and recreation ground will follow in 2013. Construction of the final phases of Bolnore village (phases 4 and 5) commenced in 2011 (located closer to Haywards Heath
Haywards Heath
centre) with the first houses occupied in September 2012.

The decision to grant planning permission for Bolnore Village was somewhat controversial, since the Ashenground and Catts Woods on that site formed a Site of Nature Conservation Interest (SNCI).

As a condition for planning permission, the developers are required to build a relief road for the town, often referred to as Haywards Heath by-pass, which has re-routed the A272 to the south side of the town. Construction work on the relief road commenced in 2012, with it being completed in August 2014, the previous A272 route through Haywards Heath
Haywards Heath
has been renamed to the B2272.

In 2008, local residents won a bid to set up and run their own primary school for the village. The new school opened in September 2008.

FUTURE

The Mid Sussex District Council is planning to further modernise the town centre, and has published a Haywards Heath
Haywards Heath
Masterplan which includes renovation plans for the railway station ticket office and new shared parking facilities. The next steps for the redevelopment are currently unclear since the council's chosen developer, Thornfield Properties, went into administration in early 2010. However, the council remains committed to achieving the redevelopment through alternative developers.

A further 685 homes are due to be built in the final phases of Bolnore Village (phases 4 and 5), and new homes are also expected to be built in the town centre as part of the Haywards Heath
Haywards Heath
Master Plan.

GEOGRAPHY

NEIGHBOURING AREAS

Cuckfield , Horsham
Horsham
Balcombe , Crawley
Crawley
Lindfield , East Grinstead

Ansty HAYWARDS HEATH Scaynes Hill , Uckfield
Uckfield

Burgess Hill Wivelsfield North Chailey , Newick

TRANSPORT LINKS

Haywards Heath railway station
Haywards Heath railway station

RAIL

Haywards Heath railway station
Haywards Heath railway station
is a major station on the Brighton Main Line . Some of the train services divide at Haywards Heath
Haywards Heath
before continuing their journey to the south, or join other services before continuing north.

ROAD

Haywards Heath
Haywards Heath
is primarily served by the A272 road , which runs around the south side of the town. This is the new Haywards Heath by-pass, which was opened (ahead of schedule) in August 2014. It diverts town centre traffic south of the town, just south of Bolnore Village, Ashenground and the Princess Royal Hospital. The old A272 through the town centre is now the B2272. Following the A272 to the west, it joins the A23 road which runs both to Brighton
Brighton
to the south and London
London
to the north.

LOCAL ATTRACTIONS, CULTURE AND FACILITIES

The library in Haywards Heath
Haywards Heath

* Bars and restaurants in Broadway * Victoria Park * Clair Hall – community centre/event centre * Haywards Heath
Haywards Heath
Leisure Centre * Borde Hill Gardens * Beech Hurst Gardens * Haywards Heath
Haywards Heath
Recreation Ground * Haywards Heath
Haywards Heath
Library * Haywards Heath
Haywards Heath
Cadet Centre * Princess Royal Hospital * Paul Badham Gallery "> * Brett Anderson . Suede Singer/Songwriter, lived in Newton Court Lindfield, and attended Oathall School and Haywards Heath
Haywards Heath
Sixth Form College. * Mat Osman
Mat Osman
. Suede Bassist, attended Oathall School and Haywards Heath Sixth Form College. * Lawrence Osborne . Novelist and writer * Robert Kazinsky . Actor, best known as Sean Slater in EastEnders
EastEnders
. * Matthew Waterhouse
Matthew Waterhouse
. Actor, best known as Adric in Doctor Who
Doctor Who
. * Eddie Shah . Founder of Today newspaper, went to nearby Oathall School * Frank Reginald Carey . War hero. * David James . Author, Politician and Adventurer lived in nearby Wivelsfield Green whilst Conservative MP for Brighton
Brighton
Kemptown . * Greta Scacchi
Greta Scacchi
. Actress, attended Haywards Heath
Haywards Heath
Grammar School for a while. * Leslie Ash and her husband Lee Chapman . * Robert Slade Lucas . Cricketer who played for Middlesex , died in Franklands Village , Haywards Heath. * Anna Sewell . Writer of Black Beauty, lived in New England
England
Road. * Daley Thompson . Olympic decathlete, was a member of Haywards Heath Harriers Athletics Club. * Tommy Cook . Sussex
Sussex
County Cricket Club cricketer and England footballer, born in Cuckfield played for Brighton
Brighton
"> * Samantha Marie Sprackling , more commonly known as Saffron
Saffron
. Lead singer of the electronica band Republica
Republica
, attended Oathall School . * Graham Moseley . Footballer. Goalkeeper for Brighton
Brighton
"> * Tim Godwin
Tim Godwin
, former Deputy Commissioner of the Metropolitan Police, attended Haywards Heath
Haywards Heath
Grammar School 1970 - 75

In fiction, Haywards Heath
Haywards Heath
is the home of the Jennings family.

SEE ALSO

* Haywards Heath
Haywards Heath
Living Memories, Author: Wilfrid Jackson, ISBN 1-85937-913-3 . Published by Frith Book Company Ltd.

REFERENCES

* ^ A B "2001 Census: West Sussex
West Sussex
– Population by Parish" (PDF). West Sussex
West Sussex
County Council. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 June 2011. Retrieved 7 April 2009. * ^ "Town population 2011". Neighbourhood Statististics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 30 September 2016. * ^ A B "Haywards Heath". westsussex.info. Retrieved 24 May 2013. * ^ "Hayward Webster\'s Dictionary". Webster's Dictionary. Retrieved 27 December 2009. * ^ Haywards Heath
Haywards Heath
Master Plan Supplementary Planning Document (PDF) (Report). June 2007. p. 13. Archived from the original (PDF) on 31 May 2012. Retrieved 24 May 2013. * ^ * ^ Good Stuff. "The Minstrels Gallery Restaurant: The Priory Club and Squash Courts –